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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 4, 2018 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funng of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to. chisel ng thatp away everyt stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach tou banking around-
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your plans, your goals, your dreams.or your tw is now. purepoint financial. >> and now, "bbc world news." t laurs is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. crazytown inside the white house -- a new book describes chaos and conflict inside th wing, with staff calling the president unhinged. battle over the bench -- brett kavanaugh's supreme courtrn hearing contentious while he says he is a pro-law judge. plus, a look at whether now is a good time to be a young person in arica. we ask bbc viewers and hear what they have to say. >> regardless of the challenges
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e,and setbacks we fac we are resilient and are going to change the world for the better for everyone. come to our viewers on public television here in the u.s. and also around the globe. s washingtonansfixed today by an explosive new book about the donald trump white house by bob woodward. he is a veteran reporter who w helped break tergate and he paints a picture of a divided and dysfunctional west wing,here staff fear that the president is a national security risk. the ite house described the book as nothing but fabricated stories. the rec's nick bryant has nick: today the white house looks as stately and elegant as ever, but according to a new book, the mansion is home to a presidency in chaos, a west wing suffering a nervous
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breakdown, an administrative coup d'état. it details how senior aides tried to prevent donald trump fromld wg his presidential pen, hiding official documents from his desk to stop him from withdrawing americfrom the nafta free trade agreement, and ignoring his suggestion to assassinate syrian leader bashar al-assad. it quot white house chief of staff john kelly as saying he's unhinged. "he is an idiot. it is pointless tryin oto convince h anything. it has gone off the rails. we are in crazytown." what gives the book so much credence is thauthority of its author, bob woodward, whose work alongside carl bernstein during
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down richard nixon.od rd is a washington institution. bob: president trump, how are nick: it is certainly a bad one for the embattled attorneyf general, jssions, who mr. trump apparently describes as mentally retarded and a dumb southerner. there are insights into the advice the president received elout talking to robert muler. "don't testify," his former lawy told him. "it is either that or an orange jumpsu." the president last appeared on cameras yesterday on what looks like an aborted golf trip. and n, yet another diversion. the white house claims that the book is nothing but fabricated stories, many by former disgruntled employees. john kelly has issued a statement saying he did not call the prident an idiot. tellingly, perhaps, the white
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house has not used the phrase " fake news," its usual blanket f condemnatione media. maybet that is because up against bob woodward, a journalist of such rigor, a journalist known for his fairness. readers will see an accurate rendering of history. ni bryant, bbc news, at the white house. laura: for more on the bombshell -- ony spoke earlier with the bombshell book, i spoke earlier with our north america reporter anthony zurcher. even by the standards of books about the trump white house and how extraordinary a portrait is this? anthony: when you say that woodward says this is the equivalent of an administrative coup, that members of trump's own staff we removing papers om his desk so that he wouldn't sign them, it is remarkable command the picture it paints of a white house in turmoil where members of his administration are second-guessing each other, worried about tempering the
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president's rashest impurees. that is rkable, detailed account. laura: the white house is pushing back and so is the president's former lawyer, who seems to be quoted at length in the book. isn't the difference between this book and others that the author is so credible? anthony: right, and nick bryant mentions that in his p the thing about bob woodward is he has been doing this with administrations since the nixon tys. the books are do same way , where he goes and talk to people on deep background and constructs the narrative. the general consensus in washington is tou want to talk ob woodward because all your colleagues are and your enemies are. if you don't get your account in there, they will get their stories published. laura: wt do we learn about the anxiety and the white house -- the anxiety in the white house over the russia probe? anthony: what we saw w according to woodward, donald trump was having a sitdown session where they were talking about these are the types of
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questions robert mueller might ask you, and donald trump spent 30 minutes on a rant on how awful it was an how it was a hoax. they are concerned that anytime he sits down with mueller it will be bad news and tuldp rather km away from all this. it is a preoccupation not just in these instances with his lawyers, but even in conversations with foreign leaders. laura:nthony zurcher, thank you for joining us. also in washington today, the confirmation hearing for president trump's supreme court how many turned very -- nominee turned conntious. judge brett kavanaugh listened as democrats called for his hearing to be suspd ded so they me to review documents. multiple protesters tried to shout down the proceedings. here's how the first few minutes played out. sen. grassley: i welcome everyone to the nomination hearing -- sen. harris: mr. chairman. sen. grassley: you are out of order. chn. harris: we cannot possibly move forward to mrrman -- he has not been given an
