tv BBC World News America PBS April 27, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT
>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible byfo the freemadation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financ >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everhing that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you --
your plans, your goals, yo dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news hierica." reporting from wton, i am laura trevelyan. extraordinary scenese border between north and south korea as the country's two leaders promise peace. the pair vow to rid the peninsula of nuclear weapons. president trump hosted the german cncellor today, talking trade and the iran nuclear deal. and had tough words for tehran. president trump: they will not be doing nuclear weapons, that i can tell you. ok? they are not going to be doing nuclear weapons. n bank on it. laura: and afo name fit a prince. meet louis, the latest addition to the royal family.
viewers onome to our public television here in the u.. and also around the glo the big question for the leaders of north and south korea, and thworld at large, what nex after history was made today. kim jo-un and south korean president moon jae-in ended decades of distrust by shaking hands on the bder. in speeches and statements, they pledged to work wards a denuclearized korean peninsula and official end to the korean war. the bbc's laura bicker walks us through a day of momentous events. laura b.: this one outstretched hand could offer the korean peninsula a fresh start. the north korean leader, often a stgure of fear, smiled as he took the historis down.
then he decided to direct the action. together the two lea crossed back and forth over a border that has separated them for 65 year mr. kim announced he felt a swirl of emotion. an upbeat honor guard captured the mood as they headed for talks. .: laura new chapter of history is being written, he said. "i came here standing at the starting line, firing the starting signal." it was an emotional moment in this class, as nearly half of the children are from north korea. many left their families behind. a peace treaty may be the only chance they have of seeing them again. we cannot show some of their faces, to keep the love ones
safe. when was the last time you saw yo mom? >> i last saw her january 21, 2011. i hope from this meeting we can live in a world where there is no war and no s.re nuclear we >> the first handshake is always the hard part. after that, it is easy. they did it, we did it. laura b.: after lunch, mr. kim was running a bit late, whicht megood cardio workout for his security detail. ntd then in a day of extraordinary mocame this. they simply went for a stroll. in the most heavily fortified border in the world. and thenat for a chat, while
the world tried to lip-read in korean. they didn't keep us waiting long for the declaration. >> facing each other, i wholeheartedly feel once again that north and south arehe blood,ople and the same and we cannot be separated. >> chairman kim and i reaffirmet th korean peninsula without nuclear weapons is a shared goal through completeza denucleaon. d ura b.: they toasted the joint aim to formally ene korean war and work towards a peace treaty. they also promised tite the families torn apart by division. on the face of it, these are strong words of ambition and hope. but amidst the lofty language, there is very little detail, and kim jong-un did not say he was willing to give upis nuclear weapons.
there was more political theater as the two said farewell.ju st months ago, they were on the brink of war. now the world is watching this warm embrace. there is no doubt it is a good start.wa but thahead is still not clear. laura bicker, bbc news, seoul. laura: for more on this historic meeting i spoke a brief time ago with a professor of korean studies at tufts university's fletcher school. this was an historic meeting between the two leaders, but was there any substance behind the smiles? >> tre was a lot of substance for north korea. it indeed is an historic moment for the north korean leader because just by flashing a few smiles for the cameras and coming across as an affable,
normal head of state, kim fected aim dramatic e makeover from little rocket man to global everyman, a reasonable leader with whom the outside world can do business. what kind of business? nuclear negotiations, which always entail concess fns, money flm the outside to pyongyang's coffers. laura: president trump said today that north korea hasbe played the u.sre but won't be played again. do you share his confidence as he has towards the summit with m jong-un? >> just looking at preces,de various academics, officials, and journalists have come into andact with kim jong-il even kim jong-un, whom mike ompeo met a few weeks ago,
