tv BBC World News America PBS September 25, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PDT
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♪ >> hey, listen, feel. discover the best memories of your life. >> and now "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america. i'm katty kay. the fbi believes they have identified the masked man who beheaded two american journalists and a british aid worker in the islamic state videos. the u.s.-led strike into and used to target facilities in iraq and syria. and the many faces of john
malkovich. hadn actor, we arty knew he amazing range, but look at him now is a photographer model. already knewr, we he had amazing range, but look at him now as a photography model. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the director of the fbi james kobe says the bureau has identified the masked killer who beheaded two american journalists and one british aid worker, but he will not release his name. abcmore, as woke with correspondent p air thomas who was in the meeting at the fbi. it's interesting this information came from washington and not london. why did the fbi decide to reveal this? >> the fbi director has regular meetings with a small number of reporters. we get to ask him pretty much whatever we want.
he chose to go there, he chose to give an answer of the question, has the person been identified who killed the two americans. i think because he was speaking solely about the two americans that is the fbi's prerogative and jurisdiction, he felt comfortable giving the information. >> did you get an understanding of how they identified him? >> he would not give specifics on the identity of the person other than they had made a determination as to who it was. -- our sources say they have analyze the voice, analyzed his eyes, his hands, the terrain. they have used computers to basically try to design the facial structure behind the mask and compare it with known photographs. this has been one of the most exhaustive forensic investigations in recent memory. of foreignontext fighters in syria, did the fbi director give any indication of
how many they knew where their and their identities? about in terms of americans roughly 100 or more americans have either tried to go to syria, have been to syria and returned home, or still remain in syria. he said there are about a dozen americans who still remain there. one of the more ominous things in the conversation was he said he is very concerned that he does not have complete clarity on every body that may have gone and return to the united states. >> thank you very much, pierre. comments comeor's as american-led airstrikes continue against islamic state targets in syria and iraq. this amateur video is believed to show attacks on oil refineries in eastern syria. the pentagon released these photos showing the before and after images. in an interview, admiral john coby had this to say about the targets that have been chosen so far. >> we are trying to get at their
ability strategically to sustain themselves. you look at targets we had a couple nights ago, and trail -- --command and control, training centers, and these refineries. we are doing what we can to reduce their capability of operating, leading themselves, and sustaining themselves. >> for more on the military strategy behind the strikes, i spoke a short time ago with retired general richard myers, formerly joint chairman of the joint chiefs of staff. how significant are the strikes against the oil refineries in syria? >> they sound significant if they are going against the l.nances of isis or isi that significant. apparently they get several million dollars per day from their oil business. the other part is a terrorist outfit that also has the or aregence to determine
in the final planning stages of attacks in europe or the u.s.. three nights of strikes, if you are still joint chairman, at what point would you expect to see significant success against the capacity of isis? of finances, they have a lot in the bank because they have been robbing banks for quite some time. i think this will filter down to the battlefields in iraq, but i think this is a start. it's something that we have to do. we will have see what intelligence develops. who was actually harmed in the rates. we will see if the proposed attacks was disruptive. would youh longer expect airstrikes to continue on this scale? >> i would say what i look for as long as there are viable targets.
if there are targets that can impact -- >> and what more do we have in the way of tykargets? >> isis has been helpful in that they congregate. as long as they congregate and have weapons and things we can go after, we will continue to go after them. if they fade away, fade into places or fade into the general public, it will be much harder to do it from the air. >> everybody in the pentagon and the white house has opened about against-term struggle the islamic state. if you are in the military side of this, how are you looking for the military component of that struggle to last and how does it change over time? it's auld say i do think general original struggle. i think it's a struggle mainly within islam. as long as they spawn groups like these extremist groups and they have to be dealt with, i think military forces part of that for probably as long as it
lasts. >> in what capacity? >> i think what you are seeing now, what we saw earlier in iraq and afghanistan, it's fairly high intensity right now, but that does not need to be the primary effort as you continue down this path. as you look for a comprehensive multigenerational solution, it talks about public and education, and the military plays a smaller role. i think this is the type of enemy you don't know. you cannot just play it out and say, well, once we capture paris, we are done. >> the news from iraq of a possible subway plot either in paris or the united states. the mayor of new york says he has no credible evidence, the white house seems to suggest the same idea. do you know anything more about that? >> i don't know anymore. i'm watching the news like everybody else. >> is it something that's possible? >> we have seen it before in other countries, certainly, in
london and spain. yes, sure, it's possible. we are free societies. people who are ruthless and don't mind dying in the process can do all kinds of things. >> general, thank you for coming in. >> thank you. >> i spoke a short time ago with our middle east editor jeremy bowen, who joined me from new york, and he is now in beirut. how much do you think the strikes have changed things in the region? what are the effects that we might say? some are already being felt. a lot of people have said already that there are worries of another spike to come in sectarian tensions, shia versus sunni's, perhaps some kind of conflict with those who support president assad in this country and those who are more of the jihadist point of view. i think elsewhere in the region, you look at the gulf, saudi countries that
play important parts of the coalition president obama is putting together, but ones in which there is a bit of support for those kind of extreme religious ideologies that have fed into islamic state. for example, there is been criticism of social media in saudi arabia about what's going on. country, onein the of the two places where people can speak freely. those leaders may be worried about attention as a result of the help they are giving. the region, you see the connections. the things that make the war in syria so difficult and deadly is not just what is happening in the country, it's the fact it's religion,by forces of of clan, tribe, political forces as well to all the neighboring countries. as a result, tensions i think will rise as a result of what is happening now in syria and iraq. in lebanon a sense
the united states has now chosen between defeating islamic state in getting rid of assad -- and getting rid of assad? >> no, not exactly. in lebanon, there are plenty of powerful forces who very much support president assad, including hezbollah, the shia muslim militia that is also backed by iran. though,e people here, who are absolutely against what president assad has hoped, that there might be some movement against him. but i think people are looking at the fact there is no immediate follow-up by ground troops of these american-led airstrikes. they are thinking, well, we might take advantage of this. perhaps the forces of president assad may try to capitalize on any grounds that might become vacant as a result of the strikes led by the u.s.. >> jeremy, thank you.
