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tv   PBS News Hour Weekend  PBS  May 19, 2018 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by wnet >> stewart: on this edition for saturday, may 19: millions tune in to wa the wedding of prince harry and meghan markle. still searching for answers after the mass shoo in santa fe texas. and in our signature segment, inside yemen: food being used as a weapon of war. next on "pbs newshour weekend." >> "pbs newshour weekend" is bernard and irene schwartz. the cheryl and philip milstein family. sue and edgar wachenheim, iii. dr. p. roy vagelos and diana t. vagelos. the j.p.b. foundationon the andeamily fund. rosalind. walter. barbara hope zuckerberg. corporate funding isrovided by mutual of america-- designing customized individual
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tand group retirem products. that's why we're your retirement company. >> additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station om viewers like you. thank you. t fr tisch wnet studios at lincoln center in new york, alison stewart. >> stewart: good evening and thank you fojoining us. as victims of the santa fe high school shooting in southeast texas recover in local hospitals and families anied s mourn the deaths of eight students and two teachers, authorities continue to investigate what is now the fifth deadliest school shooting in the u.s. since the columbinkillings in 1999. late last night, 17-year-old dimitris pagourtzis-- a student at the high school-- confessed to the shootingda. in an aft he said he chose his targets, and did not shoot l students ed so he could," have his story told." pagourtzis was charged with atedtal murder and aggrav
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assault on a public servant. texas governor greg abbott saidh pagourtzis us father's shotgun and .38 caliber pistol and explosive devices were found in and near the school. at a press conference today, officials said schools wida be closed mand tuesday and expressed the community's grief. >> words cannot press the sorrow in our hearts today as we continue to mourn for those we ha lost and those who need our support emotionally spiritually and physically. >> stewart: the names of those killed are now being reported. among them a substitute teacher, an excnge student from pakistan and students as young as 15. in a ceremonyatched around the world britain's prince harry and american meghan markle were married today at windsor castle. w"eir official titles are no duke and duchess of sussex." 600 guests joined the royal family, including r elton john who performed at one of the receptions, oprah winfrey, british actor idris elba, human rights attorney amal clooney, and her husband george clooney, soccer player david beckham an"" spice girls" singer victoria
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beckham, the bride's friends actress priyanka chopra and tennis star serena williams, as well as markle's co-stars from the tv show "suits."'s prince harryrandparents queen elizabeth and prince philip-- both in their 90s-- were greeted with cheers from the crowds outside the chapel. the bride and her mother-- doria ragland-- rode ttohe castle together in one of the queen's rolls-royce the bride's dress-- kept a 16cret until this morning-- was white silk with oot hand- embroidered veil, designed by clare waight keller of the fashion use givenchy. her diamond bandeau tiara was on loan from the queen's collection. harry's father prince charles walked markle down the aisle. prince harry's best man-- his brother, prince william-- stood by his side. a variety of music marked the event. meghan markle personally invited sheku kanneh-mason-- a 19-year- old cellist and student at the royal academy of music-- who played several classical pieces,
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including "ave maria." and a british gospel group peenrformed. king's classic" stand by me." ♪ ♪ the couple exchanged vows and rings, harry breaking with british aristocratic tradition, by choosing to wear a band unlike his grandfather and other. the couple emerged from the chapel and kissed at the top of the stairs before riding through tshe strf windsor in a horse-drawn carriage. the crowds-- 100,000 people-- chee. red... snapped photos..d waved flags. before the couple exchanged vows, the presiding bishop of the american episcop chch the reverend michael curry, delivered a sermon on love-- oting the reverend dr. martin luther king, junior. >> we fst discover the power love, the redemptive power of love. and when we do that, we will
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make of this old world, a new world. for love, love is the only way. the's power in lve. >> stewart: joining me now via skype from the united kingdom is the most reverend michael curry. >> reverend, thanks for being rith us. >> glad to be with you. your message to this couple today was about the power of love, but there was definitely o messagthe rest of the world, as well. what do you hope we all took away from today's ceremony? >> well, you know, are really do hope and pray that --hat this day can be a day of renewal for all of us. and there was a couple who are deeply in love with each other and could feel and see their love on their faces and it's real and -- and they chose the
