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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 2, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freemanfo dation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all nd their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports.
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more informaon for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world newsam ica." reporting from washington, i'm jane o'brien. president trump says trade warsd are but america's allies anemthe market don't seo agree. time to face the hard facts of brexit, says british prime minister theresa may, as she urys out her vision future relations with theean union. prime minister may: we both need to face the fact that this is a negotiation and neither of us can have exactly what we want. jane: and saying a final farewell to evangelist billy graham. politicians, family, and the ithful gather in a north carolina for the funeral of a ma.who preached to millions
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jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. it is a bit unusual for a u.s. president to welcome a war of any kind, but donald trump'sy message toems to be bring 't on. after yesterday'announcement that he would be introducing steep tariffs on steel and aluminum imports, he tweeted, ma"when a country is losin billions of dollars on trade with virtually every country it does business with, odade wars are nd easy to win. example, when we are done $100 billion wi a certain country and they get cute, don't trade anymore. we win big. it's easy." ercepresident's co secretary went on to say that any small increase in car prices is no big deal, and he dismissed concerns from critics. secretary ross: i think this is scare tactics by the people whot
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he status quo, the people who have given away jobs in this country, who have left us with an enormous trade deficit and at is growing. jane: the white house approachel is not sittingwith everyone, including members of the president's rty. republican senator ben sasse fromebraska shot back today, saying "trade wars are never won. trade wa are lost by all des. if the president goes through with this, it will kill american jobs. that is what every trade war ultimately does. much losing." a brief time ago i discussed the fallh t wil irwin, senior economic correspondent for "the new york times." nghow damaould a trade war before the u.s.? neil: very damaging. that said, both wilbur ross, the commerce secretary, and senator n sse have a point. it is a few billllars tariff is not in itself
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a disaster for the was economy and global economy. it is a few billion dollars, it might increase prices for metals in the united states, cost somei jobs in the auustry, but in the grand scheme of the u.s. economy, the u.s. economy is fairly strong, it is resilient, it will be fine. the question is what happens next. if senator sasse's right and we get a trade war that breaks out where all across the world, different countries retaliating against each other, and abandoning the kind of postwar economic order that the united states helped create, that is ere it gets damaging. jane: couldn't this hurts the very people that donald trump is peal to if europe goes through with its tax on blue jeans and harleys? wouldn't it hit the heartland? neil: absolutely. one number i've seen that there there are 80 times as many workers who use metal and aluminum as there are producers of those metals in the united states. there are many more jobs at risk if we get into an escalatingre series oliatory measures
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then the potential benefits of the expanded metals industry in the united states. ise question for the administration ihis a one-off thing, will they do this and then back off and whatever happens happens, or is this the beginning of the story that we don't know the answer to yet. jane: even if the president did modify this tariff, would it make a difference, or has the damagen confidence in america's trade policy been done already? neil: i think damage has been done in the sense that u.s. credibilitis the driver of stability in the world trading system the world economy, is ters.dy in t that has been accelerated by this move. what actually happens next and how they implement this matters a great deal. as we have discussed, policy was aimplemented ounced without much implementation plan,ou withe agreement of the trump cabinet. how they carry this out, assuming they carry it out, which we don't know for sure,
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matters a great deal. do they carve out exceptions for a,aunch u.s. allies -- can european union, britain -- or do they say this applies to everyone equally, and suddenly would have been very good allies may be very unhappy. jane: what does this tell us about the way the president thinks about trade? neil: look, this is the o consistent in his decades in public life. going back to the 1980's, he has been convinced that the u.s. is geing a raw deal in trade deals. things need to be renegotiated. on the campaign trail he threatened this typef thing. it is not a surprise in that sense. it is a surprise in the sense that since he has been in office the last 13 months, he has listened to advisors saying that this would be damaging and woubl create ps. he ignored them on thursday and neid this is what i'm going to do. neil irwin, thanks for joining me. neil: thank you. jane: the united nations top human rights official says that war crimes are very likely beihe committed inyrian region of eastern ghouta and there must il prosecutions. hundreds have beend in the
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rebel-held enclave just outside damascus in the last 12 days. despite the u.n.asalling for a fire nearly a week ago, the violence has not stopped. a short ti ago, i spoke to our middle east editor jeremy bowen, who is in damascus. jeremy, a lot of words, a lot of pressure, but is there any sign of a cease-fire at this point? remy: no, there isn't. there are a lot of words, as you say, and there have been sany, many worken over seven years of war. loads of condemnation of what is going on here.s lo condemnation of presiden assad and his regime. but really, not a great deal of it has made a great deal of difference, because there are other dynamics at work. as for eastern ghouta, this five-houralled humanitarian pause, something president putin of russia mandated, but the u.n. resolution calling for a 30-day
