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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  July 3, 2018 3:00pm-4:01pm PDT

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duaptioning sponsored by newshour proions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, the trump administration reverses obama-era guidelines on college admissions, in a move toch discouragels from aiming for racial diversity. then, behind rebel lines in yemen: the unitestates' role in the war against the iranian- aligned houthi rebels. >> ( translated ): the planes that kill us, american made. the tanks, american made >> woodruff: and, world cup fever-- with 16 teams left, a look at the competition for the world soccer championship. all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour. aj
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>> b a language app that teaches real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, italian, and more. babbel's 10-15 minute lesse s are availa an app, or re information on >> and with the ongoing support these institutions: >> this program was made possible by the corporation for puic broadcasting. d by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: the trump administration is rescinng an obama-era policy that called for considering race in college admissions. the federal departments of justice and education ced today they'll advocate "race- neutral" admissions instead. the policy does not have the force of a legal mandate. we'll have a full report, after the news summary.
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president trump today interviewed three more candidates f the u.s. supreme court. the white house says that's in addition to four he met with yesterday. in addition, republican senator mike lee of utah says president trump interviewed him over the phone yesterday. the white house confirms they spoke, but isn't calling it a formal interview. thailand, 12 boys and their soccer coach remain stuck in a flooded cave tonight. they were found yesterday, but it's not clear when they'll get out, as we hear from john irvinn of indnt television news. >> reporter: pumped from the bowels of the mountain. t tting rid of this water maintains the scving space in which the boys are now enduring and 11th night. smiling thai rescue teams spent the day getting food and company to the trapped 13. seven divers, including a doctor and nurse, are by their side. above ground, their relatives are willing them o
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the aunt of the team coach said she missed him very much. how many seconds have ticked by these 10 days. "i miss him every second," she said. >> how many of you? >> 13. >> 13? brilliant. >> reporter: when they were found by british cave drivers n laht, one of the boys asked when they would get out. he was told. >> not today. not today. you have to dive. >> reporter: gining them breagear and guiding them out is one of two rescue options and seems more likely than the second which is to wait out the remaining four months of the ray season. as the thai authories try to make contingencies for every eventuality, the big barrier is the weather. it was flash flooding that trapped the boys in the cave in the first place, and if torrential rains come again they may be forced to put on the gear quickly to get out there.
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some of the boys can't even swim. bt as their strength is being restored, their alng tutored by scuba teams. the weather forecast i so they are being ready for the dive of their lives. >> woodruff: that report from john irvine of independent television news. president trump is insisting again that north korea's nuclear threat is receding. he tweeted that there've been "many good conversations with a", and he went on to say: "if not for me, we would now be at war." it's been widely reported in recent days that satellite photos s up production of materials used for nuclapons. german chancellor angela merkel faced new questions today, about a last-minute compromise on immigration, with her conservative coalition partners. late monday, the chancellor agreed to build transit centers on the austrian border, and to turn away any migrants already
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registered in other european >> ( slated ): we will deport migrants to the countries they come from with theag ement of those countries. that's how we keep the spirit of partnehip within the european union and at the same time we navigate and organize secondary migration. >> woodruff: merkel's other r-alition partners the cen left social democrats, said the deal is worthless unless other e.u. stateagree to take migrants back. and, austria warned it will act to protect its borders if germany stops accepting migrants. the former prime minister of malaysia, najib razak, has been arrested and charged with looting a state investment fd. a government-led task force says it's tied to a transfer of $10.6 million into najib's bank account. he was voted out of office in may. back in this count, republican congressman jim jordan denied knowing about alleged sexual abuse of wrestlers at ohio state university.
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it allegedly happened decadeshe ago,he was assistant coach. two fo news that they believe jordan knew the team doctor washl molesting es, and did nothing. jordan's office says he suver heard an allegations. sand on wall street, a lal- off hit tech and bank stocks, and wiped out early gains. the w jones industrial avera lost 132 points to close at 24,174. the nasdaq fell 65 points, and the s&p 500 slipped . still to come on the newshour: the trump administration reverses an obama-erracial diversity admissions policy immigrant familio still in weeks after an executive order halted separations. behind rebel lines: america'sme role in s civil war, and much more.
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>> woodruff: now to the latest guidelines from the trump administration on race and its role in college admissions. the obama administration had encouraged schools to take a student's race into account to increase diversity. but under president trump, the administration is now urging colleges and universities to adopt standards that are blind to the role of race.ft it comes other case went and it comes as harvardci university is a lawsuit over its admission practices for s legedly excluding some asian- american applica make room for students of other races. for a look at this, i'm joined by nick anderson, who covers this f the "washington post." and marcia coyle, who covers the supreme court for the "national law journal.
