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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 17, 2013 4:00pm-4:31pm PDT

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what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america."
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the attack was carried out by al-shabaab militants. in this investigation, our east africa correspondent traveled from nairobi to southern norway for this exclusive report.
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>> until now, he has been known simply as black shirt. the bbc can reveal that investigators believe this man, shown here firing a rifle inside a 23-opping center, is year-old norwegian citizen. tonight, new pictures emerged of the moment the attackers struck the westgate mall. initially, the cayman authorities said there were up to 15 attackers, but cctv footage has consistently shown four gunmen.en -- they are seen here walking calmly around the store. later, a couple of them take time to pray. authorities month, released full names, aliases for the men seen here. in nairobi, investigators knew they were more than the color of their clothes. this town seems about as remote
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as possibly imaginable. it is here on norway's southern coast, that he spent his formative years. it was in this, the less picturesque outskirts, that we understand that he lived as a teenager with his family until a few years ago. a neighbor told us he disappeared and moved to africa. >> he took a look at the cctv footage from inside westgate. henrickson admits that he has not seen his neighbor for about four years. but he points without prompting to black shirt, apparently corroborating other sources both in norway and in kenya. >> he was talking about the koran all the time.
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inhere's what we know -- 1999, he fled mogadishu with his family. he returned to somalia 10 years later, hoping to build a life for himself. since then, a family member told us he kept in sporadic contact, calling him frequently and always from distant smalley mobile numbers. his last call was made this summer. he was in trouble, he said, and wanted to come home. between 20 and 30 norwegian citizens, almost exclusively of somali origin, are thought to have traveled to east africa to join al-shabaab. of particular concern is those known as generation one point five, those born in somalia who came to norway at a relatively young age. >> they need people who really are quite ignorant, which is dangerous.
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it might make them more dangerous when they return back to their home countries. >> earlier this week thomas lovick somalis came together to celebrate eid -- earlier this week, slavic somalis came together to celebrate eid. his relatives said they did not know what they feel or think. if it is him, he must have been brainwashed. >> tracing the shopping mall attackers from nairobi to norway, hundreds of teenagers protester paris to protest the repatriation after a 15-year-old girl was detained on a school bus in front of her classmates. she and her family were subsequently deported to kosovo. at theah store back monument today. the veterans were readying the zoo, and federal workers turned
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up at their offices. hours after congress reached a deal to extend the shutdown and extend the debt ceiling, the nation's capital was back in business, but president obama made a special point of warning that this kind of government wide crisis is not a workable strategy. >> welcome back, everybody. rarely has going back to work been the cause of such celebration, but as the 16-day shutdown came to an end, federal bureaucrats in washington seemed genuinely delighted to be back. >> the shutdown is over. how do you feel about that? >> outstanding. experian excited to get back to work and do good things for the united states. >> i'm happy to get back to work . happy to have my coffee. relieved. back to work. we are going to go save the environment. >> with her colleagues at the environmental protection agency,
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it was constant smiles, but many share his dim view of the crisis that paralyzed much of the capital and brought the world to the brink of a financial catastrophe. >> i hope everybody walks away with a lesson that this is unnecessary. i hope we can regain the trust of the american people. >> the motion is adopted. >> the deal was sealed with just hours to go before the obama administration's deadline. in another bizarre twist, the parliamentary stenographer started shouting about god and the freemasons before being led from the chamber. >> ladies and gentlemen, the president of the united aids. >> good morning, everybody. these have a seat. >> barack obama said there were no winners, although his signature health care reform has emerged pretty much unscathed.
