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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 4, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentationb is made possib ure freeman foundation, kovler foundation,ing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ide form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to
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banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from wlahington, i am a trevelyan. crazytown inside the white house -- a new book describes chaos and conflict inside the west wing, with staff calling the president unhinged. battle over the bench -- brett kavanaugh's supreme court hearing turns contentious ile he says he is a pro-law judge. plus, a look at whether now is t goe to be a young person a america. we ask bbc viewe hear what they have to say.
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>> regardless of the challenges and setbacks we face, we are resilient and are going to change the world for tev better for yone. welcome to our tewers on publevision here in the u.s. and also around the globe. washington is transfixed tode by an explosw book about the donald trump white house by bob woodward. he is a veteran reporter who helped break the watergate scandal, and he paints a picture of a divided and dysfunctional west wing, where staff fear thah president is a national security risk. the white house dcribed the bo as nothing but fabricated stories. ite bbc's nick bryant has more. nick: today the house looks as stately and elegant as ever, but according to a new book, the mansion is home to a presidency in cg os, a
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west wffering a nervous breakdown, an administrative coup d'état. etails how senior aides tried to prevent donald trump from wielding his presidenofal pen, hidincial documents from his desk to stop him from withdrawing america from the nafta free trade agreement, and noring his suggestion to assassinate syrian leader bashar al-assad. it quotes white house chief of staff john kelly as saying he's unhinged. "he is an idiot. it is pointless trying to convince him of anything. it has gone off the rails. we are in crazytown."iv what the book so much credence is the authority of its author, bob woodward, whose work alongside carl bernstein during
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down richard nix. woodward is a washington institution. bob: president trump, how are nick: it is certainly a bad one for the embattled attorney general, jeff sessions, who mr ump apparently describes asal mently retarded and a dumb southerner. there are sights into the vice the president received about talking to robert mueller. "don't testify," his former lawyer told him. "it is either that or an orange ppmpsuit." the president lastred on cameras yesterday on what looks like an aborted golf trip. and now, yet another diversion. the white house claiat the book is nothing but fabricated stories, many by former disgntled employees. john kly has issued a atement saying he did not call the president an idiot.
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llgly, perhaps, the white house has not used the phrase " fake news," its usual blanket condemnation of the media. maybe that is because it is up against bob woodward, a journalist of such rigor, a journalist known for his fairness. many readers willn see accurate rendering of history. nick bryant, bbc news, at the white house. laura: for more on the bombshell -- onspoke earlier withbo the mbshell book, i spoke earlier with our north america reporter anthony zurcher. even by the andards of books about the trump white house and how extraordinary a portrait is this? anthony: when you sa woodward says this is the equivalent of an administrative coup, that members of trump's own staff were removing papers from his desk so that heul 't sign them, it is remarkable command the picturehi it paints of a house in turmoil where members of his administration are second-guessing each other, worried about tempering the
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president's rashest impulses. that is a remarkable, detail laura: the white house is pushing back and so is the president's former lawyer, who seems to be quoted at length in the bk. isn't the difference between this book and others that the author is so credible? anthony: right, and nick bryant mentions that in his piece. thsthing about bob woodward he has been doing this with administrations since the nixon days. the books are done the same way , where he goes and talk to people on deep background and constructs the narrative. the geral consensus in washington is you want to talk to bob woodward because all your colleagues are and your enemies are. if you don't get your account in e, they will get their stories published. laura: what do we learn about the anxiety and the white house -- the anxiety in the white house over the russia probe? anthony: what we saw was, rding to woodward, donal trump was having a sitdown session where they were talking about these are the types of
