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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 25, 2018 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundaon, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america'sd negleceds, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form mind, and then we begin to chisel we strip away everything that stan in the way to reveal ne possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to
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banking arou you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. from best buddies to putting the distance between them, the french president'c's address to ress exposes sharps differencewith donald trump. president macron: not killing our planet, let's fix it. there is no planet b. jane: the white house stands behind ronny jackson as they are pick to head veterans affairs despite allegations of misconduct. od fit for a president. after last night's state dinner, we speak to one chef who knows what it is like to prepare those
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plates. jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. what a difference a day makes. on tuesday, donald trump and emmanuel macron were all handshakes and cozying up at th. white ho today in an address to congress, the french president took aim at some of mr. trump's key policies. he stood behind the iran nuclear deal and stressed the urgency oe tackling clihange. the bbc's north america editor jon sopel starts our coverage. his report ds contain flash photography. jon: the social high point of the state visit is the white house banquet, and last night, once again that entente,h so cordial, was on show again. >> mr. speaker, the president of the french republic. t
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joay in congress, the french president had a twinkle in his eye. president macron: in 1778, the french philosopher voltaire andi benjamin framet in paris. t john adams tel story that after they had shaken hands, they embraced each other by hugging one another in their arms and kissing each other's cheeks. can remind you something. [laughter] jon: but then something unexpected, a full-on assault on virtually every policy that donald trump holds dear. forget bromance, this was bromide. "americahe isolationis first" policies. president macron: we can choose isolationism, withdrawal, and nationalism. this is an option. o but closing the doore world will not stop the evolution of the world.
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it will not douse, but inflame the fears of our citizens. jon: and on free trade, support multilateral institution inequality, science, the iran nuclear deal, they were an ocean apart. then the french president rounded donald trump over climate change. forget "make america great again," it was time to make the earth great again. president macron: by polluting the oceans, not mitigating co2 emissions, and destroying our biodiversity, we are killing our planet. let's face it, there is no planet b. aughter] [applause] t jos was an audacious speech. on the floor of congress, wherep the u.sident delivered the state of the union address, the keynote moment of the political year, a foresitor used his platform to lambaste his host's policies, but with a smile and bonhomie.
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anthis was a hugely signif speech by emmanuel macron, not just because of the attack it contained on donald trp's policies, but because it showed the french leader setting himself up as a man with the alternative vision to the u.s. president. and all the time maintaining that bonhomie with him. that is quite a political feat. jon sopel, bbc news, washington. jane: so what did the french 'ske of president macron visit? i spoke a short visiting fellow with the brookings institution. thank you very much indeed for joining me. what do you think president macron got out of this visit? >> he got out of this visit an exce trump.lationship with he already had it, but it was confirmed by the ver gesture that his american hosts awarded him. it was concluded by a successful speech in congress, and so he has put himself very much at the forefront ofransatlantic
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relations with the special relationship. jane: but does this relationship come with risks? president trump is not particularly popular in fran. >> he is not popular at all. his favorability ratings are abysmal, about 14%. so it doesn't come with the riss in tse that the french are very pragmatic with this approach. they might dislike donald trump, but they appreciate the effort that the french present is doing in trying to reach out to donald trump. jane: so how will they judge the success of this trip? >> i think a big part of it will be.udged on what happens ne president macron has proven that he is influential, for example, on the syria front, on being able to create a framework for stability. he has pointed that out as a suess. but maybe the first deadline of success will be may 12, when president trump will have to deden whether or not to reestablish sanctions against iran.
