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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  February 3, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, "bbc world news america." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. the trump administration slaps new sanctions on iran, saying it is retaliation for a ballistic missile test. tehran calls them illegal. french soldiers shoot and wound an attacker wielding a machete near the louvre in paris. authorities suggest it was an act of terrorism. ♪ jane: and forget about the fancy record stores. one market in nairobi is bringing back vinyl to keep the tunes spinning in style.
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welcome to "world news america" and our viewers on public television and around the globe. 2 weeks after taking over the job, today president trump put iran on it is on its recent test -- on notice for its recent test of a ballistic missile. the white house slapped sanctions on 13 people and a dozen companies involved in procuring technology for tehran. the response from iran was swift, saying the move was illegal. but this is how the white house press secretary described the aim. >> today's sanctions really represent a very, very strong stand against the actions that iran has been taking and make it very clear that the deal they struck previously was not in the best interest of this country, and that president trump is going to do everything he can to make sure that iran is checked. jane: before this announcement,
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the war of words between the united states and iran was played out on twitter, with president trump saying, "iran is playing with fire. they don't appreciate how kind president obama was to them. not me." minutes later, iran's foreign minister tweeted, "we will never use weapons against anyone except in self-defense. let's see if any of those who complain can make the same statement." for more, i spoke with the bbc's north america editor jon sopel at the white house short time ago. apart from the rhetoric which sounds incredibly dramatic, has president trump done anything that radical? jon: yes, let's distinguish between the signal and the noise, because in his white house there is a great deal of noise, it is dramatic, there are bangs and crashes around the place. and then you have to look a bit deeper. yes, did donald trump take stern action against iran?
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absolutely, he did. was it further than barack obama would have gone? probably. but it was carefully calibrated as well. he clearly didn't want to do anything that would upset the iran nuclear deal even though he has professed it to be the worst deal signed by the united states. he wanted to keep it in place. that looks rather cautious on his part. and there are other signals that all the noise, there is some sort of normalcy and continuity. if you look at what happened at the united nations, yesterday you have nikki haley, the new u.s. ambassador to the u.n., saying there have to be sanctions against russia and that it is annexing the crimea. you also have a statement from the white house cautioning the developments of more settlements by israel in the west bank. not quite the blank check that israel wanted. you say it quietly but you see there is continuity between obama's foreign policy and donald trump's.
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jane: jon sopel, thank you very much. a brief time ago i discussed those sanctions more with james jeffries, who formally served as deputy national security advisor as well as holding a number of diplomatic posts. ambassador, thank you very much for joining me. we heard jon sopel use words that i never thought i would hear in conjunction with the trump presidency, normalcy and continuity. what can we make from this rhetoric when we compare it to his actions? , first of all, it has been a wild week, beginning with the rebellion against the immigration decisions, the most important and spontaneous uprising since the boston tea party several hundred years ago. but at the end of the week, we are back to something that those of us who have been around for a while, watching actions, not words, are very, very familiar with. this does not mean we are out of the woods yet in terms of unpredictable actions, but it is clear that the administration is
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making a difference between what it says, specifically what donald trump says, and what it actually does on the ground. that is an important difference. jane: nevertheless, with iran, mr. trump has said nothing is off the table. apart from sanctions, what else could he do? >> that is an important point, and there is a difference between what barack obama would have done. obama would have and at one point did after a missile test put minor sections on iran, and these are not big sanctions, not like during the negotiations over the nuclear deal. but this administration did point out iran's actions in the region, noting iraq and yemen, including attacks on american and then a saudi ship, and calling iran to task for that. that is an important and significant difference noted throughout the region, generally positively. jane: what about the perception of other countries? you heard president trump saying don't worry about the tough calls but having a spat with the
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prime minister of australia. how potentially damaging is that, and is it normal? >> a, it is not normal. b, it is damaging to some degree. we live in a world where elites, and i consider myself close to them, in germany and australia and britain and the united states, find such behavior, such open and loud diplomacy, somewhat disturbing. that said, at the end of the day, half of the people in america almost voted for this guy and they are pretty happy with this. if they will be happy with the rhetoric but live with the actions, that may be where we will be for a while. jane: very briefly, you have been all over the country dealing with tricky situations. what about nations that may be testing the trump situation? >> nobody will test this guy for
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a while, that is my prediction. beginning with the chinese. he tested them with a call with taiwan and they will be wondering what is next. jane: ambassador, thank you for joining me. >> thank you, jane. jane: today the white house also stated concern over increased fighting in eastern ukraine, where government forces and russian-backed rebels are accusing each other of attacking civilians. fighting has intensified over the last few days with the focus of some of the heaviest clashes justgovernment-held city 10 miles from rebel-held donetsk. our correspondent sent this report. reporter: the wait for food, part of the perpetual nightmare of war. for thousands, this city is still their home. it is now the epicenter of the worst fighting in eastern ukraine in two years. she says she sits at home trembling when the nighttime routine of heavy shelling begins.