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we welcome both of you to the program. onick schifrin, i'm going start with you. the trump administration is saying the obama administration they are now rescinding what are -called seven policy guidances what were enacted prviously. what does that mean? >> well, what it means is that the federal government's pronouncements on the supreme court's pronouncements haveow changed. so you have to go back to the supreme court here, over a series of rulings over manye s, the supreme court has grappled with race in admissions and race in schools, and then, after they issue a ruling from time to time, the federalgo rnment will sift through that and try to advise school systems and colleges on what it means for them. so the obama administration did that over a period of years fro1 to 2016, issued somean statements today, the
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trump administration said, basically, we're getting rid of those statements, ty're not operable anymore. >> woodruff: and nick schifrin, what does that mean for these schools?ha >> well,s interesting. if you're a college and you see an incoming change of administration from obama to trum you probably already knew that there was a change afoot in the way the feeral government aewed these things. but we haven't hupreme court ruling on this for a couple of years now, so the folks i've talked to in higher education today suggest that we're not going to an immediate effect of colleges rushing to change theirci po, but this action could give some colleges pause as they consider the issue. it could say to some colleges, hey, wait a minute, you might get challenged on this. remember, i think you've alluded eto this, already, re's a court challenge to harvard's
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admission licy infederal court right now in boston. >> woodruff: right. so that's, i think -- this action by the trump administration adds a dimension to thatebate on affirmative action that colleges are goingko to have to rewith. >> woodruff: you raised several points i want to come back t. marcia, let's back up further still and look at what if the sorts said, what has the supreme court said over time about taking race into consideration? >> okay, t supreme court said, in terms of affirmative action, that there are two interests that justy the use of race. one, to remedy the present effects of past discrimination and, two, to achieve diversity in education, particularly high education. now, the court said that when a university uses race, has to meet the constitution's toughest review -- what we call strict scrutiny. one, it has to show there
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that compelling interest to achieve diversity or remedy pas discriminatid the use of race has to be narrowly tailore to achieve thterest, it can't go any farther than y,cessary. finahe court has said that it has to show that there are no ce-new central alternatives available. the court also has said quotas are ilgal, unconstitutional. if you're going to use race, it has to be one of many factors, part of a holistic review of a student's application. >> woodruff: so what the obama administration did in interpreting that was leaning in the direction of incorporating race into decisions and now how the trump administration is interpreting it is different. they're saying we don't think race should be taken into yensideration as much. >> i haven't seet in writing what the trump administration is going to issue to universities and school systems, but it's
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obous that the obama administration probably would take as broad a view as it coulf he supreme court's ruling, whereas the trump administration, being a administration, is going to take a narrower view of what it thinks the supreme court said. but the supreme court has been clear, these decisions have been by narrow majorities. e last ruling was in 2016, it was a 4-3 decision. we all know there are ninet justices, came when justice scalia's seat was sti vacant. justice kagan had to recuse because she had been involved in that case from texas when she was in government, so it was 4-3, and it was jusce kennedy who wrote the opinion, and it was really the first time he had upheld an affirmative action program. >> woodruff: of co ase we're moment where justice kennedy is leaving. >> very frale majority. >> woodruff: another important
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moment. t so, nick schifrin, ju come back to this question of how are schools to interpret this, you said a minute ago ey're likely not to jump and do something immediately but to take their time and, what see, what moree ump administration says? >> yeah, it's worth pointing oua that the truinistration's language on this today was very restraint. they did nome out and say that they want to end affirmative action. the statements from secretary of education betsy devos and attorney general jeff sessions were fairly limited. they were trying to say that the federal government, in its previous administration, hadov stepped slightly or in a significant way in its terpretation of the supreme court rulings, and they were trying to say that, hey, let just stay with what the judges have sadid an ruled, but they did not then take the next step, which is issue a prescription for what it thinks should
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happen. so i think colleges andes universind school systems as well, because they're part op this, wibably be looking for further actions and words from the trump administration on what it actually wants and, of, courerybody's eyes are on the supreme court nomination to come. >> woodruff: no question. marcia, quickly back to the harvard case that has been working its way up through the courts where the challenges that harvard has bent over backwards to not -- in other words, it hasn't done enough about race, those of difrent races byond those who are >> the chahey have discriminated against asian-americans in admissions policy, and it's no just harvard, there's a lawsuit as well against the university of north carolina, and i think it'o interestinote that the man in his organization that brought those two lawsuits is the same