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president macron was able tohi have him his gear on that position will be a good story to tell as a french influencer. jane: he also painted a competing vision of the world, a very liberal, globalized world. but america to a large extent has rejected. you think he changed an minds with that speech? celia: in that speech he presented his own vision. i think that is what was important, that he didn't want to come here and show his friendship to donald trump and show at the same time he would agree with donald trump. he was very much the contrarian to donald trump in this spee, putting forward a model of in globalization that needs to be regulated, but he was contrasting himself with donaldo trump on nlism and
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withdrawal with this particular speech. jane: he seems to have been an advance guard for european intervention. we have gean chancellor angela merkel arriving on friday. what do you think this has done for his standing within europe d globally? celia: well, he is putting himself forward as a new lear for europe maybe not thr leader, but at least one of those that really counts. he put forward some reforms for european integration. and actually, the american visit, the state visit to the united states serves as an echo chamber for his vision of what should be european integration, which is that the europeans nee to w their sovereignty, on the defense, because they contrast in models with the united states.yo jane: thanvery much for joining me. celia: thank you, jane. jane: president trump's pick to lead at the department of veterans affairs has r into some serious headwinds. ronny jackson, who currently
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serves as president trump's ician, is facing accusat of misconduct and fostering a hostile work environment. today the white house defended him again and said he received more vetting than most nominees. fomore, i was joined a brief time ago by our north american reporter anthony zurcher. y,anthow did the white house not see this coming? anthony: it's a very good question. they should have, but this is the way that donald trump has made personnel picks, not only as president but when he wasru ing his business. he has a habit of looking ate, someaving a gut reaction, liking them, and then putting them in a position they are not t cessarily qualified for think they could learn to be qualified for and be suited for , and then seeing how they do. it may work if you find a security guard and make him head of trump properties. a little more challenging when you are president and instantly your picgets scrutinized. that that is what we saw with ronny jackson.
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we side with the labor secretary, army secretary -- n we have seenag these people fall by the wayside once they have been investigated. jane: given the political climate in addition to that, what do chances of being confirmed? anthony: if you listen to even republicans in the senate right now, they aren't really hapth he way this nomination was announced. they were not given any kinds of heads-up. it is definitely out of left field. there is no established constituency for him. now with allf these details coming out -- there was a two-page memo released by senate democrats detailing over presibing medicine, allegations of drunkenness on the job, allegations of creating a hostile workplace for cuemployees -- that is dif to sell to head up the second-largest apartment in the -- department in the u.s. government. the v.a. has bureaucrats all over theountry. jane: a sharp ght turn -- donald trump is used to tweeting, but somebody else has been tweeting.
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who isha anthony: kanye west! kanye west is back on twitter, and after a week of tweeting inspirational messages, he is tweeting about donald trump and how much he loves donald trump. he tweeted a photograph of him in a "make america great again" hat and says both he and trump have dragon energy. it is a strange turn, but donald ump has embraced this, said it was really cool on twitter. you saw donald trump, jr., retweeting it as well. kim kardashian tweeted and donald trump, jr., like to that. strange confluence of politics jane: dragon energy. a bit like you and me. anthony: exactly. jane: quick look at the day's other news. chinese scientists say that they believe north korea's test sites have been so badly damaged by an atomic explosion that it is no longer usable. scientists say the mountain has become so fragile that radioactive dust is coming through the cracks. if true, that could explain pyongyekg's decision last we to close down the site.
