tv BBC World News America PBS July 4, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
>> this is "bbc world news america.' funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and e*trade. >> e*trade is all about seizing opportunity. and i would like to -- >> cut! so i'm going to take this opportunity to direct. thank you. we'll call you. evening, film noir, smoke, atmosphere. bob! you're a young farmhand, and
e*trade is your cow. milk it. >> e*trade is all about seizing opportunity. >> and now, "bbc world news america." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am j o'brien. the death toll from suicide bombings in baghdad rises to 65 could we have a special report on how the so-called islamic state has gained a foothold in iraq. it has taken five years to get there and in a few hours we will know if nasa's juno spacecraft will enter orbit around jupiter. >> ♪ take me out to the ballgame ♪ ruth was aabe baseball legend. now a new exhibition shows the private right of the slugger you may not be so familiar with.
jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. in baghdad, the death toll from suicide bombings this weekend has is into at least 165. the attacks took place in a busy shopping district where people gather to celebrate holy month of ramadan. in response, the prime minister has ordered new security measures in the capital. but since the british and american troops withdrew from iraq has been gripped by sectarian violence, which has given so-called islamic ate of foothold. and this week the long-awaited chilcote report will be issued examining britain's role in the 2003 invasion. the bbc's middle east editor jeremy bowen reports. jeremy: this is falluja. using this town -- losing this
town so hurt the jihadists of islamic state but -- that they left out by massacring civilians in baghdad. iraq's perpetual war was caused by a chain of consequences that leads back to the invasion of 2003. iraq's invaders, the u.s. and britain, removed educator and dissolved his army -- removed educator and dissolved his army and statement made no real plan they hadd the country broken. they revised and made matters worse. -- improvised and made matters worse. weren't in iraq before the invasion, and shia and sunni sick cherry and civil war during the occupation could coexist -- sectarian civil war during the occupation could coexist. elite units in the iraq and we took the lead in falluja helped by american airstrikes. i.s.ulverized this
compound. the bodies of more than a dozen jihadists lie rotting in the rubble. >> suicide vest, exactly. jeremy: the so-called islamic state grew out of al qaeda come which took root in iraq in the chaos that followed the invasion. before there were killed, i.s. had rigged a car for suicide attack. so this is from a grenade? >> yes. blow up all the vehicles with him. jeremy: this was intended for suicide mission? >> yes. jeremy:jeremy: this car bomb wasn't used. falluja, i has pulled a bigger one in baghdad. house, i.s. set up a prison.
in a fractured country, arbitrary imprisonment is a display of power. chained prisoners in cages the size of dog kennels. to get power and keep it, politicians and warlords in iraq have exploded sectarian fears. the jihadists of the islamic state would not have been able to take such a grip on iraq without the sectarian conflict between shia and sunni muslims. the argument between shia and sunni's goes back 1400 years. for the invasion -- but the invasion in 2003 had the effect of redefining and supercharging it for the 21st century. around 45,000 sunnis are in a camp outside falluja, all displaced by the fighting and seen as potential i.s. sympathizers by shia-led
security forces. they have the basics for survival, but most are not allowed into baghdad. new families are still arriving. unicef says one in five iraqi children, 3.6 million, are at serious risk because of the war. a bullet hit this girl as they escaped falluja. witnesses at the camp said hundreds of men were taken away as they left the town and beaten by shia militia. hundreds are still missing. this four-year-old is hoping her father will arrive to play with her in the tent. the men who were beaten are all too frightened to be identified. one of them said he saw shia militiamen beat her father to death. >> one said the shias have come
for you. sunnis forke 4 every man we have lost. i gave him some water, he drank it, and died. jeremy: the camp is on edge. police try to control food cues by firing into the air. iraqis have often made matters worse for themselves. but mistakes made by the united states and britain pushed iraq down the road to catastrophe. jeremy bowen, bbc news, falluja. jane: for more on the most recent attack and the wider security situation in the country, i spoke a brief time ago with james jeffrey, who formerly served as u.s. ambassador to iraq. ambassador, thank you very much for joining me. how likely do you think we are to see more of these types of attacks as islamic state continues to lose ground on the battlefield?
