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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 9, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is ma possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. escapening a vacati that is relaxing, inviting, and er thang is a lot ea you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,ol cog trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.to noflights are available from most major airports.
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more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." aporting from washington, jane o'brien. president trump agrees to unprecented talks with north korean leader kim jong-un, but the white hoe insists there will be conditions. ms. sanders: the president will not have the meeting without concrete steps andon cete action take place by north korea. jane: tit for tat on trade -- how harley davidson could be caught in the crosshairs of retaliation over tariffs. and the american aviator whodi ppeared without a trace. do we finally know what happened to amelia earhart?
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jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. it is perhapthe most startling announcement from president trump so far. he has agreed to meet north korean leader kim jong-un after months of tension and name-calling. it will be the first time a sitting u.s. president has ever met with a north korean leader. but already there are mixed messages coming from the white house about whatonditions need to be met before the meeting can take place. our north america correspondent nick bryant starts our coverage. nick: like the kid who couldn't quite keep the secret, donaldtr ump slipped into the white house press room and told reporterto expect a huge statement on a big subject. and sure enough, a delegation from south korea soon stepped before the microphones to makeja one of the mosdropping diplomatic announcements in decades. mter delivering to the president a personsage from kim jong-un.
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>> he said his eagerness to meet esident trump as soon as possible. president trump appreciated the greeting and said he would meet kim jong-un by may to achieve permanent declearization. ♪ nick: prior to arriving in washington, they hela meeting in pyongyang, with kim jong-un offering a warm hand of friendship rather than rattling his usual saber. on state tv, the schmaltzy soundtrack doubled as diplomatic mood music because tder offered to abandon the nuclear arsenal in return for security guarantees from the united states. then came the sentimental farewell -- kim jong-un sending them off not just with the wave but with an invitation to mr. trump, the most improbable of overtures. donald trump agreed to the invitation instantly, apparently
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howithout preconditions, wut even consulting aides. perhaps that explains the condition toght in the white house with aides playing catch-up and demding verifiable actions by north korea before the summit can take place. ms. sanders: the president will not ha the meeting without seeing concrete steps and concrete actions take place by berth korea. the president wouletting something, and frankly, the world would be getting something. nick: north korea'linuclear capa has posed the toughest foreign policy dilemma for successive administrations, and u.s. presidetus has always ed down offers of face-to-face meetings. only yesterday, america's top diplomat ruled out direct citalks with u.s. ofs. secretary tillerson: in terms of direct talks and you asked negotiations, we are a long ways from negotiations. nick: what the white houset s certain ab the president's tough talk has exerted maximum pressure on pyongyang.
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president trump: they will be met with fire and fury like the world has never seen. rocket man is on a suicide mission for himself and for his regime nick: this ia huge gamble which offers pyongyang a propaganda coup without much diplomatic groundwork, without a guarantee of success. but all of donald trump's presidential predecessors have failed to halt north korea's nuclear program, so perhaps it is worth this dramatic new gesture. two combustible leaders doing with what is the world's most potentially combustible problemt diplomacy akina las vegas title fight, the international s,mmit of the century. nick bryant, bbc n washington. jane: tensions between north and south korea have eased in recent days, with the two countries under a single flag at the winter olympics. south korea's president says the planned meeting is like a miracle, but how are people reacting to the news in the capital, seoul? laura bicker has been finding out.
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laura: for month seoul wondered if it faced the prospect of war once again. today it woke to better news. othe prospea stunning trump-kim summit has turned a crisis into an opportunity. ror of the korean war is not forgotten here. the fighting ended with no peace treaty. is hopede generations will prevent further confrontation. >> i think this will be a turning point, and through this our future children wi benefit from living in a more free and peaceful world. >> i think it is a good thing for both countries, and as a south korean citizen, it that the threat of war is reduced even by a little. >> even if things turn out well,
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it won't benefit people in north korea. in the past, when the south korean president provided aid to north korea, i heard almost none of it went to the common peoplen i don't it is going to turn out well. laura: decades of distrust and suspicion divide north and south. people have learned that hope it is hard to tell what is real progress and what is propaganda. >> a strong word of caution -- the ro ahead is very long, very complicated, very complex. there is no guarantee that the north will ever give up its nuclear weapons easily, if at all. laura: these talks are a huge political gamble. presidents moon and trump could be being played by pyongyang this peninsula could be on the verge of something it has been searchi for for iecely seven decades, a treaty. this statue portrays two brothers divided by the war in a last, desperate embrace.