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the american economy and its hasrnational standing emerged on us. >> the american people are completely fed up with washington. at a moment when our economic recovery demands more jobs, more momentum, we've not yet another self-inflicted crisis that set our economy back. and for what? >> at least the new bipartisan budget committee met today with the aim of finding common ground on taxes and spending. good luck with that. >> i want to have a budget agreement that works for the country. i want to have a budget agreement that gets this that and deficit under control, that does right by future generations, and helps us grow the economy. >> washington is badly broken. thechecks and balances for u.s. system now look like vetoes and roadblocks. it sometimes set of america that the country is always going to hell but it never quite get
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there -- it never quite gets there. perhaps this deal is proof of that. there's another possibility that in just a few months time, we might go through this whole charade again. >> please, no. let's hope that we don't. where does the republican party go from here? that's the question i put two former republican congressman tom davis, who joined me a short time ago. we have come out of this fiasco this seems to have cost the american economy -- what? some $24 billion. can you say to the rest of the world this will not happen again? >> no. you would think they have learned their lesson, but you have some structural problems that still underlie all the negotiations in washington that are not likely to change. the way these districts are most of these republicans and democrats are in such a blue or red districts, all they care
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about is what their primary voters feel. for republicans, that is basically tea party. >> we are looking at not just this time around, another government crisis in january and february, but longer term, a government which cannot function effectively. >> i would say you take a former that may not fit will, good people will always trump that. john boehner and barack obama are good people. i have served with both of them, but basically, they are very risk averse. the question, when you look behind you, is anybody following you? that was john boehner's problem. he had a good plan. he was going to give everybody a vote, and it would be a very tidy handing in on the debt ceiling. if he had said he needed something, he would have got something, and it would have been over. look ate always
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american politics and say it is poisonous lead polarized. you came into congress in 1994 just before the government shutdown then -- >> in a district with 60,000 federal employees. >> republicans did not love bill clinton. describe to me how it actually changed. >> when i came into congress, 1/numeral three of the republican class were from districts bill clinton had carried as republican president -- bill clinton had carried as president. 94% from house republicans are from romney district. 96% of houston the cracks are from obama districts. it was not like this 26 years ago. the old adage in american politics used to be all politics is local. now, as we have become more parliamentary and our behavior, all politics is national. that means you do not have these misaligned districts, and there's no reward for members compromising. you stay with your party box. >> did you have friends who were
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democrats? did you work with them? >> absolutely. i was surrounded by democrats, and my district voted for bill clinton twice. my district voted for me to protect them from bill clinton and reelected him to protect them from me. >> could that happen today? >> no, you get straight ticket voting now. >> thanks very much for joining me. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, her logo has helped make her a billionaire. tonight, i speak with a fashion designer and entrepreneur as one of best part of our 100 women .eries prince william hosted his first investiture ceremony at buckingham palace. standing in for the queen, the prince presented awards across the united kingdom, including to the wimbledon champion, andy
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murray. anthem in thel buckingham palace ballroom and honor of prince william's grandmother. one day, it will be played for him. before then, he continues to learn the ropes. this investiture ceremony is the latest stage of his royal education. having practiced in private, this was surreal, faithfully wielding a ceremonial sword, which had belonged to king george vi. those honored included some familiar faces. >> mr. andrew murray, for services to tennis. >> the wimbledon champion was nearly late after officials arrived at his house to conduct a random drug test. trauma over, he chatted with william about his recent act operation. >> he seemed very confident. he has spent quite a long time chatting with everyone.
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minute i talker a to him, and i was told it would only be 15, 20 seconds. gave everybodyhe a lot of time. >> with william's days of saving end, he's looking for another full-time role. >> prince william, a cautious man, is tiptoeing toward his future where one day he will reside here. there's no rush -- he is second in line for the throne, but this morning, he had yet another taste of what lies ahead for him. >> for the moment, it is the present, not the future, on the minds of the cambridge is -- cambridges. prince george will be christened next week. >> throughout october, we are running a special series on the challenges faced by women in the
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21st-century. tonight, our focus is on education opportunities in china. this year, the country welcomed its first female astronaut, but many women in china are a long way from reaching for the skies. in fact, there are still jobs and even some university courses are reserved for men only. >> child's play with an eye on the future. the "i have a dream" theme park in beijing, girls dress up as flight attendants and learn to serve meals. to work ashoose security guards. even in this imaginary world, sticken and their parents to rigid gender stereotypes. in china, the idea that girls can or should not do -- can't or should not do the same jobs as men is passed on early, a lesson .hat extends into university
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students fight to get into this post just mining engineering course from china's eastern province. they are almost guaranteed well- paying jobs after graduation. this program has one clear entrance requirement -- men only. >> china's labor laws suggest mining work is unsuitable for women, so we asked women to refrain from applying to our major. >> the school is not alone. out of respect for women's educationina's ministry has banned girls from studying a variety of subjects across china, from aerospace engineering to geology. >> some jobs are really unsuitable for women. if they force their way into these jobs, they will waste energy that can be better used elsewhere. >> a small but feisty network of students and lawyers is fighting
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the restriction, shaving their heads in a rare public her test. >> it was latent discrimination -- blatant discrimination. no one has stood up to these universities before and told them these policies were wrong. >> the activist are also battling unofficial gender quotas that many chinese universities that favor boys. top china'slly entrance exams, but schools do not want their courses to be dominated by girls, so they regularly lower the admissions standards for boys, leaving girls with higher marks out of luck. the careers theme park, in theory, these girls can move beyond the beauty salon to try dozens of jobs. if some in china have their way, these girls might soon have the support in the drive to do it. >> one woman whose drive is