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today we met valentina. still in shock, her daughter was killed in the shelling last night. she still has not told her nine-year-old grandson. >> my child still does not know his mother has gone, and i don't know how to tell him. >> firing after the dead woman's cousin, who was responsible for eastern ukraine covered in blood. this man in an apartment where his wife was killed. the reality is that most of the civilians living in the city just a short distance from the front line in that direction -- you can hear the fighting now -- have nowhere else to go. they are stuck here. stuck in the madness of the conflict of eastern ukraine. an innocent woman died last night. there in the same apartment block was a british journalist. the freelancer was badly injured in the head. we met the ukrainian army doctor that treated him. >> he had injured face and
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injured eyes. i think a fragment of rocket got into his eyes. he is lucky. reporter: because he didn't die. they are treating the injured and receiving the dead at this tiny hospital every day. the ukrainian army, which holds the city, is fighting russian-backed separatists. ukraine and russia blame each other for the increase in violence. civilians have also been killed in the separatist-held city of donetsk. russia claims the authorities here are in a battle of independence, but there is evidence that the conflict is being fueled by russia, and countries like britain accused moscow of violating the sovereignty of ukraine. war here has a familiar feel. but things could once again spiral out of control.
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tom burridge, bbc news, in eastern ukraine. jane: now to paris, where a man armed with a machete has been shot and seriously wounded after he attacked guards at the louvre museum. hundreds of tourists were in the building at the time. the attack is being treated as a terrorist incident after a man shouted "god is great" in arabic. reporter: in the heart of paris, at the entrance to one of its cultural treasures, an attacker is brought down by the military. an egyptian, he had come to the city eight days ago. he was stopped as he tried to enter the shops beneath the louvre. he shouted "allahu akbar," "god is great" in arabic. and then swung at a soldier with one of the two machetes he was carrying. the soldier fired from the ground. all around, confusion and fear. >> it happened very fast.
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really, it all went quickly. everyone was panicking. we thought of our lives. we saw death coming for us with everything happening in the moment. we were very, very scared. reporter: injured in the attack, the soldier who had been struck and then brought down the attacker. the president, in malta at the eu summit, said it was a terrorist attack. the situation, he said, was under control. president hollande: but the threat is there, it remains, and we have to face it. that is the reason we mobilized this many resources and we continue to do so as long as it is needed. reporter: for the authorities, this was proof that the high-profile security presence in the capital and across france really does work. it was also a reminder of the attacks that took so many lives here and of the threat that remains in paris and beyond.
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by the end of the day, the louvre was open again, but paris and france remain on high alert. jane: some of the day's other news now. romania's president has expressed concern for his country as huge protests continue against a government decree reducing penalties for corruption. he said the situation was complicated, but he trusts the hundreds of thousands of romanians who have taken to the streets. he says european values had to prevail. u.s. defense secretary james mattis is in tokyo on the first foreign trip by a member of president trump's cabinet. he has been meeting japanese prime minister shinzo abe. a suggestingseoul that north korea has dismissed its minister of security.
