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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 22, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, "bbc world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. turkey hits back with airstrikes against islamic state militants after a suicide bombing at a wedding killed more than 50 people. european leaders meet on the mediterranean coast, the same waters being tackled by a growing number of children trying to get to europe alone. and the rio olympics were over. next stop, tokyo. we will give you some tips on navigating the city for the 2020 summer games.
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katty: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. to fightkey vowed islamic state militants at home and cleanse them from its border, launching airstrikes to prove it. the action follows a week in -- weekend suicide bombing at a kurdish wedding that killed 54 people, two of them children. reporter: they waited in turn to pay tribute, as the community tries in vain to return to normality. but the horror cannot be erased of a suicide bomber who struck on saturday, killing more than 50. the force of the blast is still clear, and so, too, the remnants of the bomb, designed to maim and cause terror. the target, this wedding party,
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a celebration ripped apart. it is a neighborhood once felt safe, where children played freely and rarely thought of danger. 22 of the victims were under 14. the youngest was just 4. all those here have lost somebody -- friends or relatives. grief unites them and it will forever mark this man whose 16-year-old son was killed. he recalls the aftermath details scarring is youngest. >> i went through all the bodies and then i found my son. his body was in pieces. as i moved him, his phone rang. it was his brother. then i fainted and woke up in hospital. may god spare everyone from such pain and curse those who did this.
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reporter: the signs point to so-called islamic state. the government says it is unsure if the bomber was an adult or a child. yet again, turks are asking why terror keeps striking here. the answer is five years of the syrian war that has fostered i.s. and replaced childhood innocence with murder. it is not only destroying syria but it has dragged turkey into a conflict seemingly without end. and it is accelerating. these are said to be syrian rebel fighters now in turkey, here preparing an imminent offensive against an i.s.-held province. turkey is backing it to drive i.s. back from the border. we met one of the rebels waiting for the green light. he tells me the 1500 fighters will be given turkish artillery support.
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the kurds wanted to attack there, too, "but we will stop them and i.s. we are ready to die for this." but in turkey, they are dying, too, victims of the war across the border that has reduced lives to numbers, and left the country wondering when it will feel safe again. katty: when indeed. i spoke a short time ago with the former american ambassador to turkey. first off, do you agree with the turkish government assessment that this is i.s. fighters? targeting kurdish families ? >> first, thank you for having me. secondly, your heart has to go out to those who have lost family members and others in this terrible tragedy. you see from your own website and this report, grave after
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grave. it breaks your heart. i don't know whether it is isis or not. there is no reason to doubt the turkish government's claim that it is isis. it has the hallmarks of isis. as you say, they have done this before and there is no reason to say they wouldn't do it again. katty: is this in retaliation, as we've seen in iraq, as the kurdish led forces gain ground in northern syria against the islamic state, the islamic state is striking back? >> that is part of it. as you and i have talked before, this is an attempt by isis to put pressure on the turkish state and try to divide kurds from turks. it really shows in stark relief the threats that turkey faces and also the questions about how they will respond. it makes vice president biden's visit on the 24th of august even more important than before. katty: the turks have gotten involved in a war in syria that seems to have no end. how does this anend for turkey?
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>> one of the important statements in the past couple days is the turkish prime minister saying we need to get more involved and try to end this war in syria. that is certainly right. for a long time the policy was in many ways confused. i hope this is a clarifying event for them -- katty: you do have the unusual situation of the turkish government here seeming at least to defend kurdish communities? is that how it looks to you, possibly? they are having to on their border. >> and one of the things that is most important on vice president biden's agenda is to get some clarity from the turks that this is about the fight against isis, this is a deal to get rid of assad. the united states and turkey have to agree about who to support and who is the enemy. katty: how much leverage does the white house have in trying to redirect turkish efforts
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against isis, shutting that stretch of border, for example, stopping the flow of people and money across the border? >> to be fair to the turkish government, some realized before the coup the turks realized they had to do something about this border. they had started to do more with the united states and our allies. i think vice president biden and the turkish government have something to build on here. the question is whether the turks and the government will take this terrible attack as a moment of clarity and do more. katty: you mentioned the coup. how much does the coup change the political situation and the turkish government's ability to fight on two fronts, as it would see it? domestically and internationally? >> again, to go back to a point that the prime minister made just before the coup, the new prime minister said it would be better if we had more friends than enemies. that is right if you are in the turkish situation. that is the agenda the vice president biden has. vice president biden has to focus on this question of isis and i'm sure on his agenda will be a conversation of how turkey goes forward after the coup to make sure that turkish democracy and the rights of turks are
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protected. there is a whole slew of important agenda items and sadly this attack makes it more important than before. katty: thanks very much for coming in. >> thank you. katty: not an easy time for u.s.-turkish relations at the moment. european leaders met today to discuss life after brexit, but they cannot ignore the migrant crisis, which refuses to go away. more grim numbers from save the children says the number of unaccompanied minors in italy doubled over the past year. many centers that provide accommodation for young people are now full. rescueorter wa with ship and sends us this report. reporter: arriving from africa, both young and old seat europe's wealth. a different world from the poverty and in some cases turmoil many are trying to leave.