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there is a sense of cautious optimism that this unresolved conflict could now have a happier ending. laura bicker, bbc news, seoul. jane: i'm joined from bctton by the di of the career working group at the harvard kennedy school. thank you very much for joining me. what realistically could these two leaders achieved by meeting? >>otentially they could achieve a lot,ut lot of preparation has to go into the lead up to this -- what is summiy called a if president trump meets with kim jong-unde in may, theof putting something together that could be the game planco with nation with friends and allies, the potential is there. up till now, we're not seeing any indications of the work being done. this is why a lot of colleagues are looking at the possibility of this moving forward in terms of a process being low at this
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point in time. jane: the white house is saying that the mting will not take place without concrete steps from north korea. what might those be? duringased on precedent, the bush administration there was a process where the talks were in the context of multilateral, six party talks. the process of denuclearization, but the step before that, nuclear disarmament, led to the cooling tower th at the north korean nuclear complex. this. was june 20 the timing is right and there is preparationou, than there be the possibility of the announcement of denuclearization talks and a process in june 2018. there is this opportunity to use this anniversary, but that is an example of a concrete step that all depends on how the white hous now wants to frame those things" innate it in terms of later on. jane: why do you think north korea is coming to the table now? the white house says they a o in a positiweakness.
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do you think that is right? john: jane, right now there are two dominant theories. one is the white house piecere that maximumure is working and kim jong-un is coming for sanctions relief and aspects tied to denuclearization. other is that kim jong-un is in the finalta sges of weapons developing at me icb level, so why not take this preparation in the final stages and frame ias a freeze, sell it as such, and then proceed with development? unfortunately, we will only find out as time passes by. jane: because north korea has engaged in talks while continuing to build nuclear weapons. is there anythinto stop them from doing it again? john: at this stage they are in uncharted territory, in the sense that weapons developvent, missile pment, is the farthest they have easr been. where itperiod seemed like north korea was testing on a weey basis.
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they are at a level where they are countryntercontinental tests, 6.3 on the richter scale. we have to keep mind, this was a man-made earthquake. these capabilities are, bui and how to dilute back task, aly, it is a big long process, and we need to do the hard work in terpa of getting age deal and game plan together. jane: is there danger that these talks could legitimize kim jong-un? that is something he is keen to be seen, a worldrl leader at a table. john: that is one of the state prioties during the six years of kim jong-un's role and the preparation for this. we saw elementof this with the kim regime. theounger sister headed delegation to the opening ceremonies and it looked like a state visit. this aspect of giving legitimacy to the regime of kim jong-un is a priority. right now we have to look at the retroactive cditions being
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discussed. although there is a presidential agreement from president trump that he will mt with kim jong-un, there's a lot of different hurdles to get through beforehand jane: john park, thank you very much for joining me. john: my pleasure. jane: just before the announcement on north korea yesterday, president trumpif imposed tariffs on imported steel andth aluminum, n teeth of opposition from many in his own party and global allies. the ropean union has already threatened retaliation. harley-davidson motorcycles could be targeted -- no small threat to up company that relies on europe for 16% of its sales. trbara plett-usher travel wisconsin, where the company is headquartered, to find out more. barbara: america's motorcycles coming out of hibernation, clearing out winter cobwebs for the spring season. it has become an icon since harley first cultivated the counterculture, bad boy image,he and quartered in a state that voted for trump.
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that is why the eu targeted it. it is about a lifestyle, a brand that attracts a loyal following. domestic sales are down because baby boomer customers are aging out and millennials are not buying big bikes. international sales are important. euro has become a profitable market. harley davidson says retaliatory tariffs would have a significant impact. >> i pledge algiance to the flag -- barbara: this is the monthly meeting of a harley davidson club on the outskirts of milwaukee. there is not a lot of new blood here. everyone is talking about plans to mark th bike's 115th anniversary. arnews of a tariffake them uneasy, trump to stand up for america. >> he should have better ideas. barbara: what do you mean? >> get rid of the tariffs. all they wildo is jack up prices on soda, beer, cars. >> european countries are not going to benefit.
