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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 29, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. sony pictures classics now presenting "a rational man" >> i hear a book is will be joining the faculty. >> that should put viagra into the department. >> it was at this moment my life came together. >> for some reason it bothered me.
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rated r. now playing in select cities. >> it is a global truth. we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our banking relationships span cultures and support almost every institute across the globe, because success takes partnership, and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. the sexual exploitation in the u.s. has reached academic -- reached epidemic levels. we have a special report. >> since the beginning of time
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sex trafficking has been ongoing. the level of pedophilia is unprecedented. >> the taliban leader is dead. it is confirmed he died in pakistan two years ago. an uproar from the court of social media. those who hunted a lion are feeling the backlash. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the fbi tells the bbc that the sexual exploitation of children in america as reached an epidemic level. we are leading with a special broadcast on the issue. tonight, we are talking about victims in the u.s..
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last year, federal agents rescued 600 children from the life of exploitation. a report from baltimore contains harrowing testimony. >> it is a terrible darkness coursing through the veins of america. most have no idea it is there and some choose not to know. every night hundreds of american children are being sold for sex in their own country. >> i got involved in prostitution when i was 14. >> since i was 15. >> he had to know i was underage. >> the level of pedophilia is unprecedented. >> at 12 it was not a choice. >> a toxic mixture of poverty, abuse, and neglect leaves boys and girls vulnerable to traffickers. they are gang members and comes masquerading as boyfriends, drug
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addicts, and violent men who force children to have sex with them. >> that me the serenity to accept the things i cannot change. >> very few escape until they are adults. breaking free is a group helping women. we were allowed rare access to some of their meetings. many did not want their faces to be shown. almost half of the women were first exploited they were children. >> i was 14. he had to know i was underage. he found out how old i was. that didn't stop him he wanted to be with me more. >> most of the woman said the younger they were, the more money they made. even the group moderator who was sold as a child for sex. >> i was 14 years old. i made $1000 on a weekday $2000 on a friday or saturday and i
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looked 14. i had to turn people away sometimes. the younger, the better. >> more than 600 people were rescued by the fbi last year. it is a battle law enforcement is struggling to win. >> the level of prayer feel he or -- the level of pedophilia is unprecedented. we have cases of individuals from all walks of life. from highly professional individuals, to all others engaged in doubt dog fee and child exploitation. it seems to be -- engaged in child tomography and child exploitation. it seems to be at epidemic levels. >> he was an older guy. he had a garage. he wanted to take pictures and pay me $50 at first to take a caps off picture.
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that would be ok, cool. 12 years old $50 is a lot of money. he would have friends come over and have parties and they would also want some kind of sexual act i would get paid for. >> she still out on the street and five months pregnant. she wanted to speak out about the exploitation of children and her own abuse from the age of 12. >> i'm seeing lots of younger girls. it is sad, because it was not a choice. at 12 it is not a choice. it seems like a choice, but you are naive and you do not know. it was not a choice. >> tens of thousands of children are thought to be exploited every year in america and trafficked into prostitution. many are on the streets, but many more appear online, out of sight and out of mind.
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>> i look for gross that look younger. cruel without a lot of tattoos with some baby fat, some in their face. >> they're looking for children who have been trafficked and sold for children. one website, occupies their attention. >> the youngest girl we have ever gotten was 13 years old. the majority of them are 16 or 17. a lot of them are 18. we still offer them help. it doesn't matter if you are 15 or 18, you are still a kid in my eyes. >> technology makes it easier to sell children online. it took us 10 minutes to find this advertisement. the girl is clearly underage. we notified the authorities, and backpage said the advertisement should not have been posted, and they work with the police to screen postings, but this one,
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and many others, get through. there many reasons why so many children in america are trafficked. poverty, and the elect, and drugs play a part, but above all it is violence and abuse at home. >> i was eight years old. that is when i was first molested by my father. the first time it happened, i got a bicycle. >> as a gift, a reward? >> yes. >> had you think that led to where you ended up? >> i learned very early that you could get things that you wanted or needed through sexual favors. i know that a lot of my thinking , as far as how i interact with men, stems from what happened
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between the ages of 8 and 12. >> president obama calls this a nation of second chances, but the level of need feels overwhelming. for many, this is where their american dream ends. bbc news, baltimore. jane: joining me is the ceo of the polaris project. it is an organization dedicated to fighting modern slavery around the world. thank you for joining me. one of the things that struck me about the report was not only the emphasis on child sexual trafficking, but the emphasis on pedophilia. has it always been that way, or is it on the rise? what is causing it? >> we have to understand that the reason there are children in the sex trade is that there is a demand for it.
