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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 6, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, mufg, and sony pictures classics -- now presenting “irrational man.” >> i hear abe lucas is going to be joining the faculty this summer. >> your paper is quite good. >> am i blushing right now? >> that should put some viagra into the philosophy department. >> i can't write. i can't breathe. >> are you aware of what is going on at this table? >> it was at this moment that my life came together. >> his spirit seemed up, and yet for some reason it bothered me. >> i heard you had a theory about abe? >> do you promise you won't tell? >> what did you do with abe? >> rated-r. now playing in select cities.
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>> build a solid foundation and you can connect communities and commerce for centuries, that is the strength behind good banking relationships, too. which is why at mufg, we believe financial partnerships should endure the test of time, because with time comes change -- what matters in the end is that you are strong enough to support it. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington i am laura trevelyan. 70 years to the day since an atomic bomb was dropped on hiroshima. this city remembers the tens of thousands who died. the top 10 republican candidates are ready to debate. who will be able to break away
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from the pack? after 16 years john stewart gets ready for his last show. we look back at his more memorable moments. laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. across japan people stopped for a moment's silence to mark the moment 70 years ago when the u.s. detonated an atom bomb over hiroshima. it was the deadliest single bomb attack in history that left 140,000 dead. people from all of the world gathered in hiroshima's peace park. >> this place evokes one of humanity's most fearful moments.
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i am become death, a destroyer of worlds. the words quoted by the scientist at the heart of the project that destroyed hiroshima. today, buddhist monks gathered early to pray for peace at the epicenter of the explosion. at the city's memorial park, an offering of water for those who perished in the flames. the living reached out to the dead. at exactly 8:15, the moment the bomb exploded, the tolling of a solitary bell. then, the symbolic release of doves.
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japan's prime minister use the occasion to call for the scrapping of all nuclear weapons. >> we have to continue our effort to achieve a world without nuclear weapons. it is our responsibility. it is our duty. >> the prime minister is a divisive figure in japan. a block away, these antiwar protesters fear japan was following a dangerous path in the face of growing regional tensions. the government wants to change the country's pass of this constitution to allow troops to be sent abroad to fight. >> we want to stop japan and being able to do war again. >> are you worried it might have been? i have a strong feeling that abe prime minister is going to do that. >> 17 years after the bombing
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there is no hatred of america in hiroshima. we encountered an extraordinary story of reconciliation. >> the u.s. air force and u.s. navy airmen -- >> his uncle and namesake was a prisoner of war on this site and was killed by the bomb. he and other 11 field deputies are commemorated on this plaque things to a campaign by a atom bomb survivor. -- by an atom bomb survivor. he says, i have been waiting for mr. neil to visit. doing this is what pieces about. -- is what peace is about. >> thank you. >> the remembrance ceremonies continued into the evening.
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each of these lanterns contains an individual message from a citizen of hiroshima to the souls of the dead. 70 years after the bombing, the spirit of hiroshima is a warning and an appeal for peace. bbc news hiroshima. laura: for more on today' events i spoke with a senior fellow for japan studies at the council of foreign relations. 70 years on, is the horror of hiroshima resonating in america? guest: we talk about the 70th anniversary at the end with the war and the dropping of the bomb. sometimes the link between the american use of the weapon and the impact on japan is not made. laura: how much does hiroshima guide japanese foreign-policy, or are they beginning to emerge from the shadow? ian: ring the only country --
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being the only country that has suffered from a nuclear weapon continues to influence their policy. they are a strong advocate of nonproliferation. you will see a japan that is nervous about its neighbors particularly its nuclear neighbor, china. laura: how difficult will it be for prime minister shinzo abe to change the constitution away from the pacifist leaning? guest: he will allow the japanese military to work with other militaries. he is not saying that japan will have offensive military power and by no means new to their weapons. he is trying to move the needle on the japanese public perception on the role of their military. it is a struggle, as we can see from the parliamentary debate. laura: are americans in favor of japan taking a military role? does it take the pressure off of them?