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it is just going to make trump angry. he ia little shortsighted sometimes. he tweets o darn much. and so we will end up having a retaliatory respse, which is t good for anybody. barbara: what do you tnk of the tariffs the eu is threatening to impose on harley? >> i am the field.s evening putting tariffs on steel coming into the country, so our steel does not suffer. he has got to level the playing field. but i don't want harley to suffer in a trade war. people who want harley are going to get harley.ma barbara: ner what? >> no matter what. babe ♪ take a walk on the wild side ♪ barbara: it is the ultimate prize for the motorcycle fan, and the eu has taken this road before in a tariff war. gainst georgesh. he backed down. donald trump relishes the
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conflict which may take the shine off the harley dream. barbara plett-usher, bbc news, milwaukee, wisconsin. jane: quick look at the days's other news. florida governor rick scott has signed the first gun control bill since last mth's school shooting. it raises the legal minimum age forg buy rifles and it was a three-day waiting period on firearms a sales, but wiow the arming of some school employees. the action was propelled by a lobbying campaign by survivors of the massacre. e military has deployed chemical weapons experts to english town of salisbury to help t m investigate the attempted murder of a next russia spy and his daughter. and hiskripal daughter yulia collapsed on suaay after being exposed t nerve agent. an aid convoy has unloaded food supplies in the rebel-held enclave of easter ghouta in syria, the third attempt this week to get to civilians.
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they hope to get medical suppli next week. far they have not been allowed. t2017 w most violent year in mexico's drug war, with 25,000 murders. for over ahe decade,rmy has been deployed in an effort to bring peace to the streets, a move the government wants . make permane human rights organizations and say that would be unconstitutional. will grant reports from outside mexico city, where a police chf has managed to perform local law enforcement practices. will: it is one of the most densely populated places earth. over one million people crammed into a patwork of low income housing outside mexico city. over the years, criminal networks have taken hold in the suburb, often with the complicity of local police. but these officers insist their force has anged. they credit a few simple reforms improving wages,
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imposed by this man, a former sociology professor turned police chi. >> we have broken the paradigm on policg here, especially local policing. all too often in our country, police chiefs and politicians have seen security not as a public service, but as a .siness, only to make mon as welldis reforms, the ctor also introduced new technology. this nerve center of crsv cameras coll corners of neta. and a neighborhood watch network provides the eyes and ears on the ground. say they haves broken with the traditional ways of thinking out policing in mexico. rather than imposing greater and greater force, instead they are trying to rid the police of corruption and bring the officers closer to the
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communities that they serve. things have gotten so ugly here, we have lost confidence in nepalese, but slowly we are getting itac -- in our police, but slowly we are getting it" bacys this neighbor. mexico is expressing its worst violencen decades. the government has responded by passing police powers to the army. now they want to make it permanent. human rights activists have grave reservations. army has tortured thousands of people and has disappeared and summarily executed many more. will: the bbc requested an interview with the mexican army, but none was granted. the new method's unorthodox, but they appeared to be working. reported crimes drop i almost halfn three years. litary force, he says, isn't the answer. >> security comes from burdening
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sociy closer together, from a closer relationship between the people and their institutions. will:ve many mexicans belie that local police cannot be trusted, that they are all bad apples and rotten to the core. in much of the country, that may be true. but here, this unique experiment may have suck formula for safer communies without need for the army. jane: you are watching abc world newsmerica." still to come ononight's program, could flying rs rid your morning commute of trafc altogether? how one company is turning science fiction intoeality. rid our oceans of plastic? it is a problem that has had a huge amount of attention in recent months, and scientists are asking members of the public to help with efforts to clean up britain's close line --
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coastline. reporter: our bridges on the front line in the war against plastic. used tonology is being better the idea of the sky in the problem. ouri in t sky captures shores. >> we use the dron to survey inaccessible beaches as well as public beaches and take thousands of photographs. we load the photographs to an online platform, and anybody in the country, whether they are scientists or not scientists, aildren orlts, can log in and tag where they seen plastics in the photograph. that mean the cleanup teams can focus their efforts on the worst-hit places. cleaning up the plastic still needs people power. this was hours this morning.ple
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thf gives an idea of the st around on our beaches. the visual evidence of this problem. the majoty of the plastic is right down there. than 8 millasn tons of plc goes into the ocean every year. much of it so small it is barely visible. it is estimated th less than 1% gets collected. >> what we see on the beaches is a fraction of what iout there. the beach is a really good place to clean up and to address that. ultimately, what we need to do is stop you classic going in the oceans in the first plhee. reporter:ands made the shifting, but we have really tten started getting a grip on the true nature of the problem. jane: th in science-fiction stories, but now flying cars are about to shift gears from fantasy to reality.
