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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 31, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and
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the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available rom most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, "bbc world news merica." >> this is "bbc world news america" reporting if washington. i'm katty kay the donald trump talks walls, immigrants and, yes, trade with the president of mexico. out of power but not out of the fight. brazil's dill ma rouse elve -- rousseff vows to appeal her impeachment. and why even riders on the famous trans-siberian railway re talking about donald trump.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the world the from day one of his iconic campaign and that now famous escalator ride, building. -- immigration has been central to donald trump's message and building a wall on the border with mexico. today he met with the president of mexico. a dramatic move that comes before an expected speech on immigration. >> donald trump jetting into mexico city on a plane which, unusually, doesn't bear his name, for a meeting with the president of a country whose people he was repeatedly vilified. his host, enrique pena nieto,
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has been a fierce ritic who has likened him to hitler and mussolini but in this setting trump tried to be presidential, praising rather than assailing the mexican people. donald trump: we are united by our superintendent ort -- support for democracy, great love for our people and the contributions of millions of mexican americans to the united states. and i happen to have a tremendous feeling for mexico americans not only in terms of friendships but in terms of the tremendous numbers that i employ in the united states and they are amazing people. amazing people. reporter: donald trump is seen as public ebb emmy -- enemy number one by many mexicans who mounted protests ahead of his arrival, and this is one of the reasons why. it's the favorite chavent his supporters and the clearest policy pledge of his candidacy
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-- to build a wall along the border with mexico the donald trump: we're going to build a wall, folks. don't worry good. who's going to pay for the wall? who? reporter: it's the line he's repeated over and over. donald trump: we will build the wall 100 perks and mexico will be paying --% and mexico will be paying for the wull. -- wall. that wall will go up so fast your head will spin. the trump wall will be beautiful. that's why we have to make it beautiful because day after i'm gone they're going to name that wall after trump, i think. reporter: from the moment he launched his candidacy last summer, attacks on the mexicans and immigration have been central to his appeal. donald trump: they're bring drugs, crirgese and they're
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rapists. and some, i assume, are good people. reporter: the visit comes just before mr. trump delivers a speech on immigration in which he may soften his hard-line stance. critics, the democrats aired advertisements reminding voter of his previous pronouncements. >> it certainly takes more than trying to make up for a year of insults and inswin -- insinuations than dropping in on our neighbors for a fow hours and flying home again. that's not how it works. reporter: for donald trump, it's a stab at statesmanship at a time when many are wondering if he has the term. to be a temmerament statesman. >> for more on the upcoming speech on immigration issues i
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spoke a short time ago with a democratic congressman who's been very disparage bth republican nominee. he represents the district in arizona where mr. trump will be speaking tonight. congressman, you are on the way to arizona and will be there where droump is giving his speech tonight. is there anything he can say that would make you think better of anytime >> no. the history of his rhetoric, 9 this is a racist, last-minute conversion that is gong take. >> you have said he's mentally unstable and not rit -- fit to be president of the united states. do you really mean that? >> i think what i'm trying to say is he is not fit to be president. he has acted in manners that are not really predicten of someone we should really trust
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with leadership ability the he can hardly contain himself on trit -- twitter, starting little twitter wars with other officials and i don't think this man has the capeability to show leadership or restraint needed for the most powerful man or woman in the world at this point. >> specifically on the issue of immigration though a lot of republican voters clore -- clearly agree with him on the idea of building a wall on the border with mexico. >> well, a lot will agree with him but the point is it's a very unrealistic -- first, if you look at history, it's unrealist to think that would stop it. and two, asking the mexicans to faye for it. these are not based on reality. no matter what psychological term you want to call it, whether he is unfit to be
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president, our president should not be able to be baited on twitter. >> do you think that border security between mexico and the united states should be a concern? should it be beefed up in some way to stop illegal immigrants coming into the states? it but are ways to do the border has already been beefed up. we have more border agents than -- than f.b.i. agents. we have tripled the fpped -- funding the you could throw a lot of money at the border and at the end of day still have it because it's an economic issue. people are coming looking for work. if you have a legal manner in which people can come here with background checks, then we could reduce the number coming illegally. and people don't understand, many of our people here without permission actually come here and overstay their visas.
