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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 2, 2018 5:30pm-6:00pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible the freeman foundation, ursuingler foundation, solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inving, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. i you can fihere in aruba. families, couples, and friendshe can all find t escape on the ndland with warm, sunny days, cooling trade wi and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for vacation planning is available
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at >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world ws america." reporting from washington, i'm jane o'brien. rade wars trump says are good, but america's allies rkand the ma don't seem to agree. time to face the hard facts of brexit, says british prime minister theresa may, as sheys ut her vision future relations with the european union. prime minister may: we both neeh to facfact that this is a negotiation and neither of usha can have exactt we want. jane: and saying a final farewell to evangelist billy graham. politicians, family, and the faithful gather in a north carolina for the funeral of a man who preached to millions.
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jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and bearound the g it is a bit unusual for a u.s. president to welcome a war of any kind, but donald trump's message today seems to be bring it on.te yesterday's announcement that he would be introducingp steetariffs on steel and aluminum imports, he tweeted, "when a country is losing many billions of dollars on trade with virtually every country it does business with, trade wars are good and easy to win. exple, when we are done $1 billion with a certain country and they get cute, don't trade anymore. we win big. it's easy." the president's commerce secretary went on to say that any small increase in car prices is no big deal, and he dismissed concerns from critics. secretary ross: i think this is scare tactics byhe people who
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want the status quo, the people who have given away jobs in th country, who have left us with an enormous trade deficit and one that is growing. jane: the white house approach is not sitting well with everyone, including members ofpr thident's own party. republican senator ben sasse from nebraska shot b "k today, sayiade wars are never won. trade wars are lost by all sides. if the president goes through thth this, it will kill american jobs. is what every trade war ultimately does. so much losing." a brief time ago i discussedhe fallout with neil irwin, senior eceomic correspondent for " new york times." how damaging would a trade war before the u.s.?in neil: very dam at said, both wilbur ross, the commerce secretary, and senator sasse have a point. it is a few billion dollars tariffno i in itself a disaster for the was economy and global economy.
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it is a few billion dollars, it crmight se prices for metals in the united states, cost some jobs in the auto industry, but ec the grand scheme of the u.s. economy, the u.somy isly fatrong, it is resilient, it will be fine. the question is what happens next. if senator sasse's right and wea get a tradthat breaks out where all across the world, different countrie retaliating against each other, and abandoning the kind of postwar economic order that the united states helped create, that is where it gets damaging. jane: couldn't this hurts the ifry people that donald trump is trying to appeal turope goes through with its tax on blue jeans and harleys? wouldn't it hit the heartland? neil: absolutely. one number i've seen that there therere 80 times as many workers who use metal and aluminum as there are producers of those metals in the united states. there are many more jobs at risk if we get into an escalating series of retaliatory measures thenen the pal benefits of
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the expanded metals industry in the united states. the question for themi stration is is this a one-off thing, will they do this and then back off and whatever happens happens, or is this the beginn the story? that we don't know the answer to yet. jane: even if the president did modify this tariff, would it make a difference, or has the damage in confidence in america's trade policy been done already? neil: i think damage has been done in the sense that u.s. credibility is the driver of stability in the world trading system the world economy, is already in tatters that has been accelerated by this move. what actually happens next and how they implement this matters a great de. as we have disssed, policy was implemented or announced without much implementation plan, without the agreement of the trump cabinet. how they carry this out, assuming they carry it out, which we don't know for sure, matters a great deal. do they carve out exceptions for
