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tv   PBS News Hour Weekend  PBS  November 18, 2018 5:30pm-6:00pm PST

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captioning sponsored by wnet >> sreenivasan: on this edition for sunday, november 18: nearly two weeks after the election, the recount in florida comes to a close. in our signature segment, how the shift towardat rehabiln in california's prisons is giving some inmates a second chance. and the hollywood of europe, along the danube. next on pbs newshour weekend. >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: bernard and irene schwartz. sue and edgar wachenheim iii. seton melvin. the cheryl and philip milstein family. dr. p. roy vagelos and diana t. vagelos. . he j.p.b. foundation. rosalindlter. barbara hope zuckerberg. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement products.
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that's why we're your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporat npublic broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. ank you. t fr tisch wnet studios at lincoln center in new york, hari sreenivasan. g sreenivasan: good evening and thank you for join. democrat bill nelson conceded to republican rick scott this afternoon in the race for u.s. senate in florida. state election officials ed a second manual recou of ballots in the contentious race at noon today. scott, who has been florida's governor since 2011, ld on to his lead over nelson, the three- term democratic incumbent. the margin is more than 10,000 votes, or 0.12 of a percentage point. in the governor's race, democrat andrew gillum congratulated republican ron desantis on winning late yesterday after a
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recount showed gillum trailing desantis by more than 30,000 votes. and in southern california, democrat gil cisneros was declared the winner over republican young rkim ine for what was a republican-held house seat. it's t ahe first time ost 80 years that democrats have held all seven house seats in orange county california. the vote count is over but the questions about how ballots were counted, and why florida continues to f be onee last to decide its elections are still to be answered. joini mng us now frmi with the latest is politico reporter marc caputo. >> thanks for joining us. why does it take so long in a structul way for florida to get through the election process? >> it usually takes everyone kindf a long time to do it. in fact i think california's results for president took a number of weeks. it's just that we're paying more attention now. and when you have close, races it exposes all of the margins of error and the muckiness. people will pay more attention
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to the fact that there are all these undervotes, there are all these overvotes, there may be a problem at precinct or that precinct, simply becae it's a close election. florida, we had three statewide races go to recount and when you have races that close you're going to have controveran. >> sreenivwhat's the matter with broward county? seems to be one of thplaces we end up focusing on. there will probably a book wrote about that. >> mark grunwald wrote a book called "what's the matter wh broward county." broward county appears to my professional and pysonales to be inexetly comgd. -- extently managed. extently inexet competently
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managed. he appointed brenda snipes. it seems like there would be a probleor two and it would crop up and certainly with the benefit of hindsight it was er disaaiting to happen and i think we got a disaster here. >> sreenivasan:, finalat does it say, now we have the highest profile races in florida tilting towards the republicans. it sort of stems a little bit of this idea of the blue wave at least in a very, very important state. qu it does, that's a really interestintion. what we've seen is for all the attention paid say on puerto rico, evacuees from hurricane maria who came to live here, question is will they vote, how many of them there are, what was sortsof a myth certainly in a national context is that florida still a very big retirement state the land has been a coalescinge coalescing of hite .