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one who brought the uversity of texas challenge to the supreme court in 201 those two cases are at very early stages, they're in feder district court, there probably will be a trial, they've had months of discovery, d it wl take a while before they get to the u.s. supreme court. >> it's also worth pointing out, an jump in here, that the harvard case is likely to daw significant publicity because it's harvard, and also just to note harvard strongly deniesns these allegat >> woodruff: nick schifrin, marcia coyle, we thank you both. >> pleasure,udy. thank yo. >> woodruff: two weeks ago, we first introduced you to sofi, a three-year-old girl who made the journey with her grandmother through mexico, fleeing violence, to seek asylum here in the united states. our newshour team first met them
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at a shelter in juarez, beforero they ced the u.s. border. >> nawaz: her family, angelica says, was targeted by mexin cartels, already killing her husband son, daughter-in-law, and three grandchildren. geaying out of mexico, she ss, is a matter of life or death. >> ( translated ): i'm worried for her. my granddaughter's lived through many very ugly things. >> nawaz: children are separatem heir parents or guardians. are you worried about that? makesranslated ): yes, afraid that they will separate me from my granddaughter. and i pray that they won't separate me from her. >> woodruff: they were in ct parated, despite making a legal entry, an asylum claim, and carrying guardianship documents. this was two days aftert presidenump's executive order ending family separation. in the days since, we've continued to report their storys to follow soamily as they navigate the reunification process, like hundreds of other families in similar situations.
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amna nawaz joins us now with the latest. amna, what more have we learned about sofi and her family sinc they were separated? the family, the reunification w process asle, it's very lengthy and complicated and looks like it's being made or lengthy and complicated in some cases. if you just look at t sofi'sime line in this instance, this is what her mother has been navigating. contacter is the one i with the government agencies. she entered legally with a younger sibling, has an asy case pending and in the u.s. this is the time line. she got a call saying her daughter has been taken into custody. for four days after that, no word on her daughter. five days after the separation, she was allowed one phone call it was 15 minutes. her mother said sofi cried throughout the whole thing and coul't be comforted. kept asking to see hemplet ten
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days after being separated, she was alowed another call. said sofi cried again and the call was cut short because her daughter was so upset. the mother has been naviting the reunification process, it costs a lot of time and money. the officials want to make sure they're releasing children into safe cstody when they d so, and there's part of it, though, we found out the administration could speed up if they wanted. fingerprints n just for te people requesting custody but also everyone in the home, those have been waved before they could be again. and the actual runification. sofi's mom has the pay not just for sofi's transport r the family but also a round trip ticket for th the escort and thm are hundreds iles away from each other. >> woodruff: we heard a number of officials sail if fas are crossing the border and making
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an application for lg asylum, they will not be separated. clearly, that is not what happened here. so do we know if this is an olated situation? >> part of the problem in reporting this is we don't know. we know about the stories we hear about, we know about other reports. in sofi's case, this wasn't true. "the los angeles times" puofished a piece, a numbe cases were similar to this. a guatemalan mom who had her son separated, a honduran mon wit her 18-month-old son separated. these are all people making asylum claims, most caes crossing legally. the department of cumeland ty is the agency overseeing whether to separate or not. they have some criteria. they're on the front lines, tryingo prevent smulers and trafficking, and says thosise des are made in consultation with people. transparency is the problem. when we ask questions, won't get answers because of privacy reasons, but in this case, they
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say the documenttation is missing. the department of homeland security says it's a myth anyone entering legally and claiming asylum will be separated and we know that's not true. >> woodruff: some children ame came withmilies, others unaccompanied, but know they are subjected to a federal judge's ruling that the administrationed immediately woo reunite families and children and ere's an amount of tme depending on the airnlings 14 days quickly for children under 5, 30 days for children 5 and over. how does that play into all of this?>> e don't know entirely. the white house responded soon after the judge's ruling sad that complicates the enforcement of immigration laws and basically shows the need for ngegress the act soon to cha immigration rules and we don't know if they will comply with that judge's oer or not.
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reported secretary azar of s health and humvice which is oversees the care and custody of these children has put together a task force specifically looking at reunification, but we don't have any details or how it will change the process. we know h.h.s. tells us they have 11,0 minors in their care and custody, the vastmajority arrived unaccompanied, largely older children who came the last several years into the past ministration as well. about 2,000 of those were d ildren who were separated from their parents, at includes sofi, the girl we started talking about in this conversation. judy, we should also disclose we have been in regular conta with h.h.s. and secretary azar's office specifically. they asked for information about sofi's story.n in consultatith their family and an advocate, we went back to secretary azar's office and gave them the full spein of sofi's name which we haven't even rerted publicly.