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there has been a series of demonstrations across germy against anti-semitism in solidarity with 2 jewish men who were attacked for wearing jewish skullcaps. many non-jews joined the protests wearing the cap's. i gathering in brussels has raisednd nearly $4 billion to aid efforts in syria. the group says t money pledged is half needed, but called it a good start. 59 people in syria -- 15 million people in super neat humanitarian help. police in southern spainrlave seized nnine tons of cocaine in banana boxes shipped from combia. it is a european record for drugs found in a single shipping container. the drugs are estimated to have a street value of running in the hundreds of millions of dollars. officials in libya are warning of a new migrant crisis in the mediterranean. eyre appealing for help from the international community to combat the flow of migrants
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leaving north africa and trying to reach europe. as summer arrives, committee -- many are once more are tempting the dangers crossing. in libya, thousands of people have been intercepted in recent days.ri fromli, andrew harding andrew: light off the coast of libya, and an unfamiliar force is preparing for the mediterranean migration season. libya's coast guard, out of action for years, is back, nded by europe and on a mission to stop tens of thousands of migrants trying to cross this to reach italy. is thithe way to stop migration to europe? >> yes, yes. we have three boats. we go over sea daily. we stop the migration. we have no problem. andrew: well, some problems. this smuggler's boat full of
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somalis is relucnt to but libyans insist.e the grants must be stopped. >> i'm very happy. andrew: why happy? >> because the ocean was terrible. very risky. andrew: risky, but some migrants would still rather swim for it then face returning toibya. dozens splash their way to a german ship, hoping it will take them to europe. for sure, libya is a little calmer now seven years after the death of colonel qaddafi. but recovering from the war is still a fragile affair. >> we're doing a lot. andrew you are making progress? >> yes, yes. andrew: what do you need from y?the international commun >> really support, not to lose
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this chance. andrew: another patroloat returns to tripoli packed with migrants. owny will now be sent home. >> i don't hat to do. i am trying to help myself. andrew: some will call this ogress, libya trying to control its borders once again. but it is going to be a busy ye. these somalis are safe for now, but 2018 has not gone off to a promising start. the authorities inripoli say they have already rescued more than 3000 people from the mediterranean. that is far more than the same time last year. it is a huge challenge for the libya for all those stilled determo chase a better life. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, how do you cope when your job is to review some of
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the worst material online? we go to one of facebook's content centers for those viewing extreme weat material -- web material. a seven-year-old girl whtelost her leg being diagnosed with bone cancer has had it reattached backwards. she had a re procedure which involves the like of being amputated high up on her thigh and the lower leg reattached to the wrong way. it meansll her heel eventually work as a knee joint. reporter: amelia is an amazing little girl with a very special g. she is having chemotherapy to stop the cancer comingngack, and trai her brain to see her leg. is it strange to see the light the wrong way around? >> yeah -- not now,ut when i
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look in the mirror it looks strange in the mirror. reporter: last summer she was running around like any typical seven-year-old, but then the problems started. the tumor shows up in white on this scan. newhe ankle joint becomes a knee joint. reporter: is left surgeons no option but to amputate the top of her leg. had it, shet would've had the amputation, and that would have been very difficult for her to w it would have been very difficult to have a good level of mobility. now she has a good knee joint and a good hip joint and she will get to hopefully dance and take part in the sport she wants to do. reporter: the t-mobile last for a few more months, and that am --he chemo will last for a few moments, and then amelia will be fitted for her first prosthetict now she needs in her foot to become her knee.
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up, down, right. ah! [laughter] news, birmingham. jane:acebook has published new guidelines for content and created an appeals process. the company is trying to repair levels of trust following an alleged breach of data privacy by british firm cambridge analytical. the release of the new rules has called attention to the difficult work of content moderators who reviewed millions of complaints every day about extreme material uploaded to facebook. reporter: report something you don't like on facebook, and it ends up at a place like this. behind the door, facebook's
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content moderators, looking at the worst the internet o cer so you don't have to. they are people like laura. >> i remember i cried -- reporter:y who would olk to us and honestly. she doesn't -- anonymously. she doesn't work there anymore. it was too difficult, too distressing. >> every day you see things that shock you, traumatizing stuff. ikornography child --even a six month old baby being raped. you see graphic images of blood and terrorist attacks. reporter: she says there was a constant pressure to hit targets -- hdreds of actions or tic kets per day, each one potentially traumatic content. >> you become like a machine. it is like five seconds or less. next side. k i th complain almost every day from almost every day
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because we had problems. we didn't like the things we wepo looking at. rter: facebook actively promotes its community standards , urging users to click and report bad content for people like laura to review. founder, mark zuckerberg, under fire for alleged data breaches and a lack of ansparency and has now published internal guidelines on how it decides what content is except herbal and what is not. 700 moderators work in this office in berlin. facebook insists they are all carefully chosen. we weren't allowed to inteiniew them andout what they really thought. there isassured psychological support available 24 hours a day. clearly the content, some of it is deeply distressing. how much do you value these young people, these young content moderators? >>e value them so much. facebook is important.