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wealthy, upper middle class, middle class tend to vote republican. while the state is becoming blacker and browner on the voter rolls, the new rierves are ite e are up tthe election is the fact that our politics in this state and probably in the nation are becoming racially polarized. and that's not a good recipe for democracy. >> sreenivasan: all rit, marc caputo. joining us from politico, thank you. s >>enivasan: the death toll in california's wildfires has risen to at least 79 people with as many as 1300 people still listed as missing. the camp fire, which desthoyed most of town of paradise in northern california, was 60% contained is morning but winds
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were expected to gust again today. investigators continue the grim task of searching for bodies and identifying remains. and people in a makeshift tent city at a walmart parking ict in cho california, were asked to leave today. the red cross and other local agencies are helping locate shelters. in southern california, the woolsey fire is now 88% contained. rain is predicted throughout california lateinthis week rafears of mudslides in the burned regions. wetorld leaders whot the annual asia pacific economic cooperation summit marked a first in the organization's 29- year history.ey ere unable to agree on a final communique, failing to bridge differences. the summinit was domed by disputes between china and the u.s. the warns that china luring nations into debt traps, china says american unilateralism is dangerous. the host nation, papua new guinea, also accused china of threatening behavior. president trump says he expects a full report by tuesday on the murder of saudi journalist jamal khashoggi that will address" what we think the overall a impact w who caused it, and who did it." this follows news reports hat the c.i.a. has concluded that
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saudi crown prince mohammed bin salman ordered khashoggi's assassination. on fox news sunday, president ump said u.s. intelligen officials have briefed him on an audio recording of khashoggi's killing but that hdoes not want to hear the tape himself. >> there's no reason for me to hear it. in fact, i said to the peop" should i and they said, "you really shouldn't." i know exactly. i know everything on the tape what went on without having to hear it. >> and what happened? >> it was very violent, very vicious and terrible. en>> sasan: israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu met with his cabinet today, looking f wor to remain in power and avoid early elections. netanyahu's coalition was left with only a one seat majority in the 120 member parliament following the resignation of hard-line defense minister avigdor lieberman last week. lieberman stepped down in protest over a ceasefire reached last week with gaza militants, removing his party from netanyahu's coalition. nyahu said it would "be ctnecessary and wrong to go to an en during this sensitive period for our security."
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scientists are suggesting mimiducking nature to re the risks of wildfires. read some of the ideas at >> sreenivasan: mandatory minimum sentencing and three strikes legislation, have helped american prisons stay full, even if some prisonersnside them are deemed suitable for release. but ever since the u.s. supreme court ruled in 201that overcrowding in california's prisons constituted cruel and beusual punishment, the state ha reducing its prison population. the shift is possible in part nrough a greater emphasis on rehabilitation and approach to parole, as newshour weekend specijo correspondent ne elgart jennings reports. this report is part of our ongoing seri about poverty and opportunity in america, "chasing the dream." >> reporter: as the sun rises over san francisco bay, the imposing san quentin state prison comes into view. birds chirping, waves lapping
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against the shore right outside the prison gate. filmmaker troy williams is trying to capture video of these contrasting scenes. just four years ago, he saw a similar view from inside the prison walls. >> beneath death row is the fifth tier of north block and there's a little slit in the window that you can see out of. and prior to paroling i would go s to that tier and you can look over and you c these trees right here, and i would just go sit there and just like dream thout what it would be like to be crossin bridge on my way home. >> reporter: williams51, no years old, had his first brushvi witence when he was 13. >> when i was confronted by some gut ys in the gange store anhed they chased me andbeat me up. they stomped me out. that was a turning point for my
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life because soon thereafter i joined a gang. >> reporter: at 15, he was convicted of killing a rival gang member. he served six years in juvenile hall. in 1997, at the a of 30, williams was sentenced to seven- years-to-life in prison for kidnapping and robbery. he didn't hold out much hope of ever being paroled. >>be i remthe fear from that day that like i could actually just die in here and spend the rest of my life in here without ever having the opportunity to go repair some of the harm that i've caused to my own community. >> reporter: at san quentin, they're trytoinepair some of that harm. there are more than 80 self help groups here. one of th offender education group in which inmates are matched with victims of crimes similar to the ones they committed. i remember sitting acro from this lady who came in and i
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saw how fear paralyzed her life. i saw how the fear of her being robbed at gunpoint like actually froze her. i saw her, how she sort of cowered in, right? and i connected that in a way in which i saw how fear drove me to cower out. so that bridged the tibig conn for me on how my actions had potentally harmed victims of my crime. >> reporter: williams also participated in other self-help and educational activities, everything from restorative justice to creative writing. and when the discovery channel came to san quentin to shoot a reality tv show, troy williams was one of nine inmates taught to shoot, edit, and direct their own videos. >> scene 2, shot 4, take 1, action!