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questions robert mueller might mpask you, and donald tpent 30 minutes on a rant on how awful it was an how it was a hoax. they are concerned that anytime he swn with mueller it will be bad news and they would rather keep him away from all this. it is a preoccupation not just in these itances with his lawyers, but even in conversations with foreign leaders. laura: anthony zurcher, thankg you for join. also in washington today, the confirmation hearing for president trump's supreme court how many turned very -- nominee turned contentious. judge brett kavanaugh listened as democrats cled for his hearing to be suspended so they had time to review documents. multiple protesters tried to shout down the proceedings. 'heres how the first few minutes outed sen. grassley: i welcome everyone to the nomination hearing -- sen. harris: mr. chairman. sen. grassley: you are out of order. n. harris: we cannot possibly
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move forward to mr. chairman -- he has not been given an opportunity -- >> mr. chairman, we received 42,000 documents we have not been able to review until last night. we believe this hearing should be postponed - i sen. grasslenow this is an exciting day for all of you here and you are rightly proud -- l: sen. blumentha mr. chairman, if we cannot be recognized i move to adjourn. mr. chairman, i move to adjourn. [cheers] when things finally did settle down, the president's pick to join the supreme court delivered his opening statement. judge kavanaugh described how he sees the role the highest court in the land. judge kavanaugh: our independent judiciary is the crown jewel of our constitutional republic. in our independent judiciary the supreme court is the last line of defense for thepa tion of powers, and for the rights and liberties guaranteed by the constitution. laura: for more on day one of
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the kavanaugh hearings, i spoke earliersu with greg stohreme court reporter for bloomberg news. the president himself tweeted that the hearings shd how mean angry democrats are. have you ever known supreme court confirmation this chaotic and divided? oneg: no, i haven't. this is my sixthrmation hearing. nothing like this. you have to go back to the 1980 or 1990's to see one as divisive as this one. in this case, it wasthe get-go. the moment that chuck grassley, the republican cirman of the committee, started talking, democrats were interrupting, saying they needed the delay because they had not gotten the documents and they had not had a chance to review the ones ey had received the night before. laura: when democrats say they have not had a chance to review the documents, do they have a point? greg: they certainly have a point only in that a very small -- they certainly have a point in that only a very small
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percentage of the documents that involve brett kavanaugh while he was at the white house has been turned over to the cee and to the public. republicans -- the counter is there is an aul lot of other stuff, his judicial record, and a lot of white house documents have been turned over. it is a question of whether you are looking at a percentage basis or the volume of what has been turned over.di laura: whayou make of the tone of judge kavanaugh's opening statement? he is saying he is very much a judge who is all aboaw the rule oftself. greg: he sounded like a lot ofpr ious republican nominees to the supreme court. that is the type of language they tend to use. that is their way of saying, ing to go beyond at the statute says, what the constitution says, and create new rights. that is sort of a signal that hr will be a cotive justice much like the kinds of justices ihat the most recent republican presidents have aped. laura: democrats previewed their line of attack today, didn'tpr
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theyty comprehensively. they are suggesting that president trump may have picked this judge to protect himself. can you explain that to us? greg: that was a very striking charge from several democratic senators. the idea that all of these issues surrounding donald trumpv -- bob muellertigation , a separate investigation by prosecutors in new york -- those are issues that could come to the supreme court. one of them is if the president receives a subpoena demand to testify before a grand jury. does the president have to obey that spoena? that iss could well get to the supreme court. the concern from democrats based on judge kavanaugh's record and some of the things he has said and writ inclined to say no, the president should not have to answer to that, and would esseially be above the law. that will certainly be a focus of the questioning of the next couple days. laura: thank you joining us. greg: sure thing.
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laura: tropical storm gordon is building momentum in the gulf of mexico as it gets ready to make lafall tuesday night. already, have you winds -- heavy winds and rain have been pounding the gulfegn. the national hurricane center says the storm could bring life-threatening hurricane conditions to parts of the region. japan has been hit by the strong typhoon in 25 years, with winds of up to 135 milesur an rerter: japan knew that the storm was coming. some were still caught out and had a lucky escape from the torrent of water below. the typhoon is the strongest to hit japan i25 years, and in the worst hit area around osaka, the damage is widespread. down there on the left, you can just about me out the runway.