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a duh company has unveiled a vehicle that would allow drivers to zip through traffic on the ground or fly above it. >> at the airport, drivers sprout wings and becompilots. the wings unfold to a span of 12 yards, and presto, it's a planle reporter: peave been designing flying cars for years, but commercially, they've never made it off the ground. commercially, they've never made >> airspeed is over 200 miles an hour. reporter: but not anymore, because this flying car is otually in production. yes, you can buy. it is the fruit of 15 years of research and development. therbody shell is carbon fib so it is very light, and over here, these plates provide the -- these blades provide the lift. they open up like helicopters but rotate under their own momentum. it is a gyro copter.
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power is provided by two engines in the back here. can do 150 kilometers on the ur in 180 kilometers an the air. why would you want to fly when you can go almost as fast on the road? to get above all the pesky traffic jams, of course.ak it from five to 10 minutes to convert it from a car into an aircraft it does need a runway to take off and land. so what exactly is the point of it? >> aviation goes from a place where you don't want to leave to a place where you don't want to be. oyou want to leave the do your garage and then go to where you want to be. that is what we offer -- 3-d mobility, flying and driving. reporter: its fully certified and meets european safety requirements, but it doesn't come cheap. this one will cost you hf a million euros. the cheapest version, 300,000 euros. also, you need a pilot's license. so it really isn't fo everybody.
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me, i amfl off to geng lessons. jane: a little weight to go with that. but from flying cars of the future ta famous pilot of the past. the mystery behind amelia earhart's disappearance in 1937u has led generations and led to numerous theories. now a new scientific study in has concluded that bonesed discovn a pacific island are likely to be hers. reporter: these are the veryof last pictures amelia earhart. the american aviator famous for flying solo across the atlantic. orr tough character and high profile advocating aviation and women pilots made her a gendary figure. >> around the world by the equator. reporter: in 1937, she set off in an attempt to fly across the globe, but sheanished over the pacific ocean during one of the last legs of the trip, i disappearance that would lead to multiple theories.
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three years later, a british party explored an island in the pacific ocean southwest of hawaii. they found items, including a human skull and a bottle of herbal liqueur, which the pilot was known to carry. investigation at the tim believed the remains belonged to a man,ut doubt has been cast on the conclusion. a study has used historical photographs to determine that her body proportskns matched the etal remains. scientists say that when the remas were found, the result study of bones were in the early stages, so the results may not have been accurate. >> how about taking meround? >> well, gasoline is more valuable than you are. reporter: earhart once said of her solo activities, "it is far easier to start something than to finish it."no more than 80 years since her disappearance, it seems as though this mystery may be
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nearing its end. ne: at long, long last. i am je o'brien. thanks for wching "bbc world news america," and have a great weekend. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through to date with the latesttay up headlines you can trust. download now from lected app stores. ntationing of this pre is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, aends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, coolg trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flhts are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: move or a risky one? how president trump's decision to meet with north koreanr kim jong-un changes the u.s.' approach to nuclear negotiations. then, on the fire line. changes at the top of the forest service, after our nour investigation into a culture of sexual misconduct and retaliation at the agency. al ahead, we sit down with "a wrinkle in time" director ava duveay to talk her new film and being the first african american women to lead a movie of this scale. >> it's an indictmenof an industry that's ignored incredible black women, brown women, all kinds of women of color, filmmakers, for decades,

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