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he was removed from office by the feared secret police in january apparently on charges of corruption, abuse of power, and human rights abuses. joaquin guzmanrd has complained of being subjected to excessive conditions of confinement in jail. fled severalas times from mexico, is being kept in a maximum-security jail in new york. we have already talked about the trump administration's moves on foreign policy, but there was also action on the economic front. the president signed an executive order directing the treasury department to look for potential changes in the dodd-frank law, which reshaped regulations on the financial industry following the 2008 crisis. the move comes on the same day the jobs report came out showing hiring increased by the largest amount in months.
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a brief time ago i discussed it all with neil irwin of "the new york times." thanks very much for coming in. when he was campaigning, donald trump said the figures were phony and he didn't believe them and now they look good and he quite likes them. the real point is how much credit can he take for any improvement after two weeks in office? neil: not very much. these numbers were from early january before he took office. more broadly, the impact of president has on the economy is slow moving and gradual. it is not like he can flip the switch and change the economy. and donald trump inherited a pretty strong economy -- strong job growth, unemployment at a fairly low level. he has a good base to build on for the economic future of the united states. jane: but how significant is this figure of 227,000 jobs? what does that tell us about the economy? neil: growth is well entrenched. this is a job market that is adding jobs. the details are more important
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than anything and this one showed that more people were joining the labor force. people who were not in the labor force at all, not looking for work, now are. it is a good sign. jane: you say he inherited a good economy. of course, that is not what his voters think. what about his pledge to bring manufacturing jobs back to the u.s.? is he ever going to be able to make good on that? neil: to some degree certainly. changing trade deals and encouraging manufacturing, there is certainly room for u.s. manufacturing to grow. the question is if that will create broad-based economic growth, higher wages and compensation for american workers. manufacturing jobs are a fairly small part of the overall jobs picture right now. even if he could get the number up, the idea that that is the primary driver of economic growth and higher wages is probably unlikely. jane: let's look at the financial regulation that he said he intends to roll back with this executive order. he has not actually done anything yet. how much of a fight is he going to have on his hands to change the law? neil: it will be a fight. the dodd-frank law was passed by congress and only congress can
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repeal it. that said, a lot of policy in the united states, especially on banks, happens through the regulatory process. what trump can do is appoint regulators who are more inclined to lessen the burden on banks and other financial institutions. he has not done those appointments yet but that is clearly his intention. bank stocks were way up today as a result. jane: the markets really like it. how much of a bubble do you think he has created of optimism? neil: there is a lot of optimism in the financial sector. they think they will be more profitable when unshackled from all those regulations of dodd-frank. the question is, can they find a pathway to allow the banks to do different types of business and be more profitable that does not also create the framework for the next financial crisis and another collapse down the road? jane: and of course, donald
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trump's point is that these revelations did not reduce the risk of a financial crisis. neil: that is his argument, that the businesses cannot get loans and cannot grow. jane: neil irwin, thank you very much for joining me. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program. >> ♪ finished with my woman cause she couldn't help me with my mind ♪ jane: getting ready for black sabbath's last gig. we speak to ozzy osbourne about the band that defined heavy metal. the united nations human rights office says troops in myanmar have carried out mass killings of adults and children and the systematic gang rapes of rohing ya muslims. our correspondent explains the significance of the report. this report seems like a game changer in the crisis we have seen since october of last year. until now the burmese government have been able to
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rubbish the allegations out of this area. thatsay it is propaganda, it is not true, and have taken a piecemeal approach to discredit news stories about alleged abuses. what is different here is that a trained human rights team , investigators from the united nations, have been in bangladesh and outspoken face-to-face with more than 200 reporter along the past 200 --more than 200 rohingya across the border. the numbers you are alleging rape are horrendous. of those 101, 52 of them said they had been victims of rape or sexual violence of some sort. the is no longer something burmese government instantly denies propaganda. we have the u.n. going in and doing this investigation and coming up with these extremely alarming statistics, and tonight i think there is been proof that things are shifting very
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rapidly, that the burmese government, on santucci -- on kyi'san suu spokesman, called me, and that is quite rare. taking issue me seriously and are actually concerned about the allegations and will be looking into them. take actionl against anyone who is found to have done anything wrong. this feels like an extremely significant moment in this rohingya crisis. jane: the band credited with inventing heavy metal will play their final show on saturday night in their hometown of birmingham in central england. black sabbath pioneered their sound back in 1968, and have left quite an impression, with legendary front man ozzy osbourne. he gave his final tv interview as a member of the band to our entertainment correspondent.