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unquestioned is american fashion designer tory burch. in less than eight years, she has built her clothing company into a $2 billion operation. today, she was in washington speaking at fortune's most powerful women summit. as part of our own series, i spoke to her and started by asking what quality she has which allowed her to launch such a successful company. >> i think i spend a lot of time talking about different ideas i had. when i decided to start this company, i really just got down take thend managed to time -- you have to be tenacious, but you have to find your passion. once you do that, it sort of has this effect where it just continues the momentum. talk tosomething that i entrepreneurs a lot about, finding your passion. and knowing it will be a tremendous amount of work. >> did it feel like a big risk? >> it did at many levels, but even just putting my name out there. i had never designed or run a
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business, so it was all a big risk. i spent the last nine years learning how to be a great manager, how to expand globally. so many issues come our way. gave you the confidence to think you could do it? you dreamed big right from the beginning. >> sometimes i hear some of the things i said, and i cannot even believe it. i said i wanted to build a global lifestyle brand for a generation, and that is shocking. here i am with no idea what that meant. we've been through a lot of challenges in the last nine years. it's been an incredible learning curve as well. how do you take ethical situations, turn it into a positive, and move it forward. >> one of your tips to young entrepreneurs is that you need to have a thicker skin. i wonder if you think this is something particularly relevant for women. >> i think it is. it was more relevant when i started the business, but i did
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not realize the relevance. when i grow up, i grew up with three brothers. i did not realize there were challenges for women or girls. as i got into the workforce, i started to the small challenges, but when i started a business, that's when they really kicked in. but what kind of hurdles did you encounter that you think a man might not have? >> i think it in a condescending attitude. to attention -- i think a bit of a condescending attitude. my parents told me there would be challenges i would never imagine, but you just have to believe in what you are doing and continue to follow that path. >> as we look at this series, do you think there are differences in the way that men and women manage businesses? >> i do. i think businesses are often better when they have both. and it's not just about women. it's about having different perspectives. in our business, i would say out of 2300 employees, it's 86 --
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it's 80% women. i see the collaboration, women supporting women, and really helping them further their careers, and that is something i think women do. i do not have the experience that women are competitive or jealous. >> are there things women could improve on, learn perhaps from what men do? >> of course, but i think men have a way of really believing in themselves, and i think women have to be able to do that more, believing in their self-worth and their ability and also being able to be their best advocates. i think that is important. that is often hard for me as well. how did you go into any situation and be strong, confident, and know your self- worth? >> great, thank you very much. as famous instruments go, it is hard to rival the violin, which was played to calm passengers as the titanic sank.
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now the violin, which amazingly atvived, is being sold auction. is expected to raise more than any other piece of memorabilia from the doomed liner. it was the haunting soundtrack to a tragedy. echoed across the .ecks as the titanic sank "nearer my god to thee" was the hymn. was played violin it on, described as the holy grail of titanic memorabilia. it belonged to the bandleader who calmly led his musicians -- as fellow musicians as chaos engulfed the ship. it had been given him by his fiancée and was returned to her after his death. it's been decades being passed down but continued to be played
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and always kept it simple 's love.on of mariah >> it's just a very modest german instrument. today, it will cost you a few hundred pounds to buy. nothing special about the violin. the thing that a special is that wallace owned it -- the thing that is special. it brings history to life. >> the story is central to every disaster. the titanic this 1958 classic is said to capture his stoic resolve that night. for those who spent their lives researching the titanic story, wallace hartley, through his violin, represents inspiration and selflessness. >> they also knew they were not
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going to get into a light vote. -- they also knew they were not going to get into a lifeboat. >> there has been interest all around the world from people wanting to buy it. the reserve price was between 200,000 and 300,000 pounds, which in itself would set a new world record for a single item from the titanic. the view here is that it could go for a lot more. whatever he goes for on saturday, it was part of a disaster that claimed all these lives. amidst the sublime poignancy of music. >> a modest german instrument with an extraordinary story -- the story of courage. that brings today's program to close. remember, you can carry on
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watching bbc news on our website. from all of us here at "bbc world news america," thank you for watching. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions.
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we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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(george chattering excitedly) this program was made possible by: have over 90 years of first steps behind them. what he does know is that, today, he's started walking, and life got a whole lot more exciting. stride rite is a proud sponsor of "curious george." can fuel a lifetime of learning. early learning academy, proud sponsor of pbs kids and curious george. funding for curious george is provided by contributions to your pbs station... ooh. ...and from: ntro) ♪ you never do know what's around the bend ♪ ♪ big adventure or a brand-new friend ♪ ♪ when you're curious like curious george ♪ ♪ swing! ♪ ♪ well, every day ♪ every day ♪
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♪ is so glorious ♪ glorious ♪ george! ♪ and everything ♪ everything ♪ ♪ is so wondrous ♪ wondrous ♪ ♪ there's more to explore when you open the door ♪ ♪ and meet friends like this, you just can't miss ♪ ♪ i know you're curious ♪ curious ♪ ♪ and that's marvelous ♪ marvelous ♪ ♪ and that's your reward ♪ you'll never be bored ♪ if you ask yourself, "what is this?" ♪ ♪ like curious... ♪ like curious... curious george. ♪ oh... captioning sponsored by nbc/universal narrator: it was a warm summer day in the country. a perfect day for kite-flying with bill. faster! but bill was busy yelling at a mound of dirt. you can do it! show 'em what you got! george was pretty sure that a mound of dirt wouldn't move
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no matter how much you encouraged it. (chatters) hi, george. (chitters questioningly) being a city kid, you probably don't race worms, huh? (chittering) they're in there, burrowing. oh. first one to dig its way out wins. (george chattering here they come. (george oohs) freddy's in the lead. (excited chattering) all right! fast freddy wins again! isn't he a beaut, george? george? george went to find his own racing worms. and he knew just where to find them. sometimes they were under the damp leaves in the shade.


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