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they needed it to completely answer more questions. that was a week ago weth gavem the information. t today we got a response that s tells e is in their care and custody and they are in touch with her mother. today marks 11 days this 3-year-old has been in the care and custody of the u.s. government and we don't know when she will be back with her family. tant toruff: so imp follow the case, it gives us some sense to have the entire process. amna nawaz, thank you.nk >> t judy. e >> woodruff: next,ntinue our exclusive series from behind rebel lines in yemen. last night we reported on the ace, man-made hunger crisi amid the ongoing war between houthi rebels and a saudi-ledio coal tonight, we look at the united ates' support for that coalition, and the effect arms sales and other american assistance has on the nflict.
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to see what is happening on the ground, special correspondent jane ferguson smuggled herself across the frontlines to report this series. and, as she reports, the effects are profound, and deadly. >> reporter: inside rebel territory in yemen, the war rains down from the sky. on the ground, front lines have not moved much in the past three years of conflict. instd, an aerial bombing campaign by the saudi-led and namerican-backed coalitio hammers much of the country's north, leaving scenes like thiso ed across the capital city sana'a and beyond. a few weeks before i arrived, this gas station was hit. security guard abdul al badwi was in a building next door when it happened. he says six civilians were killed. why did they target this? >> ( translated ): we don't know
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the reason. >> reporter: can't explain why they would have targeted something like this. elsewhere in the city, a governmet office building was recently hit. another pile of rubble, another monument to the civilian deaths of this war. when this building was filled with office workers when it was hit an air strike. you can still see the blood rom thosen the walls who were evacuated after it hit. in 2014 yemeni rebels calledho his seized the capital and much of the rest of the country. the houthis are supported byi sunni saudabia's arch rival, shiite iran, so the next year the saudis mobilized a coalition of arab militaries to defeat the group. the aerial bombing campaign has not managed to dislodge the rebels, but has hit weddings, hospitals and homes. the u.s. military supports the saudi coalition with logistics and intelligence.
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the united states it also sells the saudis and coaliti partners many of the bombs it drops on yemen. t mountains outside the capital, we gained exclusive access to the site where houthis store unexploded american-made bombs. like this 2000 pound mark 84 bomb made in garland, texas. it landed in the middle of the street in sana'a, we are told. one of the men here shows me the >> ( translated ): it landed near the sedaqa bridge next to the central bank of yemen and it didn't explode," he said. >> reporter: one of the men here shows me the fin of a mark 82 bomb. it's used to guide a bomb to it's target. back in the city, the houthis also let us see a storage site anwith the remains of amer made cluster bombs. cluster bombs are amongst the most deadly to civilians, filled with baseball sized smaller
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bombs that scatter over a larger area.on any that d explode stay ouere they fell, primed to explode, and oftening civilians like land mines. i traveled deep into yemen's counyside to find out more about how the bombing campaign is affecting peoples' lives there. this is what i found: a doctors without borders cholera treatment center, completely destroyed by an air strike the day before. it was just about to open its doors to patients. yemen is home to the worst olera epidemic in modern history and centers like this are rare cholera is a seasonal disease here in yemen and that's why the aid organizations have been getting ready for this coming season. is facility which was meant to treat patients was brand new. no one was killed here, but the
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loss of the precious medical facility filled with lifesaving equipment is devastating. >> that's quite clearla ntravention of humanitarian law, there is no question of that. >> reporter: the united nations warns the saudi coalition on the location of thousands of humanitarian facilities across the country, r don't bomb them. lise grande is the u.n. development program coordinator in yemen >> so if you look at the total number of requests that we have in and the total number of violations there have been few violations compared to the requests. but when those violations occur they are serious indeed. >> reporter: in a refugee camp closer to fighting along the saudi border, people told me they were attacked by war planes in the last camp they lived in. in 2015 zraq refugee camp was bombed by coalition jets. radiyah hussein lost a grandson in the attack and walked for days to get here.
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>> ( translated ): they attacked the camp with three missiles in one day, and then we ran away. >> reporter: on the road to the refugee camp, several bridges had been bombed. anger towards america is growing in rebel held areas of yemen. most people here, whether they support the houthis or not, know that many of the bombs being dropped are american. it provides a strong propaganda tool for the houthi rebels, who go by the slogan "death to america." dr ali al motais a college professor. he did his doctorate in the u.s., but is a strong houthi supporter. >> the missiles that kill us, american made. the planes that kill us, american made. the tanks, american made. you are saying to me, "where is america?" america is the whole thing.