negotiations with low expectations and find that the north korean leader is not azy, self-effacing, has sense of humor, and at times says rational things like "i understand that the u.s. troops in south koreainlay a stabil role. therefore, i am not calling for the immediate withdrawal." the outsider comes away from the meeting mesmerized, convinced he has gained a deep new nsight into ture of the regime, usually by virtue of his own intellect command that the, and charisma -- intellect, eathy, and charisma. this is an elaborate trap that kim has to set for trump don't think he is prepared to go into the meeting, because such as the tendency to patronize the north korean dictator. laura:ti you sound very skl. the north and south korean leaders have agreed on the goal ofealizing complete denuclearization, a nuclear-free
korean peninsula. does that mean no nuclear u.s. ships anywhere near korea? >> that's right. it is a strange phrase, because their are no nukes in the south. why do we keep a blithely using the aforementioned? north korea tells you what they mean by that -- dislodging teence from the region can getting u.s. troops out of south korea, the abrogation of the militarykorea alliance come and getting u.s. troops out of japan eventually as well. you have two different definitions and objectives in collision here. laura: professor, thanks so much for joining us. >> thank you. laura: president trump said today he feels a responsibility to ensure the denucleaon of the korean peninsula, and something very dramatic could happen in his talks with kim jong-un. he was speaking at a press
conference alongside german aancellor angela merkel. here's a lowhat else the two covered during the german leader's visit. a warm welcome for the german chancellor from the american president. both leaders aware of how minutely their body language will be scrutinized. after all, when president macron of france was here this week, he was embraced and feted for three days, unlike merkel's first esit with trump here when seemed to avoid shaking her hand. byhe contrast, todayood was positively upbeat, including hand-checks. angela merkel praised the warm reception, and the president said they are misunderstood. president trump: we actually had had a great relationship right from the beginning but some tople didn't understat, but we understand it and that is what's important. laura: but there is no disguising the gulf between the pair. thscautious angela merkel d not want the impetuous u.s. president to impose tariffs on germany's imports, and she wants america to stay in the iran nuclear deal. but mr. trump's new secretary of state today signaled that is
unlikely. : absenty pompeo overcoming the shortcomings of the u deaikely to stay in the deal. laura: at a press conference after the whirlwind few hours ih white house, mr. trump was even more direct about iran's nuclear ambitions. : i don't taump about whether i will be using military force, that is not appropriate for me to be talking about, but ian tell you this, they will not be doing nuclear weapons. that i can tell you. laura: for her part, angela merkel said the iran deal was a first step and it was important' to curb teh's influence. asked point-blank if mr. trump would continue to exempt the eu from steel and aluminum tariffs, she was diomatic. chancellor merkel: we had a difference of views on the currt state of affairs on negotiations and the assessment of where we stand, and the decision lies with the president. laura: there was a dose of america first fr the president for the multilateralist german chancellor.
prident trump: i am representing the united states. angela is representing germany. she is doing a fantastic job. thank you very much, everybody. laura: this is a very different american president, and angela merkel, like other worle leaders, ining how to handle him. 'for more on today'meeting, i'm spoke brief time ago with one of president obama's top aides on european affairs, now at the council on foreign relations. charles, this looked to be a friendlier encounter between president trump and chancellor merkel, but is there any chance ll she can sway him on t iran nuclear deal? charles: well, the meeting didn't have the hugs and kisses 's trump meeting, but they shook hands and the president said nice things about her, so the rela bonship seems on a somewhat better footing. it is too soon to know whether this tagteam of macron at the beginning of the week d merkel at the end of the week will make a difference. it is clear that the europeans have said to trump that this is a building block, the iran deal.
