tv BBC World News America PBS November 20, 2013 4:00pm-4:31pm PST
and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is bbc world news america. the u.s. agrees with afghanistan on language that would allow american troops to day past -- stay pass 2014. now they wait to see if the country's tribal elders will also sign on. >> we agreed on language that would be submitted, but they have to pass it. >> the next round of negotiations over iran's nuclear -- starts in geneva. trail, with the number
of women at the top. >> for all our viewers in -- on public television in america and around the well. the united states and afghanistan agreed to the final talk -- security deal that would allow american troops to stay in the country after 2014. willkerry has revealed it now go before the grand council of afghan elders, the loya jirg a. not discussrry did details. >> we have agreed on language that would be submitted to the loya jirga, but they have to pass it. i think it is inappropriate for me to comment at all on any of the details. it is up to the people of afghanistan. >> john kerry there.
for more on the agenda of that important meeting of afghan elders, this report from kabul. >> the delegates gathering for the grand afghan council, the becominga, are restless as they are waiting to see the terms of the deal. it is not just about the presence of u.s. troops. billions of dollars of aid and the presence of nato forces hang on the deal. president karzai has driven negotiations belong -- beyond the 11th hour, insisting the deal should future u.s. raids on afghan homes. optimists among the delegates believe the deal will be signed. >> the only thing which gives me high confidence and hope that this is not going to be a jirgae jurga, bur a bonding of the nations together, is that the stakes
are high for both nations. abandoning a country strategically located as afghanistan, it will be committing the mistakes of the previous powers. >> there are many critics to say international troops have not brought security and should leave. >> 10,000 soldiers in afghanistan, what they want to do. want more than 100,000 soldiers in afghanistan, but they cannot succeed with that. >> a-bomb close to the area -- a bomb close to the area where the jirga will be held killed 10 and injured more. the taliban have threatened further attacks. the explosion is a reminder of the security threat still facing afghanistan, but woven into the very fabric of this nation is the legend of a people never conquered. tot is why the decision
invite american forces to remain here after the end of 2014 is of such importance. police have extra been drafted into lock down the center of the city to try to prevent further attacks. bbc news, kabul. >> for more on the security pact between the u.s. and afghanistan i joined now by tj crowley, former u.s. they. how significant -- u.s. assistant secretary of state. how significant is this agreement? >> it is historic. afghanistan has always been nervous about the presence of foreign forces in its country. not only has a broadly supported 12 years of war, it is not going to support a long-term partnership with foreign troops on soil for the next decade or more. >> it looks as though u.s. troops get you say under american justice. how big a deal is that? >> that is the way the united
states always works around the world. if there is wrongdoing, they will go through a u.s. military justice system. as a general rule, not be exposed to the host nation justice system. >> u.s. troops didn't get that reassurance in iraq, did they? that is why they left, partly. how was that experience for the afghans in this negotiation? >> it reflects the fact that wanted the united states to stay under certain circumstances, it is a country of resource. afghanistan is not. one of the benefits for afghanistan of having troops remain is the prospect of continuing to have u.s. assistance, which they will need for a long time. obviously the united states and nato have built a very substantial afghan security force, but not yet one they -- >> the big question now, all eyes on the loya jirga, the
elders and how they may respond to this. >> this is where you have to rely on the political skills of hamid karzai. it is his initiative, and one to support anhese outcome he wants. we will see. -- do youctured is think the relationship between the u.s. and afghanistan will be? will this clear the way for better relations? >> hamid karzai and his relationship with united dates has been a roller coaster, particularly the last few years. he will leave office in 2014. 2014 is setting up to be a remarkable, transformative year for afghanistan, not only ending the war, afghanistan takes the lead of its own security, but also to have a new president. a lot they will have to do to stabilize the relationship going forward. one other thing, obviously what happens in afghanistan will be greatly influenced by what
happens in pakistan. >> thank you so much for joining us. to do withran intend its nuclear power program? diplomats a meeting in geneva for more talks. iran's supreme leader in tehran is warning iran will not back one iota from its nuclear plans. in geneva with the latest developments. >> for the third time in five weeks, catherine ashton and the delegates meet here in geneva for nuclear talks. world powers are trying to secure a six-month interim agreement. they wants iran to limit its nuclear program in exchange for some sanctions removed. >> these are very complicated negotiations. we have made a lot of progress over the last two meetings. last time we came an awfully long way. no one is pretending this is going to be simple. tying up the final details is often the difficult bit. >> she needs to take back some
-- he needs to take some kind of agreement back to tehran. for he arrived, he posted his thoughts online. >> for us iranians, nuclear energy is not about joining the club or threatening others. nuclear energy is about a leap, i jump toward -- a jump toward deciding our own destiny. >> these talks are essentially an effort to try to sort out iran's place in the world and in its own region. taking placens here affect the shape of the entire middle east. and in that region, iran's supreme leader has told a loyal audience that he is watching the talks closely and any final decision on a nuclear agreement will be made by him. . >> although we do not intervene
in the details of these talks, there are certain red lines. there are limits. these limits have to be observed. simple,visit to a britain's foreign minister, william hague, raised the opportunity of an interim agreement. >> this is an historic opportunity to build agreement on how to curb nuclear proliferation in the middle east, and potentially to set our relations with iran on a different path. it is the best chance for a long time to make progress on one of the gravest problems in foreign policy. >> for a decade, that problem has defeated teams of negotiators. diplomats here have two more days to see if they can draft a deal for a first step. james reynolds, bbc news, geneva. >> for more on the negotiations, i spoke a short time ago to robin wright of the u.s. institute of peace. thanks so much for joining us.
