tv BBC World News America PBS May 13, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
>> this is "bbc world news america". >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends
can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling tradewinds, and the crystal-blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." . jane: this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington. i'm jane o'brien. europe's efforts to stop people smugglers off the coast of libya are failing, says a new report. the latest on those trying to make it across the mediterranean. touring the fire damage at fort mcmurray, canada's prime minister justin trudeau gets a first hand look at the destruction caused by wild fires. and actress jodie foster is now behind the cameras. she talks to us about gender bias in an exchange you won't
want to miss. welcoming to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe much the european mission to stop migrant smuggling off the coast of libya is failing, that's the message today and within the last two days hundreds have arrived by crossing the mediterranean. in contrast, numbers crossing to turkey have had a dramatic fall. first, a report on those making the treacherous journey from libra to italy. >> through most of the crossing they slept huddled beneath blankets as if trying to shield themselves from the world they struggled to survive in. but by morning there was a much brighter mood. here was europe, a new future.
and whatever europe is, it northwest surely be better than the libya they escaped. 233 mostly economic migrants from west africa. italy's ports are founded onmark anti-aisle trade, but this is the new cargo, migrants. lots of them. this will be a record year. but why do they come? 20-year-old anz -- sa said the boat was the only escape from the horrors of libya. what were the conditions like? >> very hard conditions. >> you told me earlier you were beaten? >> yeah, we were beaten and only eat once in a day. >> he is lucky to be alive. we found them drifting in this rubber boat off the coast of libya. smugglers had packed them in and given just enough fuel for the boat to leave libyan yearts
-- waters. an hour after, a storm blew in. this is what happens when the waves get bigger -- the boats fold and they sink. well, this is the moment they had risk to do all for, the first steps onto european soil. but how many more be -- are going to come? over 1,000 just today. >> i'm very happy. i'm very, very happy, standing in europe right now. >> among those also leaving the aquarius today were 51 young men under the age of 17, traveling alone. here's one from guinea bissau, 14. it's a lonely world for a boy so young. one proposed solution is to send europe's navy's into libya's waters, but to do that you need a government and a partner in trip ollie. the inescapable truth, so long as there is money to be made in
this dirty business of trafficking people, they will come. jane: as we've mentioned, it's a different scene in turkey where the flow of migrants has slowed. 9 number of people leaving there for the be greek islands is down 90% after -- from the previous months after a deal struck between greece and turkey but the agreement could be in jeopardy. >> these are the turkish beaches from where 1e7bs -- tens of thousands of refugees doctor refugees left for their perilous journey to europe. today, only discorded -- only discarded chothing remains. but the deal struck to solve the crisis of the migrants may be in danger of collapsing the you mind syrian refugees like marat who once dreamt of going to europe but have given i.
the deal has all but blocked migrant trade. >> it's now closed. if someone wants to go to europe, they cannot. i did want to go, but now i can't. >> turkish coast guard patrols are much more rigorous. just two months ago 8,000 refugees crossed here in one month. so far in may, the numbers are around 300. and for those who make it to greece, the route north through the balkans, the -- is lined with fences and riot police many >> it is no longer a possible to move further from greece. and in degree, the move from the islands to the mainland became impossible now. >> so in turkey the tainls -- tables where the smugglers did their deals are almost empty and the shops can't sell their life jackets. the turkish government says it's honored its part of the deal.
>> it's the -- if the refugees go outside the cities where they're registered they are told to go back. if they try to reach the coast and escape, the police will catch them. >> the easing of the refugee crisis depends on a controversial deal between turkey and the e.u. turkey clamping down on the migrants in exchange for visa-free travel through much of europe. but the parliament -- e.u. parliament is insisting turkey carry out more reforms. turkey says it's done enough and the whole leal -- deal is looking fragile. so there say risk of the migrants returning. developments are being watched close any germany where most of the refugees went. jane: today thousands of people turned out in beirut for the funeral of one of hezbollah's top leaders, mustafa amine
badreddine. the news was he had been killed ear the parent -- airport. there has been no claim of responsibility. i spoke with an expert at the washington institute of near east policy. he was a pretty shadowy figure, really, wasn't he? how big a blow is this for hezbollah? yeah, as you said, he was a shadowy figure. we know his involvement in hezbollah dates back to the early 1980's where he took part in terrorist attacks in lebanon, then to kuwait we are took part in other terrorist attacks there, was sentenced to dale -- jail and served there for six or seven years until saddam hussein invaded quite and he broke out and -- kuwait and he broke out and went back to syria. we didn't know many details
about him until 2011 when a tribunal was investigating the death of the former prime minister, and they named badreddine and gave details about his background. >> what impact will this have? >> we need to remember badreddine was one of hezbollah's most senior commanders. he attended meetings between to ra and they're going need to replace him with someone who is also a very high level commander the >> what impact do you think will badreddine's death have on the fighting, the conflict overall? >> i have to say badreddine, as i said he was responsible for the deployment and some of the planning but eventually on the ground you have the commanders of the field. he might have a moral impact on hezbollah because they're going