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guest: we are trying to grapple with a rising china. america has always wanted japan to push a little further on the pacifism. they are also sensitive to the response of south korea and china to the speed with which japan changes its military. laura: our relations more change with south korea than beijing? guest: with the south koreans it is not only the island. it is the japanese colonization of south korea and what south korea sees as the lack of willingness to address issues like comfort women and uneasy conversations about what happened under colonial rule and during world war ii. laura: what about the execution of the two japanese hostages by the islamic state? has that had an impact on the direction of policy? guest: or all of our attention
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to northeast asia, you do not hear a big clamor in japan for extending its military role in the middle east. you see a back-and-forth about the cost of participating, even in terms of humanitarian assistance. you see a more broad recognition that japan can play a global role in a peaceful way, not a military way. laura: the malaysian government has requested that the search area for missing flight mh-370 be expanded. -- last week a wing part was found on the island of reunion. our correspondent reports from voracious. >> two thousand feet and searching. the island is surrounded by crystalline waters, a ring of coral, and the powerful ocean
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current. deputy commander is the coast guard's navigator. what are we looking at? >> to concentrate -- >> they rely on visual identification for this kind of mission. if they spot anything of interest their patrol boats are ready to go. no wreckage is found on this trip but three more are planned each day. >> we are looking at objects three to five meters in length. bigger than that which could be floating in the water or even close to the beach. >> this video model shows the
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drift from powerful ocean currents. the.s -- the dots represent items. there is no large-scale search on reunion island itself. this life boat is what they rely on. france houses more air and sea support. >> they are additionally vigilant and i looking for any piece of debris. with waves up to 10 meters high, further pieces of wreckage may be hard to locate. for the families who lost loved ones and to take them back to the site of last week's dramatic find. >> to be able to see the plane where the last remnants of the plane which was your family came ashore. >> the full story may never
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emerge, but the hunt goes on. bbc news, off the coast of reunion island. laura: it is so hard for the families. the islamic state group says it was behind the suicide attack on an elite security unit in saudi arabia that killed at least 15. the attack took place in a mosque in the city of abha. egypt has opened an expansion of the suez canal. the waterway has been deepened and there is a parallel channel. foreign leaders are welcomed aboard a yacht. it will increase traffic through the canal to revive the economy. there is a question about projection. a passenger plane has flown into the airport in yemen for the first time in months.
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in recent weeks the government and its allies have gain the upper hand and driven the rebels out of the city. four months, the field has been growing. it is time for the republican presidential contenders to go head-to-head, at least some of them. out of the 17 candidates, the top 10 will square off in a primetime debate. all eyes will be on donald trump. ♪ >> a whopping 17 candidates have entered the race. 10 will be slugging it out in a televised debate in cleveland ohio. this is the man with a double-digit lead in the polls, donald trump. the billionaire businessman does
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not shy away from controversy. he launched his campaign by saying mexico was bringing rapists to the u.s. this is not reality tv. how will he perform alongside his rivals? >> i like that he is honest. as far as being a candidate, i'm a little mixed. >> i don't really have an opinion on him. the only thing that i know from him is on the "apprentice" and he is a pop-culture icon. >> he will be interesting to watch. >> with politics in his blood, there is a lot of expectation around jeb bush. he has been criticized for stumbling in appearances. >> i know nothing about him except he is a push. >> he was the governor in florida. he put in reforms. but just like hillary and biden
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he is a name from the past and i think the country need someone new. >> with a crowded stage, can anyone else steal trump's limelight. the debate promises to be compelling feeling and provide -- compelling viewing and provide voters with the first chance to see which is the candidate that sounds and looks the most presidential. the rays for the white house does not officially kick off until primary season next year, but the candidates are already making an impression. laura: for more on what we can expect i spoke to our correspondent in cleveland. how are the candidates that are not donald trump hoping to burst the trump bubble? >> if you look when you have
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candidates like jeb bush, scott walker, preparing and walking up to the stage, then comes donald trump who effectively is cruising into slots. it is anyone's guess how they will respond. and donald trump, when he takes center stage to see some of those discussions. in a recent interview he said if they hit me i will hit them harder. the candidates who pulled out of the 10, like chris christie, john kasich, and rand paul may feel like they have less to lose so they may go bigger on the attack. with the trump factor in the debate, everyone will be watching, because no one knows exactly what will happen.
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laura: what is at stake for job push, the establishment republican candidate if -- four jeb bush their establishment republican candidate, if he fails to sparkle? >> he has been criticized for making careless comments. at a policy reform he said he was not sure if way needed to spend a billion dollars for women's health issues when he was asked about planned parenthood. he says that he misspoke in that context, but people say that might mean he is not ready for today's media machine. what is also interesting, is that report, some of the women we talked to, did not know much more about him other than he had the name bush. some of these legacy candidates need to define what they stand for the aunt of the names that they are associated with. laura: in cleveland, thank you.
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you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, we speak to the researcher who discovered that cecil the lion had been killed. what he says about the hunting in might surprise you. search teams in the mediterranean do not expect to find more survivors from a boat carrying 600 migrants that sank off of the coast of libya on monday. the refugee agency says that 400 people were rescued. we have more on the migrant crisis. >> pulled from the water by rescuers this 1-year-old has started her journey in the middle east. it almost ended when the fishing boat shoe is on capsized with hundreds of people on board. her father gave their only lifejacket to his wife.