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>> reporter: despite desperate efforts to end the fighting in yemen, the violence is getting worse. une saudi-led coalition lached an attack on houthi controlled hodeidah city last month. the city is home to hundreds of thousands of yemenis and aid organizations warned that the attack could kill many. as the bombs began to fall,es people fled to the capital sana'a. >> ( translated ): my house is a traditional house and when the bomb landed the gate was blown off and the roof was gon >> reporter: dura issa's house was hit. her family got out alive, but she is now homeless, trying to care for her severely disabled son. t. ( translated ): i don't know where to stay toni we don't have the money for a hotel. we cannot afford it.ur we left in a, scared, we left everything. tt reporter: ahead of the the coalition warned civilians to leave.
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>> ( translated ): the coalition announced on the tv that we have to leave. they didn't tell us anything,us theytold us to go out. the houthis made trenches. my house is next to the sea and the battles e there. >> reporter: millions of yemenis are just like him, living in fear of the battle raging near their homes, or an air strike t killing them air families. both the houthis and the sitdi- led coalion have disregarded innocent civilian lifeis war. t every bot falls on a hospital, office building or home causes more unease about urere they come from. for the pbs newsi'm jane ferguson, in sana'a, yemen. woodruff: jane's final story airs later this week; you can watch all of h reporting and read her reporter's notebook from her journey behind rebel lines on our website,
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>> woodruff: now, john yang looks at new reporting into one level of exposure we might beng agreo when we click those "i accept" buttons on our email apps. yang: judy, if you use mail, chances are it's google's g-mail. it has about 1.4 billion users-- that's two-thirds of all active e-mail users worldwide. a year ago, g-mailaid it stopped its practice of scanning users inboxes to personalize ads. but the wall street journal reports that it still allows outside app developers scanin xes. "wall street journal" tech m reporter douglmillian broke that story and is with us from san francisco. doug, thanks for joining us. quickly ve us an idea what kind of apps we're talking about and why do they want access to the email -- to our e-mails? >> yeah, thanks, john.
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so google says gmail apps make your email more useful. a few yearlings the company started opening up email an data inside it to third-party software developers that mae apps to third' party utitolity s for you to use later, travel apps, shopping app there's an array of ways to let you super power yourmail. the more you're allowing developers to accs your email, the more you're risking the personal data in your emailto fall into the wrong hands. >> are these cputers or real people reading the e-mails? >> that's the surprising thing we found inp our reorting for this story is that, in most cases, these are computers scanning these messages automatically. we talked to a company called return path that is hooked up to more than 2 million users a actively scanning their messages. stly that's compu scanning
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them, but in some cases we found, in order to train the computers, they need to be human beings step in and manually review those messages, and in the case of this return pathy company, tre having employees manually step in and say this message is a commercial aessage and this message is personal message. that process needs to be done by a person in ord to make sure the computer can do it automatically later on. >> and whaart protection there against the people who are doing this using some of the information? >> yeah, so the protections here are the privacy policies and te terms of service for the companies who are doing this. i mean, first and foremost, that's google and the privacy policy they keep with their developers. now, we talk to a lot of developers who say even though google prhibits developers from doing things like storingr y data and sharing with third parties, that google doesn't do much to audit the developers.
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they can run checks ansee if there are extreme bad actors in the system, but they aren't actually visiting each the companies obtaining the data. in many cases these are small startups who don't haveor rous privacy practices in place like you would see at a bigech company like google. so there's questions around are these privacies being followed and questions around who are the companies getting the dat the end of the day. >> and what did google say when u went to them? >> google's general response is it's up to users and when you ylick a button and say i give m permission for this developer to access my inbox, then you are signing your in over to them. tt i think that that answer is probably not goicarry weight. there's more and more attention on issues of privacy and more awareness of how tech giants have a reonl reibility to users to help them make informed choices aboutaheir d and, in this case, i feel like many of the users i talked to and many of the instances which we
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rerted in this story today are examples of how users in some cases are not making informed choices and companies like embogle could be doing more to help them. >> how does this compare to facebook and cambridge a cambrie analytica? >> it's similar in the senseo thath companies over the past decade have tried to do what's clialled in n valley creating a platform. microsoft windows is a great example back in the '9s of building a softwareblatt form for other developers to build software on and when you get all the apps going, you get a lot of users coming to you and build ultimately more valuable product. apple iphone is more successful in doing this at e app store. facebook recently had stumbles in opening up its solveware to outside developers.en like youoned with the cambridge analytica example, you're seeing google igoing to have second thoughts about the strategy of turning gmail into a platform they people are