we have heard a lot about the military moves to defeat islamic state on the ground -- but on the ground in syria there has been new fighting around a kurdish town leading to more refugees coming out of there. we have this report. across the border is the syrian kurdish town. we have been trying to understand the military situations. we have been getting mixed signals. one indication that perhaps things may be returning to normal is a small number of refugees have been crossing back startingtown yesterday, but also today. another signal that perhaps all is not normal is the authorities push them back from the crossing point. once we got here, we started hearing explosions. they could be mortar fire, they could be airstrikes, we are not sure.
there are also reports the islamic state fighters are still trying to advance on the city. drive away, a trickle of refugees arrived in turkey. thousands more are waiting. kurds areof syrian flowing between the countries. some of them may have been here as long as 16 days. they would like to cross over with their property, with their cars. we have heard that turkish authorities will not allow that. if they leave, they face displacement and perhaps destitution. if they stay, they face war. some of them may not even have a choice. bbc news, on the turkish-syrian border.
>> images of a terrible situation. nations, iran's president address the rise of extremism come indirectly blaming those who have supported this. rebels adding to the chaos. however, he did did announce islamic state and send a positive about the prospects of reaching a nuclear agreement if there was flexibility from the west. we sat down with the chief american negotiator. they started by discussing the islamic state. to beryone wants isil degraded and ultimately defeated. >> including the irradiance. -- including the iranians. are the attacks against them helping the talks? >> inside the discussion of the nuclear talks, we are totally focused on the nuclear talks. >> on the sidelines? >> we all know each other now, so we chat. it's clear that iran wants to defeat isil as well, but we do
not coordinate militarily with them. >> europeans are sounding optimistic about a deal. >> until you get to the end of this, it's hard to say. keep your optimism up. it's very complex. you don't know whether you have gotten to the end until you have gotten to the end. you get 90% there and the last bit is difficult. i believe all of the parties intentions are good. >> who is more willing or able to walk away from these negotiations? who has more leverage? >> no one feels they can walk away. i believe, as the president said yesterday, this is an historic opportunity and we all should take it. >> the broader issue of syria, iran, and isil. nowou think the iranians, that they see the fire getting closer to syria and damascus, are they willing to reconsider their position about how to and
the conflict? --end the conflict? >> i hope you ask them that very question. what will really help all of us in this world is to put aside sunni-shiite divides, the vines of clan and tribe and religion and sect. >> there is a sense in the region that the u.s. is so keen on making sure the nuclear talks get somewhere that they are not willing to rock the boat in syria with president assad. is the syrian population, after years of war, now hostage to your nuclear negotiations with iran? >> i don't think that is the case whatsoever. president obama spoke in front of the un's general assembly yesterday as resolute as a human being can be that he wanted to see change in syria, that he won the war to be over, and he wanted isil to be gone in the syrian people to have a future they deserve and have been
fighting for for nearly three years. there are millions of people who are refugees and internally displaced people, people who do not have a future, children who have been killed and attacked by chemical weapons and barrel bombs. it's time for that to end. >> you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, president obama says the world is not doing enough to respond to the ebola outbreak. our company -- our country is moving fast to make a difference? preparations for an upcoming civil disobedience movement known as occupy central has begun in hong kong. the campaign is due to start october 1 as china celebrates its national day. houses are expected to take part. the aim is to pressure china into allowing a greater degree of political choice in hong kong. here's the story. ♪ >> one a day when university students are continuing their
weeklong strike, protesting against the chinese government's about elections in the city, organizers of the civil disobedience movement called occupy central have called on the public to join them as early as next week. of the preparations, the movement has published a manual outlining their nonviolent as the lawswell under which protesters are likely to be arrested. they are trying to bring a change of clothing and enough food for two to three days. >> as a responsible organizer of an occupation movement, we have theet people understand occupy action. this is a peaceful and orderly manner. we have to let everybody understand groups. so when people uphold the
principle of nonviolence. --many students have alleged have pledged to join occupy center. it is controversy awful's to some have criticized the -- it's controversial. some of accused him of trying to clog the main business district. over the campaign likely to become a public holiday, the financial cost to hong kong may be minimal. today at the united nations, president obama said the world is not doing enough to respond to the deadly outbreak of ebola in west africa. it is part of an effort to stop the disease which has are ready killed nearly 3000. for more, i spoke a short time with the unicef director of emergency programs who joined me from new york. the world has been focused to