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many are from other parts of the world and it just shows you how naive donald trump is that he believes almost all migrant crossings are mexicans, which is not the case. ? it for joining me, congressman -- >> thank you for joining me, congressman, and i good flight home. dilma rousseff has vowed to appeal against her impetchment just hours after her removal over accusations she anticipated the budget the her replacement, termer, has been sworn in and he said he would work to fix the economy. >> it was anything but a routine day at the presidential palace in brasilia. precious little harmony about the place as the woman who has occupied the alvarado palace the last five and a half years
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prepared to leab for the last time, unceremoniously voted out of office. appearing at the start of this impeachment trial, dilma rousseff ziss -- dismissed the charges against her that she illegally mismanaged government accounts. she said she was the victim of a parliamentary coup which seriously undermined bras i will's democracy. it's worth noting that many of these men signature in judgment on rousseff have been accused of far worse crimes of corruption or personal enrichment. her mistake was the unwillingness to make the deals and allegiances so critical in brazilian politics. the required 2/3 majority to remove her from office was achieved easily. senators who voted in favor, sing the national anthem in celebration. whether this was a good or bad ay for bryzgalovilian athletes
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depends on who you speak with. >> i think it's a good thing. i think it's illegal. the democracies want to be stronger than before. >> as a mother, a senator and a woman i find this moment truly lamentable. to remove a democratically elected woman from office after so much public service is completely vulgar. >> in this dopely divide nation there have already been protests this week against the november congress. but brazil is in the middle of an economic as well as political crisis and people are perhaps more worried about what is to come. rousseff is being replaced by a former deputy from the extra -- center right party and he's vowed to tackle brazil's many problems.
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but in a parting shot, dressed in red and surrounded by supporters and still defiant, routs -- rousseff said her enemies would not be forgiven and she would fight on. >> a dramatic day and dramatic fall there in brazil. and a pregnant woman is among those diagnosis -- diagnosed with zika in singapore. the government announced the first locally transmitted infection friday and the numbers with the virus have grown steadily since then. and south korea says north korea has executed its vice premiere for education, who was spotted slouched in his chair during a meeting of parliament in june. officials in seoul believe was killed by a firing squad and two other fings officials were banished to the countryside for
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reeducation. turkey has hit back at the united states over recent criticism of its ongoing role in the conflict in syria. tuesday the u.s. asked turkey to focus its efforts on the islamic state region and not the kurdish. friday, turkey said that's unacceptable. how tense are things at the moment between washington and ankara? >> i think first i better set up straight lest i be a target of north korea! [laughter] >> not quite there yet. >> things are tense. it's almost a circular firing squad. here you have russia supporting the syrian government of asat. the united states is supporting the rebels against assad and russia. turkey has come in and is
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waging an effective campaign on behalf of the syrian rebels, going into syria itself but as its going into syria itself fighting against isil or isis, they're also attacking the kurdish militia that we're supporting. so in effect for turkey, the enemy of my enemy is still my enemy. so they look at the enemy, isil, but the kurdish mitt -- militia, the y.p.g. is also considered an enemy as far as the turk are concerned. so we have a situation in which the united states is supporting the rebel forced an the kurdish militia against the syrian government and against isil the >> the turks clearly don't like the americans commenting on their relations with the kurdish group. does turkey seem to you to have a stronger hand at the moment? i mean is washington kind of
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relying on turkey and the turkish military to go after isis and that means its compromising some of its relations with the syrian rebels? >> as a matter of fact, it is. there are reports that the united states was planning a commando operation with the turkish go. waiting for a signoff coming from the white house. but the turkish government decided to operate without our consent or foreknowledge so they went into syria for the purpose of attacking isil, those groups inside. >> so what are the long-term implications for the u.s.? i mean turkly being a key ally, is it a tactical decisioning to could is long-term strategic costs for the united states? >> we have to step back and say what is the goal? let's assume the turks and the militias are successful in defeating isil in syria. what then in we still have a contest going on between the
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syrian government adged the rebel forces supported by the united states. in the meantime all those refugees are being driven into europe. russia bit way has militaryarized the refugees by bombing those areas, forcing the people out into europe, there pi destabilizing europe and those people are saying they have to put up walls to protect their borders. what do we see as the future for syria? assuming we're able to defeat isis, which i think is possible but the campaign for the syrian government supported by russia and opposed by the united states and turkey foes on. we have to step back and -- goes on. we have to step back and have some kind of theme here. as churchill once said, "take this pudding away, it has no theme." we have to have a theme otherwise the refugees are going to continue to flow into europe. >> thanks so much for coming
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in. you are watching "bbc world news america." sturges on tonight's program, just this week more than 12,000 migrants have been rescued in the waters of the mediterranean. we hear from some of them arriving on the shores of skill -- sis i willy. for the first and i'm more than five decades a scheduled commercial night has flown between the united states and cuba. it took off from fort lauderdale and landed in santa clara in cuba. bbc's will grant watched it touch down. >> flying from fort lauderdale into history. planes full of -- of tourists touch down in cuba every day but not like this one -- the first commercial flight between the old enemies since 1961. there have been many different signs of the new relationship overt past two years. the reinstatement of cruise ship vrvingss the visit by president obama.