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appearance adds to the pressure on resources, and that is particularly true for children who arrive all too often alone. it is obvious in the city around this port that many live on the fringes of a system that is supposed to protect them, if not completely apart from it. among the teenagers we find here, he traveled by himself in troubled country of somalia to try to get an education. we are not showing his face because he is only 14. is it not dangerous for you because your mom is not here, your dad is not here, you are by yourself? >> i want to take my mama here. reporter: so where are you sleeping? >> here. reporter: on the street? >> highway. reporter: in the highway? >> yes.
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reporter: but that is dangerous. >> dangerous, yes. i want my future. reporter: the made friends? >> i don't have friends, no. reporter: workers from the charity save the children were with us and they helped to find him somewhere safe to say that evening. but in cities across italy, that has become increasingly difficult, with reception centers filling up as more continue to arrive with vulnerable children. >> today there was one girl 15 years old from eritrea and she was eight months pregnant. many continue the journey alone and it is extremely dangerous because they are possibly falling into the hands of traffickers and smugglers and are at risk of explication and many girls are forced into prostitution. reporter: a separation between the world of children and
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adults is proving to be a challenge. there are some children who simply leave the reception centers and there is little that staff can do to stop them. europe is starting to struggle to provide education, shelter, and stability needed by the unaccompanied children arriving on its shores. for refugees and migrants of all ages, home is both something left kind as well is something that left behind --left behind as well something still defined. katty: you have to hope that they find a better life and safety, but you dread to think what happens to the children after they leave those reception centers. a quick look at other news from around the world. former french president nicolas sarkozy has announced he intends to stand for reelection as president in the 2017 vote. mr. sarkozy, who held the top post from 2007 to 2012 made the statement via social media,
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saying he wants to seek his party's nomination. he is one of several candidates. mr. sarkozy faces trial for corruption, however. 4 companies, including swimwear firm speedo and luxury retailer ralph lauren, have cancer sponsorship deals with americans -- canceled sponsorship deals with american swimmer ryan lochte. it comes after thre the other teammates falsely said they were robbed at gunpoint to cover up the fact that they had smashed a petrol station's toilet door. canada faces a dilemma -- produce more oil and risk missing environmental targets or cut production and risk hurting the economy. nowhere is that more keenly felt than in the province of alberta, pits local politicians against environmental activists. reporter: in the remote north of alberta, the land of bears, caribou, moose, and oilmen.
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>> we are in the oil sand deposit. reporter: this is what a state-of-the-art tar sands oil field looks like. 400 meters down, a rich stream of oil that has to be liquefied by steam. it is high-energy, high emission oil production. critics call it extreme oil, the but candidate is determined to tap it. >> if we look out the next couple of decades, oil will still be needed as part of the energy nexmix. we will need renewables and all forms of energy. reporter: fort mcmurray is canada's tar sands boom town. in may, whole neighborhoods were incinerated in a ferocious wildfire they called the beast. this is what the beast left behind. hannah used to live in a neat two-bedroom house. >> welcome to my home.
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>> strange pleasure to be here. reporter: the fort mcmurray fire fueled a fierce argument. is man-made climate change making wildfires more frequent and severe? if it is, will canada turn its back on its vast tar sands reserves? >> get real. they cannot walk away from this massive potential resource of oilsands. >> not just greenpeace saying this. it is organizations like the international energy agency saying three quarters of all remaining fossil fuel reserves need to remain in the ground. >> climate change will test our intelligence, our compassion, and our will. reporter: canada has a new prime minister, justin trudeau. he went to the un to sign the paris climate accord. canada is committed to cutting greenhouse gas emissions 30% by 2030. but big oil brings canada big
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money. you see it in calgary. canada's politicians will not halt the tar sands oil rushed , even if it means allowing the industry to increase in missions by almost half. >> in the short to medium term, 20% of canadian gdp relies on alberta's oil and gas industry. that is not small. reporter: do you worry that here in alberta, you are a part of a problem which is going to cost canada dear in terms of international reputation? >> no, i think what we're doing is taking the first step in the industrialized world to recognize we have a problem and take action on it. we are leaders in that way and i will make no apologies for it. reporter: canada does not want to be seen as one of the world's polluting powers, but if it insists on pumping out every
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drop of tar sands, it might stick. katty: canada's big dilemma. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program committees the american dream taking a detour? we look at how the loss of manufacturing jobs is playing into the presidential race. an islamist militant has admitted and apologized for destroying cultural world heritage sites in timbuktu during 2012. this report from the hague. reporter: an effort to destroy culture and community, described as an assault on human dignity. these blows were condemned by the global community, and yet this is the first time someone has been tried at the international court for destroying cultural heritage. this unesco world heritage site was overrun by islamist militants in the summer of 2012.