let's look at ballistic missiles, let's look at thela sunsete, let's look at the bad behavior in the region. but now we have to wait and see whether trump is going to uphold thdeal. we will know within the next couple of weeks. laura: we will know on may 12. but this idea that was being floated by the german leader and french leader of a bigger deal, uld that appeal to this president? charles: a bigger deal meeting putting these other agreements? i think thr goal is to leave the current deal intact, because they are afraid that if they try to revise it, the russians and chinese and iranians may say no deal, we are out of here, d then we have iran going, who knows, perhaps towards nuclear weapons. i think their strategy is h convin that the europeans are doing enough on these other fronts to leave the jcpoa, the core deal, intact, and meanwhile talk about these other issues. arankly, part of what is going on here is they buying time. they are hoping that two years
from now, or soon thereafter, trump proves to be a one-term president they have someone else and they can work with. laura: right, but we are in the here and now, and next week the europeanwill find out whether or not they continue to get the exception fromhe steel and aluminum tariffs. angela merkel was very it isatic today, sayi up to the president. do you think he will hurt his allies? charles: i think there is good chance he's going to go ahead th the tariffs and a good chance he may pull out of the iran deal, in part because the midterms are looming and he is going to be playing to his face. -- base. but the europeans i think are going to keep the strategy, wheeh is don't give up, talking to him, but don't give in. whether it is trade, iran, climate, keep workin this man because there is no option. my big fear over the long run is that anti-americanism an anti-trumpism grows in europe to the point where it becomes hard
for democratic leaders to reach out to trump. laura: ms. mkel was very conciliatory about nato spending. that is all music to trump's ears, isn't it? charles: she sd they are going to increase, not huge, 1.2%, 1.3% of gdp. that gives trump the ability to say, see, it is working, i getting the germans to spend more on defense. erall it was a decent meeting. now we will have to wait and see whether this appeal to trump is going to get him to move on the iran deal and on the sanctions. laura: charles kupchan, thank you so much for joining us. in other news now, the gaza health ministrfosays israeli rces have killed two palestinians and injured almost 350 at demonstratiers on the bord. the protesters rolled tires and hurled stones during the so-callegreat march of return, which started five weeks ago. 45 people have died in the clashes including a palestinian journalist.
thheprotesters are demanding right to return toheir homes seized by israel in 1948. an investigation into a plane crash that killed most of a brazilian football team in 2016 has found that lack of fuel cost caused the tragedy. of the 77 people on board, only six survived when it crashed approaching the airport in colombia.ba the fo team were on their way to the first leg of a south american competition. 19 players and coaches died. australian scientists have announced a plan to find and identify thousands of undiscovered species. an estimated 700 typ p of andals,nts, fungi, microbes in australia, only about 30% have been documented. researchers believe the remainder could provide cures diseases like tuberculis. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, learning a new way of life after fleeing the war in syria. why these kids are going to school with their turkish counterparts.
the king of swaziland has changed his country'satame, meaning he home of the swazi people. tse announcement came on the 50 anniversary of i independence last week. will citizens be better off with the new name? last hysoluteca's monarcarks 50 years of independence. but only the elite are the ones celebrating. the tiny kingdom with a population of over one million has not seen a civil war in over five decades. but it is certainly not pro-democracy activists accuse i of living ai
lavish lifestyle andng showi little concern for the poor, an allegation he denies. the country's system of government has banned opposition political parties, but alls for a parliament to assist. a major concern for activistsit face sn and terrorism charges for defining the king -- fying the king. all this in a country where the ing's word the lawful to the wealth gap is significant and economic prospects remain sluggish. two thirds of people here live below the poverty line. but in rural areas, it is even worse. poorer than in y's few urban areas. >> we have nothing here. the pension money not enough for meed to y children and look out for the rest of my family. king and his government to do more for us.