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staunch u.s. allies -- canada, european union, britain -- or dh say this applies to everyone equally, and suddenly been very good alli may be very unhappy. jane: what does this tell us about the way the president thinks about trade? neil: loo this is the one consistent in his decades in public life. going back to the 1980's, he has been convinced that the u.s. is getting a raw deal in trade detos. things neee renegotiated. on the campaign trail he threatened this type of thing. it is not a surprise in that sens it is a surprise in the sense that since he has been in office the last 13 months, he has listened to advisors saying that this would be maging and would create problems. he ignored them on thursday and said this is what i''m going to jane: neil irwin, thanks for joining me. neil: thank you. jane:te the unations top human rights official says that war crimes are very likely being committed in the syrian region of eastern ghouta and there must prosecutions. hundreds have been killed in the
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rebel-held enclave just outside damascus in the last 12 days. aspite the u.n. calling f cease-fire nearly a week ago, the violence has not stopped. a short time ago, i spoke to our middle east editor jeremy bowen, who is in damascus. jeremy, a lot of words, a lot of pressure, but is there any sign of a cease-fire at this point? jeremy: no, there isn't. there are a lot of words, as you say, and many words spoken over seven years of war. loads of condemnation of what is going on here. loads of condemnation of president assad and his regime. but really, not a great deal of has made a great deal of difference, because there are other dynamics at work. as for easte ghouta, this five-houralled humanitarianause, something president putin of russia mandated, but the u.n. resolution calling for a 30-day humanitarian cease-fire -- well,
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i imagine it has been printed on paper, but that is about as far as it has gone. jane: what more can the international communit who holds the key here? well, i think that they could start by having a coherent and consistentolicy about what it is they actually want in syria and the region, and try to make it happen. one reason why president putin of russia has had a very successful, from his point of view, intervention here is he hasr some cljectives about what he was after. the americans have said things, the germans have said things,br thish have said things. they haven't together donen anythingparticularly concerted and effective way.rg now, you can that perhaps the west has no business tryingh to intervene i is going on here, but clearly there is a lot of concern about continuing
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killing. unicef has said that since the ybeginning of the year, t reckoned that something like 1000hildren in syria have be either killed or seriously injureby the war. more and more horrific statistics every day. jane: very briefly, is there anything left in eastern ghouta? are there any rebels there? jeremy: there are a lot of people in eastern ghoutamaybe 400,000, and probably -- hard to say, but estimates go between 10,000 and 20,000 armed rebels. it is a large area. the city limits of eastern ghouta is about the same size as san francisco. you're talking about a big area with a lot of people. inne: jeremy bowen, thanks very much indeed for g us. orday prime minister theresa may set out her visionrexit , and the hard facts which will need to be faced. mrs. may said the u.k. will have to pay money into some european
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union encies to maintain access to them, but she repeated her commitment that the u.k. would not be part of the eu's single market or customs union. the bbc's rob watson reports. rob: what a challenge she faced. to set out britain's future relationship with the eu amid the political divisions at home and profound skepticism abad. acknowledging possible downsides to brexit for the first time, she said britain had to face up to hard prime mi may: in certain erys, our access to each 's markets will be less than it is 'ow. how could the eus structure of rights and obligations be sustained as the u.k. or any country were allowed to enjots all the beneithout all of the obligations? rob: mrs. may is still proposing a profound separation from europe, the so-called hard brexit of leaving the cu soms unit andgle market. but she says that should not
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stop there being what she called deep partnership in the future. prime minister may: we should not think of leaving the u.s. -- leaving the eu amarking an ending as much as a new beginning for the united kingdom and our relationship wit european allies. change is not to be feared, so long as we face it with a clear determination to act for the common good. rob: as to domestic reaction, her speech has prompted calls for more detail from business, twhich remains anxious ab brexit, and drawn cautious praise from both the anti- and w pro-europegs over -- of her governing conservative party. in europe, the eu's chief negotiator said that mrs. may was at last facing reality but there would be trade-offs from brexit. the european parliament brexit coordinator was harsher. "mrs. may," he tweeted, "was still being vague."