to think you know what? if this senior commander was killed in syria and we still don't know who did it, what about our lives there? but -- jane: you just listed a list -- litany of attacks he was associated or linked with. a number of people presumably would have wanted him dead. who are the main suspects? >> let's say badreddine with a 30-year history of trivial -- terrorism gained a lot of enemies. one is israel. i'm sure they would want to see him dead. he has a lot of israeli plood on his hands. the leaders in syria, and we also have the gulf countries which know some of the apparatus of hezbollah which want to see their senior commander in syria dead. right now we don't have that many details to say. one says it was an israeli air
strike but they took this report from the media and we didn't really hear a hezbollah official saying who did it and how. jane: like everything in syria, very murky indeed. thank you for joining us. some other news now. china says it will overhaul it's military and have forces capable of armed warfare by 2020. the report says they aim to transform the army into a world class force. they want to improve combat capabilities by investing in modern weaponry. islamic state militants in iraq ve attacked a popular cafe frequented by supporters of the spanish football club, real madrid. the town is 80 kilometers north
of baghdad. in the claim of responsibility, i.s. says the attack was carried out against the shi'a. fifa has appointed a woman as its secretary general, the first female to take the post in the history of the mail dominade -- male dominated world of football. she's fatma samba diouf samoura, of senegal, a career diplomat. today, canada's prime minister justin trudeau got a first hand look at the widespread damage caused by piled -- wild fires in alberta. among the wort was fort mcmurray where 90,000 people were forced to evacuate. the prime minister met with first responders and volunteers, thanking them, then took a helicopter tour to survey the scene. reporter: the fires have left fort mcmurray, but the
aftermath is brutal. for the country's prime minister, justin trudeau, the test is how he handles one of canada's worst natural disasters. the flames were so fierce, few could imagine the damage they'd leab in their wake. more than a week on and the smoke was still rising as we drove into fort mcmurray. it's still closed off be -- but we were given access to see the extent of the damage first hand. a few weeks ago this was a thribing center for the region's oil industry. now look what's left. if you want to get an idea how powerful the wild fires were here in fort mcmurray just like -- take a look at this. this is what's left of what was once a family home. it's just cinder and ashes, completely razed to the ground and the smell've smoke still hangs heavy in the air air here. locals say it's a miracle no one lost their lives.
but with thousands of homes destroyed, this natural disaster has created a very human one. ♪ >> 90,000 people still have no idea when they'll be allowed to return home or if they even have one to go to. just down the road, the small size but as led in people take shelter here, frustration is setting in. evacuees have been given a one-off debit card payment of $is,250. but that won't go far. >> you can't pay rent anywhere. if this goes for, say, 120 days or more than that, i don't know what people are going to do. you know, we're refugees, not evacuees. and we're tax-paying refugees on top of it. >> but like many here, he thinks the prime minister should have visited sooner. >> he doesn't care about fort mcmurray. otherwise he would have been here. there's no excuse for that. we're low on totem pole.
em doesn't eep know we exist. -- he doesn't even know we exist. >> but high up in the air, trudeau is steal. ing shodosh to show he does care. report. at's the a brief time ago i spoke with her and asked if the frustration heard in her piece was becoming colon place there? >> there were definitely other people in that queue that felt the same way as that gentleman, jane. they felt frustrated that justin trudeau hadn't visited fort mcmurray or even some of the evacuation centers or edmonton sooner. now, many people understand that it's difficult and trudeau himself said the reason he didn't come sooner was he wanted to let the firefighters do their job and didn't want to
get in the way of that. but many people in that queue i've spoken to and even in edmondayson say it's about the symbolism, about the country's pimes 2k prime minister showing that he is here, with all the people going through an incredibly difficult time, 90,000 people, out of their homes and many have no idea whether or not their home is actually intact or not. they're not allowed obviously because there are still safety concerns back into fort mcmurray so it is a difficult time for them. but interestingly, the cruyff opposition party haven't criticized justin trudeau. they said they he don't want to get into party politics about this and in fact both parties have worked very well together when it comes to dealing with these devastating wildfires. jane: still to come on again 's program, how to
-- clean up india's gang ssriver? apple is moving into the taxi industry, investing $1 billion into china's version of uber, a car-hailb app which claims to have almost 90% of the chinese market. uber has been struggling to compete and in january committed -- admitted to losing more than a billion a year in china. >> the chinese company has just received a $1 billion u.s. investment if apple and it could change the face of the taxi industry in this country. how? it operates a phone app called didi. before it came along, pretty much the only way to get a cab in this country was 0 to head out into the street and try and
hail one. along came the app and changed everything. there it is, you can see the taxis there -- that are available in this area. and here's my cab. out for a walk? that was -- now, with this phone app china's people have been able to leap-frog into the future. one day they can't order a taxi at all. the next they're communicating with the driver, can see the driver's real-time location. now you should try hailing a demab a major chinese city. you can't get bun -- one because the drivers are all taking app bookings. however, uber has made a big, expensive push into china and it the very popular with more affluent customers. didi has responded with its own
premium car service. now with the extra injection of money from apple it's hoping to expand its service and stave off any challenge from uber. jane: the ganges is india's great and sacred river but you can also add polluted. now the government has begun a huge plan to clean it up. it's a huge challenge. but there is some hope as the rare ganges dolphin has managed to survive. >> it's the holiest city in all india. ut just take a look at this. it is also a huge source of pollution.