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opportunity -- >> mr. chairman, we received 42,000 documents we have not been able to review until last night. we believe this hearing should be postponed -- sen. grassley: i know this is an exciting day for all of you here and you are rightly proud -- sen. blumenthal: mr. chairman, if we cannot be recognized i move to adjourn. cmr.irman, i move to adjourn. [cheers] when things finally did settle down, the president's pick to join the supreme court delivered his opening statement. judge kavanah described how he sees the role of the highest court in the land. judge kavanaugh: our independent judiciary is the crown jewel of our constitutional republic.ep in our ident judiciary, the supreme court is e last line of defense for the separation of powers, and for the rights and liberti guaranteed by the constitution. laura: for more on day one of
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the kavanaugh hearings, i spoke earlier with greg stohr, supreme court reporter for bloomberg news. the president himself tweeted that the hearings show how mean and angry democrats are. have you ever known supreme court confirmation this chaotic and divided? greg: no, i haven't. this is my sixth confirmation hearing. nothing like this. u ve to go back to the 1980 or 1990's to see one as divisive as this one. in this case, it was from the get-go. the moment that chuck grassley, the republican chairman of the committee, started talking, democrats were interrupting, saying they needed the delay because they had not gotten the documents and they had not had a chance to review the ones they had ceived the night before. laura: when democrats say they have not had a chance to review the documents, do they have a point? greg: they certainly have a point only in that a very small -- they certainly have a point in that only a very small percentage of the documents that
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involve brett kavanaugh while he was at the white house has been turned over to the committee ando the public. republicans -- the counter is there is an awful lot of other stuff, his judicial record, and a lot of white house documents have been turned over. it is a question of whether you are looking at it on a percentage basis or the volume of what has been turned over. laura: what did you make of the tone of judge kavanaugh'sg openatement? he is saying he is very much a judge who is all about the rule of law itself. greg: he sounded like a lot of previous republican nominees to the supreme court. that is the type of language they tend to use. that is their way of saying, look, i'm not going to go beyond what the statute says, what the constitution says, and create new rights. that is sort of a signal that he will be a conservative justice much like the kinds of justices that the most recent republican presidents have appointed. laura: democrats previewed their line of atta today, didn't
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they, pretty comprehensively. they are suggesting that president trump may have picked this judge to protect himself. can you explain that to us? greg: that was a very striking charge from several democratic senators. the idea that all of thedi issues surro donald trump -- bob mueller investigation , a separate investigation by ulosecutors in new york -- those are issues that come to the supreme court. one of them is if the president ndceives a subpoena demand to testify before a gury. does the president h obey that subpoena? that issue could well get to the sucoeme court. thern from democrats based on judge kavanaugh's record and some of the things he has said and written is that he will be inclined to say no, the presidenshould not have to answer to that, and would essentially be above the law. that will certainly be a focus of the questioning of the next couple days. ura: thank you joining us. greg: sure thing. laura: tropical storm gordon is
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buofding momentum in the gul mexico as it gets ready to make landfall tuesday night. already, have you winds -- heavy winds and rain havhebeen pounding gulf region. the national hurricane centerou says the storm bring life-threatening hurricane conditions to parts of the region. ropan has been hit by the as typhoon in 25 years, with winds of up to 135 miles an hour. reporter: japan knew that the storm was coming. some were still caught out and had a lucky escape from the torrent of water below. the typhoon is the strongest to hit japan in 25 years, and in the worst hit area around osaka, the damage ispr widad. down there on theeft, you can just about make out the runway. ansaiest of k
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atinternnal airport is underwater. the bridge that joined the airport and the mainland has been damaged. was repeatedly blow t the columns and roadway. the stormfi surge cause s that damaged dozens of cars waiting to be shipped abroad. others were battered by the winds reaching 130 miles an hour. typhoons and serious storms are nounusual in japan. more than been advised to leave their homes as jebi approached. o ne ofinister shinzo abe them ttake action to protect your lives. those who left now have to wait for the damage reports. this is a country well prepared for extreme conditions. 2018 has been hard so far. japan achieved its highest ever recorded temperature this summer . that is after severeg flood killed more than 200 people earlier in the year. , bbc nekyo.