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humanirian cease-fire -- well, i imagine it has been printed on paper, but tt is about as far as it has gone. jane: what more can the international counity do? who holds the key here? jeremy: well, i think that they could start by having a coherent and consistent policy about what it is they actually want inri and the region, and try to make it happen. one reason why president putin of russia has had a very successful, from his point of view, intervention here is he has some clear objectives about what he was after. the americanhave said things, the germans have said things, the british have said things. they haven't together done anything in a particularly concerted and effective way. now, you can argue that perhaps the west has no business trying to intervene in what is going on
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here, but clearly there is a lot of concern about continuing killing. unicef has said that since the beginning of the year, they reckoned that something like 1000 children in syria have been either killed or seriously injured by the war. more and more horrific statistics every day. jane: very briefly, is thereyt ng left in eastern ghouta? are there any rebels there? jeremy: there are a lot of people in eastern ghouta, maybe 400,000, and probably -- hard tm say, but ees go between 10,000 and 20,000 armed rebels. it is a large area. the cityimits of eastern outa is about the same size as san francisco. yo 're talking about a ba with a lot of people. jane: jeremy bowen, thanks very much indeed for joining us. today prime minister theresa may set out her vision for brexit , and the hard facts which will need to be faced.
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mrs. may said the u.k. will have to pay money into me european union agencies to maintain access to them, but she re her commitment that the u.k. would not be part of the eu's single market or customs union the bbc's rob watson repor. rob: what a challenge she facedt to setritain's future relationship with the eu amid the political divisions at home and profound skepticism abroad. acknowledging possible downsides to brexit for the fime, she said britain had to face up to hard facts. prime minister may: in certain ways, our access to each other's markets will be less than it is now. how could the eu's structure of rights and obligations be sustaineas the u.k. or any country were allowed to enjoy all the benefits without all of the obligations? rob: mrs. may is still proposing a profound separation from europe, the so-called hard brexit of leaving the customs
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unit and single market but she says that should not stop there being what she called a deep partnership in the future. prime minister may: we should not think of leaving the u.s. as marking an eu ending as much as a new beginning for the united kingdom and our relationship withll europeans. change is not to be feared, so long as we face it with a clear determination to act for the common good. rob: as to domestic reaction, her speech has prompted calls for more detail from business, which remains anxious about brexit, and drawn cautious praise from both the anti- and pro-european wings over -- o her governing conservative party. in europe, the eu's ief negotiator said that mrs. may was at last facing r there would be trade-offs from brexit. the european parliament brexit coordinator was harsher. rs. may," he tweeted, "was still being vague."as
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iteen a tumultuous week in the long-running drama known as brexit, with the labor party coming out in favor of closer ties with the eu, and two former prime ministers warning of the dangers of leaving europe and pleading with politiciand voters alike to think again. the politician left with carrying out the results of a referendum that has divided britain look no her in -- like no other issue in decades, said that the c is facing a crucial moment. few would digree. rob watson, bbc news. jane: quick look at the day's other news. large parts of eure have endured another day of freezing conditions as theia sib weather system continues to bring chaos. the number of weather-related deaths rose to 55. in parts of croatia, temperatures plummeted to -23 s degrees, and placee covered in snow. italy is stuck in subzeres temperatur
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snow blanketed the cities of venice and florence. a british man has beencted of deliberately running over a somali woman in the city of e leicester last year becae was wearing a hijab. a court heard that he tried to kill the woman in what he saw as revenge for attacks by militant islamists. pictures have emergeraof a hiking t in brazil that was turned into an underwater world by heavy rain. the trial at an ecotourism site -- the trail at an ecotourism site in the south of the country was flooded with crystal-clear water from a nearby river last month. local people say it is a very rare phenomenon that happens only when it rains more than 15 centimeters at once. attackers in burkina faso's capital have killed eight people and wounded dozens more durias a coordinateult on the army headquarters and french embassy. it is not yet clear who is behind the attk, but in 2016, over 30 people were killed by
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islamist militants linked to al qaeda when they attacked the café. reporter: thfirst reports of gunshots and explosions came around 10:00 this morning. the gunman first targeted the french embtnsy. this eyes said he saw people running towards the building. "i heard gunshots and i saw destruction everywhere. wa at my house and a two policeman said they had been close to military headquarters. theyaid they saw sixes seven people jumping out of the car and they started firing everywhere." etthey also ta a military headquarters in central ouaga dougou. they may be sometime time before we know how many peopllehave been kil it is not clear if all the gunmen have been killed, but the situation is under control and the city calm. we don't know who is behind the attack, but in 2016 over 30 people were killed by islamist militants linked to al qaeda