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but this, the first direct commercial flight since the height of the cold war arguably brings the two peoples closer than at any other time since the start of the cuban revel igse -- revolution. among the first to step off the flight was the u.s. transport secretary, thoip fox. jetblue air ways had worked hard to operate the first flight. officially upped the travel restrictions still imposed on cuba by washington, u.s. citizen can't visit as tourists. they unfortunate -- must come under one of 12 categories, such as artistic or 12 ategories of people to people. santa clara is identified with one man, che guevara.
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he is buried here. etblue hopes the flight will bring tourists to this once prohibited island. >> the italian coast. d coast guard says it has rescued other 2,000 migrants from the waters, bring the total this 12,000. barbosa special correspondence ed thomas is at the sicilian port speaking to some of those who have been brought ashore. he sent this report. >> more than 80 rescues in four days and the ports of southern italy are filling up. this is sardinia.
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an irish navy ship brings in hundreds of men, women, and children. in sicily another ship dozen, again full of people. and on this island the coast guard arrive with a reminder that this crisis isn't easing the these calm waters have given the desperate a chance to reach europe. these men, women, and children were picked up by the italian navy. they've been at sea for two days. there is relief but also exhaustion after a journey like no other. all they have are the clothes on their backs. if you take a look at this group, they don't have any shoes. they're being given new pairs now. these are the lucky ones because they've played it here. nearly 3,000 have d-day in the
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crossing from -- have died in the crossing from italy -- from libya. >> pictures taken, numbers given. it's hard to understand why anyone would do this. but then listen to these people from nigeria. >> i saw a lot of killings. there are killings, boca haram killing christians. >> people caught off the head and people are worried. >> both say they're running from islamic extremists, boko haram. what would have happened if you had stayed in nigeria? >> to me, if i was in nigeria now i believe i would have died along with the rest. >> but not everyone is scaping war? are you happy here in italy? he is from pakistan. he wants work, a home and
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security the why should europe, italy, gib you a job? why? >> i have problem in pakistan. not have money. the job is everything the >> 10,000 have crossed this route since sufpbletd people om somalia, eritrea, and bangladesh. some fear it's made life too easy for the smugglers, exploiting those who will gamble their lives to begin again. >> they calm -- come for lots of reasons with lots of different stories but one thing is sure, they are coming in very big numbers. we were talking earlier in the broadcast about donald trump's controversial visit to mexico but you would be hard-pressed to find anywhere in the world where that name doesn't spark a reaction. a bbc pop-up team put the
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thesis to the test. they set out on the famous trans-siberian railway and yes, even there, people are talking about american politics and mr. trump. here's what they found. >> so we're at the train station here in moscow and we're about to hop on the train for some reason. what are we doing, emma? >> we are going to get on the train cake -- taking a.c.c. cross russia, the trans-siberian railway. ? so, having recently flown in from the u.s., where there is a heated presidential election going on, i would be curious what russian passengers aboard this train think about the united states right now and more specifically think about
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donald trump.
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>> the view of the american
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elections, mr. trunks and even mr. trump's hair from the trans-siberian railway. thanks so much for watching "bbc world news america." i'll see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on
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the island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available rom most major airports. more information for your vacation, planning is available at >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles. [s[s[singing] we wanna get to know ya,
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and all the things you do. it's time to shine a light on little ol' you! announcer: this pbs kids spotlight, dw from arthur! arthur and his friends are always coming up with new adventures but when little sister dw is around? dw: this is about me, remember? the adventures take on a life of their own. dw: don't i look adorable? [sighs] [gasps] announcer: dw is brave... grandpa: atta' girl dw! announcer: smart... dw: what's a career i can succeed in say, by my next birthday? and she always keeps big brother arthur on his toes. dw: you can count on me! the little sister with the big imagination! king: i hearby dub you... princess of safety! and the focus of this pbs kids spotlight!


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