tv PBS News Hour Weekend PBS March 3, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PST
captioning sored by wnet po >> sreenivasan: on this edition for saturday, march 3: the gun control debate continues as trida legislature considers restrictions on guns and arming some teachers days before a deadline on daca,o the fate oalled dreamers hangs in the balance. and in our signature segment, fele jazz musicians speaki out against sexism in the music industry. next on "pbs newshour weekend." >> "pbs newshour weekend" is made possible by: bernard and irene schwartz. the cheryl and philip milstein family. sue and edgar wachenheim, iii. dr. p. roy vagelos and diana t. vagelos. the j.p.b. foundatio the anderson family fund. rosalind p. walter barbara hope zuckerberg.
corporate funding is provided mutual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. >> additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs yotation from viewers like you. than from the tisch wnet studios at lincoln center in new york, hari sreenivasan. >> sreenivasan: good evening and thanks for joining us. ida senate today is debating a school safety bill dollowing last month's shooting at marjory stonemalas high school. the bill includes a program to train and arm teachers who opt- in, an idea many gun control advocates oppose. but they are also debating a number of measures opposed by the n.r.a. including an expansion of a three-day waiting period to all guns, a ban on bump stocks and raising the age for buying certain firearms to 21. a vote is scheduled for monday. yesterday florida's governor rick scott proclaimed february
14 as "marjory stoneman douglas high school remembrance day." r.e.i. is now the latest company taking a stand against guns. the outdoor retailer does not sell guns, but announced this week it will not be placing any new orders by products owned by ufsta outdoor. vista owns a gun mturer called savage arms, but also popular consumer brands like camelbak, bell and giro. central michigan university's police chief says the sp-year- old ted of killing his parents yesterday was acting strangely the day before the ooting. officers arrested eric davis junior after a daylong manhunt. police say the gun used in the shooting was registered to the suspect's father james davis senior, a part-time police officer in a chicago sinurb and an is national guard veteran. university police chief bill yeagley said that officers took the teen to the hospital thursday night for what they believed to be a possible reaction to drugs. police then called the parents to pick him up, and then the teen shot and killed them both. the investigation is sti ongoing. the families of the 58 people
killed in la year's las vegas mass shooting are set to receive im75-thousand dollars each from a vifund. what started as a gofundme effort following the deadliest mass shootinin modern u.s. history has now raised more than in addition, ten victims left paralyzed or with permanent brain mage will also receive the $275-thousand dollar payments. the fundill offer smaller amounts of money to more than 400 other survivor president trump is tweeting today that more tariffs could be on the way, just days after announcing tariffsn steel and aluminum imports. in one tweet, the president blamed america's traeficit on "very stupid" trade deals and policies. moments later, he tweeted a threat tariffs by the e.u. on american businesses with new taxes on cars imported from europe. the secret service put the white house on lockdown this afternoon after a man shot himse just outside the fence. the man was later declared dead
cret service reports he approached the north fence line of the white house and fired several rounds, none of which were directed at the white house, before shooting himself. no other injuries were reported and the man's identity was not immediately reased. president trump was in florida at his private club at the time of the shooting and was briefed on the incident. he is attending the annual gridiron dinner tonight in washington d.c. the powerf nor'easter that pounded the east coast on friday with heavy rain and hurricane force winds killed at least seven people. even as the storm moves out to sea today, areas from maryland re maine are bracing for strong winds and looding. warnings are expected to remain for much of the northeast until tomorrow. more than two-million homes were left without power overnight and toairports are struggling et back on schedule after canceling erme 3,000 flights yesterday. massachusetts' gr declared a state of emergency today, joining virginia and maryland. newly released documents shed light on the role fossil fuels and other natural resources played ahead of the trump
administration's decision to reduce the size of two national monuments in utah. the "new york times" sued for the release of the documents that show republican utah senator orrin hatch's staff requested the boundary change to bears ears and grand staircase- escalante. the request highlighted oil and gas sights on the land that could be leased with profits helping to fund utah's schools. president trump had said the rationale for reducing the monuments' boundaries was because previous administrations were guilty of a "massive bderal land grab," nause of fossil fuel opportunities. russian president vl putin says he can't say whether alleged meddling in the 2016ct u.s. en broke any russian laws. he with nbc's megyn kelly about last month's indictment of thirteen russian nationals and three russian firms for conspiring to, in part, aid th donald trump campaign. >> ( translated s has to go through official channels, not through the press or yelling and hollering in the united states conivess.