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when theopened fire on a café. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight'spr ram, rescuing the house of rosa parks. after travelingth across atlantic, it is back in the u.s. and ready for display. for those who finitely more at home in the snow, i call any of more tn 1.5 million -- a colony of more than 1.5 million paying wins has this coul -- penguins has been discovered. the so-called super colony is the discovery was made by an international team, including researchers from oxford university -- they detail the findings and said that the discoveries total surprise. victoria gill has more. victoria: a birds eye view of a seabird super colony 1.5 million penguins are resting
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here just east of the antarctic .eninsula satellite images captured almost four years ago indicated that a large cony might be here. but it was only when a team of british and u.s. scientists noted an expedition to the remote rocky isle that they were able to see at penguins center. painstaking headcounts along with aerial photography reveals the scale of this haven. snjoined the researchers in 2016 and captured just shot of the decade of monitoring in the frozen landscape. the penguins on the rest of the peninsula are declining, so this discery hundreds of miles away provides a vital look at a site that could be aefuge for birds. it might need more production from humanctivities like shing. one key to this island's vast, stable colony is the sea ice.
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as well as being a vital breeding ground for the that penguins rel on, it makes access to the island difficult for fisheries and fishing. there is already a proposal to make the sea around the islands of marine-protected area. views like this show just what that could preserve. victoria gill, bbc ns. jane: president trump was among more than 2000 people who gathered today inharlotte, north carolina, for the funeral of celebrated u.s. evangelist billy graham. throughout his 7 the religious leader preached to sllions and served as a spiritual advisor eral u.s. presidents. he died last week at the age of 99. the bbc's barbara plett-usher reports on how the man known asr a's pastor is being remembered. g barbara: bilham's final
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journey marked the end of an wa. a religious leadh a broad national appeal and unprecedented inteational reac ♪ barbara: mr. graham's simple gospelessage, his personal integrity, and his charisma impacted the lives of hundreds of millions. >> the cards that so many have written, and so many adjectives dy, and theybout d are all so wonderful. barbara: he captured the ear of power. president trump the last in a long line of presidents who praised him as america's pastors heertainly its greatest evangelical entrepreneur, an american success story. wmbining conviction with the combining convictih the shrewd use of mass media, billy graham took the role of a popular evangelist to a new level, packing stadiums the world over. his central achievement was to
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turn america's white evangelical protestants into a social and political force. mr. graham himself befriended presidts from both parties and counseled many of them over seven decades. he was most closely associated with richard nixon, but after watergate, he said he crossed a line, and warned ainst partisanship. that, however, is not the legacy 'saimed by many of tod evangelicals, now on the defensive as their numbers and power decline. am the newer movement that in his wake had a much harder political age, it was angry, it out taking america back, and it was very much a rhetoric of loss and reclamation. that is not the tone you got g from bilham. >> the bible was his sole authority. barbara: that stark contrast is embodied by his successor. his son franklin has embraced president trump as someone whong delivers for eicals. this is a different america than hathe one in which billy g
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thrived, a diverse, polarized nation, where a christian evangelist could no longer serve as a unifying figure. barbara plett-usher, bbc news, washington. jane: billy graham became only the fourth private u.s. citizen to lie in honor at the u.s. capitol. the last was rosa parks, the civil rights icon who died in 2005. now an american artist has saved her house from demolition. it was shipped from detroit, michigan, to germany's capital, berlin, and is making its way back to the u.s., where it will go on display at browniv sity. reporter: this container has t ecious cargo on board. >> i just found at i was hauling in this container here, t sa parks' house. very emotional momr me. beautil day to be an american, i guess. but this isn't where the story begins. it is 2016, and rosa parks'
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house is in ruins. but aescue is underway. an artist has vowed to preserve it once it has found a permanent home. >> a lot of people did think that house is not wortbesaving, use there are so many in detroit that look just like that house. it goes without saying that she icis a nationa, and what she did was so important for so many millions of people even if they don't know it. reporter: and so it was taketo pieces, loaded into a container, shipped across the atlantic to home in berl in germany. when in 1955 rosa parks refused to give up her seat on a bus in alabama to a white man, she became a heroien of the civil rights movement. yet she was persecuted for it. jobless and penniless, sheeft the segregated south and headed north to detroit, like so many african-americans before her. her family said the house symbolizes her struggles.
