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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 17, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate him, working to nurture
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new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> reporting from washington, i and laura trevelyan. of peter kassig, the latest american killed by isis, speak out. they offer a message of hope. >> the world is broken, but it will be he'll demand -- be and we wille end, prevail as the one god with many names will prevail. >> the pope officially announced to will be in philadelphia next year, and the plans are already
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underway. woman are getting a seat at the u.n. table. what does that mean for diplomacy? we ask some of the females in top roles. welcome to our viewers on public television in america, and also around the globe. good will prevail. that was the word from one of kassig,ents of mr. who was executed by isis. they asked for prayer for all those held against their will. while we have decided not to show any of the video, there are stills taken from the footage. >> remember his huge heart and
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his compassion for the stricken people of syria. an american convert to islam. his parents gave their first reaction to his murder. >> our hearts are battered, but they will mend. the world is broken, but it will be healed the man. -- in the end. and good will prevail, as the one god of many names will prevail. >> the video that announced the death also showed these foreign jihadists just before they murdered their syrian captives. this man, from the french government, is a french citizen, from normandy. this man is almost certainly from the philippines. the suspected londoner dubbed jihadi john remains masked.
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reports a man in cardiff, speaking in an earlier recruit if -- recruiting video, could be in these images. these videos have given western intelligence agencies a lot of clues about the foreign fighters who have gone to join the islamic state. they are using facial recognition software to try to match the spaces with those back in their home country. the islamic state does not care. it is deliberately showing the faces to show the diversity of recruits and to talk the west. >> when you see the faces of individuals involved, i think it is a message designed primarily for the muslim world. it says to muslims that nationalism is an outdated concept, and a muslim should be identified by his faith. >> jihadists going to fight in syria and returning here, radicalized, has become a top
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priority for the government. >> a counterterrorism bill would disrupt the ability of people to travel abroad to fight and return here, and bring back the ongoing ideology that sanctions terrorism. >> conflict in the middle east continues. the longer the fighting goes on, the greater the risk of terrorism spreading to these shores. more on the brutal tactics being used by the islamic state and u.s. efforts to combat them, i spoke with the acting director of the cia who is now at the johns hopkins school for advanced and international studies. thank you for being with us. when you see the images from the latest video, what strikes you about the possible change of tone from the islamic state? ask a couple of things. it is more brutal. -- it is longer
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longer. they show more of the faces involved on the isis side. it is probably intended as a propaganda tactic. the timing is such as to coincide with the visit of the chairman of the joint chiefs, general dempsey. i believe that is deliberate. hard as it may seem, and incomprehensible to us, horrific as it is, i think they actually see this as a good recruiting tool for them. >> to show the faces of recruits -- doesn't it help intelligence agencies find them? quick it helps to some degree. the french government has already tentatively identified one of the people in the photograph. the sorther hand, in of twisted thinking of this group and the people who adhere to it, it also could be a propaganda tool. they are trying to appeal to people in the west and here who are like-minded, to come and
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join us. strange as that might seem, i believe that is the effect they are trying to achieve here. >> you are a -- are implying they will do that? >> the last reports i have seen are that -- this was press reporting, quoting u.s. officials. still about a thousand people a month were pouring into syria a month to join isis. do the math. 95y have somewhere between thousand -- -- they would continue to up to 45,000. that part of the world, and to those type of people, there is an appeal. with, maybe,ork iran? >> one of the things we have to realize is that iran might not ,e our friend, but already has to use the phrase everyone is using, lots of boots on the
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ground, both in the form of their special operations people and their proxies like hezbollah . i do not know whether it is a question of working with them. there is a report the president had written to the iranian leader. the question is not, are they our friends. the real question is, can we achieve more against isis by in some way coordinating policies? u.s. really has to consider that. >> do you think this is going to take american troops on the ground ultimately, to destroy and degrade the islamic state? >> one of the subheads and it is, the booths will multiply. we have already doubled our commitment there, with the president's recent announcement of 1500 more troops. i believe the demand will grow on the part of those involved for more forward people on the american side, to help with targeting, spotting targets, and with advising iraqi troops. i think eventually -- we will
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not see anything like our previous commitment, will we will see an increase in american troops. >> thank you for joining us. afterw crane, four months the crash, footage showing the immediate aftermath of the disaster. witnesses saying they saw a missile as the aircraft plunged to the ground. it comes as eu foreign ministers brussels, where they discussed whether to extend sanctions to more pro-russian rebels. >> video which has emerged within the last 48 hours, reported to be from the crash site of the malaysian plane mh 17, shot down over eastern ukraine in july. these pictures apparently taken minutes after the catastrophic crash occurred, killing nearly 300 passengers and crew. now suggestou hear the plane was shot down by a rocket. ofis all a somber reminder
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what is at stake in ukraine, as eu foreign ministers met in brussels, with the crisis at the top of their agenda. they talked about strengthening reform in ukraine itself, and laid the groundwork for further sanctions against rebels in the east. much of the discussion is about trying to reengage with moscow. russia seen as part of the problem, but also part of any solution. in a dialogue between kia and moscow, theev and east of ukraine, the european union and russia not only on ukraine but on a wide series of elements -- global and regional issues. will continuee eu to use sanctions as a means of maintaining pressure on moscow.