iran says it once nuclear energy, but just to generate electricity, not to make a bomb. is that acceptable to the west? >> it is enriching uranium to a capacity that is more than necessary for basic nuclear energy. a lot of issues, a lot of doubt, a lot of suspicions. but this is arguably the most helpful negotiation between iran and the six major powers, not only in a decade, but maybe since the 1979 revolution. they are all on the same page at the same time. in the past one side was interested, the other side wasn't. this time, they quite genuine in terms of finding at least the first phase of a deal that would lead to six months of talks and even tougher negotiations. >> what does iran have to do at this point, and what could potentially get in return? >> the west is looking at rather small incentives in the first stage, but loosening up some of the frozen reserves so iran gets sanctions,and, the
the architecture of sanctions are not lifted. that will remain in place until there is a final deal. iran will have to take some pretty ominous steps from its perspective, in giving access to facilities, cutting the number of centrifuges, stopping its program basically where it is. fort of things it has to do awards, butgn of not lifting of sanctions. >> who has gone out on a limb, the new iranian leadership? >> iranians have indicated they're willing to take steps that no administration in the past has. they are more out on a limb. they are the ones under suspicion and have not complied in the past. >> what are the consequences if there is no deal? >> this is the real danger. there are only two options on
the table. one is the diplomatic solution. if they don't come to agreement, they may say we will talk again, but that will lead to the kind of unraveling that could pick up momentum, whether it is congress imposing new sanctions that then make the iranians believe there is no prospect of talks, which then puts the military option back on the table. the real danger of strikes, be it by the united states or israel. >> have a united? >> at the end of the talks, there were some differences. the french introduced tougher language. now i think they stick with one voice. -- speak with one voice. you will see unity among the six. >> thank you very much for joining us. somalia, where the bbc has gained rare access to the powerful islamist group, al- shabaab. they say they are behind the attack on the westgate shopping center in kenya in september.
our international correspondent accompanied african union troops deep into al-shabaab-held territory. night to a war zone is not ideal. but the soldiers i was with wanted to press ahead. for the relative safety of the next well-defended position. we are heading to one of the most dangerous parts of somalia, about 120 kilometers north of the capital, mogadishu. african union forces and al- shabaab clash your almost daily. there are al-shabaab positions on both sides of the vehicle i'm traveling in now. we are heading for the ugandan base. once we arrived, we heard, over ,he sound of nighttime insects an attack on the adjacent ugandan base. the african union soldiers are trying to stop al-shabaab from turning somalia into an al qaeda-style strictly islamist
country. the african force is mainly financed by the united states, and is making some progress. but al-shabaab is fighting back. >> this is part of a roadside bomb detonated against the convoy just ahead of ours. this is the detonator that was strung out on a wire on the side of the road. you can see the whole that was created -- hole that was created by the blast. these bits of green are leaves from the trees that were literally blasted off by the strength of the explosion. this is the vehicle itself. it was hit from the underneath. the blast went up through this door. you see the fragments and so one of the shrapnel, which blasted out the windows and the mirrors. explosion, and even closer call.
[gunfire] roadside bombs just went off. the armored personnel carrier we are traveling in is shooting in the direction of the bushes all around. roadsidel-shabaab's bombs or self by children. i met one who recently defected to the somali government side. we can't give his name. he is just 15 years old. what did you do? first he says, "i was sent into towns to shoot people in the head. then i became a commander myself and commanded others to carry out assassinations. al-shabaab are only interested in religion. they told me i would go to heaven when i die." has an union firepower long way down a deadly road. it has pushed al-shabaab out smalley's main towns.