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as people were rescued, other young children were pulled out unconscious, but were resuscitated. more than 350 people were saved. seven ships went to help the boat that overturned off the coast of libya. 25 bodies were recovered. those on board the fishing boat say hundreds more may never be found. the boat sank in under two minutes. >> it is not safe or legal for the people to access asylum or refugee status in europe. they are forced into the hands of unscrupulous smugglers and gambling their lives in trying to reach europe. >> these people made it to italy. the mediterranean's death toll stands around 2000.
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the international organization for migration says the numbers are already higher than the same period last year. these latest deaths are unlikely to deter others from trying. ♪ laura: a researcher in zimbabwe who followed sessile the lien for years and discovered that he had been killed at a mets that a -- that followed cecil the lion for years, and discovered that he had been killed, admits that a bhunting ban may not help. >> the impala were on the move early. life in the wild is beautiful but short.
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every animal knows that editors are out here. those on the top of the food chain can choose to watch or hunt. we came here looking for lions. the pride that cecil left behind. in this wilderness there is much to see and most come armed only with cameras. these animals are threatened by poachers. those impoverished and wanting a meal and willing to kill for ivory that is more valuable than gold. the hunters are being hunted for trophies. bake c -- big cats bring a break premium. this is the route that cecil theok when he left the park and went into a private game reserve where hunting is allowed and he would be killed.
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>> i have a very faint signal. >> brent is now following jericho who led the pride with cecil. i do not want to see lion hunting ever again. just because of the way that lions react. i think that hunting can be a conservation tool. we have to be careful with that. >> cecil is now famous around the world for killing for killing for a price. >> i know that is a terrible thing to some people, but we have to be practical and realistic. if we lose a few animals which pays for the conservation, or a whole lot are the options we are faced with in many areas. >> in the darkness we caught a a
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glimpse of 2 females with their cubs. they seem to be safe while the world is still watching. laura: the debate over hunting and conservation. this is the last time that jon stewart will sit behind his fake news desk at "the daily show." for many of his fans is is a sad day. his satires had a huge impact on american politics and comedy. stewart is quite an act to follow. >> this is "the daily show" with jon stewart. >> a fake news desk, real news and razors edge humor. jon stewart was an unstoppable force and one of the most influential voices on television. at the height of the celebrity he admitted it was time for him to move on. >> this host does not deserve
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and even slightly restless host, and neither do you. >> when stewart took over in 1999 he was a standup comedian who had hosted several failed programs. he found his calling on "the daily show." arguably it was the 2000 election that put stewart on the map. >> you were not elected. >> it seems there was no topic he was afraid to tackle. from his takedown of cnbc for the financial coverage -- >> he walked away rich as hell, and you knew that was going on. >> to his take on police brutality. >> we are not living in a post-racism society. people are going to be wondering how much of a society we are living in at all. >> he made it more serious
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substantive analysis that could serve as a form of journalism. >>jon stewart became so loved that he topped the poll as the most trusted newscaster in america. his satire was the most reasonable voice on television to his fans. in the process he became more than a late-night talk show host, he became the voice of liberal america. >> he is such a great character and persona it will be sad not to watch that. >> it will be like johnny carson leaving for my parent's generation. this is like our carson. >> because he could reach millennials it was the show to beyond. president barack obama was on seven times. >> i am issuing an executive order that jon stewart cannot leave "the daily show." >> while it may be successful
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with its new host trevor noah, it will never be the same. laura: just think about how much jon stewart will be enjoying the republican debate. to reach me and most of the bbc team go to twitter. i am at laura trevelyan. thank you for watching, and please, tune in tomorrow. ♪ >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, sony pictures classics -- now presenting “irrational man,” and mufg. >> it is a global truth. we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our banking relationships span cultures and
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support almost every institute across the globe, because success takes partnership, and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: good evening, i'm gwen ifill. judy woodruff is on assignment. on the newshour tonight: commanding the spotlight. republicans prepare to stand out and narrow the field in the first primary debate. on the 50th anniversary of the signing of the voting rights act, where does it stand today? plus, produce and stocked shelves in what was once a food desert. how to build grocery stores in underserved neighborhoods. >> i think we should have about a thousand civil markets. there is 25 million people that live without a grocery store today that don't have a practical means to get one. >> ifill: and... >> i agree with you, jon. we should be able to shoot people.


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