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cease-fire declared in eastern ukraine is extremely fragile at best. there are repeated violations. there is little political progress to report. they look to spread political and economic change across the eastern border. oftoday, the governor missouri activated the national guard and declared a state of emergency ahead of the pending grand jury decision in the fatal shooting of michael brown. the black unarmed teenager was shot by a white police officer, sparking a wave of civil unrest. reason beingecific given for why the state of emergency is being declared today? inofficials say this is anticipation of a decision by the grand jury, which is currently deciding whether or
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not to lay charges against darren wilson, the officer who shot michael brown dead during the summer. we do not know when the decision by the grand jury will be announced, all we are told it will come before the end of this month. the national guard will serve as a secondary force. effectively, they will be there to support local police officers on the ground to help keep the peace, and assure those who want to protest can do so peacefully. in the summer, many people i spoke to who were part of the protest said they would continue to protest, and they would ratchet things up unless darren wilson was charged. we do not know the outcome of the grand jury decision, but tension is mounting ahead of that. if the decision does not go the way the protesters want, we can expect much more violence in the coming days. >> other news now from around the world. chinese president xi jinping has
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signed a historic free-trade agreement with australian prime minister tony abbott. a landmark deal, which came over willade of negotiations, broaden their markets. there has been an outlook -- outbreak of bird flu in a farm in the north of england. this follows an outbreak in the netherlands and in germany. egyptian authorities say a woman has died from a deadliest strain , after shes, h5n1 came into contact with birds in the south of the country. pope francis will be visiting the u.s. in september of next year. his first trip to america since becoming the leader of the roman catholic church will be focused on the world meeting of families taking place in philadelphia. for more on his visit and the issues which may arise, i spoke a brief time ago with father thomas reese, senior analyst of the national catholic reporter. of pope is going to the city
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brotherly love -- >> and sisterly affection. he have to be inclusive here. and thehiladelphia theme of families for the first visit? >> there was already a meeting planned in philadelphia at the end of september. it is the world meeting of families. and this is part of the popes -- pope's plan to have a discussion of family during this whole year, in preparation for next year's sinnott -- synod on the family. >> what you expect him to touch on? can he work some of his magic here in the u.s.? >> we certainly hope so. so well in kind of rebranding the catholic church, talking more in the gospel language, talking about the love that jesus has for us, his compassion, his forgiveness, and calling us to be loving towards one another, especially the poor. that is his key message.
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>> what about the very tricky issue of child sex abuse? how do you think he is going to address that problem in the catholic church here in the u.s.? >> i think he has to do with the church constantly has to do, and say we are sorry. and have to repeat that over and over and over, apologize for the bad behavior of the priests, and for the bishops who did not respond well and deal with these priests. and then, i think, have to reach out to the victims of abuse, to meet with them, to talk with them, listen to their stories. this is so important. >> this pope does not always stick to the script, as we have seen. what kind of surprises do you think could be in store? >> with this pope, you never know what surprises he will have. i just don't know. i mean, every time he goes somewhere, he surprises. i think he will be challenging to the united states, because
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this is a man who does not believe that the market solves all of the worlds problems. he is going to talk about the concern we should have for the poor, and the government should have for the poor. >> on the problem of undocumented migrants -- >> absolutely. absolutely. hopefully, the president will do something about that before the pope comes. the u.s. bishops have called upon the president to use his executive authority to take care of many of these undocumented workers. and the pope would be on board with that also. >> do you think he is going to have a specific message for catholics here in the u.s.? >> i think it will be the basic message of the gospel, how god loves us and how we are called to love one another. and not just the person who lives next door, but people all over the world. we are the richest and most powerful nation in the world, and we have a responsibility to
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our brothers and sisters everywhere. >> thank you so much for joining us. a papal visit in prospect. you are watching "bbc world news america." a surgeon from sierra leone dies in a nebraska hospital, the second known death on u.s. soil. a day of national commemoration in the czech republic turn into a mini riot for the president. protesters see him as too sympathetic to russia, and cheered as he took art in a syria -- in a celebration marking the revolution which ended communist rule. on what was eggs supposed to be a day of national, ration. commemoration. the president's speech was drowned out by the jeers and whistles of his opponents.