reporter: has the struggle to improve lives intensifies, it is hoped much more will be done to break the chainer of intergional perty. .bc news,swatini turkey has taken in 3.5 million syrian refugees, more than any other nation. many are children, and a new eu-funded program is sending them to school with turkish kids to heal the wounds of war. as part of the bbc's "crossing s" season, mark lowen has been to the turkey-syria border to see the result. >> good morning! reporter: for the children of this school in southern turkey, the real lessons are about each
other.ri turkish and pupils sit, learn, and share together. this is a project to integrate the two nationalities. syrian refugees not kept apart, but mixed in with their hosts. "i've learned how to speak workers," says one from -- speak turkish," says one from aleppo, "and i learned about their food. everything iturkey is great." the primary school is one of hundreds part of a new integration scheme funby the eu and costing 300 mlion euros. it aims to assimilate syrians to turkey rather than segregating the refugees in a makeshift syrian-only schools. del works by also giving syrians their own turkish lessons so they feel able to take part in other mixed classes. specially trained guidanceel teachers hp the syrian kids adjust. when syria's war brokctout, few bpeed that seven years on the
refugees would stihere, schooled in turkish. this project is a recognition of reality. the syrians are virtually a permanent part of turkis society. they need to be integrated. for many here, there is little ho of returning home. as they build their lives in turkey, the school builds bridges for chilen who don't remember syria before the war. >> if you separated the refugees, syrian refugs, from society, they will make a world without turkey and they will not recognize any rules, anybody. >> one day we went outside tofo make som and one plane, from the plane, the backside of the pla, there was smoke, and all of them looked to sky and, "what is that?" rireporter: about 400,000 s
have moved across the border, some aas becoming ghettoized. turkey shelters 3.5 million syrian refugees. most are warmly welcomed, but a studyho intercommunal violence jumped three times last year. 35 were killed in clashes. the school project has brought together parents, too. this boy and his mother invited to the home of a syrian classmate, twins. sh>> at first many turarents had a negative reaction. nsey said, "if we were in that situation, syria wouldn't atlcome us." i never thought thay, and i have seen witchtime they have anged. they are more positive than i am. reporter: across the border from the real fighting, syria's children have und peace here. some still dream of going home, but a generation born of war is increasing woven into the fabric of modern turkey.
mark lowen, bbc news. laura: building bridges for resyrigees. after days of fevered speculation, the newest addition to the british royal family has .name, louis arthur charl he is the third child of prince erwilliam and cae, duchess of cambridge. here is our royal correspondent nicholas witchell. t nicholas: it hen four days, twice the time it took to decide the names of and charlotte, but finally the cambridges' new baby has a name, uis. it is a departure from the anglo-saxon names the royals normally choe to something that is french and german in origin. what is going on? is this a subtle message of solidarity with euro, or is it simply that william and cathere like the name? the evidence suggests the letter.
after william's birth in 1982, he was named by his parentsm williathur philip louis. it was a tribute by prince charles to his beloved greator uncle,louis mountbatten,ur who had beenred by the ira three years before william's birth. five years ago william and catherine named their firstborn son george alexand louis. the name has threaded its way through the nerations. with the arrival of the latest royal baby, the family has an me with family links and across channel connection. europeanhas connections in world terms, most particularlyce with fr
france hngs called i louis,ncluding louis xiv, who reigned for 17 years. what do the french make of it? >> we are french, so we like it. nicholas: as for the bts? >> we are so pleased it is not going to be arthur. nicholas: four days old and louis is already creating his own entente. nicholas witchell, bbc news, kensington palace. laura: now, mamma mia, here we go again. the 1970's are back, at least for fansf swedish supergroup abba. >> ♪ waterloo, promise to love you forever more ♪ laura: the band behind hits such as "waterloo" and "dancing queen" announced today it had recordedew its firstusic in years. 35 the members are preparing a global tour represented in avirtual reality tars. one of the two new songs will be
performed by their digital selves later this year in a tv special produced by nbc and the bbc.ly i am laura tre. thanks for watching "world news america," and have a grea weekend. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to sork around your lifestyle you can swipe your way to the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrowi it start a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities.
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. shm judy woodruff. on the newr tonight: a meeting for the record books, ov north korea's leader kim jong-un steps the border into south korea to meet his counterpart. and, it's friday. besides the korean summit, two european leaders came to washington, and president trump's pick to run the veterans administration withdraws. mark shields and mona charen analyze the ek's news. finally reckoning with history. a new monument grapples with one of the darkest chapters of this country's past. >> most of us have no understanding about the legacy of slavery. we have no understanding about the era of lynching. >> woodruff: all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.