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attempts and traffickers are responding to the demand. there is a demand for younger and younger looking children. sometimes that goes as far as pedophilia, a full clinical disorder, other times it is a guy looking for a woman or child, it doesn't matter as long as they look young enough. that is why you heard them find that they find lots of 16 and 17-year-olds. there is a demand. human trafficking is a demand and temps are part of the business. jane: how do you reverse the trend when so much child for not if he is widely available on the internet. are the regulations there? are they tough enough? >> it is such a complex system. so much has to happen all at once. on one hand, this is about the vulnerability of the kids.
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listen to the stories. sexual abuse neglect, running away from home, running away from violence -- so much needs to happen on the side of protecting the kids. these kids are treated like criminals in some instances. there is not even a reckoning -- a recommendation -- a recommendation of victimization. these kids are being marketed online. there needs to be a tougher look at the websites to say how her children being allowed to be sold online. we need to recognize that this is a market. what is being done about the kids buying the children. it is statutory rape. so many things need to be done all at once. jane: how do you break the cycle of abuse when so much of it starts in the home? >> absolutely. there is increased focus on human trafficking. from the pope, the president
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congress, and the media -- that is a good thing. when he to recognize that human trafficking doesn't happen in a vacuum. -- we need to recognize that human trafficking doesn't have been in a vacuum. it is interconnected with so many different things. strength and in connections for kids. parenting programs, mentoring programs, better schooling programs, those are addressing the real causes that create the vulnerability at the first place -- in the first place. jane: thank you for joining me. it has been removed before, but today the afghan government and intelligence agency confirmed that taliban leader mullah mohammed omar is dead. councils and pakistan tell the bbc that negotiations are underway to find a successor. what do we know about mullah
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mohammed omar? ♪ ♪ >> his name was mullah omar. it is only a matter of time.
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♪ >> the rewards for justice program is offering an award of up to 10 million dollars for information leading to the prosecution or unrest of -- or arrest of mullah mohammed omar. jane: for more on the death of mullah mohammed omar i'm joined by the former u.s. ambassador to afghanistan. thank you for joining me. if these reports are true, and it appears they are, how significant are they? >> at the symbolic level it is very important. mullah was not a field commander. it was more of the symbolic leadership of the taliban that cap the various -- of the taliban the cap the various pieces together. it is possible that his death
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could lead to the fragmentation of the tally ban. -- of the taliban. there are at least three leaders that could succeed him. it could lead to hard-line leadership, or a group taking over. we have seen that in a rock. we have the islamic state, which is much more brutal. we could have a more moderate leader who could be good for a settlement or a peace process. it depends. jane: what impacts could it have on the peace process? regardless of his death, what are the chances of the peace talks exceeding? >> in terms of succession, more extreme equals fragmentation or more moderate -- more extreme fragmentation, or more moderate. more moderate would help. also important, in my view, is
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what the intelligence agency -- is the intelligence agency that influences the taliban. its it's role would be important. equally important with the what happens on the ground in the fight, and afghanistan, which has intensified in recent times. jane: we've only heard about this news now in delivered attempts to derail the peace talks. is that true? >> the timing is interesting considering it happened more than two years ago. some people obviously knew. several intelligence agencies must of known. why was this not confirmed earlier? why now for a second round of peace talks? the first round was quite disturbing inside the taliban movement.
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maybe the first round impacted development of the news because of the fragmentation. jane: the fact that he died in pakistan. osama bin laden was also killed in pakistan. what does this tell you about pakistan's role? >> i have believed the pakistan's role was central for a long time. when i was in kabul, the president would say there is no taliban in pakistan. give us their phone number or address. i used to tease him about the council that will the tally ban. there were located in pakistan. from early on, after the overflow of the tally ban in kabul, they probably provided a safe haven. their role is central. that is why i put in us is on what they do going forward.
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it will be an important variable. jane: and a lot of unknowns. ambassador, thank you for joining me. a large piece of debris has washed up in an island. it could be part of the missing malaysian airlines flight. it was found by people cleaning the beach. aviation experts say that other large aircraft has crashed close to the area. french authorities have begun an investigation. watching -- you are watching "bbc world news america." he is the youngest patient ever to receive a double hand transplant. zion harvey underwent an incredible transplant and showing -- and is showing the world the results. microsoft has launched the latest version of its operating system.