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>> i want to take our experiences and turn them into something positive. i want to take things that we've been through and prevent people who may be in that scinenario fm there. >> reporter: over the next seven williams created an in- house prison tv newscast. >> good evening san quentin. i'm troy williams out here with father boyle. >> reporter: it later morphed ron everett has beenadio incarcerated almost 31 years. everett was arrested soon after the birth of his son. >> reporter: after serving 18 years, troy williams was released on parole in 2014. in 2016, he returned to san quentin to speak at a ted-x event inside the prison. >> yea little over ago i was serving a life sentence with many of the men and women in the room today. >> reporter: the event was rirected, filmed, and edited by inmates, including asey. he has served 30 years of an 83- years-to life sentencendor kidnappingape. >> so troy williams was the
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person who was extremely instrumental in my change and, and in me finding out who i am as a person. he really turned the light on in my head about, you know, about miat i could do, who i could be. >> reporter: billill runs several self-help programs inside san quentin. >> so the trauma healing work that we do is finitely rooted in storytelling because it takes empathy to tell someone else's story. and self reflection is critical. bere are a lot of exercises that really k through one's life. and that is, that is how you build empathy. >> i think that's the first step is being able to grapple wit what you did and be able to tell your story and how you're differentetoday. >> rep jennifer shaffer is the executive officer of california's parole board. during her seven year tenure, the board has approved more than double the number of inmates for parole than se the previous n years.
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ru 2008, the california supreme courd that an inmate can only be deemed "unsuitable for p oarole" if she "poses a current threat to public safety." >> the supreme court basically said that we could no longer y somebody based solely the significance or the severity of their crime, so instead of asking somebody merely what did you do now we were asking who were you then, who are you today and what is the difference? >> i'm troy williams. i did 18 years. i've been out ree and a half. reporter: inside the alameda county parole office, a grp of fheormer lifers are gd for a monthly support meeting. >> my name is edwards. i've been in prison for 40 years and eight months. >> i've just been out a week today. i'm trying to figure out, you know, everybody's been calling me. they want to see me. i got grandchildren, i've met never met; great grandchildren i've never met. >> i know you're anxious to see your family and family means the world. ye ou way 40 years. but everything is a process and
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it takes time. >> reporter: williams reminds his fellow parolees to keep things in perspective. >> i was driving about two months ago. it was raining. i'm in a suit, i'm fresh, i hit .ire on the flat, it's raining, pouring down raini i jumped out the car. i'm frustrated, right? and then i started laughing to myself like, you tripping. first. i'm like, man, i got a flat tire. and then i started thinking, i'm like, i'm starting laughing. i' im like, maet to have a flat tire and i can pay for . right, so it's perspective. >> reporter: troy williams often returns to the san quentin gate to greet friends as they are released from prison. >> good to see you on this side, man. aswhen i came to prison, i gangbanger, but for the amount of programs, the amot t of things twas able to participate in, i wouldn't be who i am today. >> reporter: he says all prisoners should have access to
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the type of education and professional training he had. >> the question society has to ask themselves is, who do you want coming home? do you want the same individual who went to prison, coming home? or do you want somebody that has had the opportunity to work on themselves to understand what led them down that path in the first place? >> sreenivasan: this past summer, troy williams was roarded a justice fellowship. it is providing seed money for him to realize his dream, to create a multimedia platform for ly incarcerated people to produce and tell their own stories. m d this week, williams was discharged frole. >> sreenivasan: not all hollywood-style movies are made in hollywood, but still it might surprise you to lear an
