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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 4, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, "bbc world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. president obama heads to the pentagon to meet with his national security team and acknowledges the islamic state still poses a threat to americans. an american woman killed in london on what police say was a random knife attack triggered by mental health issues and not terrorism. and he is a demon on the court, the table tennis court. one nigerian athlete is setting making thisecord by his seventh olympic games.
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katty: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. a short time ago, president obama spoke at the pentagon after meeting with his national security team about the ongoing battle against the so-called islamic state. he recognize that while the u.s. and its allies are keeping up an aggressive fight against militants, the decline of i.s. in iraq and syria is causing them to devote efforts elsewhere. president obama: the decline of isil in syria and iraq appears to be causing it to shift to tactics we have seen before come with greater emphasis on encouraging high-profile terrorist attacks, including the united states. as always, our diplomatic, military intelligence, security officials are working round the clock with other countries and communities at home to share information and prevent such
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attacks. over the years they have prevented many. but as we have seen, it is still very difficult to detect and prevent loan actors or small cells of terrorists who are determined to kill the innocent and are willing to die. we will continue going after isil aggressively against every front of this campaign. katty: president obama speaking at the pentagon. for more i'm joined by a former pentagon and state department official in the obama administration and is now at the center for american progress. was there anything to other president said that seemed new or surprising? >> no, i think he is laying out the case for a study, long-term, determined international approach to fighting isis that doesn't rely on easy answers or quick slogans, but acknowledges that this is a long and hard fight. we have heard a lot of that repeated with emphasis on the progress that is being made, which most people don't
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necessarily realize. the number of airstrikes that happened, the amount of territory and towns that have been reclaimed, and the fact that isis is not really had a battlefield victory in over a year. katty: most americans are not focused on the fact that we have taken falluja or are moving in on mozilla or what is happening -- moving in on mosul or what is happening in syria could they are focused on nice and london and paris and orlando. how does the white house balance that? >> it is tough because everyone agrees that the first pillar of fighting isis is getting out of territory they control. if you look at the attacks, they are either inspired or directed by isis personnel in these areas where they control territory. you have to fight them where they are command that is what the coalition is doing. but at the same time, that encourages them to resort to other tactics. in this case we have seen them rapidly expand their out of area operations. katty: what is the long-term game plan?
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do people believe that if they can destroy the caliphate in out, entirety, drive i.s. then the attacks in europe would end and potentially in north america as well? or not? is this an ongoing situation we will have to live with? >> this will be multifaceted. getting them out of territory matters. ist do you do after mosul liberated to stabilize the situation? that matters, but it is really a case of intelligence and law enforcement in target countries working together. is not justries europe and the united states, but central asia -- katty: if there isn't a caliphate anymore and somewhere for people to be trained ofmore, does the threat militant -- the summer of individual terror attacks in europe, does that diminish? >> i think it diminishes, thing it helps. taking out leadership, as he mentioned in the press conference as well, helps
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because you don't have the infrastructure for supporting people who go out and do these attacks. arelone wolf attacks probably not something that gets slowly eradicated good this is something that depends on timidity engagement and a police force that is affected and knows what it is doing -- community engagement and a police force that is effective and knows what it is doing. called on pentagon russia particularly when it comes to russia's role in the civil war in syria. will that change anything? changethat won't anything, but it is necessary for him to do. russia is not particularly fond of the terrorists but they are also concerned about losing their client state, losing their access, losing their military facilities in syria. that takes precedence over fighting the terrorists we are focused on. russia is going to face terrorism at home. there are overlapping objectives. it is possible to find areas of cooperation. but cooperating with russia in this and any other area will be very difficult.
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katty: thanks very much for coming in. did the united states pay ransom money to iran to get prisoners home? that is the chart from some republicans after revelations that $400 million in cash was flown into iran at the same time for americans were released from the country. the white house says the payment was part of a dispute over a military deal that in fact dated back to the 1970's. president obama reiterated that this was not ransom for hostages. president obama: some of you may recall we announced these payments in january. coul.onths ago they were not a secret. we announced them to all of you. josh did everything on them. this was in some -- josh did a briefing on them. this wasn't some nefarious deal. katty: that is the official view.
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"the luster journal" was the publish reports about the cash to iran. was the u.s. paying ransom money to iran to get people out? >> the key to all of this is the sequence of the payment, and the white house and the state department will not answer the question of when did that money arrived. we are hearing in the reporting over the last few months is that it was definitely sequenced between when the americans left and when the money arrived. and the real possibility that they would not have left without the money arriving. is that ransom? katty: is it possible that the white house is correct to say this is part of an old deal to do with faulty military equipment dating back to the 1970's, but it might not be coincidence that the money was paid at a time when the americans were trying to get people out? >> it is for a fact definitely the case that this money was tied up in this long-standing dispute about an arms deal that went bad during the last few
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months of the islamic revolution and this was being negotiated. there was a very vague initial announcement that we have come to this agreement on $1.7 billion we will pay them but there were no details -- was it being paid to some escrow account, would the iranians get a future date -- this was back in january? how they were paying for it was very unclear and now that they have sent cash in on this plane, the exact time that these americans were being released, and it appears the americans couldn't leave until the money arrived, then it becomes a very different picture. katty: what makes you, from your reporting, think it is clear that the money cannot have landed in tehran? >> we are not completely sure but we have continued to report this thing and the state department was absolutely grilled today on when did they leave? was it before or after? they will not answer it, they will just not answer it. katty: what is the history here? the money was paid in different currencies -- euros, swiss francs.