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ansarest of ki international airport is underwater. the bridge that joined the airport and the mainland has been damaged. the ship was repeatedly blow to the columnsay and roadw. the storm surge cause fires thaa dad dozens of cars waiting to be shipped abroad. others were battered by the winds reaching 130 miles an hour. typhoons and serious storms are not unusual in japan. more than a million people have been advis to leave their homes as jebi appached. one ofinister shinzo abe them to take action to protect your lives. those who left now have to wait for the damage reports. this is a country well prepared for extreme conditions. 2018 has been hard so far. japan achieved its highest ever recorded temperature this summer .f that ir severe flooding ekilled more than 200 peo earlier in the year.
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bbc news, tokyo. laura: terrifying enes in japa there. four years ago the yazidi minority in northern iraq became a simple of resistance to the brutality of islamictate. 50,000 men and women fled danger, staying alive with the help of international airdrops and a bombing caofaign to ward i.s. forces. what has happened to the yazidi now? our chief international correspondent lyse doucet headed to mount sinjar to find t. lyse: life now on sinjar mountain, the heart of the yazidi homeland.ns f thousands fled to these slopes four years ago when the in,mic state fighters swept and many never left. t leaving behiir homes and villages below to live here. the only place they feel safe no >> isis destroyed my house -- lyse: he tells me when i.s.
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arrived, their muslim neighbors betrayed tm. ent isis came to sins r, our neighbplained everything to isis. they say yazidi is like, don't believe god. and they kill all the men and sold women in e market. lyse: most yazidis feel the' can't come home. this is what the town of sinjar looks survivorscattered in camps across northern iraq, or living abroad. there are so many reasons the yazidis feel they cannot come home. look at this. ill of this needs to be re and it is full of bombs and booby traps i.s. left behind. but it runs far deeper than this. after all that has happened here, they don't trust authorities to protect them, and they are losing hope that anyone will help them.
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i.s. took her sband and oldest e is no man to take care of her family in this traditional culture. so they found a home in this r orphanage,uge after surviving their horrific ordeal. she tells me that she and her children were taken as slaves, forced to convert to islam, beaten daily. you can still see the scars. >> my children are always upset, and i keep having flashbacks. we have no words from either my husband or son last o years. fortimes this one cries hours asking for her father and brother. lyse: almost every yazidi we met told us they have no future
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here. these famies are waiting to get out. this makeshift center in a nearby town is packed. every family has their own story of suffering. a few western countries are offering special visas for yazidi victims. but as so ma leave, the future de this tiny community, one of the world's olst religions, is at risk. as yazidi leaders gather at one of the biggest temples, theyec besethe world to help them. they fear i.s. could again return, and no one in this country will protect them. lyse doucet, bbc news, sinjar. who stille yaz can't come home four years. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, challenging the science on vaccination. the italian parents who say they
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know what is best for their baby's health, not doctors. plastic is a global problem, and japan is no exception. however, people there spent a lot of time sorting household plastic so it can be recycled. what happens to it when it leaves their hes? rupert wingfield-hayes has been finding out. here's his report. the world is drowning in plastic. here in japan, they say recyclin is the answer. but is that true? kitchen, anes come i would say, our garbag she will give me a lesson s on w toeparate my guardag huge -- garbe. it is arduous task, but 84% of
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household plastic end up in a what happens to it next? these ladies are pulling out anything that can't be recycled -- cigarette lighters, batteries, bits ofetal scraps. now the shocker. 70% of this material will be exported. last year a million tons of japanese plastic went to china. this year china banned all imports. plastic recycleels are desperhunting for alternatives. go to china. now it will go to malaysia. some plastics are recycled in japan. larg industrial ones. what we have seen here is that industrial plastic has value. it can be recycled and turned into new products. they same cannot be said of household plastic waste.