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his spokesman said in a kit -- of the guests, the german president, in the hand. the german leader downplayed the incident, saying he had been struck by a tiny fragment of eggshell and was fine. this was an earlier demonstration attended by thousands, who held up red cards for the czech president. he has caused anger for downplaying the violent crackdown on pro-democracy protests in 1989, and for claiming that crackdown did not trigger the velvet revolution. he has also been lambasted for what some say is his cozy relationship with the kremlin. he denies there are russian troops in ukraine, for example, and has attacked eu sanctions. all of this is a sharp contrast to the country's first post-communist president, the
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lane buswell paco -- vaklav ha vel, known for his fierce stand on human rights and his criticism of moscow. figure on the international stage, and a far less popular one, at least here. bbc news, prague. >> earlier today, it was announced that dr. martin salia, a surgeon from sierra leone who was brought to united states after contracting ebola, died. the medical facility in nebraska said he arrived in very advanced stages of the virus and nothing could be done to save his life. , locating matters, -- complicating matters, he self tested negative for ebola, and then tested positive. i am joined by an infectious
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expert. 13 days into his illness when he arrived in the u.s., how advanced was the virus? >> extremely advanced. liquefies the internal organs. when he arrived on saturday, he had kidney failure and respiratory failure. it is very difficult to treat and save the lives of those patients. >> can you explain why he would have initially tested negative and then subsequently tested positive? does that seem strange to you? >> it does seem unusual and raises many questions we need to know the answer. ,he test we do is called pcr and can detect extraordinarily small amounts of virus in the drug. we can detect the virus. this is highly accurate, highly sensitive. we need to go back to the laboratory in west africa and see why there was a negative. >> it was also tweeted that this
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experimental drug -- but anything more have been done to save him? >> we have been hearing in the u.s. there was no more, and then suddenly we heard on saturday evening that dr. salia was being treated with that and received convalescent plasma, which is the best we can do at the moment. using those drugs so late in the stages of this disease, it was still a lot. >> many doctors and nurses are reluctant to go to west africa to help in the fight against ebola. you have been training health workers in tennessee. what do you tell them about the risks involved? >> it is very difficult to get ebola. it has to get in the eyes, nose, mouth, or an open wound. with the protection and intense training we give nurses and doctors here in the u.s. and overseas, we know we can create a safe working environment. we have many people who want to go to west africa at the moment, but can i get the money for the flights. that is a challenge for us.
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>> we are seeing a new outbreak in mali, at the same time they are reporting in liberia it is coming under control. what is your assessment? >> this whole event there has been a lack of information. it appears to be decreasing in cities in liberia, but cases are increasing in the rural areas, in the villages. in mali, we need more information. we are getting people on the ground. we have heard of a handful of deaths over the last week. it is a really serious situation. we need to get more people into west africa. >> we have a way to go in the fight. >> i would say so. -- cases in liberia alone for me, that is a bad day in the office. >> from the ukraine crisis to syria oscar on foot and ebola -- syria's conflict and ebola, the u.s. has been busy. the global body looks different
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right now. for the first time ever, six seats on the council are held by women. change how diplomacy is done in what once was an all boys club? >> this is a site you will now see much more often at the united nations, two male aides and a female ambassador. jordan's new representative is not just a trailblazer, but a record breaker. for the first time, six of the 15 seats on the security council horseshoe table are occupied by women. does this change the diplomacy? >> women tend to discuss more. we want to find solutions. there is something about wanting to find solutions. in any possible way, our government policies -- we are faced with problems, and we say,
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we should do something. this is not proper. we should try a new solution. i do not know whether it is the mother factor for what. but there is an aspect of diagnosis. >> the security council chamber of use to look like -- used to look like a gentleman's club, with women relegated to menial roles. it was not until the early 1970's that a woman presided over the council. historically speaking, the u.n. has been a male bastian. if you want to get a sense of how men have traditionally dominated the united nations, look at this hall of fame. it shows the people who served as secretary general, the u.n.'s top post. all eight of them have been men. of the five permanent members of the security council, remarkably only one, america, has appointed it e-mail representative. >> i have been requested by my
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government to report. >> jeane kirkpatrick was the first, and samantha power is the fourth woman to do the job. >> we want men and women alike to raise issues of sexual violence against women, or writing icing economies will only reach a fraction of their potential if women are not in power. we need to use our purchase as women -- the men on the council need to do the same in order to optimize the outcomes. nothing is going to be out -- optimized without women at the table. >> there are now 31 female ambassadors. that is a record number. but less than 20% of u.n. member states are represented by a woman. there may be more female diplomats at the table, but they are still heavily outnumbered by men. bbc news at the united nations, in new york. u.n.woman's touch at the bringing today's show to a
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close. you can find more on our website. to reach me, go to twitter. from all of us here at world news america, thanks for watching. please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard
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to know your business, and bring specialized solutions and capital to meet all your global growth aspirations. we put our extended global network to work for a wide range of companies from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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everything their parents told tm? like galileo...
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to discover moons, gali. into your jammies, please. do you expect ideas to fall from the sky? that might stop the course of discovery! with his father's cooking equipment. arthur: watch this! arthur: wow! binky: that's nothing.

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