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text that i used from the song of solomon and it's justg interestat it comes from a part in that -- the song of solomon or songf songs is really a love poem found in the hebrew scriptures, the old testament, so that text actually beme the springboard for recognizing that the love between harry and meghan was actually tapping into areate love that isn't a matter of sentimentality but actually is a way of life ngat can chae lives and that can change social structures and n change the world and the way in which we live. >> and we need that right now. yes, yes, we do. our name and your sermon immediately became popular on twitter. your name started trendindi imely and people were tweeting things like we are having church and preach pastor. i'm a black episcopalian so i recognize you bring some the traditions of the black church to this very formal royalm
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cey. tell us a little bit about your thought process there.l, >> wou know, it's funny. i alized thathey were -- the couple really a created service that was very much steeped in the tradition. i mean, they followedhe tradition of the church of england here, using various prayer books that they use here so it was very traditional in that respect and yet w theye together many different worlds and so you had theonrful choir from st. george's chapel. you had the gospel choir singing. you had the cellist. you had different worlds of music that were being used in the course of the service of rship. >> what did this wedding signal about inclusiveness? >> i think it rlly does signal in many respects, because the royal couple bogring ther many different worlds. both in terms ofc ethniity, in terms of nationality, in terms
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of just various kds of -- ingredients in that grounds of theirçó lives. they bring a variety of worlds together. when the first chapter of genesis says that the man andha womave been placed there to not have dominion in terms of ering, but in terms of being stewards, caring for the cr ttion, caring fhe world, that part of god's reason for putting us here was not only to care for the world in terms of the creation itself, but to care for each other. wd when we do that, we find thre on a path of life that actually works. curry, thank you so much for your time today. >> thank you. god bless you. >> stewart: see more photos from the royal we visit we turn now to our ongoing series of reports: inside yemen. the civil wathat has raged there since 2015 shows no signs
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of letting up, as the interna ctionmunity struggles to find a workable peace plan. caught in the crossfire are yemeni civilians-- 75% of whom require humanitarian assistance every day just to survive. and as special correspondent marcia biggs reports, food itself war.ecome a weapon of this story was produced in partnership with the pulitzer center on crisis reporting. and a warning this piece contains some graphic images. >> reporter: in this pediatric ward in aden, every room tells a version of the same story. 11-month old malika al khader clinging to life. weighing only seven pounds,sh s just one of the 17 million yemenis who aren't getting enough food to survive. "we only eat one meal a day," her mom tells me. "we fled from mokha three months ago and we're living in a camp." is there food in the camp? "there is only rice, tomato a sauce, andittle bit of wheat" she says, "and i'm breastfeeding." ?hen did your baby become sick
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malika can't get the nutrients she needs because her mother doesn't have enoh food. malika is half the weight she should be at eleven months old. her immune system vulnerable, shcontracted measles and wt into sepsis. >> she can die from hypothermia. >> reporter: her doctor, aida al sadeeq says these are complications that a from malnutrition. others can include chest infectionsgind mens. all can prove fatal. how often do you see these cases? >> from 30-40 monthly. 30-40 malnourished ntildren per mo severely acute malnourishln, complicated ourished, not merely malnourished. >>eporter: who do you blame or what do you blame? >> the war. the war. first of all stop the war. >> reporter: the beauty o men's landscape belies a society that has always suffered. it was the poorest country in
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the region before the war, and now it's the scene of what's c beiled the worst humanitarian crisis in the world. it began in 2014 when houthi rebels opposing yemeni government corruption took over huge parts of the country. the houthis are aredominantly deiite sect, backed by iran. in 2015, they invathe stragically crucial southern port city of aden, and there was a fierce battle. the government asked sunni saudi arabia for help in defending the city, which it did wd from a coalition including the united arab emirates and the united states. the coalition then drove the houthis north whe the battl continues. today, both sides in the f conflict used as a weapon of war. the houthis by hiking food prices to finance their warnd efforthe saudi coalition by attempting to starve the houthi side into submission. for two months last year, the saudi government blockaded t houthi held port of hodeidah in an attempt to choke its supply lines.