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starting to question whether or not email da is soething that should be leaving the bounds and the containers of the gmail service. e douglas macmillian of t "wall street journal," thanks for explaining this to us.s, >> thaohn. >> woodruff: the men's world cup is in full swing in russia and the field of 32 nations has now been whittled down to eight. the early rounds produced penalty shoot-outs and le-game dramas, while underdogs have eliminated some of the tournament's favorites. william brangham has more on the action from soccer's biggest stage. >> brangham: that's right judy. it has been an incredibly exciting world cup thus far, and today sweden beat switzerland, and england knocked off colombia to solidify the final eight in the quarterfinals. to take a quick lookis point in the tournament, i'm joined by sebastian abbot. he's the author of "the away me: the epic search for soccer's next superstars," which
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is all about talent scouting and denlopment of young players africa . sebastian abbot, thanks for being here. excitingbeen such a world cup so far. what stands out to you? >> it's bun one of the bes world cups i can remember. there have been so many last-minute goals, so many big upsets, germany out in the first round, you know, spain beaten by russia, the lowest ranked team t in theournament. so it's been exciting, and i think everyone who's wa has been on the edge of their seat. >> you mentioned germany getting knocked out. a lot of the heavy favorites have been taking it on the chir. of the fas who are left, who is considered the likelyiest to make it to the snend. >> i think brazil is considered the favorite with the most expensive player in the world. ch alsothem france, wh has a really star-studded team, but thhey're both onsame side of the bracket so only one
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will make it to the final. >> we saw two of the really most talented players in the entire game get knocked out. great players often don't make it to the world cup, but how do you etplain those two weren't able to carry theira tems the way people expected? >> i think it shows how mucher sos a team sport, boh christopher and lionel are amazing and considered in the conversations of the best players toe play game but they're just one of eleven players. he support't have t around you, you won't be able to make it through such a long tournament like the .world cup >> your book details the search for young stars across the continent of africa, and it's hard to not notice that no african nation made it to today. how do you explain that?f >> i think onehe things africa lacks, it definitely doesn't lack passion for the sport, it doesn't pack population, there's a billion
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people on the continent of africa, but i lacks the kind of infrastructure to train and develop yong players le you have in europe and increasingly in the u.s. so that's one of the things that held africa back. you're seeing a bi more now but they haven't been able to train their young tall minute the same ny european teams have. it's important fotional teams to identify your players at a very young age, train them from a very yung age. you have a lot of the best african players who are gong on and playing in europe. >> as i mentioned, your book is about tue search for yong stars. we are seeing some of them emerge in this world cupha. whstood out to you? >> i think probably the biggest young star who's emerged in the world cup is killian ebope, for trance. only 19 years old, scored a few goals and impressedveryone. what's impressive about him, even though thee africanams
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have not made it to the world cup, you hava t of teams of africa -- players of african descent. so a lot of them have become stars for their newer european countries. >> so we have quarter finals and semifinals, at's the one match you would point to to say if you're skeptical about the excitementbout this game, watch this match and get a taste of what world cup soccer is alll about, what you tell them to watch? >> i think in the next round, brazil-belgium is going to be a very, very good match. both of those teams have a chance of winning the whole thing, both have just an array of stars that play for the top clubs in the world, so that would be good. in the next phase, i would say,b if france anazil both make it through, they're going to be matched up in the semifinals, and that's a game of absolute heavy weight. so for mep i hoe that happens because it would probably be one of the most exciting games of
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the tournament. >> any other particularly story lines that emedged for you in the last weks. russia was an interesting one. nobody thought they'd do very much at all in the world cup. they're the lowest-ranked team at the tournament, and they managed to knock off spain wh won the world cup in 2010 and one of the top-ranketeams in the world, and, so, you know, that may be upsetting for some american fans because, obviously, there's ben a lot of consternation over russia for a lieutenant of reasons the u.s., but it's caused a lot of joy in russia where the tournament is being hld, so it would be interesting to see if they could keep the cnrella story running. one of the disappointinghings is the u.s. didn't make the world cup. the u.s. should qualify given the growth of soccer in theun ed states and the group the u.s. qualifies from and definitely the audience of americans watching, the world cup is down about half from the 2014 tournaments since the u.s.
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was in it. i would encourage american fans to tune in because it has been one of the most entertaining wops in recent history and will continue to be. >> the book is "thaye game: the epic searcxtfor soccer's uperstars." sebastian abbot, thank you so much. >> thanks for having me. >> woodruff: next, "new yorker" magazine poetry editor kevinst young has ublished "brown," his own latest book of verse. young is also a father and runs a research branch of the new york public library. pbs newshour correspondent jeffrey brown recently caught up wi young to learn the many ways he is engaged with the world. >> lately i've been thinking a lot about bringing the sons and daughters of harlem home. >> brown: as writer, editor and archivist, kevin young is a poet actively engaged with the world.