james: jane, we are going to see more because islamic state is losing ground on the battlefield but is maintaining its integrity as a state and an army and throughout the rest of the middle east. it has considerable capability to provoke conflict between sunnis and shia and hope that will lead to a conflagration. and to integrate -- instigate attacks like what we saw in the one on turkey and possibly inspire others in bangladesh. that is the problem we are all facing. jane: how destabilizing is this and how can the iraqi government in particular regain the confidence of the iraqi people? james: iraq is a microcosm of the middle east and frankly the rest of the world. attacks, itself, these while terrifying, will not destroy states or populations or threaten us in america, or britain, or europe.
but what they do is feed a sense of despair, of fear. and of us versus others. isis is hoping that eventually will lead to such an outpouring of hatred against sunnis that the sunnis, feeling threatened, will all or many will flock to isis. that is why there's a certain logic, however perverse, to what isis is doing. jane: you just mentioned it has been able to maintain its status as an idea. just how much support does islamic state have in iraq? james: throughout the middle east, by all the polls, very little. most of the sunni arabs, despite reporting their various problems with the shia and kurds of iraq, fled to shia and kurdish areas when iraq -- when those spots of iraq were overtaken by the isis forces. also throughout the middle east, polls show that somewhere between 5% and 1% of the population support them. so it's a very narrow band of people, but in a population of hundred million, that is
a lot. jane: so the u.s. maintains it is still supporting the iraqi military, not actively in a combat role. what more can the u.s. due to resolve this? james: three things. one is realize that as long as its integrity is maintained, as long as this state is existing, there will be more threats like this which are terrible in and of themselves, but also a risk that we will descend into a greater regional confrontation. secondly, the u.s. needs to up its game with more forces on the ground, better rules of engagement, more troops on the front line to actually call in airstrikes and advise the locals, and possibly some ground troops. jane: ambassador, thank you very much indeed for joining me. as the ambassador just mentioned, there has been an explosion in saudi arabia. local media say a suicide bomber detonated a device near one of the holiest spots in islam.
interior minister says for security officers were killed and five wounded. it came on the same day as a suicide bombing outside the shia mosque in an eastern city and another near the u.s. consulate in jeddah. not it clear -- not yet clear who is behind the attack. in bangladesh, police are continuing to question a number of people who survive an attack in the capital on friday, also claimed by islamic state. the country's prime minister has held a ceremony to pay respect for the victims. 20 people were killed, most of them foreigners. this report from dhaka. reporter: a special service for some of the victims killed in friday's deadly attack. the prime minister led the tribute. she was joined by the families of those killed and senior government and military officials. foreign officials and diplomats were present as well. 17 of the victims were from japan, italy, the united states, and india. >> this is the message of the
moment. we have to unite in our efforts. this means also technical cooperation in fighting the terrorists. i mean, closer cooperation between the intelligence services, closer cooperation between the police. reporter: hundreds of ordinary citizens were at the ceremony. it was held in a sports stadium in the capital. this is bangladesh's worst ever terror attack and it is a shock saddened shocked and people there. a police officer who was part of the operation to rescue the hostages recalls how he tried to save one of them. >> i told the official to keep the operation theater ready. then suddenly someone told me the person expired.