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for a country that historically has relied on imports for 90% of its food, it was catastrophic. amid international outcry, the saudis eased the blockade in january. but in order to control who gets both food and fuel entering yemen, the coalition requires crme ships to be diverted to the alreadded port of aden, which the coalition oversees. yondcan see the remnants be me of yemen's coast guard, which thehit so hard in 2015 battle with the houthis. they're now trying to rebuild themselves, and they're in charge of securing the waters off ad's coast. they're gonna take us to a ship, an american ship, which is carrying aid for the world food program. apntpa it was quite difficult, quite a coup to get permission to dock here in aden. but raey're stuck sevel miles out to sea because of red tape and corruption just waiting for a parking space. all ese ships are waiting? >> all the ships, yeah. >> reporter: our guide for the day is marwan al bakshi. his uniis assigned to watch over the ships t for permission from the coalition to dock.
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what's the longest one of these boats hawaited out here? >> some of the ships, they are waiting for 20 days. >> reporter: for 20 days? >> yes. >> reporter: three weeks some of the ships have waited. >> yes. >> reporter: is it hard for you as a yemeni? >> of course, yeah. >> reporter: to see that this food is 15 nautical miles ftside? >> i'm reallyling sad about that. yeah. to do,have no authority what can i do? >> reporter: mm-hmm. >> my job iso protect her. this is food fop the yemeni . they need it. it's too important. >> reporter: the ship sat offshore for five days. then finally it arrived here at the port of aden's mill, where the grain onboard was offloaded and will be turned into flour. the u.n.'s world food program, the w.f.p., is on the front line in the fight to feed almost 60% of the country. shashi dharan is the pofgram cer in aden and these are the bins designated for the w.f.p. it's the leading source of food aid in the country, but it's still feing less than half of
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the 17 million in need. we saw today the grain streaming in. so why are yemen's people starving? >>we are providing food, bu are not providing food to everybody. we do not have enough funing available with us. >> reporter: even if they had the fundi, getting the food to the people living on front lines is almost impossible due to constant fighting. and there are hurdles too in getting food to the rest of those in need. without proper clearances, aid organizations run the risk of their trucks bng bombed. >> there's a long procedure of getting the clearances and informing the local authorities and the security belt forces that our truckare moving, and it needs to move in those specific times, because if it iesn't move in those spec times it could be at the wrong time at the wrong place or accidentally being attacked. >> reporter: how tough is that red tape to get through? >> sometimesust to get couple of trucks it could take 5-6 days of delay, delayed which mans. >> reporter: delayed 5-6 days? >> yeah.