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laura: terrifying scenes in japan there. four years ago the yazidi minority in northern iraq became icsimple of resistance to the brutality of isl state. 50,000 men and women fled danger, staying alive with the help of international airdps and a bombing campaign to ward off i.s. forces. what has happened to the yazidi now? our chief international correspondent lyse doucet heades to moujar to find out. lyse: life now on sinjar mountain, the heart of the yazidi homeland. tens of thousands fled to these slopes four years ago when the in,mic state fighters swept and many never left. leaving behind their homes and villages below to live here. the only pce they feel safe now. ->> isis destroyed my hou lyse: he tells me when i.s.
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arrived, their muslim neighbors betrayed them. went isis came to sinjar, our neighbors explained everything to isis. they say yazidi is like, don't believe god. and they kilall the men and ld women in the market. lyse: most yazidis feel they can't come home. this is what the town of sinjar looks like. survivors are scattered in camps across northern iraq, or living abroad. there are so many reasons the yazidis feel they cannot come home. look at this. all of this needs to be rebuilt and it is full of bod booby traps i.s. left behind. but it runs far deeper than this. after all that has happened here, they don't trust authorities to protect them, and they are losing hope that anyone will help them.
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i.s. took her husband and oldest son. raere is no man to take care of her family in thistional culture. so they found a home in this orphanage, a refuge after rdsurviving their horrificl. she tells me that she and her childr were taken as slaves, forced to convert to islam, beaten daily. you can still see the scars. en are always upset, and i keep having flashbacks. we have no words froaneither my huor son last two years. essometimes this one c for hours asking for her father and brother. lyse: almost every yazidi we met told us they have no future these families are waiting to
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get out. this makeshift center in a nearby town is packed. every family has their own st.y of sufferi a few western countries are offering special visas for yazidi victi. but as so many leave, the future of this tiny community, one of the world's oldest religions, is at risk. as yazidi leaders gather at one of the biggestemples, they beseech the world to help them. they fear i.s. could again return, and no one in this country will protect them. lyse doucet, bbc news, sinjar. ho stillhe yazidi can't come home after four years. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight'sog m, challenging the science on vaccination. the italian parents who say they
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noow what is best for their baby's healthdoctors. plastic is a global problem, and japan is no exception. g wever, people there spent a lot of time sortusehold plastic so it can be recycled. what hapns to it when it aves their homes? rupert wingfield-hayes has been finding out. here's his report the world is drowning in plastic. here in japan, they say recycling is the answer. but is that true? kitchen, and she is s come i wou, our garbage warrior. she will give me a lesson on how to separate my guard huge -- garbage. is arduous task, but 8 of
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househol eplasticnd up in a recycling bin. what happens to it next? these ladi are pulling out anything that can't be recycled -- cigarette lighters, baeries, bits of metal scraps. now the shocker. 70% of this material will be exported. last year a million tons of japanese plastic went to china. this year china banned all imports. plastic recyclers are desperately hunting for alternatives. go to china. now it will go to malaysia. some plastics are recycled in japan. large industrial ones. what we have seen here is that industrial plastic has value. it can be recycled and turned into new products. they same cannot be said of household plastic waste. it is a dirty, difficul it
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has virtually no value. that is what it is shipped will to china and it endsp ing in a landfill or burned, which is why so much it ends up in the ocean. measles used to be one ,he worlds most feared diseases killing more than 2 million people a year. vaccinations brought that figurn harply. now there has been a resurgence, particularly in europe. italian lawmakers have been debating whether to make vaccinations optional. james reynolds reports. a -- manuelaile has brought her eight-year-old son for compulsory jabs. she cannot start grizzly without official certificates. -- start nursery without
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official certificates. but s mother is here very reluctantly. >> i'm only doing this because they are mandatory. i'm worried about what is in them. james: this fear, not backed by scientific findings, stocks some -- stops some parents from getting kids inoculated. it has caused measles to rise. the previous government reacted by making jabs mandatory. >> there is a small percenge of people who do not want to get vaccinated. our objective is to reach 95% oo thlation. the current law is helping. n james: but t populist government may get rid of the compulsory vaccinations. the interior minister matteolv i told a crowd in tuscany that children cannot be let out of schools simply because they have not been vaccinated. a teacher told me that she decided not to give her five-year-old daughter the measles jab.
