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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 21, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> it's a global truth. we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our banking relationships span ctures and support almost every industry across the globe -- because
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success takes partnership and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news america." anchor: this is "bbc world news reporting from washington, i'm david willis. the markets take a major dive with the dow jones industrial losing more than 530 points. what is behind the massive selloff? the situation on the korean peninsula grows more tense by the hour as north and south increased the stakes with the saturday deadline looming large. it was a website which made cheating easy, but now that ashley madison has been hacked, leaving a growing
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list of people [indiscernible] welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. this is a friday we won't forget on wall street, which capped off one of its worst sessions. , bringing 530 points back dark memories for some of the massive losses seen during the financial crises of 2008 and 2009. so what led to the dive? a brief time ago our business correspondent helped us a break it all down from new york. reporter: it was blamed last week on china. it is certainly a big driver of what we are seeing happening on
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u.s. markets. there is a lot of concern about the slowing growth in china. that is having a knockoff effect on other parts of the economy. for example, if we look at commodities, more specifically the price of oil, it job to $40 a barrel for the first time since the financial crisis back in 2009. that is because many are worried down,na starts slowing then their demand for oil will also slow down. anchor: a demand for oil is another key indicator that the global economy could be heading downwards. reporter: which is why it's not just china, but there are other parts of the global economy that are looking uncertain. that also has investors a little bit spooked. is allople believe this part of the natural trajectory of u.s. stock markets, that these kinds of repricing of assets a somewhat formal at certain points of the economy.
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the effect on personal pensions could be quite profound, could it? reporter: this affects everyone. anybody with any sorts of investments, pensions, anything in the economy, that has some role to play in what happens on the stock market. these kinds of big declines mean pretty big declines for portfolios for many people. mentioned this is the holiday season. could we see a bounce back when the markets reopen on monday? what is alsos is interesting, usually the holiday season is when you see quite a bit of slow down. we are seeing some of the highest trading volumes for the entire year. there's another index that some people like to talk about call the vix, the volatility index. but people like to call the fear index with regards to markets. if you look at that index, that
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is up to 27%. anchor: all eyes on the markets this coming monday, i would imagine. thank you very much. tensions are running high between north and south korea, as we are just hours away from an ultimatum by pyongyang. sold toreans want silence loudspeakers which are broadcasting propaganda across the demilitarized zone. in recent days there has been an exchange of artillery shells. from south korea, stephen evans reports. reporter: in south korea it looks like a war cabinet. president park with her ministers in uniform of the civil defense force. and in north korea, it looks like a war cabinet. kim jong-un firing of his generals who are arranged around him. north korean state television ramped up the rhetoric. gangsters,rean
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insane to find provocation against us, fabricated the instance of north korea firing towards the south on the afternoon of august 20. often a: there is ritual of threats and shots being fired by both sides. but this time it is heavy weaponry. each says the other fired first. a landmine explosion two weeks ago triggered the tension. two south korean soldiers were injured. south korea said the north place the mines. far, it is all seen as remote from ordinary people. seoul does not feel like a city about to go to war. it is relaxed. that is because this kind of ritual has happened too often in the past. troops are now on the highest alert. it south koreas
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does not stop blasting by saturdayt it afternoon he will take more military action. seoul. evans, bbc news, anchor: for more on these rising tensions, i spoke a brief time ago with christopher hill of the former u.s. ambassador to south korea who joins us from denver, colorado. tension between north and south at this not atypical time of year, but how concerned are you by the current situation on the border there? quite right.u are every year this happens, but the advancedis, how far this crisis seems to be. i think the south korean public are just sick of the north koreans at this point, when the north koreans recently blew the legs off a couple of south korean soldiers by planting a landmine on their side of the
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pretty horrific stuff. i don't see the south koreans really backing down. at the same time i see a north korean leadership that is not particularly effective in handling these kinds of crises. anchor: the north has threatened military action unless the south turns off the propaganda broadcast, if you like. what are the chances of them following through on that threat? >> it's hard to say. what seems to be clear at least at this moment is the south koreans are not backing down in broadcasting what they consider the news. it was a step the south koreans took in retaliation to what the north koreans have done to a couple of their soldiers, but i don't see any inclination from the south koreans to back down. the question is whether kim jong-un will back down, whether the north korean leadership will back down. i think he has put himself in a tough position by laying out