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it is dirty, difficult, and it has virtually no value. that is what it is shipped will to china and it ends up being in a landfill or burned, which is why so much of it ends up in the ocean. measles used to be one of ,he worlds most feared diseases killing more than 2 million people a year. vaccinations brought that figure down sharply. now there has been a resurgence, particularly in europe. italian lawmakers havhebeen debatinger to make vaccinations optional. james reynolds reports. a -- manueheile has brougheight-year-old son for compulsory jabs. she cannot start grizzly without officialertificates. -- start nursery witho
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official certificates. but his mother is here very reluctantly. >> i'm only doing this because they are mandatory. i'm worried about what is in t em. james: this fear, cked by scientific findings, stocks some -- stops some parents from getting kids inoculated. it has caused measles to rise. the previo government reacted by making jabs mandatory. >> there is a small percentage of people who do not want to get vaccinated. our objective is to reach 95% of the population. the current law is helping. james: but the new populist vernment may get rid of the compulsory thrior minister matteo salvini told a croat in tuscany hildren cannot be let out of schools simply because they have not been vaccinated. a teacher told me that she decided not to give her five-year-old daughter the measles jab.
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>> i am for free choice, and against mandatory,naass, indiscri vaccination. i think evaluation should be done case-by-case. every child is different. james: italy's new populist mood is based on the sumption that r thanduals know bet doctors, governments, and experts. warn that this belief puts the country's health at risk. it causes diseases like measles to spread. mialy's most senior pediatrician has to persuade es to ignore unfounded fears of vaccines. >> when you give this kind of information, you try to change the mind of the people. we are trying to do our best, but probably what we need is educat but not only in italian problem. it is a worldwide problem. james: the rejection of accepted science means the return of a which can be fought with a proven vaccine.
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in the end, the politics is muco complicated than the medicine. james reynolds, bbc news, rome.: la president trump often tells us this is the greatest i history and the best time ever to look for a job. but for young americans dealing with student loans, housing, and ildcare costs, it is often hard to make ends meet. recely we heard from some o them. pres. trump: there has never been a beer time to be young and an american. never been a better time. >> being a young person in america today -- >> being an american is very challenging. definitely an interesting time. >> being a young person in america today sc troubling and y, but it is still hopeful. >> there is a huge misconception that my generation is lazy or
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spending their money on unnecessary things like avoca toast. >> we faced setbacks that prior generations didn't. uniquely to us, childcare is sos exe. i am 26 years old and i have a four-year-old son. i paid more than the average cost for a bachelors degree for him to go to cldcare his life. >> it was not a matter oif we are ever in the situation. reit is a matter of when w in the situation, and just the attitudehat at some point in the future, we will be in an active shoer situation. it is not something that older generations necessarily had to grow up having in the back of their minds. >> older generations don't have that understanding. in, like, it was either the 1970's or 1980's, you could work a minimum wage job and pay for college.
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now that is absurd. >> we are the generation thaton grew uacebook and twitter. we have an advantage that other generations don't have. >> helping others out with donating to charities. haking it easier for people to find communitiesmaybe they don't have in their area. >> political mobilization is made easy, and there are key conversations happening today that have changed lives, like the me too movement, which would not have been poible without technology in the world we live in today. >> seems like the main theme of this generation is change. you can' without being ambitious and actually getting out there and doing the work. >> the last thing i want the rest of theld wo know about young americans is regardless of the challenges or setbacks or
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disadvantages we face, we are t and we will change the world for the better for everyone. laura: let's hope so. icthe of young americans. you can find the day's news on our website. i am laura trevelyan. thanks for watching "world news america." e with the bbc news app, our vertical videos ardesigned to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way throughe the news of thday and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. doload now from selected a >> funding of resentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundatn, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities.
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at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight... >> brett kavanaugh to serve as associate justice. >> mr. chairman. >> woodruff: beginning with a brawl, the kavanaugh confirmation hearing kicks off amid protests, as democratic senask to stop the proceedings. we break down the key moments of day one. >> i tell people, "don't read about my judicial opinions. read the opinions. >> woodruff: then, lost history: a fire destroys brazil's national museum, turning priceless artifacts to ash. and, backing kaepernick-- why nike is turning to the face of n.f.l. protests to represent their brand. all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.


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