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al-mahdi and his so-called morality police are accused of tearing down nine mausoleums seen as idolatrous. in another first for the court, the suspect confessed to his crimes and pleaded for forgiveness. >> ladies and gentlemen, with deep regret and great pain, i have to enter a guilty plea. all charges against me are accurate and correct. i'm really sorry and really remorseful and i regret all damage i've caused the community in timbuktu, my family, and my country, mali. reporter: it has been a remarkable day here at the icc. the prosecutor told the court attacks on cultural heritage had become a weapon of war. she said the sentence should act as a deterrent and a warning to others. al-mahdi himself comes
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from the timbuktu region and as a result was fully aware of the importance of the mausoleum and their significance to the city inhabitants. reporter: such is the importance of these recently reconstructed monuments. the prosecutor says stonemasons in the region are considered human treasures. katty: the promise that the next generation will be better off than the one before has been powerful part of the american dream. but progress has stalled. according to a new survey, a majority of americans think the future will be worse. it is a pessimistic view that donald trump has been tapping into on the campaign trail. this week we hear from a number of families and we start with scott wilson and his son, who live in southern virginia. >> people here take a lot of pride in what they do.
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we have always had a name for making good furniture. they have supported the community through my lifetime, and my grandparents, my father for a time. not my kids. it has changed a lot over the years. i have 2 children. luke has asked me from time to time about what i would recommend for him to do. my advice to him is get an education and look elsewhere. >> when the factories were starting to close and i saw the people were starting to lose hope in the manufacturing business, that was a breaking point for me because there was a possibility i had no future. >> probably 70, 80% of the people here have worked at one time or another in the furniture industry in town.
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starting in 2001, factories closed at a rate of two a year. we have lost six plants in town. a lot of the younger health -- help has left town and are doing different jobs now. it is nothing like i remember. the last time i was here, full of machinery and wood. it is empty. real, real saddening to see, what's left of it. >> i'm currently in college studying police administration. i want to help people. that is always how i have been. i look back to when i was little, seeing them go down the road with the blue lights flashing. just wanted to know where they were going. >> i would have really enjoyed having my son work with me and learn what i know about the industry, about wood and what it
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does for the community. there is a lot more to it than making a kitchen table or a chair. >> don't get me wrong, just because i'm going to college doesn't mean i'm not proud of where my family is come from and what what they have done. i want the manufacturing business to succeed but it is obvious the way things are going now, it is coming to a slow halt. if i have children, i will push them to do something different. katty: the wilsons reflecting a change taking place all over the united eights. -- united states. camenight you rio olympics to an end and athletes traded in for the closing ceremony. part of it is passing the flag to the next city to host the games and 2020, it will be tokyo. with four years to go we thought we would get a jump on the
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competition. reporter: for japan's olympic athletes, it is a very long time -- flight back from rio, 24 hours. in four years time they will be staying home and the rest of us will be coming here. the first challenge for any olympic traveler, getting to the city. that means taking on tokyo's slightly terrifying metro system. somehow i have got to use this to get to the olympic park. i need a transfer ticket, that's why. i need a transfer ticket. but first, a quick detour to check out the newest olympic sport. skateboarding is officially in for tokyo 2020.
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will it turn young people like this into a fan? how do you feel about skateboarding going to be in the olympics? are you excited? >> yes. i'm excited. i join the olympics in japan. reporter: you want to join the olympics in japan on your board? >> yes. reporter: excellent. tokyo is expensive. so get ready for small. i mean, really small. for $40 a night, all this can be yours. it is pretty cozy. >> nice to see you. reporter: how are you? nice to see you again. english is another big headache. she speaks it well, but in japan that is rare. let's go. i hear they need 75,000 english speakers. i wonder, do you feel like you
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can give up your time for free for the olympics? >> it is possible. i can help. reporter: she is not an olympic fan. last year she led a campaign to have the design for the olympic stadium radically changed, and she won. what do you think of the new stadium? you must be happy? >> look, i'm not. honestly speaking, i'm not. reporter: why not? >> because we are talking about the scale is too big. it doesn't fit that area. reporter: wow, that's really strange. according to my map, it says it should be right here. but there's nothing here. well, they got less than four years until july 24, 2020, so they better hurry up. the clock is ticking. 4 years to go, and will tokyo be ready?
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the question we asked about rio so many times. that brings the program to a close. you can find all the days news on our website. if you would like to reach me and the bbc team, find us on twitter. from all of us here at "world news america," thanks so much for watching. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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i'm ketch. and i'm critter. and we love making music! ♪ how does the jaybird say how do you do? ♪ ♪ how does the blinking firefly say that i love you? ♪ i think that every person has something special to say and a unique way of saying it. when i was a kid, i was just fascinated by music. but what do you love? i really wanted to play the blues. so i got a guitar. the first instrument that i learned to play was the mouth harp. it goes like this: boing, boing, boing, boing, boing, boing. ♪ ...with that working wheel and you know, what i did was a lot of performing. you got an audience expecting you to do something great. so you might accidentally do something great. so just play. have fun. ♪ i wonder, wonder, wonder where...♪ critter: anything that you do that you love, go for it. i love music, so i became a musician.


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