>> sreenan: the interview comes in the midst of esssia's own prential campaign, where putin is running for his fourth term as president. he fes no significant opposition in the march8 vote. : >> sreenivasr some 700,000 undocumented immigrants brought to this country children, this coming monday was the day they feared. it was the day predent trump set for the deferred action for childhood arrivals program, or ca, to expire. but this week, the supreme court decided not to step in after a lower court ruled the trump administration wrongly to end daca. acat keeps the program in pl for at least six months as the case is set to go through more rounds of appeals. this gives lawmakers more time to agree on permanent fix, but it still leaves many dreamers in r mbo. re, i'm joined by "usa today" immigration reporter alan gomez.
not to step in why doesn't the supreme court say, you know what? just let the process take its course? s was very much a procedural move. what happened is a federal judge in california ruled the trump administration used a flawed legal argument to shut down the program anordered th department of homeland security to restart it and continue processing renewals for these dacca recipients. usually, have been for the department of of justice to app circuit court of appeals in california, but they took the incredibly rare step ofrying to leapfrog that court and go straight to the supre court. all the supreme court said this week tdidn't rule on the legality or daccahether the trump administration was right or wrong in terminating it, all they said was, "go back, and go through the regular course of eecpelz we'll get back to you if it the court again. of >> sreenivasan: what happens to the people who are in the middle ofhis. >> by the time it goes through the ninth circuit court ofal
apand it eventually get back to the supreme court, we're talking six months, maybe a year. their protections remain in place for quite a while. but there is a group of dacca recipients -- could be little as 10,000, probably more-- that they fed for their renewals, but because the program was stopped and restaed, the's now this huge backlog in washington to process those renews. so technically a lot of them are hugh d theortation protections. they're in line waiting to get the renewal process, but it't s ear if that the matter to the ice agent who pulls them over or encounters them and whether they will be arrested and face deportation >> sreenivasan: what's likelihood the that congress uses this six mock wisely and come up with a permanent fix? there seems to be some momentum, but it has slowed. >> yeah, that you are moving on. orey're going to pretty much push it off a while because of the timing of it, because it s.ght take a year for thi that means it's off the congressional calendar for now. it means it's probably off the table as a major election issue coming into no
and so for them it's a lot easier for them to say, "okay, we'll get tho later." >> sreenivasan: during this ti the ice raids have not stopped. in fact this week there was one inorthern california. and there was kind of an interesting circumstance. the mayor of oakland there seem to have given a warning to her larger community. >> yeah, we've heard community activists raise the red flag when ice agents are going through a neighborhood, but this is probably the highest ran official, the mayor in oakland, so put out a call saying it looks like there ae ice raids gog in the community. be on the lookout for thisre iconded incredibly angrily over this saying you're pretty much tipping off the that we're going after. you're putting our ice agents at risk by doing this. but the reasoning behind it is that ice isn't just a goinger people-- you know, convicted murderers or felons. they're also picking up anybody else tt they encounter alo the way. so the argument is, look, we're putting out the word for these, you kn, sort of innocent, undocumented immigrants who
haven't committed other crimes to let them knw that this i happening. in this raid there were 23 people arrested. only half of them had a prior criminal conviction. thiyes, this l a controversy of doing this, that puts their agents very much at scprisk i wonder if we'll see more of this from local governmenleaders sreenivasan: all right, alan gomez from "usa today," joining us from ami, thank you so much. >> thank you. >> sreenivasan: the "metoo" movement has inspired discussis in nearly every industry, and the music industry is no exception. at this year's "winter jazzfes"" in new york city, female musicians were speaking t against sexism and the need for more support in the jazz community. newshour weekend spoke with two musicians who performed at the festal-- grammy-award winning drummer and composer terri lyne carrington and up-and-coming vibraphonist sasha berliner.