those advances, spearheaded by soldiers from uganda, are threatened by shortages of military equipment. >> we need more equipment, more manpower. >> to do what? >> tuition work we -- to assure we cover all areas covered by al-shabaab. >> they're gearing up for more fighting. but will richer countries support them with the tools they need to finish the job? bbc news, somalia. >> to think of children fighting for al-shabaab. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, women from south asian american communities create a calendar to share stories of their success. french police say they believe they have arrested the man who carried a gun attacks in paris this week. ,rench media have named him
jailed in 1998 on charges of association with a criminal group. an unprecedented manhunt was launched after a photographer was shot in the office of a national newspaper in -- on monday. here is our correspondent. >> they knew the face they were hunting, but for three days the man in this picture of aided them. as time ticked by, fears were growing he would strike again. on friday, the government went into the reception area of a 24- her news channel -- says went into the reception area of a 24-hour news channel without firing, threatening staff. on monday he walked into the offices of the newspaper "liberation" and shot a 23-year- old photographer twice in the back. he remains in critical condition. soon after the attack, the gunman appeared in the business district of le defense, firing at the offices of the bank, societe generale. he had not been seen since.
for three days, on the direct orders of the president police have been on high alert drought the city. there were armed offices stationed outside all the major news agencies. the tipoff came tonight from a man who had housed the gunman for several days without realizing the enormity of what he had done. they found him in this carpark in the western suburb of bois co lombes. he was incapacitated, they say, when what -- arrested, maybe because of an overdose. the prosecutor said the man arrested there's a strong resemblance to the photos circulated. it evidence will confirm tomorrow. if it proves to be him, there will be considerable relief, not least within the newsrooms reporting the story. bbc news, paris. >> women may be running
countries and fortune 500 companies, but banking is still mostly a male-dominated field in the executive ranks. one big exception is india, where several females are heading up the country's banks, including the largest. women that have flourished. been one of the engines driving the indian economy. its growth has seen a startling rise in the success of women. not just on the shop floor, but at the very top. worked at india's second-largest bank for nearly 30 years, and she now leads it. how is it that women like her have done so well? >> the banks are making a decision based on merit. they are picking and choosing the candidate that they think is the most meritorious at that point in time. without any inhibition in their mind up whether the candidate is a male or female. >> as banking has grown, so has
female talent. 1980's they have nurtured prominent women, and there are now eight major banks headed by female executives. she says indian women have an advantage -- there is always the message help and the extended family. >> family support is a huge distinction for us. my mom or my mother-in-law, even my father and father-in-law, would combine to help when i was stuck in a situation. >> these are the corporate bosses of the future. competition to get into this management college is unbelievably fierce, with around 1000 applicants per lace. the girls are determined to succeed. >> i wanted to study, i wanted to make sure i am working. i want to work. i want to make a contribution. the glassbreaking ceiling. it is more about the talent you have.
years -- xactly 20 >> i's first female banking boss was in the 1990's. she says it was a lowly -- lonely businessmen, being the only woman at the top. but banking was always seen as a good option for women. >> it was a dream job for them, you know. the family did not object to them. they go to office, sit in the air-conditioned office. meeting so many people, dealing with money. -- the rise in the last two decades in banking has proven a phenomenal success. it is more remarkable, considering the traditionally conservative attitude towards women in many parts of the country. with much of the population still lacking basic education, those attitudes won't disappear soon. but the educated middle class is now is aroundand 250 million people. with numbers like that, india's
female corporate revolution has only just begun. bbc news, mumbai. >> here in the u.s., members of the south asian community have put together a calendar of inspiring stories from the business world. -- theis to suits calendar aspires to create awareness about domestic and sexual violence against members of the south asian-american community. >> i am talk, if i'm going to get married, there is no option for me. >> she fled her home and married at 17 to chase a dream. >> i did not have any money. which i got when i sold my diamond earrings. i did not find a way to meet a man.
i had a quest for education. >> today she is a millionaire american entrepreneur and molecular biologist. >> we are very successful. are in hong kong, malaysia, indonesia, singapore, india -- all over. i think it is good luck. struggle, resilience, hard work, and the consonants of salvation-american women have been captured in a calendar, aptly named "saris to suits." >> i grew up in india in a small town. i worked very hard throughout my d, and i'm nowo a cardiologist. one of a view female cardiologists in my town. i continue to work. >> the calendar is a brainchild of a former tv presenter. the proceeds will go to the cause of south asian-american
women victims of domestic and sexual violence. >> the hope is to raise awareness. so the money can go to causes for battered women. i featured verio congresswoman who stand on -- the very accomplished women who stand on their own feet. >> how was the photo shoot? >> it was fun. i felt very empowered. we had makeup and beautiful saris. when you look good, you feel amazing. -- i felt like a goddess. >> they all hope this calendar can inspire other south asian- american women to break barriers and stand on the round. bbc, washington. >> hi-achieving, and very glamorous south asian women here in the u.s. continue watching bbc
world news for constant updates from around the world. on a 24-hour news network. check your local listings for our channel number. from all of us here, thanks for watching and tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide
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