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it has been aul tous week in the long-running drama known as thbrexit, he labor party coming out in favor of closer ties with the eu, and two formem ministers warning of the dangers of leaving europe and pleading with politicians and voters alike to think again. the politician left with f rrying out the results o referendum that has divided britain look no other in -- like no other issue in decades, said that the country is facing a crucial moment. few would disagree. rob watson, bbc news. jane: quick look at the day's other news. rge parts of europe have endured another day of freezing conditions as the siberian weather system continues to bring chaos. the number of weather-related deaths rosto 55. in parts of croatia, temperatures plummeted to -23 deees, and places are covered in snow. italy
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snow blanketed the cities of venice andislorence. a brman has been convicted of deliberately running over a somali woman in the city ofr leicesst year because she was wearing a hijab. a court heard that he tried to kill the woman in what he saw as revenge for attacks ilitant islamists. pict hiking trail in brazil that was turned into an underwater world by heavy rain. the trial at an ecotourism site -- the trail at an ecotourism site in the south of the country was flooded with crystal-clear water from a nearby river last month. local people say it is a very rare phenomenolythat happens hen it rains more than 15 centimeters at once. attackers in burkinao' 's capital have killed eight people and wounde coordinated assault on the army headquarters and french embassy. it is not yet clear who is behind the attack, but in 2016, over 30 people were killed by
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islamist militants linked to al qaeda when they attacked the café. reporter: the first reports of gunshots and explosions came around 10:00 this morning. the gunman first targeted the this eyewitness said he saw people running towards the building. "i heard gunshots and i saw destruction everywhere. i was at my house and a two policeman said they had been close to military headquarters they said th saw sixes seven people jumping out of the car and they started firin everywhere." they also targeted a military headquarters in central ouaga dougou. they may be sometime time before we know how many people have been killed. it is not clear if all the gunmen have been killed, but the situation is under control and the city calm. we don't know who is behind the attack, but in 2016 over 30 people were killed by islamist irlitants linked to al qaeda when they openedon a café. jane: you are watching "bbc
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world news america." still to come on tonight's program, rescuing the house of rosa parks. after traveling across the atlantic, it is back in the u.s. and ready for display. for those who are definitely more at home in the snow, i call any of morell than 1.5 min -- a colony of more than 1.5 million paying wins has this coul -- penguins has been discovered. the so-called super colony is thriving. the discovery was made by an international team, including researchers from oxford university. -- they detail the findings and said that the discoveries a total suse. victoria gill has more. victoria: a birds eyeiriew of a seabsuper colony. 1.5 million penguins are resting here just east of the antarctic
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peninsula. satellite images captured almost bur years ago indicated that a large colony mig here. but it was only when a team of british and u.s. scientists noted expedition to the remote rocky isle that they were able to see at penguins center. painstaking headcounts along with aerial photography reveals the scale of this haven. i joined the researchers in 2016 and captured just a snapshot of the t decade of monitoring frozen landscape. the penguins on the rest of the peninsula are declining, so this discovery hundreds of miles away provides a vital look at a site that could be a refuge for birds. ie might need more production from human activitlike fishing. one key to this island's vast, stable colony is the sea ice. as wl as being aital
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breeding ground for the crustaceanshapenguins rely on, it makes access to the islandcu dif for fisheries and fishing. there is already a proposal to makeun the sea athe islands of marine-protected area. views like this show just what rvthat could pre victoria gill, bbc news. jane: president trump was among more than 2000 people who gathered today in charlotte, north carolina, for the funeral of celebrated u.s. evangelist billy graham. r,roughout his 70-year car the religious leader preached to millions anditerved as a spl advisor to several u.s. presidents. he died last week at the age of 99. the bbc's barbara plett-usher reports on how the man known as america's pastor is being remembered. barbara: billy graham's final journey marked the end of an
5:48 pm gious leader with a broad national appeal and ecedented international reach. ♪ barbara: mr. graham's simple cspel message, his personal integrity, and hrisma impacted the lives of hundreds of millions. >> the cards that so many have written, and so many adjectives haey given about daddy, and are all so wonderful. barbara: he captured the ear of power. president trump the last in a long line of presidents who praised him as america's pastor. he was certainly its greatest evangelical entrepreneur, an american success story. combining conviction with the combining conviction with the shrewd use of mass media, billy graham took the role of a popular evangelist to a new level, packing stadid s the woer. his central achievement was to turn america's white evangelical protestants into a social and
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political force. mr. graham himself befriended presidents from both parties and counseled many of them over seven decades. he was most closely associated wir richard nixon, but afte watergate, he said he crossed a line, and warned against partisanship. that, however, is not the legacy claid by many of today' evangelicals, now on the defensive as their numbers and power decline. >> the newer movement that came in his wake had a much harder political age, it was angry, it was about taking america back, ch a rhetoricry of loss and reclamation. that is not the tone you got from billy graham. >> the bible was his sole authority. barbara: that stark contrast is embodied by his successor. his son franklin has embraced president trump as someone who delivers for evangelicals. this is a different america tha the which billy graham
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zethrived, a diverse, pola nation, where a christian evangelist could no longer serve as a unifying figure. barbara plett-usshr, bbc news, gton. jane: billy graham became only tithe fourth private u.s. n to lie in honor at the u.s. capitol. the last was rosa parks, the civil rights icon who di in 2005. now an american artist has saved her house from demolition. it was shipp from detroit, michigan, to germany's capital, berlin, and is making its way back to the u.s., ere it will go on display at brown university. reporter: this contain precious cargo on board. i ust found out what i was hauling in this container here, rosa parks' house. e vetional moment for me. beautiful day to be an american, i guess. but this isn't where the story begins. it is 2016, and rosa parks'
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house is in ruins. but a rescue is underway. an artist has vowed to preserve it once it has found a permanent home. >> a lot of people did think that house is not worth saving, because there are so many in detroit that look just like that house. it goes without saying that she a national icon, and what she did was so important for so many millions of people even if they don't know it. reporter: anso it was taken to pieces, loaded into a containerp shped across the atlantic to home in berlin in germany. when in 1955 rosa parks refu hd to give up seat on a bus in alabama to a white man, she became a heroien of the cienl rights mov yet she was persecuted for it. jobless anpenniless, she left the segregated south and headed north to detroit, like so many african-americans before her. her family said the house symbolizes her struggles.