i could not save him. he died in front of me. reporter: the police now say they have arrested two people in connection with the attack. one of them is the lone survivor among the gunmen who stormed the seven café. they're are all bangladeshis, described as being well educated, from affluent families. now they're trying to determine how they got radicalized and a they are linked to global islamist groups. let's take a look at other news around the world. the leader of the british party crucial to british voters decision to leave the european union has resigned. leader of the u.k. independence party, said he has done his bit and it was time for him to step down. he said britain needed a leader who would not give in on issues like freedom of movement of people across europe. authorities in italy say they have broken up and international
people struggling network which operated from a perfume shop in rome. eritreans,including ethiopians, and at times were arrested across italy. were arresteds across italy. they found books of names of foreigners who pay for journeys into europe. more than 180 people have been killed in flooding along the yangtze river in china following .orrential rain between 10 and 50 centimeters of rain had fallen in seven provinces and storms stretching 1600 kilometers are sweeping across central and southern china. heavy rain is forecast to continue until wednesday across parts of the south and west of the country. shareholders in the london stock exchange have voted overwhelmingly in favor of a merger with its german rival. the 2 companies insisted the deal should go ahead in spite of the uncertainty created by the british were to leave the european union.
the move, which shareholders will vote on next week, would create one of the largest exchange companies in the world. it has covered almost 2 billion miles, whizzing through space at 200 times the speed of sound from the five years. spacecraft iso nearly at its destination, the orbit of jupiter. if successful, it will help scientists learn crucial details about the solar system's largest planet and the impact it has on the development of earth. rebecca morelle reports. rebecca: the giant of our solar system. beneath its clouds jupiter is a , world shrouded in mystery, but we are about to see it up close. >> 3-2-1. ignition, and liftoff. rebecca: nasa's juno spacecraft blasted off in 2011. it's been on an epic journey, traveling nearly 3 billion
kilometers. now finally jupiter is in its sights, but it faces its biggest challenge. to be grabbed into orbit, juno needs to slam on its brakes. if the timing is off, the $1 billion mission could be lost. >> the team is feeling a mixture of excitement and anticipation with tension, because we have a really difficult maneuver ahead of us to get into orbit, and if it doesn't go just right, we will fly right past the planet. rebecca: but if it succeeds, it's science will begin. this spacecraft will get closer to jupiter than we have ever been before. it will skirt over the giant red spot a constant storm raging on , the planet, it will search for water and oxygen and peer beneath clouds to look at what lies at the planet's core. it can even shed light on the origins of the solar system. jupiter is thought to have been the first planet to form and
has remained largely unchanged. but studying this colossal world won't be easy. the spacecraft is built like an armored tank and will have to survive everything that jupiter throws at it. >> when juno goes into orbit around jupiter, it will go through a nasty, hazardous region, the radiation belt. they are nasty and could destroy and attack all of the electronics. so we have to be careful. rebecca: it is closing in fast on jupiter. scientists now face a tense wait to see if there mission will succeed. rebecca morelle, bbc news, nasa mission control, president of it -- pasadena. jane: nailbiting stuff deputy funwill bring you in for whether it is successful in the
mission. you are watching "bbc world news america." coming up, celebrating the paintings of georgia o'keeffe. a new exhibition celebrates the landscape she captured so well. just two months after its relaunch, the bbc presenter chris evans has announced he is leaving the "top tier" motoring show. the show'shas given best shot. the new season has just ended with the viewing figures far short of the old format that featured jeremy clarkson. here is our media correspondent. >> welcome to "top gear," with our all new improved audience. reporter: when chris evans replaced jeremy clarkson as the face of "top gear," it was never going to be easy. he had returned to the show into a global success story. chris evans step in
alongside former "friends" star matt leblanc. by chris evans has lasted one series. he has faced a stream of negative stories in the press and allegations about his behavior going back to the 1990's. this morning he said nothing as he left radio 2. a few hours later, he sent this tweet. he said he had given it his best shot, but sometimes that is not enough. .ne "top gear" fan agrees >> i think it was an obvious concert once of the first show of the new series being that. -- being bad could the shows of gotten better but that was the key moment of the new show and they did not get the first one right. reporter: 9 million watched the first program but since then the