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author of books of poetry, criticism and anthologies, he's also director of harlem's schomburg center for research in black culture, part of the new york public library. >> and langston hughes's ashes are buried under the center. >> brown: so he's ried here. >> yes, yes, he's interred here. and his spirit enlivens the place. >> brown: in his new collection, outitled "brown," draws heavily on his boyhood in topeka, kansas, tying it in large d small ways to the wider worl >> i started to realize that there were these themes emerging, of history, and public history, and private hisry and how they intertwine. and that's really when the book became a book it in and of itself. you know, it like became one long poem in a certain way. >> brown: historical figurese enter ems, including flesh and blood "browns": the abolitionist john brown, the singer james brown, and linda brown of topeka, who as a child n"s at the heart of the "brown v. board of educatase that
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helped desegregate america schools. >> brown: so there's all these browns throughout tstory and thre is you as a brown boy, a brown young man. >> yeah. i wanted it all filtered through i suppose my experience of brownnes i ended up also writing about my son and thinking about m boyhood helped me think about d s, or maybe it's the other way around: his boyhlped me think about mine. i think also i was trying to understand the ways that i started to undstand race which ren't always obvious to me, but slowly became so, and you don't really have a kind of time to get used to it. suddenly, you have to confront these questions. >> brown: in the poem, "shirts and skins," young explores the ways an almost casual bigotry crept into his own life. here's an excerpt. >> winners talk losers walk how i hoped to outrun those arms to leapfrog all tacklers the way madness skips a generation. kids i sat by for years
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or walked back from scho since we were 10 now down the wide hall of high school would call minority, go home i never did ask where's that? their words a strong hot wind at my back. >> brown: "kids i'd sat by for years?" >> oh yeah. no, it's strange to think about those times and how what it was like to know someone for a long time or even have you know spent the night at their house or been at a party you know and suddenly they're saying things that almost sort of out of a can, you know. g, i was the oddest th think. >> brown: you obviously felt something at the time, some kind of awareness. >> sure. >> brown: what are we reading here? is it you, the child? y , looking back? >> well necessarily it's me looking back. you know, a good poem to me doesn't just describe a feeling, it enacts it. it enacts an experience. and for the moment of the poem
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you are that "i," you know, you are transformed and transported. and i think of poems as this exquisite form of transport. we were black then, not yet african american, soche danced everce we could get. thursday and saturday of'd chant the the roof! the roof is on fire! we don't need no water and folks' permsegan to turn. >> brown: throughout young's es,ms: musicians, athl references to pop culture. you've got r.c. cola, you've got atari, you know. leadbelly and prince, arthur ashe... >> yeah, well, those are the things of the world and i think it's hard to write poems thatar 't of the world. li'd be strange to not write about what it wa to hear prince for the first time, or listen to hip hop so much that you want to make poems that are as good as hip hop.po i thinry should be part of
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popular culture in the sense that poetry should be something we reach to. >> brown: there are also poems about darkeroments in american life, from emmett till to trvon martin, again, sifte through young's own experience. >> i was writing the poems, many them, during this moment when race and our division seemed to have resurfaced or at least to be on the news daily. someone's getting thrown out of a starbucks, or shot, you know, being unarmed. when you're writing about your childhood it's hard not to think about those things too. >> brown: these days kevin young has another very public perch, as poetry itor of the "new yorker" magazine. >> i get to be like a public fan.>> rown: a public fan of poetry? >> yeah, i get to think about what's exciting about the "new yorker" is also what's exciting about poetry right now, it's extremely diverse. it's really coming from a lot of different voices. >> brown: for the pbs newshour, i'm jeffrey brown from the schomburg center for research in black culture in harlem.
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>> woodruff: we've all heard of racial profili. what about "accent" profiling? hernan diaz is the associate director of the hispanic institute at columbia university anhis first novel was just nominated for a pulitzer prize. ose are obvious accomplishments, yet he possesses something else that sets him apart. that's tonight's in my humble opinion. >> i work at a university in new yorkith a large population o international students. walking around campus the other day, i was perplexed to see flyers advertising accent reduction or even accentat elimn. having beeborn in argentina, grown up in sweden, and spent sst of my life in the united states, i have, e degree, a foreign accent in every language i speak.