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>> the house represents that you may not have b five dollars, but you can still be ethical. you can still be honest. you can still do things for your fellow man. porter: in berlin, with a little help from his son, he rebuilt the house in his front yard. and finally, the house got some attention. hundreds of people came to slc it, from schldren to the deputy prime minister. >> i think it is the perfect moment for america to come to terms with the fact that this house, in 's under solicitor, is enormously valuable. report: perhaps what has that's what the house represents most of all is defiance. riy ckdeanetitd
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jane: earlier this week, we reported on the rising popularity of curling in the united states after the men's -- united states. today there was further proof. the men's team was invited to open the new york stock exchange. they were greeted with a very warm reception in manhattan. this weekend, the stars bwie it has been a tumuuous year for the film industry following the accusations against harvey weinstein. it triggered an outpouring of harassment reports. the actress heather graham is one of a number of women who accused him of inappropriateal seehavior. now she has written and directed her first film about sexism in hollywood. will gompertz has been speaking with her. >> why are we talking about how sad our lives e? we should be talking about how great we are. " a rom-commagic in which women decide to start
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asserting themselves to take a stand against the men undermining them. heather graham plays a junior film executive whose career has been frustted by a sexist ss. his interest is focused on her body, not her mind. heather: i wrote this movie because yearbefore that i worked on developing a movie i wanted to getade, women's stories that i wanted to act in and produce. dni c't get them made. this was my reaction to that. will: why couldn't you get it made? heather: people would say i was not a big enough star, no onca s about women's stories, women's movies don't make money. they would say if you want to get a movie made, write about a man. let's make a pact to be with good guys only. ifou think about how many levels a woman has to get through to get a movie made and seen, you have to go through so many levels of male dominated bu tnesses. firs idea that you can ever do this. there is not a lot of role models. then you have to have someone finance it, usually a man. en
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hth -- get someone to distribute it usually a man. , then you have to get male journalists not to say it sucks. all the different steps you need to get through to get to women -- hopefully men will watch it too, but you are mainly goinn for wo you are going through walls andn walls of to get your project to the world. >> why did you break up with me? >all is wanted to do ve you and mentor you and get you to your potential. >> i don't know what to say. heather: i had a business meeting with a guy and i said i wanted to get this movie made. we had this business meeting. he't finance the mo i run into him at a party and he said, "oh, that was so fun when when he had that date the other day." the lunch meeting where i asked him to finance my movie. i said it wasn't a date, it was a business meeting. will: how long ago was this? heather: this is about two years ag will: do you think if it happened today, it would be different? t heather: i thiay men are starting to think about their behavior andtitarting to qu how they treat women in the workplace, which is a good thing. will: will gpertz bbc news, , hollywood. jane: and i am jane o'brien.
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thank you very much for watching "bbc world news america." and do have a good weekend. h >> wthe bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay upt to date wihe latest headlines you can trust.ow download nrom selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot sier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape onwahe island wit, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.p nonsights are available
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from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> "bbc world news" wa presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored bro newshourctions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: president trump deares, "trade wars are good," rattling republican lawmakers and global markets, and prompting callsou from otherries to retaliate. then, caught beneath the bombs. hundreds are killed in syria's eastern ghouta region under a relentless attack byce government fors. and, it's friday. mark shields and david brooks are here to talk about turmoil inside the white house, and the' presidenshifting stance on gun control. plus, the world's highest paid actress, jennifer lawrence, speaks about her new film, andri gender dises in hollywood. >> if we aren't paid equally, then why would we-- why would men expect to be treated equally? so, i


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