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it is ato corne of everything we do in keeping the community say. reporter: the moderator we spoke to said it was the worst job she had ever done. >> we know it is difficult. we are committed to giving theme wheneverneed to do the job well. there are counseling resources for them, and they can be shifted to work on a different type of content. it is important for us to keep our communities safe buttolso importanupport our employees and keep them happy. reporter: laura is one of thousands from a growing army of young people hidden from view, protecting us from the very darkest parts of socl media. >> a couple of times i imagine mark zuckerberg coming to the office and i imagine just telling him, "how are you allowing this to happen? that young people are having to see these things?" reporter: bbc newsreporter: berlin. jane: looks like a really tough job. plast night tsident and first lady hosted their first
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official state dinner. it took months of preparation and planning to organize thee elaborfair, and one person who knows what it is like behind the scenes of this most presidential of traditions ishi the former w house chef. he worked in the obama administration and is out with e new cookbook c"eat a little better." he joined to be a short time ago to speak about it. thanks very much forng me. evas somebody who could no organize a picnic, these thought -- the thought of a state dinner is horrific. tell >> they are incredible events. it is months of work that he start right planning what you think is an appropriate menu for your guests, and then the first lady makes some tweaks, and then there is tasting, and you get to work with how you logistically pull it off. hundreds of people, not a lot of space. it is a real lots of talk has gone into how responsible the first lady is in this.
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does she have a hands-on role? >> i'm sure every administration isn ifferent. i ly speak for the administration i was in. for our first lady, she was very concerned about the experience of every guest in the white house and wanted to make sure it representative of who we were and what we valued, but also fun and enjoyable and represented our country well. jane: in planning the actual food, is there lots of symbolism to it? >> yeah, we always try to highlight american products, the various regions of our country, great chefs. we bring in american chefs to help cook the dinner. but we always want to have -- pay homage to whatever the country was. include an herb or spice or traditional dish that shows spect. but we could never do ourto vi' food better than they can at home, so you never want to cook their own food. jane: wt is fascinating about your job is you can go from the fancy stuff from last night to the more mundane dinner at home for the family. what is that like?
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>> your food beces a sort of sanctuary. family dinner becomes a place where they can be together as a family the food we cooked every night was very simple. one plate, nothing fancy. it is all about comfort, familiarity. it is aouse. you don't want it like a restaurant every no one wants to eat like that every night. dinner played an important role there. jane: you have written a book,at little better." did you try to improve the way the obamas cooking for them? >> that is how it all started coming in chicago. er tried to make it easier for michelle obama andirls to eat a little better and set up her kitchen and home for success. put the healthy stuff out so the kids could see them and that is wh they would take, take the treats and put them on the top shelf. it had a huge impact and started a conversaon on what we could do to the nationo help support
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families across bee country eat er. this book is an extension of that work, to show that what we have on our plates makes a big impact not only on our own health but on the environmenifl health, anou make steps in the right direction, they can have a big impact. jane: what was the obamas' favorite food?la >>hter] i used to say that was top-secret information. jane: oh, go on. >> there wasn't a single favorite we were dointhis work can and we were living our values. egry balanced. lots of fruits andables, whole grains, plenty of chicken, lots of fish. steak on friday. nothing crazy. there wasn't any "i've got to have this all the time." jane: thk you very much indeed for joining me. >> thanks so much for having me. jane: you remember those reports that president obama used to eat seven almonds at night as a late-night binge? sam told me that is not actually
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true,e andould know because he was the one who started the rumor. you can find much more on all the day's news on our websit i am jane o'ien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work ayour lifestyle, so you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latestn headlines you ust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutis for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities.
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n purepoint financial, we have designed our moderproach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your. drea your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented bycet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc oodruff: good evening, i judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, travel ban at the supreme court-- we breakdown the arguments testing the limits of president trump's authoritand get response from sally yates, who loster job by refusing to then, new details raise serious questions about mr. trump's pick toead veterans affairs. and, miles'brien gets exclusive access inside facebook to reveal how the social media giant struggles with the problem of false news. >> one of the issues we face ish misinformation is often very engaging. so, people don't create a lot of fake boring stories. in general, if they're going to go through the trouble of creating a fake story, it's about something reallyd interesting anciting. >> woodruff: all that and more


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