ivette feliciano reports. ♪ ♪ >> reporte composer and drummer terri lyne carrington is a three-time grammy award winner. perhaps the most prominent female drummer in jazz, carrington was a child prodigy. >> i started playing the drums at seven, but at ten i got mioy card and started working. my dad was a saxophone player and drummer, and my grandfather s a drummer, so i had music runninugh my blood. >> reporter: after four decades in the music business, carrington gives credinot only to her family, but also her mentors, who are living legends: drummer jack dejohnette, saxophonist wayne shorter and anist herbie hancock. >> as my career moved forward there weren't so many female
peers onhe instrument as well, so i just feltike i was. you know, in a bit of a boys club, but i felt likbo you know, so they let into the club, you know, somebody that was an exception. and then i started, you know, realizinthe older i got that, wow, this needs to change. there should be more women that feel ownership in the music. >> reporter: when carrington won a grammy for best jazz instrumental album in 2014, she twas the first and is stihe only woman to win in that cate her win defied the traditional stereotype of women in jaeyzz: re often seen as vocalists, but not instrumentalists. but women were a bright spot at this year's annu winter jazzfest in new york city, one of the biggest jazz festivals in the world, more than a third of the acts had female bandleaders, the highest number in the festival's 14 year history.ek just this the festival made a commitment to furthering
gender equality inazz. it became one of 45 international music festivals that signed to a european music industry initiative pledging to implement a 50/50 gender balance in its lineup and conference panels by 2 it's called "keychange." ♪ ♪ at winter jazzfest, terri lyne rrington was joined by another grammy-award-winning artist, the bassisand vocalist esperanza spalding. they also took part in a panel on jazz and gender. there, the conversation was not just about the need for better female representation, but te sexist culture that female instrumentalists say they regularly face. >> esperanza, i just wanted to ask you too, how you feel sexism has impacted youcareer specifically as a bassist?
>> you know maybe it doesn't bother everybody who walks into that room and has to say, oh, like, no i'm not somebody's girlfriend or a singer but like i'm here to play. you don't notice that you'rebr ing. you don't notice that you're, you're sending verbal, behavioral message: i am not excessible to iany way pt for the music, can't touch me. you can't kiss me. i don't like you. don't get near me energetically because it's not that game. d believe it or not, that takes a lot of energy to maintain. so for the first time being in a group of all women, i personally know accessed aspects of my musicianship that i never got to becae i was in a battle. and you know you're not free in
defense mode, you're in survival mode and the music needs more than survival energy. ♪ ♪ >> reporter: one of the youngest bandleaders at the festival was 19-year-old percussionist sasha berliner, a sophomore at new york city's new school. in her newly assembled quintet, she plays the vibraphone. >> there's just nothing else that sounds like it. and i likehat it can be melodic and also harmonic and also percussive. ♪ ♪ >> reporter: while in behigh schooliner started taking professional gigs in san francisco and often found herself the only woman performing at a show. >> it was a bit uncomfortable at first because not only was i the only woman, but i was by far the youngest person there.te >> repor she recently wrote an open letter to the jazz community, in which she decried the staggeringly small number of women in jazz and, she wrote of the sexism endured by "even
those few women who have been deemed some of the utmost skilled musicians in zz community." >> i think the majority d people are niberately sexist. ort they may not know about their actions orof tendencies in terms of hiring people, inenerms of reprtion are just a product of this culture that's never really supported women. >> reporter: she wrote of male players and teachers who shed believed hw expectations of her because she was a woman, and made sexist comments about female players. berliner also described a history of sexual harassment by an older, would-be mentor. >> it actually, you know, went a lot farther than just like being touchy or giving hugs and stuff and i just got really angry at myself for that. and i think that ruined a lot of my confidence. i had trusissues with a lot of teachers going forward just ocause i didn't want that happen again.