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so, let's say the foowas supposed to reach on the 10th, it is leaving from you on the 15thy the time it reaches to people, the end of the month the whole month they have gone hungryf >> reporter:u are delayed because the ship's out at sea, then you already start delayed. >> exactly. >> reporter: so it's delay upon delay. >> it's like a firefighting exercise on a daily basis. >> reporter: a looming fuel crisis caused in part by the blockade also means trucks don't run consistently. "the problem is that sometimes we don't have fuel," mohamed ali saleh tells me. "sometimes i have to stop driving the truck for three or four days. even during the fighting it wasn't this bad."t he final destination is aut distriion site like this one just outside of aden, where people wait in line all day to receive monthly rations. ashwaq saif says she walked two hours with painful dney stones to get here to bring food home for her five children. >> ( translated ): my husband is
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a day laborer in construction and we can barely afford to have food for both lunch and dinner.f e waited for him to get off work to pick up the food, we w ouldn't eat today. the food we are receiving is not enough. once we run out, we have to buy little portions with small billo to get ugh the month. i had to borrow 500 riyal to hire a motorcycle to carry the food home for me. >> reporter: she tied these two soins to her scarfas not to lose them. she says it's all she has. >> ( translated ): we are very poor. if one of the kids gets sick, we can't afford to take him to the hospital. al reporter: toumna obaid is with field medicoundation, a local organization funded by f.p. sugar, lentils, wheat and oil. >> the most essential commodities to survive. >> reporter: no fruit or vegetables >> no, unfortunately, this is what we can provide them for now, we are trying to save lives. more internally displaced people are coming because of the nflict on the borderline.
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and they are coming and asking for food assistance. unfortunaly, our resources is limited. so we only can provide a limited number. we cannot keep . >> reporter: a not everyone can make it to one of these sites. we joined doctors supported by save the children in lahj province, north of aden, wre they went to check on baby abdullah, who's been malnourished forrtost of his shife. his mother khatima and father abdo ahmed say there poor, they can't afford tiod and medions. abdull's chubby cheeks mask stunted growth in his arms and legs and he's battling a c infection. so he has gained a pound in we last fouks, but he's still tiny. this child is seven months old. while any improvement is welcome, doctors are still concerned about his overall health. he's got a bad cough and he still looks malnourshed. they measure his arms to check his status. severe acute malnutrion.
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severe acute malnutrition. a concept so commonplace in yemen that it's known by its acronym: sam. and back in aden, we thought we might be witnessing little mika's final hours. are you worried this baby isn't going to make it? her chance to survive is very low. it's a painful situation, we have been passing through thi painful situation for years. we are losingves. 1 reporter: 2 days after we left the hospital, we learned that malika defied the odds and was stabilized enough to go back to b the cam doctors tell me she's almog certain not to enough food there to survive. >> stewart: with thousands of people in puerto rico still without electricity, the u.s.
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army corps of engineers is lea iving tand. it's been eight months since hurricane maria wiped out homes and took down muo'ch of puerto s power grid. fema will lve generators in place, but with hurricane season about to begin again residents are not confident that thpoeir n locar company-- which is bankrupt-- will be able to restore power in the event o another stom. joining us now is reuters o porter jessica resnick-ault wh covering the story. >> jessica, why is the army ngrps of engineers lea >> so the army corps's mission was assigned by fema and it ended effective friday. right now, they're in the middle of what they've called an orderly transition to help the lower power company, t puerto rico electric power authority, take over the job of finishing the restoration, an tthen hardeni system, preparing it so that it's more resilie in the future. >> jessica, how long were the army corps of engineers on tha ground and wt did they do
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during that time? >> the army corps was brought in a week after the storm was hit. first of all, he had to secure materias, prepa because it was bankrupt and some of the administrativeifficulties they d had as an entity did not have a lot of backup materials on hand so the army corps had to do a mber of subcontracts to quipmentright kind of fid materials on the island, that was the t thing. and then once that equipment was there, they've been helping with goinnd the island, physically lifting poles, lifting lines, and installing t gheseerators, small generators that serve as backups to bring schools and police stations and other critical infrastructure online and they've also been helping with larger generators that provide supplemental power to theanower on the island. >> how much of the island has power, howuch doesn't, how much is in in thatn-between state? >> right now over 98% of the island's power customers have
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power. so that means that about 22,000 customers or households and businesses are still without power. the in-between state is a little tricky. i talked to some people who have solar pane systems that are temporary, they get some power during the day, but then they're unable to r their refrigerators overnight. i spoke with people who have loans for power systems like solar panels, but don't have them yet. ofo there are a loeople who are sort of gradually getting energized and it's unclear where they fall in theon calcula even for people whose power has beenre resd, there have been tropical depression -- interruptions. last month there has an island-wide blackout thatn occurred wa high voltage line was hit by an excavator. i think there's a lot of concern the island remains vulnerable to this season's hurricanes. >> were there enough changes made in the infrastructure which are long lasting changes or was it a patchwork kind of situation where the island can withstand
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another storm, if another one comes? >> hurriane season is expected to be worse than usual. it's not expecteto be quite a bad as last year, but it's a pretty serious storm the caribbean is basing -- bracing for. and right now, the hope tt prepa has is that they'll have improved some of their logistical responses they're doing drills and storm response drills internally, but the reality is that at this point, there's still a lot of work tt needs to be done. the north side of the island, which is the mor populous part with cities like san juan still is receiving its power from the t haveside via lines tha to cross mountains. so until those lines are buried or until there are redundant syste cities are going to be very vulnerable to any major storm that sweeps through the mountains. >> jessica resnick-ault fnkm reuters, tfor shaking your reporting. >> thanks for having me on.