the ancient practices of riverside cremation are one tiny part of it. the far bigger problem is the waste of the living. >> we can only treat a third of the sewage. the city generates more than 300 million leeters of waste and 100 million are treated. the rest goes straight into the ganges. >> the figures he elsewhere offer -- on the river are even worse. independent figures show 80% of sewage is untreated. the government says it plans to build massive new waste treatment infrastructure. the environmentalists say it can't come soon enough for at least one key species. we've come to the ganges and the hope was we might spot the incredibly rare ganges dolphin.
incrediblely within minutes i waw the -- saw the sergio garcia -- dorsal fin of one break the water. the real challenge is going to be filming them. this is the cameraman. how difficult do you think it's going to be to film the dolphin? we've seen a couple, haven't we? >> it's quite hard because they pop up suddenly. >> you are an expert on the dollins. world wild life fund has a program to protect this rare animal. how rare -- is it? >> it's an in -- endangered species and it's pretty rare to spot these animals. >> but today there seem to be dolphins all around us. >> oh, six, seven! >> seven simultaneously. they have to surface every two minutes or so to breachingt the challenge is guessing where they're going to be but after a
bit, sanjay gets his line and hen just look at this. extraordinary. i never expected to see anything like as many dolphins as we've seen and it's such incredibly did news. it tells us that this river is capable of supporting these wonderful animals. it also shows us what's at stake, what -- why it's so important that the indian government's efforts to clean up this river succeed. bbc news, india. jane: beautiful and very unexpected pictures there. now, jodie foster is one of hollywood's greats. the oscar-winning actress has been in the business most of her life, much in front of the camera but in recent years she's turned to directing. her fourth feature film, money monster, has just premieres --
premiered in canness. >> anybody seen ron? just point the camera my direction and we'll figure it out together. >> george clooney is an eegtistical financial journalist. julia roberts is his long-suffering prur who takes control when this happens. >> oh, jesus! what do you want me to do? jodie ts director, foster, it was a chance to explore cynicism in the worlds of finance and media. >> i think it's changed a lot withed -- the advent of technology and that facebook culture, social media culture where news is trying to compete with ratings and trying to entertain and i think that's really quite dangerous for news. >> it's lost its ability to
answer the questions? >> yeah, and it's complicit. >> you are saying journalism is complicit and therefore corrupt? >> corrupted by. yeah, i do think that the, if you are trying to entertain, you are going to be corrupted by the needs of the audience. >> she also talked about a continuing male bias in the film industry, particularly, she says, when it comes to directing the >> i think it's like race psychology. it's a gender psychology. let's say you're a producer and you're going to hire a director, you are going to probably find someone you perceive as the least risky scenario and most often that somebody looks like you. >> a bloke. a middle class, middle aged white guy. >> yeah. >> because it's a middle class middle-aged white guy handing over the money? >> no, sadly, very often, a good percentage of the time it's also a lovely ivy league
woman who runs the studio. >> so tell me this. you have two big stars in this movie. >> yes. >> george clooney, julia roberts. >> yes. >> did you pay them the same? >> first, i would never tell you how much -- i wouldn't tell you how much allowance a -- i got. my mother told me that's just not something you ever do. >> you know how much they got paid, right? >> of course i do. >> so why won't you tell me? >> i will tell you about my movie, which is what we're talking about. >> i'm talk pg your movie, and you're not helping me. >> i'm not helping you. >> why? >> i choose not to. >> that exchange was a bit like in its e itself, tense, way revealing but ultimately in
the end a bit disappointing. jane: the sparks were certainly flying there. i'm jane o'brien, have a very ood weekend. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba.
families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling tradewinds, and the crystal-blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, the white house kicks up an already hot issue by directing all public schools to allow transgender students to use the bathroom matching their gender identity. then, how one man's mission to reform the national justice system began by confronting alabama's overcrowded prisons. >> if you said to any warden in the state of alabama, "can you identify 50, 100, 200 people in your prison, who you think could go home tomorrow, would not be a problem?" most of them could do it in a heartbeat. >> woodruff: and it's friday. mark shields and michael gerson talk about the possibility of a united republican party and analyze a full week of news. all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.