some extent on ebola, but the truth is at the u.n. meeting, as here in washington, people are so preoccupied with what is happening with the islamic state, it will be hard to get global attention on this issue? >> i think today's general assembly session did increase and raise awareness about ebola. we saw pledges and commitments, not just from governments but a worldwide approach, a coalition of ngo, civil society and government pledging commitment to try to stop ebola. we want to build awareness, but a lot more needs to be done. >> specifically what does the world need to do more of? >> the first thing to stop the transmission of the disease. one of the few key things that need to be done to make that possible, one is clearly mobilizing communities which is a big heart of what unicef does to spread the message about how to stop the transmission of ebola. the second is to treat people who are infected already.
there is a massive need to scale up treatment centers, community care centers, and really broaden of capacity, field hospitals to treat patients. the third thing that is crucial is having absolute commitment to bury the dead and dead bodies in a dignified manner so what prevents the further spread. the fourth is really to try to levelw we restore at some support for communities in terms of water, sanitation, food for those communities that are most affected, so they are able to contain the disease and not get other diseases that can lead to a secondary. >> we have heard horrifying stories of hospitals in liberia that do not have enough hazmat suits for the doctors and nurses trying to teach people -- treat people. there are big problems in trying to get a handle of what is going on at the moment.
if enough is not done, if the world is not responsive into the cry that went out tonight from the united nations, how bad could this get? >> the estimates that have come from the cdc are horror effect -- are horrible. we have arty scene 6000 probable cases detected, more than 2000 deaths. who originally estimated 20,000 potential deaths by the end of the year. what with the exponential growth in the virus, those numbers are being pushed upwards. we don't have an exact figure yet, but what is clear is there is a massive impact on communities, families. we are seeing about 1/5 of those deaths are children. there is a real issue to be up andeal with the spread now stop further transmission. it's imperative that there is the type of attention and aggressive response. we are extremely thankful for the commits from the u.s., the british, and others.
what was very clear is a clear solidarity among many, many countries to provide to the response. >> thank you very much, we have to leave it there. from dangerous liaisons to "in the line of fire," if you have ever seen a film with john malkovich, you know how versatile he is, but the latest project stretches his range. miller is using malkovich as the model in re creations of dozens of famous photographs. the results have gone viral and we spoke with miller about his work. >> wait a minute, this is malkovich. this is not worthwhile -- this is not anti-warhol. homage to me paying these 30-plus photographs that have completely changed the way i look and think about photography. my mind began to think, what if. what if i re-created those
images with john malkovich? john is willing to experiment and has no fear. when he would get in front of the camera, i would see john with the fullest of confidence transformed himself into marilyn monroe, bette davis, the migrant mother, salvador dali, picasso. every single set was re-created. the hair and makeup, he researched that hair. we brought hair in from all over the country. we had a seamstress build the clothing. we took every shot. we needed to dissect the shot, look at it, and figure out where was that photographer at that time, what kind of light was he using. togoal was to stay as true what a photographer could use back then. most of the time getting ready for each of these shots, there is about a two-hour time for hair and makeup. john would study these
photographs that we would put on the mirror. i would see john go there, he would go to that time and place and become that person. i think one that really, really amazes me is the diane are best -- the diane twin shot. just to see the difference in the mind of both of those twins, one excepting the photographer and maybe enjoying the moment a little bit, while the other one shows fear and hesitation. john nailed both of those expressions from those twins beautifully. in today's world, with the internet, we are absolutely bombarded. everybody has become a photographer. instagram has gone crazy. it's tough to see all this work come out, and most of it with no thought behind it. i was hoping that maybe i might be able to re-create a little bit of awareness again of a
classic, moving, iconic imagery. not just putting images out to put an image out, but let's think about it. let's think about what we are doing, let's think about what we are capturing. let's have an idea. >> the amazing john malkovich. miller speaking about his work. that brings the show to a close. find much more of today's news on our website. from all of us here at "bbc world news america," thank you for watching. do tune in tomorrow. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, beijing tourism, and union bank. ♪