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>> the house represents that you may not have but five dollars, t you can still be ethical. you can still be honest. you can still do things for your fellow reporter: in b with a little help from his son, he rebuilt the house in his front yard. and finally, the house got some attention. hundreds of people came to see it, from schoolchildren to the deputy prime minister. >> i thi it is the perfect moment for america to come to terms with the fact that this citor, in it's under so is enormously valuable. reporter: perhaps what has that's what the house represents most of all is defiance. rickety and decrepit, yet still
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standing.ea janeier this week, we reported on the rising popularity of curling in thete united safter the men's -- united states. today there was further proof. the men's team wen invited to he new york stock exchange. they we greeted with a very warm reception in manhattan. this weekend, the stars will be out in hollywood for the oscars. it has been a tumultuous year for the film industry following the accutions against harvey weinstein. it trigger an outpouring of harassment reports. the actress heather graham is one of a number of women who acsed him of inappropriate sexual behavior. now she has written and directed her first film about sexism in hollywood. willrt gomhas been speaking with her. >> w why atalking about how sad our lives are? we should be talking about how great we are. " is a rom-comchc
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in women decide to start asserting themselves to take a stand against the men undermining heather gr plays axe junior filmtive whose career has been frustrated by a sexist boss. .is interest is focused on her body, not her mi heather: i wrotehis movie because years before that i worked on developing a movie i wanted to get made, women'a's stories wanted to act in and produce. i couldn't get th m made. this wreaction to that. will: why couldn't you get it made? heather: people would was not a big enough star, no one cares about women's stories, women's movies don't make money. nt towould say if you get a movie made, write about a man. let's make a pact to be with guys only. if you think about how many levels a woman has to get iethrough to get a made and seen, you have to go through som many levels e dominated businesses. first, the idea that you can ever do this. there is not a lot of role models. then you have to have so, one finance ually a man. then you have to get some into
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get someone to distribu it usually a man. , then you have to get male journalists not to say it sucks. all the different steps you need to get through to get to women -- hopefully men will watch it too, but you are mainly going for women -- you are goi through walls and walls of men to get your project to the world. >> why did you break up with me? >l i wanted to do was love you and mentor you and get you to your potential. >> i don't know what to say. heather: i had a business meeting with a guy and i said i wanted to get this movie made. we had this business meeting. he doesn't finance the into him at a party and he said, "oh, that was so fun when when he had that date the other day." the lunch meeting where i asked him to finance my movie. i said it wasn't a dasi, it was a buss meeting. will: how long ago was this? heather: this is about two years ago. will: do you think if it happened today, it would be different? ouather: i think today men are starting to think their behavior and starting to question how they trearkwomen in the ace, which is a good thing. will: will gompertz bbc news
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, hollywood. jane: and i am jane o'brien. thank you very much for watching "bbc world news america." and do have a good weekend. >> with the bbc news aid, our verticeos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe yo the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores.un >>ng of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected need e planning a vacation esc that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you thin you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are avai from most major re information for your vacation planning is available at >> "bbc world news" was presend by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshr tonight: president trump declares, "trade wars are good," rattlingma republican lrs and global markets, and prompting calls from other countries to retaliate. then, caught beneath the bombs. hundreds are killed in syria's eastern ghouta region under a relentless attack by government forces. and, it's friday. mark shields and david brooks are here to talk about turmoil inside the white house, and ther ident's shifting stance on gun control. plus, the world's highest paid actress, jennifer wrence, speaks about her new film, ander geisparities in hollywood. >> if we aren't paid equally, then why would we-- why would women expect to be treated equally?


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