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microsoft 10 is being given to users free of charge and will work across all devices. it comes at a time when microsoft is struggling in the competitive world of mobile computing. >> take any typical household. dad, mom, and 2-year-old jj. they probably have a windows pc. however, they also have tablets, and phones that are unlikely to be made by windows. microsoft needs this to be a hit to persuade the world they are still cutting age. -- cutting edge. >> now, with increasing numbers of mobile devices with different operating systems microsoft is use less in everyday life. >> microsoft is still dominant in computers with 91% of the market.
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but it has only 3% share of the phones, android has 78% of the phones. microsoft said the system fits into the era of mobile computing. the point is that there will be more computing. windows 10, as the operative system, not just from one device, but for all of the devices in your life. back at the casey's, young jj has already learned to use a tablet computer, an android device. convincing the next generation to live in the windows world of their parents will be a challenge for microsoft. ♪ jane: today in zimbabwe two men
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appeared in court charged with helping an american dentist kill one of the country's best-known liens. the case of sessile the lie and has sparked international outrage. he was lured from a protected game reserve to be killed. the actions were condemned, putting a spotlight on the big gaming industry. >> see so was well-known in zimbabwe. he is now the most -- sececil was well-known in zimbabwe, he is now the best known line in the world. he is now making headlines around the world. in court today are the two men who led the expedition who face poaching charges. a landowner and a professional hunter who organize professional hunts for tourists. they took the wealthy american out illegally without a permit.
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only one word of regret. >> terrible. >> dr. walter palmer, a dentist from minnesota, is the tourist who is center stage. he has been on trophy hunts before, but in a statement he said he paid the men to go on the legal hunt. he said to his knowledge everything was legal, properly handled, and properly conducted. he had no idea that the lien was a local favorite, who was colored and part of a study, until the end of the hunt. -- callered and part of the study, until the end of the hunt. >> how science can inform policy makers to make the future of lions better. >> it is the extraordinary wildlife that drives tourists across africa. the killing of cecil is not only
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sentimental, but a reflection of global concern. the numbers of lions across africa have bundled by 75%. the depletion of numbers is largely due to animals being forced off of land. there is a growing demand for recreational hunting. >> they're becoming more popular. family groups come over. they are combining the hunting with photography. >> hunting might be regulated, but poaching is a multimillion dollar as this. it may cause anger across the world, but two dozen other tagged lines have been killed and no one has been sent to jail. bbc news, kenya. jane: an eight-year-old boy in the u.s. has become the world's youngest recipient of a double hand transplant.
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doctors say that zion harvey's surgery is a breakthrough. he described waking up to his new hands as weird at first, but then good. here is our medical correspondent. >> a quick wave with one of his new hands. zion smiles as details of his groundbreaking operation were unveiled. he expressed gratitude for his new hands. >> thank you for helping me. >> surgeons in philadelphia say that zion has been an uncomplaining patient. the hands will grow as he does, allowing him to achieve his dreams of throwing the football. >> we have every reason to believe, because his hands are alive, and the growth plates are intact from the donor, he will
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grow like a normal child. >> it is not the first time he has needed significant medical treatment. he lost his hands and feet after suffering an infection when he was 2. he also received a kidney transplant. it helped him in this transplant, because he was used to the drugs that cause the body from rejecting new tissue. >> he is amazing in his own right. for me, it is a blessing. >> 40 doctors and nurses worked on his new hands in 11 hours of intricate surgery. the operation took place earlier this month. details are made public now after ensuring that it was a success. >> i'm amazed at what i can do. >> months of physiotherapy are
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ahead, but this remarkable boy from baltimore has already made medical history. jane: what a lovely story to end the show. you can find more on that story, and all the days news, on our website. you can reach most of the team on twitter. from all of us at "bbc world news," thank you for watching, and please tune in tomorrow. ♪ >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, , sony pictures, and m usg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg, we have believed in nurturing banking relationships for centuries, because strong
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financial partnerships are best cultivated for the years to come, giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: good evening. i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff. >> ifill: on the newshour tonight: an indictment of murder for a routine traffic stop turned violent. a white university of cincinnati police officer faces charges for fatally shooting an unarmed black man, samuel dubose. >> woodruff: plus, taliban leader mullah omar confirmed dead. a struggle for power, new leadership and the prospects for peace in afghanistan. >> ifill: then, from syria to ukraine, confronting the world's imminent crises. the supreme allied commander of nato, general philip breedlove on diplomacy and global threats. >> woodruff: and, digging down to the roots of american history. archaeologists discover the remains of four early colony


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