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something in my spaniss taxi drivers in buenos aires ask mehere i'm from. in swedish, my accent is very slight, t i have the vocabulary of a twelve-year-old. in my early 20s, i lived in london for a couple ofears, which left its mark. but the fact is i got english almost as a gift, through swedish, and there is still a scandinavian lilt in does mnt need correcting? i don't think so. to sound like who, exa a native speaker? what would that even mean? looking at accent-reduction classes online, the third hit i ert was not aimed at eastern european or south an immigrants. it actually read: "want to get rid of your new york accent?" an accent can be a stigma, even within native speakers of the same language. these variions-determined by geography, class, and race-are always identified with stereotypes, and fleeing from
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one means embracing another. in england, a russian writer may adopt an oxbridge accent; in california, a texan actor mayre aso a san fernando valley cadence.h even thoerybody has an accent, there certainly is such a thing as accent discrimination. most of us have either suffered or witnessed it at somt. i can easily tell when i'm not being understood or when someone is underscoring a difference in pronunciation just to show me my place. because accent discrimination is, in the end, all about place. who belongs and who doesn't. an accent is the echo of one language or tone in another. i, for one, enjoy these ghostly presences of something strangein familiar environment. they are a reminder of the fact that language doesn't belong to anyone. not even to its native speakers.
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language is shared. it is, in principle, a space where everyone is welcome and cooperates toward mutual comprehension. and the very fact that there are accents in the first place-the fact that we can stillot understand eacr through all the differences is the most conclusive proof of thehe hospitality ateart of every language. woodruff: finally to our newshour shares, something interesting that caught our eyea hu whales have fascinated scientists for years. n but as tshour's julia griffin reports, new, high- flying technology is helping researchers better understand the behavior of these usive predators. >> reporter: gliding above icebergs in antarctica, this drone footage looks like something out of a blockbuster nature documentary. but for marine ecologist dav johnston, the drone itself is a cutting edge tool for ocean
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science. >> drones are a technology that's really changing how we study a lot of things in marine environments. >> reporter: johnston leads duky univer marine robotics and remote sensing lab. the group uses fixed-wing and multi-rotor drones to study animal behavior and populations from above. it's a safer, cheaper and more precise method than theer helicoand planes traditionally used for aerial surveys. >> if we're out here and we're cruising along on our ship and we see a group of whales, we can launch the small boat, we can be there within minutes to be able to take advantage of tott. and that'sly revolutionary for our work. >> reporter: the boats johnston has been on lately have been floating near the western antarctic peninsula. in the southern hemisphere summer, it's areat place for observing "bubble net feeding": the unique way humpback whales feed on patches of krill. the gentle giants work together to surround the tiny crustaceans with an ever tightening spiral of air bubbles. their prey concentrated, thewh
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es lunge upward with open mouths. >> imagine if your mouth went from you know your chin all the way to your belly button that's pretty much the way its for these whales. they engulf this very huge volume of water, squeeze the water out and the baleen that's in their mouth keeps the krill side like a kind of like a filter. >> reporter: the team's work marks the first time drones have been used to capture bubble net feedinfor research purposes. the technology not only captures the feeding self in ultra hd but allows scientists to quantify the tempeture and size of the humpback whales. >> in fact it hasn't been since commercial whaling that we've really been able to measure them and estimate their mass. so drones are a really incredible non-invasive way to collect data that'anreally importt. >> reporter: that data will help scientists understand the role of humpback whales in the antarctic ecosystem as it reacts to climate change. for the pbs newshoif, i'm julia n.
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>> woodruff: and that'the newshour for tonight. on wednesday, it's a beaiful day in the neighborhood, a preview of the mr. roger's documentary. i'm judy woodruff. join us online and again here tomorrow evening. for all of us at the pbs newshour, thank you and see yo soon. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> babbel. a language app that teaches real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, >> the ford foundation. working with visionaries on thso frontlines oial change worldwide. >> carnegie corporation of new york. supporting innovations in education, democratic engagement, and the ntvancement
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ofnational peace and security. at >> and with the ongoing support and individuals.ons og >> this m was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. captioni sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh elyse: tonight on history detectives:
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is this bob dylan's? i don't believe it. i'm getting goose bumpse man: eard that the beatles were going to come down here. are these autographs real? oh, man! man: i found it in a thrift store. was this really made by frank zappa? that's a big question. elvis costello: ♪ watchin' the detectives y ♪ i get so angr when the teardrops start ♪ ♪ but he can't be woundno 'cause he's heart ♪ ♪ watchin' the detectives ♪ it's just likeet watchin' the dectives ♪ funding for tonitat's preson of history detectives was provided by the corporation fo public broadcasting and by contributions to your pbs station