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what is the history of americans sending cash to iran to get its people out? >> i mean, the history of u.s.-iran is so interesting because if you go back to the hostage crisis in 1979, 1980, they didn't send money in, but it was definitely part of the agreement was the algiers accord where money that had been frozen in the u.s. was returned. iran-contra, it wasn't money but it was arms being flown into iran in return for americans held by hezbollah in lebanon being released. there is this historical precedent. then you look at the hikers who were imprisoned in 2009, the iran-iraq border, that also involve cash being paid to the iranians through a proxy to get them out. there is a long history of this. it is cyclical. it is not just a recent event. katty: enough to give cause for
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suspicion. thanks for coming in. a 19-year-old man has been arrested on suspicion of murder after an american woman was killed and five others were injured in a knife attack in central london last night. the woman has been identified as darlene horton, the wife of a florida state university professor who had just finished teaching a summer session there. police say the incident appears to have been triggered by mental health issues and not by terrorism. june kelly reports. june: under control and under arrest. a 19-year-old who had taken one life and left others injured as he lashed out with his knife in a busy london square. amongst those he stabbed was an 18-year-old tourist from israel. >> i look get my arm and i saw that she was bleeding and then i realized that he stabbed me also. june: she saw another of his victims die. >> it was awful to see her. she was still breathing when i saw her.
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but after a few minutes it was too late. it was just so awful to watch. and her husband -- june: the woman who was murdered has been named tonight as darlene horton, who was 64 and visiting from florida. she and her husband were said to plan to leave the u.k. today. witnesses described how the killer fled the scene. he was eventually brought down by a taser stun gun. >> there was a guy running on the street. policeman was following him, and he screamed every time "stop, stop." >> he was panicking. he wanted to get away. he was actually carrying a knife in his hand. he was being shouted at by the police -- don't move, stop where you are. literally screaming at him as he was going down the street. i did hear the taser. >> then he goes to the floor,
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lay there 45 minutes. june: during the day detectives worked to establish the reason for the attack. >> whilst the investigation is not yet complete, all of the work we have done so far increasingly points to this tragic incident as having been triggered by mental health issues. i emphasize that so far we have found no evidence of radicalization that would suggest the man was anyway motivated by terrorism. june: the way that so many police officers poured into the area so quickly shows how the city is primed to deal with the security threat. instead, this was all about the safety of a group of people of different nationalities who were caught up in a random, lethal street attack. the man in custody is a norwegian national of somali origin. his victim is being remembered at the spot where her life
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suddenly ended. june kelly, bbc news. katty: and a quick look at other news from around the world. pakistan has defended its efforts to combat militants there after the united states announced it was withholding $300 million in military aid. pentagon saidhe the funds couldn't be released because the secretary of defense had not certified that islamabad was taking sufficient action against the haqqani network. a convoy carrying western tourists in afghanistan has been attacked. the travelers were being escorted by afghan army personnel when they were ambushed. 6 in the group were wounded in the attack and their afghan driver. of taliban are suspected carrying out the assault. six weeks after britain voted to leave the european union, the bank of england has cut its interest rate to its lowest ever level.