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that requirements, which expires on saturday. anchor: when unusual aspect that expires on saturday is the precise nature of that deadline. how unusual is that? >> to get this specific at this point and to really offer no way koreans isnorth something i won't say is unprecedented but i think it has put them in a situation where it is difficult for them to back down from their own brinksmanship. anchor: given the unforgettable nature of kim jong-un, there is every likelihood, i suppose, that he may follow through on this. >> hard to say. we recall a couple of years ago when during a similar exercise that the u.s. and south koreans have every spring, he was meeting with his generals, showing images of north korean missiles, and otherwise being
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extremely bellicose, and then it stopped almost as quickly as it started. out anything here, but i would say this is a very dangerous situation. anchor: it is. thank you for joining us today. the white house says the u.s. military has killed the deputy leader of the islamic state group during an operation and iraq. died inhmad al-hayali an airstrike on tuesday near the city of most all -- mosul. he is believed to be responsible for moving weapons between iraq and syria. the situation on the border and macedonia remains tense after police used tear gas to control a crowd of thousands of migrants trying to cross. have allowedlice hundreds to pass through after the government issued an emergency order aimed at helping those most vulnerable. our correspondent james reynolds
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is at the scene and he sends us this report. this is what macedonia's state of emergency looks like. this morning on its border with greece, macedonia's right police fired tear gas and stun grenades against migrants trying to get through this country to the rest of europe. escapedand iraqis who war found themselves on another front line. this afternoon we found migrants moving forward again, desperate to cross the border. this crowd is pushing, even crushing forward toward the macedonian security lines. they are taking their babies with them. they believe that families will be let through. the youngest of all can barely cope.
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crowds,ront of the macedonian security forces refused to give way. >> we want to cross the border. they hit us hadrd. i hurt my leg. now i barely can walk on it. we are human. we are trying to be someplace safe. why they are hitting us? we're human. he is trying to get his family to germany. the first set of families is allowed across. some try to find their own way into macedonia through nearby fields. later on the macedonian side, we found some allowed to cross, and hisg the man
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family. how do you feel? >> i'm very happy. thank you to macedonia. reporter: he and his family will now take the train to serbia and then to germany. others, above all the youngest, or too tired to move. on theeynolds, bbc news, greece-macedonia border. anchor: elsewhere in europe, french antiterrorist investigators are examining an incident where a man opened fire on a train traveling between amsterdam and paris. three people were injured, two of them critically. there is no information about a motive for the attack. rebels from greece's governing left wing syriza are to break away and form a new party. the party will be led by a who isenergy minister,
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strongly opposed to the bailout deal with greece's creditors. the prime minister and alexis on thursday, down paving the way for new elections there. girls' education campaigner malala yousafzai has achieved a string of top grades in her school exams. she survived being shot by the taliban and after writing a diary about life under their rule in northwest pakistan. since her treatment and recovery in the u.k., she has attended school in birmingham and has some particularly well in biology, chemistry, physics, and villagers studies. andemen, five months of war taken an incredible toll. hospitals and eight agencies are struggling to cope with the crisis. the u.n. says a country is on the brink of famine with an estimated 13 million people facing food shortages. the bbc as this exclusive report
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from the southern city of aden. reporter: he is in constant pain. two weeks ago he hit a land mine since then, he barely speaks. it hurts so much, he tells me. his family went to check on the home they fled. he was injured, but his mother and six brothers were instantly killed. his father still remembers how he received the news. my mind stopped working. i could not feel my body. i could barely eat or sleep. hospitals are overwhelmed with serious casualties. doctors struggled to keep them alive. >> in this hospital only me, i treat over hundreds of cases.
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every day i do more than 15 operations. we need help. now i am talking with all the patients. we suffering of lack of facilities. reporter: the fighting has moved on from the city, but the scars remain. streets are empty. water and basic services are scarce. in some districts, a silent debt looms. these scenes of devastation are repeated all over aden. have a look at this building behind me. it's one example of the heavy fighting and shelling that took place in this city. given the scale of the damage, there's little chance that the people who used to live here will return home anytime soon. scattered across the city, many take shelter in schools or mosques. iny survive on limited aid fear for their children's future.