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>> i am for free choice, and against mandatory, mass, indiscriminate vaccination. i think evaluation should be done case-by-case. ery child is different. james: italy's new populist mood is based on the assumption that individuals know better than doctors, governments, and experts. warn that this belial puts the country's at risk. it causes diseases like measles to spread. italy's most senior pediatrician has to persuade families to ignore unfounded fears of vaccines. >> when you give this kind of information, you try to change the mind of the people. we are trying to do our best, but probably what we need is education also in the schools, but not only in italian problem. it is a worldwide proble james: the rejection of science means the return of a disease which can be fought with a proven vaccine.
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in the end, the politics is much more complicated than the medicine. james reynolds, bbc news, rome. laura: president trump often tells us this is the greatest in history and the best time ever ic look for a job. but for young ams dealing with student loans, housing, and childcare costs, it is often hard to make ends meet. recently we heard from some of them. pres. trump: there has never been a better time to be young and an american. ver been a better time. >> being a young person in america today -- >> being an american is very challenging. definitely an interesting time. >> being a young person in america today is troubling and scary, but it is still hopeful. >> there is a huge misconcepti that my generation is lazy or
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spending their money onin unnecessary like avocado. toast. ced setbacks that prior generations didn't. uniquely to us, childcare is so expensive. i am 26 years old and i have a four-year-old son. i paid more than the average cost for a baclors degree for m to go to childcare his life. >>t s not a matter of if we are ever in the situation. it is a matter of when we are in the situation, and just the attitude that at some point in the future, we will be in active shooter situation. it is not something that olderge rations necessarily had to grow up having in the back of their minds. >> older generations don't haven that underng. in, like, it was either the 1970's or 1980's, you could worj a minimum wa and pay for college. now that is absurd.
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>> we are the generation that grew up on facebook and twitter. we have an advantage that other generations don't have. >> helping others out with doting to charities. making it easier for people to find communities that maybe they don't have in their area. >> political mobilization is made easy, and there are key conversationhappening today that have changed lives, like the me too movent, which would t have been possible without technology in the world we live in today. >> seems like the main theme ofs eneration is change. you can't bring about change without being ambitious and ly getting out there and doing the work. >>he last thing i want the rest of the world to know about young americans is rerdless of the challenges or setbacks or face, we aes we
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resilient and we will change the world for the better for everyone. laura: let's hopeo. the voices of young americans. you can find the day's news on our website. i am laura trevelyan. thanks for watching "world news america." >> with the ws app, our c vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date witthe latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, vler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint fincial. is how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with aon. e see its ideal form in our mind, and then wbegin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the way to reveal new possibilities.
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at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to bankinaround you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight... >> brett kavanaugh to serve as associate justice. >> mr. chairman. >> woodruff: beginning with a brawl, the kavanaugh confirmation hearing kicks off amid protests, as democratic senators ask to stop t proceedings. we break down the key moments of day one. >> i tell people, "don't read about my judicial opinions. f:ad the opinions. >> woodrhen, lost history: a fire destroys brazil's national museum, turning priceless artifacts to ash. any backing kaepernick-- wh nike is turninhe face of n.f.l. protests to represent their brand. all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.


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