>> reporter: for terri lyne carrington, one way to help end sexism in jazz isvo to e more women: including recruiting more female teachers at music ols. as a professor at the berklee college of music for over a decade, she sees the positive effect of being a female role model for her male students. >> that's why i love teaching, because i really feel like i can make a difference in somebody's fe. and often, it's a young man's life. >> reporter: in the meantime, both carrington and berliner have signed an open letter, started by a group of female jazz musicians insred by the" too" movement-- declaring, in part, "we will not be silent. we have voice. we have zero tolerance for sexual harassment." the tter calls on institutions and the music community to taker
on a greole in creating a safe and equitable environment for not just women, but people of all different backgrounds. the letter has more than 800 signatures. ♪ ♪ah >> sreenivead of the "academy awards," look back at best picture winners on our website, pbs.org/newshour. this week, the united nations warned that both yemen and south sudan are on the bink of severe food crises. in yemen alone, more than eight million people are severely food-insecure, and 400,000 malnourished children are at risk of death. in a new book, "mass starvation the histd future of famine," author alex de waal reveals the world had almost miconquered the threat of by the 1980s, before recent turn.icts caused it to re de waal is the executive director of the world peace foundation and a researcsoh profat the fletcher school at tufts university. he spoke recently to pbs newshour weekeon's megan thom >> reporter: so, first, alex, i want to start by talking about
the causes of famine. you argue it's not what people usually thk. >> usually, when i ask people what is famine, or if you do a google image search for fine, you get an image of a natural disaster, of a... of a drought- induced crop failure particularly in africa that is causing children to starv actually, it's never really been like that, and it's not like t overwhelmingly, the cause of famine is political and military action. we can have economic and climatic causes as secondary factors, but famine, starvation, is basically a political decision made usually in the context of... of... of war or a dictatorial government. >> reporter: i understand that when you first started researching this book, or you came up with the idea to research... to write this book, your research was showing yoyb that we had something to celebrate. >> yes. my initial working title wasto "the h of famine" because what we've seen is an absolutely spectacular decline in the numbers of people who've been killed by famine year n ar.
>> reporter: can you talk a bit more about why we achieved this decrease in the number of people dying? >> well, over the last century, the world has beicher. we have much better functioning food markets. people in rural around the world are... are... are more prosperous, growing better crops. democracies are better functioning so that governments are much more responsive and accountable to fhuood stresses. nitarian agencies are much, much better at providing water and sanitation and child nutrition, and actually go much more deeply into war zones than they used to. so, i started this book in a more celebratory mindset. unfortunately, as i was writing it, what we saw was a return of famine i.. in a number of countries. so, in south sudan, we have a... a government which is ready to use starvation as a... a method of warfare againsst opponents; and ready when international agencies come in ea... to provide food, to
that food to feed... to feed their own soldiers. in yemen, which is the... the biggest famine crime of the day, possibly the biggest famineur crime ofeneration, the... the... the blockade of... of the entire countorced by saudi arabia and the united arabat em, with not much protest from western powers including the united states, has brought that country into a deep food crisis. we're beginning to see a few... a few steps to... by the saudis to allow fooshipments in, which are very late; they are welcome,hey are a small drop in the ocean compared to the enormous need of... of... of the starving yemeni people. nd reporter: well, how would you counsel the u.s.ther governments to end this famine, or possible famine, in yemen? >> we should have a peace process, we should have a... a normalization of economic activity, but we must start with lifting that blockade. and i think the... what is required in order ... to move
in that direction is public ou try. this is.s is not a partisan issue. this is an issue on which people of a political colors can agree that starvation, mass starvation when it is inflicted in this way, is completely unacceptable.ho itd be regarded as a crime. and ultimately, those who... who actually inflicted or stand by and allow it to happen should be brought before a court of law. anif that's not possible, at least they should be brought before the court of public opinion that sayit's utterly unacceptable to behave in this way. >> reporter: alex de wthank you so much for joining me. >> you areery welcome. >> sreenivasan: that'sor all this edition of "pbs newshour weeken s" i'm haenivasan. thanks for watching. have a good night. captioning sponsored by et captioned by media access group at wgbh
access.wgbh.org >> pbs newshour weekend is made bernard and irene schwartz. the cheryl and philip milstein faly. sue and edgar wachenheim, iii. dr. roy vagelos and diana t. vagelos. the j.p.b. foundation. the anderson family fund. ucosalind p. walter barbara hoperberg. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement procts. that's why we're your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: by anhe corporation for public broadcasting, and by
in the next hour, you'll see no museums and no art galleries, just europeans having lots of fun.ro is expert at festivals, and we're about to enjoy my favorites thanks for joining us! ♪ ♪ europe, with so much history, art, and high culture, also knows how to celebrate. and with so many centuries of practice, they do it with amazing gusto.