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the bank says that without a rate adjustment, economic output would be hit and unemployment would be higher, and that the cut will help britain's economy through a period of uncertainty. there is one day to go until the opening ceremony of the limbic games and looks like not everything is going to plan with the rio de janeiro. two gas and pepper spray as hundreds -- teargas and pepper spray as hundreds of protesters clashed with police. police used rubber bullets and stun grenades to stop the protesters. the opening charges left russian -- doping charges have left some russian athletes sideline. board has executive reversed the presumption of innocence for every russian athlete, and to make him or her
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avail of the collective responsibility for the alleged failures of the government. it does not allow us to deprive a human being even of the right to prove their innocence. this is why the ioc granted this right to the russian athletes and deposed the eligibility criteria to them. katty: our correspondent in rio says it is the russians who have released a number of the athletes taking part by the ioc hasn't confirmed the figure. reporter: it was a packed news conference and many of the journalists if not all of them were expecting the number to be confirmed then. you could feel the air come out of the room when it became apparent that he wasn't going to give the number. then about an hour later we heard a news conference where he
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did issue a number, 271 russian athletes. but it is yet to be confirmed. we are hearing the number might be confirmed later on this evening in rio. now i'm hearing reports it might not be confirmed until friday morning, the day of the opening ceremony. some people, some of them olympians, are calling this an absolute farce. it is any credible situation. it is worth noting as well that the russians initially were going to bring 380 athletes. then the mclaren report came out and that recommended that russia should be totally banned from the game. it looks as though we will have 271, perhaps even more, 280 russian athletes competing behind me and around rio at the olympic games. it is a situation that many within sports did not want to happen. katty: chris mitchell reporting
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from rio. you are watching "bbc world news america." still the come on the program, sand, surf, and politics. even on the island paradise of hawaii it is hard to avoid the heated presidential debate. to you find yourself using a phone or tablet so much that it has taken over your life? in britain, internet overload has led many people to take digital detox. the survey found that 30% of internet users have taken anything between a day and a month away from the web, and over half of those surveyed consider themselves hooked on their devices. the bbc has this report under digital detox -- on your digital detox. reporter: escaping the day-to-day grind. nothing beats getting away from it all. off? n we really switch
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if i googled that we will be able to look today. toind it totally impossible just put it away and not have it charged. i like to keep in touch with everybody and i like to post my photos to facebook. facebook, aly on bit of instagram, some twitter, some snapchat. reporter: we are spending the equivalent of just over a day or week online and we are aware of the drawbacks. one third of adults have taken a digital detox, or break, to strike a healthier balance. have made a point of going somewhere with no internet access. woodwork left their technology at home. unlike most of the year, aren't you, and there was a lot going on in the world and different thinks -- different
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things like that. you can just chill out and forget about everything. reporter: feel better for it? >> yes, certainly do. reporter: we are better connected than ever before but the challenge is to not let technology take over our lives. katty: president obama celebrates his 55th birthday today and he got a very nice present. his approval rating has hit the highest level of his second term . perhaps nowhere will be sadder to see mr. obama leave the white house next year than his native state of hawaii. we have a look at politics in paradise. >> this is a society of diverse peoples. he came from here, he went to school here. he was, as we say in hawaii, he was born here. that is important in an island
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society. the pride was enormous. you feel it everywhere. nobody had a chance against him in hawaii in 2008 or in 2012. hawaii voters would have elected him a third time. no question about that. i think we are seeing a generational change throughout the nation when it comes to politics. you look at a portrait of the legislative faces that comes out every year in the newspaper. it is a significantly different crowd. >> president obama's message of hope was inspiring to me because it was not an attempt to denigrate our past. it wasn't retrospective, it was prospective. it really forced us to think about how much we can be even better than we are as a country and as a state. >> i don't think hawaii will have any trouble going with hillary clinton. >> i was a bernie sanders supporter but now that he has thrown his endorsement behind
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hillary clinton, i will vote for her. >> i'm very excited to elect the first female president of the country. >> i'm pretty sure i'm not voting for trump. >> the republican party per se is virtually nonexistent in hawaii. they hold none of the congressional seats. they have had 2 governors, both of whom were moderate republicans. there is little question there are some parts of hawaii who are unhappy with the society that is so democratic. >> we are a minority in the state of hawaii. i think donald trump has stirred something in our country and brought something to the table that the american people kind of thought didn't exist anymore. so we are very excited, and i think there will be a large number of people voting this time on the republican side of the ticket that hasn't voted maybe ever. >> there is much pride in what people should have the most
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pride in hawaii for -- not the sun and surf and the beauty of the place in the warm weather. that is not it. it is the people. it's the extraordinary population. katty: looks lovely. now, table tennis might not be the most glamorous event in the olympics, but for segun toriola, it is even harder coming from the football mad nation of nigeria. he is setting a record for african athletes in rio. he is appearing in his seventh straight game. reporter: segun toriola is in seventh heaven. he is africa's most decorated table tennis player and is no stranger to the olympic games. rio is his seventh attempt at getting a medal, having made his debut in barcelona in 1992 when he was just 18. >> when i played my first
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olympics, i did not expect it would be seven olympics. for me, i feel very happy about it because i make a record for africans and also for nigerians, and also for me, nigerian player. reporter: nigeria is a nation addicted to football and that makes it difficult for the likes of segun toriola to gain support and recognition. >> and makes me feel sad sometimes because lots of countries, especially in africa, the government focuses too much on football. 90% or more than that only on football. and it is so sad because -- if -- i just forget about it because if i'm always thinking about it, it is going to affect my career.
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reporter: his talents defy his 41 years as he prepares to face opponents nearly 20 years longer. but could he take on a man older than him? >> we have another way -- >> remember, you are teaching an old dog new tricks. this is easy! [laughter] this is easy! i should have played this sport! oh! i suppose the question is what makes a good table tennis player? >> hard work. and you have to start from -- you have to start from kid. >> can't go back to being 10 years old -- >> no, it is not possible. it is not possible to be a top player. >> 2020 olympic games not going to happen? >> even 3000 olympic games not going to happen. [laughter]
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katty: clearly what makes a good player is just making it all look very easy. that is it for "bbc world news america." thanks so much for watching. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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