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these families have been here for nearly six months. they say life has been hard on them. the single mom goes out begging to feed her five boys. pain. miserable and in there is no one supporting me and my family. i carry a heavy burden and i am alone. of aden: the people have nowhere to go. they can only wait and hope. they are caught in the middle of a complex war and they don't know who to blame. bbc news, aden. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program -- armed with his camera, one teenager set out to tell the
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whole story in baltimore. tonight he shares his story. now, for an incredible story that has come to light things to newly released top-secret documents in the u.k. a british film critics who betrayed his country by passing secret files to russia during the second world war was never prosecuted because of concerns it would embarrass the intelligence services. the bbc has the story. careeriton who made his in the hollywood of the 1920's and 1930's here interviewed in his later years. but was he also a spy who got away? in 1941 he came to work in this building in new york for an arm of british intelligence which coordinated with the americans. his m.i. file was released today and it shows the f tyler just
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after the war he had been passing secret documents to the russians. >> certainly the russians viewed a far more important agent than the british gave him credit for. he had access to both british and american intelligence. reporter: he was hauled before america's mccarthy hearings in congress in 1953, accused of communist sympathies. that led to him being deported back to britain. the files revealed that he did pass secret material to the russians. they also show he was never prosecuted because of the fear of the embarrassment it would cause. he claims he had passed files on order to his superiors. mi-6 could not find anyone to prove he was lying and mi-5 at the time seems to have missed how important he was. a man who straddled the worlds , and who and espionage
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ended up living out his days in latin america. gordon carrera, bbc news. anchor: for tech savvy rebels were's it is the data breach that will not go away. the rest of this is a stark reminder of guiding your online privacy. we are talking about the ashley madison hack, the website for those looking for extramarital affairs. and a second set of files allegedly from the website is causing quite a stir. our technology correspondent has more. reporter: it's hard to imagine more sensitive data than that held by ashley madison. and now the fallout from the hacking of a site which facilitated adultery has begun. >> let the people's voice be heard and let's stand together for marriage. reporter: an american family
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values campaigner has admitted to cheating on his wife after it was revealed he subscribed to the site. for divorce lawyers here it is bringing a surge in business. >> we've had a huge influx of calls due to the ashley madison hacking mainly from spouses who believe their names are on the website and want to protect themselves and claims against them on divorce, or from spouses who believe their partners are on this website. another: there has been big release of what seems to be hacked data. from what we can see, it's mostly files from the ashley madison company, including one giant file which seems to contain all of the e-mails of the founder. and there's a message from the hackers saying, you can admit it's real now. before the hacking attack, no beat them in told the bbc's company was worth $1 billion and he explained ashley madison's appeal. >> for men, it is an absence of
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sex or differentiation on their sex life. for women, the word they tend to use is passion. reporter: tonight one customer told the bbc he did not regret using the site even though his marriage had broken up. his words are spoken by an actor. >> i do feel sorrow and sadness primarily for my wife, if i were in her position i would feel but it has overall been a positive experience, i would say. >> have you ever found yourself -- reporter: many users do not see their ashley medicine experience that way and some are planning lawsuits about the company they feel has betrayed them. bbc news. this past april tensions boiled over in the city of baltimore after the death of freddie gray while in police custody. news crews descended to cover
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the clashes between police and protesters. among those there to document the scenes was an 18-year-old and his friend. here is what they saw in their own words. ♪ >> i don't want to tell my version of the story. i want to tell the entire story. i am 18 years old. i have been with critical exposure now, a nonprofit organization and d.c. that uses photography to make changes in soccommunity. he texted me and said, let's capture the events of baltimore.
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we started walking towards the smoke. we see the line of police officers and some people are throwing things, some are standing around, some are protesting. >> i assured his family that no one is above the law and i would pursue justice on their behalf. >> what needs to change? [indiscernible] >> i think that scenes are deftly going to change. right now i lot of light is being shed on what is happening.
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every 28 hours, and african-american is killed by a police officer in the united states. when people see that kind of thing, when they see video footage of a cop pulling up onto a playground and shooting and african-american teenager, when people see that sort of footage, that is when people start making changes. when we came back a lot of people i have met with, i have shown them the photos i have taken and a look at it and they say, wow, i saw some of this on the news but i did not see all of it. people really want to see everything happening, the peaceful people, the people marching in suits, the ones who are just there praying, the ones who aren't violent. that is the important thing to show, that the media isn't really showing. anchor: the 18-year-old there on
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his experience of documenting the scenes in baltimore earlier this year. that brings today's show to a close. from all of us here, thank you for watching. have a great weekend. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg, we've believed in nurturing banking relationships
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for centuries, because strong financial partnerships are best cultivated for the years to come, giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: a rout on wall street. stocks plunge amid fears of china's economy in decline and the falling price of oil. then, leading the way-- two women make history as the first female soldiers to complete the army's elite ranger program. plus, rethinking college. how arizona state became the nation's largest university by opening its doors to low-income students. >> it's time to develop a new kind of american university. talent is not a function of your parent's income. talent is a function of your drive, your ability as an individual. we've gone out and found that talent wherever it is.


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