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>> this is "pbs newshour weekend," saturday. rt >> stefirst lady melania trump left the hospital today, returning to the white house in what her spokesperson said wer"" high spirits." mrs. trump was admitted to walter reed national military medical centernd last for treatment of an undisclosed kidney condition. her lengthy hospital stay led to spculation that her treatment and condition were more serious than reported. but today in a statement the first lady's spokesperson characterisd those questions "uninformed," and said to respect mrs. tru's privacy there would be "no further comment." in an effort to keep the nuclear agreement with iran in place the european union's energy and climate commissioner met with iran's nuc ar chief in tehran today. the e.u., once the biggest importer of iranian oits to strengthen trade with tehran. the 28 nation european uni supports france, germany, the united kingdom, china and russia-- signatory nations still in the agreement despite esident trump's decision
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earlier this month for the united states to withdraw. health officials confirmed three more cases of the deadly ebola virus, this time in one of democric republic of congo's major urban centers. the world alth organization reports 25 people have died from ebola there since the most recent outbreak began in april. vaccinations are expected to thert early next week i city of mbandaka, using an experimental vaccine that succsfully halted a previous ebola outbreak in west africa. in alexandria virginia this morning an overpass collapsed, causing a c.s.x. cargo train to derai 30 of the train's freight cars came off the tracks, stopping rail service in the area. alexandria's fire chief said heavy rains this past week may have weakened the overpass. train tracks cross both above and low the structure. there were no injuries reported.
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>> stewanally tonight, cuban officials say 110 people died in friday's plane crash in havana, the worst crash in that country since 1989. e ong them 20 pastors from a church in stern region of cuba who were returning home after attending a conference. witnesses say they saw flames coming from the plane after takeoff, and that i a sharp turn, avoiding hitting a residential neighborhood. that's all for this edition of" pbs newshour weekend." i'm alison stert. thanks for watching. have a good night. captioning tsponsored by w captioned by media access group at wgbh >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: rnard and irene schwartz. the cheryl and philip milstein family. sue and edgar wachenheim, iii.
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dr. p. roy vagelos and diana t. vagelos. the j.p.b. foundation. the anderson family fund. rosalind p. walter. barbara hope zuckerberg. corporate funding is provid by mutual of america-- designing customized individual d group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: apond by the cration for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs mstation fewers like you. thank you. be more. pbs. be more.
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♪ -a lot of people that we meet in the choir, we don't know their background up-front. we lold space for them ining way and create community and invite them in. b they canng who they are. each person that i have helped is an individuald s their own issues. i try to connect with them through my eyes and through my heaand my lo. i just see them with great potential. ♪ good to see u. what's up? do you want some -- you want a water, any food anything? -oh, no, i'm fine with the food. just had a nice breakfast. -right on. what's your name again? -steve. -how hong have you been outere?