numbers have dipped. filming on the new series will begin in september. chris evans will be back on air on radio 2 tomorrow. the program has once again lost its main presenter. jane: georgia o'keeffe ranks as one of the most significant artists of the 20th century, and is one of the most popular female american artist of all time. now more than 100 of her paintings are going on display in a major new exhibition at london's tate modern. our editor has been to a preview and sent this report. reporter: this painting by georgia o'keeffe is difficult to work for which she became just typical of the work for which she became famous from a voluptuous color image of a flower in bloom. there are similar examples and the show but that is not really what it is about that this
exhibition seeks to reposition her as a pioneer who was not only the equal of for midcentury contemporaries that was perhaps one of the greatest painters of the modern era. against a really gendered framing overwork herself. she really thought you was not a woman painter or woman artist. she was an artist. reporter: there is lots of chats, mainly from the blokes, about the great american novel or painting. very macho, very male. and here we have georgia o'keeffe doing well we'll talk about. >> they were a progressive and wanted to make the american culture. o'keefe felt they had seen the real america -- had not seen the real america commend the real america is west of the hudson. reporter: she moved to new
mexico and creates a new body of work inspired by the landscape. , you think, that she makes the great american painting? >> the moment she really nails it is with those paintings -- this is a language initially her own. surrealismlated to but are not really about surrealism. they are about the far away. there was the focus of her work, to represent america and the american landscape and to make what you girls the great american -- what she calls the great american thing. reporter: what is georgia o'keeffe's legacy? of how a an exemplar woman is a pioneer and a foundational figure in modernism. her legacy is in arms. , is this as, frankly show, where we see all sides of georgia o'keeffe. to go seeif you want
those paintings, you have until the end of october to catch the show at the tate modern in london. who knows, that may give me enough time to get there, too. are in the u.s. today, many busy attending fireworks and throwing barbecues to celebrate the fourth of july. if you are lucky, you even got it taken a baseball game. while there are many starts today, few come close to the lynch jerry babe ruth -- the legendary babe ruth. i went to look at an exhibition in the smithsonian national portrait gallery which explores the life of this baseball icon. >> ♪ take me out to the ballgame ♪ jane: is it really possible to say anything new about babe ruth? almost 70 years after his death, he is still the world's most famous and best loved baseball player. but this tiny exhibition at the national portrait gallery offers a more intimate look at the legend. this family snap shows babe ruth
with his wife and a toddler they claimed was theirs. in fact, the child was babe ruth's daughter with another woman. >> he had a private life, and what a private life he had. it was scandalous, had it been out there. but he knew that things wouldn't be published. individuals had a sense of privacy that is gone today. we don't have that sense anymore. jane: babe ruth was an american original, and icon to many on and off the field. he spent time with children in particular, and despite his fame, remained open and accessible to all his fans. this is one of the first photographs babe ruth signed after transferring to the new york yankees. like all his autographs, it is painstakingly written with his right hand, even though he was left-handed. long after his death, his image
endured. this cover for "time" magazine was published in 1976 to celebrate the reopening of yankee stadium. >> babe ruth will always be babe ruth, through the ages. even though his home run record has been broken by hank aaron, that mark of 714 will always be there. it will be noted, the next player to reach 714, it will make news. there are very few players that will ever reach that. so babe ruth is here to stay. jane: and the most moving photo in the exhibition is one of the last ever taken. babe ruth, his face ravaged by cancer, with his back to the camera, but still, the unmistakable star. never to be forgotten. babe ruth, a fitting end on this july 4.
that brings today's show to a close. you can catch more on the website and to reach me and most of the bbc team, simply go to twitter. for all of us here at "world news america," thank you for watching and please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and e*trade. >> e*trade is all about seizing opportunity. >> cut! so i'm going to take this opportunity to direct. thank you, we will call you. evening, film noir, smoke,
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> yang: good evening, i'm john yang. gwen ifill and judy woodruff are away. on the newshour tonight: three attacks in three countries just days apart kill more than 200 people. the growing threat of isis around the world. also ahead on this fourth of july, political correctness on the campaign trail. drawing the line between straight talk and offensive speech. plus, should the n.f.l. embrace medical marijuana? a growing number of players say yes. >> cannabis saved my life. i don't think about suicide anymore. that's a big thing. you would think the n.f.l. would want to address that a little bit more. >> yang: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.
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