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reporter: 4 teenagers from birmingham who quit their factory jobs and started a musical genre which traveled the globe. >> ♪ finished with my woman cause she couldn't help me with my mind ♪ reporter: without black sabbath, there would be no heavy metal, but from tomorrow night and one final hometown gig, there will be no black sabbath. >> totally excited and kind of devastated. it is unbelievable. >> ♪ is he live reporter: ozzy osbourne, the end of black sabbath. why? ozzy: it's run its course, really. i mean, it just felt right. the first black sabbath album, i remember thinking it will be a couple years. it is like being put in a barrel and rolled down the biggest mountain ever, and 49 years later. reporter: this is where it all began, the crown pub in the
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center of birmingham. back in 1968, black sabbath, or earth, as they were called at the time, played their first gig. they weren't paid in money, but t-shirts. how things have changed. this farewell tour with founding members tony iommi and geezer butler has taken more than 60 million pounds in ticket sales. but for dedicated fans, tomorrow night will not be an easy one. >> mixture of emotions. i am sure i will shed a few tears the final night. which is to be expected. reporter: even ozzy, the self-professed king of darkness, -- prince of darkness, is not ruling out the possibility of having a cry on stage. ozzy: my emotions are flying all over the place. let's see what happens. reporter: black sabbath, heavy metal pioneers. but tomorrow may just bring out their soft side. colin patterson, bbc news, birmingham.
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>> ♪ can you help me jane: and did they invent headbanging as well? whether it is black sabbath or something a little less brain rattling, many music fans are choosing to go back to vinyl. a store is leading the charge but it is not in brooklyn or l.a. it is a market in nairobi. it is determined to keep people spinning the tunes. we have gone to meet the man behind it. ♪ >> anybody around here knows me. vinyl records. final record players -- vinyl
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record players. i have had this store since 1989. the main attractions here is roast meat and my store. i guess we have over 6000 records. and all genres. there is blues, country, movie soundtracks. >> i really like this one. record player, yeah. i was wondering where to get this kind of music. >> a lot of young people buying records and appreciating. i have clients from all over the world. and they are happy to find that there is vinyl to buy. ♪ these african vinyl records are getting harder and harder to
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find, and unfortunately, there aren't companies doing the pressing of reissues. music shops are changing from vinyl to digital. i have always kept on buying the vinyl records. from the shops that were closing down. i couldn't stop. it is a sickness. maybe. ♪ we are not going to change. vinyl is king. let's keep spinning. good music is good music no matter what you play it on. that brings today's show to a close. you can find much more on the day's news on our website. to reach me and the rest of the bbc team, simile go to twitter.
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-- simply go to twitter. from all of us here at "world news america," thank you very much for watching and have a good weekend. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: >> we're bringing back jobs. we're bringing down your taxes. >> woodruff: president trump moves to roll back regulations designed to prevent a financial crisis and imposes new sanctions on iran. then, we are on the ground in mosul as the battle to control the key iraqi city rages on. >> the front line is just up here, that's where the river tigris is, and isis fighters are trying to push the iraqi army back. >> woodruff: and, it's friday. mark shields and david brooks tackle a tumultuous first two weeks of the trump administration. all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.


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