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eastern european nation with a long-thriving, home-grown film industry, has been s rpping out inent years, raising its profile as a go-to location for blockbuster-stylurcinema. newsweekend special correspondent christopher livesay has our report. >> reporter: this could be pario or romr berlin or even new york. but in fact, this is budapest, hungary where morend more youse e scenes like this. everything from streaming series to big hollywood blockbusters are being filmed in this city. a kind of hollywood on the danube. remember the movie "inferno?" well there's tom hanks about to get kidnapped in florence, except he's right near budapest's famous opera house. the list of big budget movies shot in hungary is impressive: "the martian," "tinker tailor soldier spy," "47 ronin," "world war z," "atomic blonde," "a good day to die hard and right now the buzz around town is about the hush, hush
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"terminator 6." supposed to be secret but the as been spotted on the streets of budapest. >> there's arnold schwarzenegger. he's riding his bike. >> you will find in this city any locations you may ever dream of withi reasy reach. orter: mihaly korom is head of production sces for the origo film group. one of two major new studios in says in this country of just 10 million people, movie making has meant big money and lots of work opportunities. >> it creates a lot of jobs. i would say today about 25,000 people is like in some way connected to the movie industry. >> this is also an editing room. ur>> reporter: we took a ith origo's marketing director mihály tóth. he showed us what he-talled state--art screening and editing facilities. >> this is the basene 8. eight super-computers. >> reporr: how does this mputer compare to the kind of technology they are using in hollywood for instance? >> it's actually the same. >> reporter: origo has nine biund stages. 's more than 60 feet high and the size of two football fields. scenes from "blade runner 2049"
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were shot right here. >> we are proud that really big productions came to hungary. it's good for the economy. itoo'sfor american movies because you can save some money. it's good for hungarian filmmakers. it's good for everyone. >> reporter: the draw r filmmakers is not just the many experienced and professional unews, not just the large stages and beautiful locations. in a business where blockbuster films can cost hundreds of millions of dollars to make, here's another incentive. okay, so it's know-how. ound stage >> it's rebate. >> reporter: the sound stages and then the rebate. >> no, rebate! that's the most import >> reporter: okay. >> you can have so many stages. if you have no rebate there are no clients. >> reporter: he's talking about tax rebates. e government began offering them at a rate of 20% to film 04mpanies in 20 recently it raised it to 30%. can you explain to me how the rebat work? >> geunerally we can say if yo bring $100 here to make a movie
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ed you get back $30 from government so your net investme is 70 instead of 100. >> reporter: there are also no trade unions hefi, which means companies can pay lower wages. korom says that while other ountries offer tax incentives, hungary has the edge. >> serbia is a good example. they put this rebate alive like last year in april or may if i remember correctly. it will take them at least 10 years to put altogether this. build the stages, train the ews, and have external locations. reporter: and it's not just films. "re and more, series like the period crime dramae alienist" that airs in the u.s. on tnt and around the world on netflix call budapest home. >> the range of projects that can be done here is pretty incredible. >> reporter: adam goodman is co- founder of the budapest-based mid atlantic films company which helped arrange for tuhe alienist's-of-the-century new york set to be built here.
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>> if i'm in a meeting and someone is talking about another doject which has nothing with hungary and it can be the mu ost ow disconnected conversation, we can do that here. there's nothing we can't do. : >> reportdapest has proved a good place for american actor nick wittman. so how did an american guy from indiana wind up making movies in hungary? >> i was actually i was only going to be here for three days and that was 10 years ago. >> reporter: he plays small parts, but he gets star treatment here. , if i'm working on a fi they'll put me up with a chauffeur, they drive me to set, i get a trailer, i have an assistant. >> reporter: we met him near parliament where he told us about his role in a long-running german crierme series shot called "alarm for cobra 11." >> and i'm basically a bank robber. >> oh, really? >> yeah, i came out with kalashnikovs and lit everything up. kind of make a run for it. for some reason the f.b.i. is in budapest. i don't think they have jurisdiction here but they're here. we fight the f.b.i. for a while.
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run off that way. and i don't want to, i can't, oh wait, yerethis is gonnaer after the episode has already aired. yeah, we get blown up over there. >> riteporter: wan's also scored small roles in a couple of major films and more regular work in series like national geographic's "mars." >> and yeah, i started as an extra. became a stuntman, sort of as a fluke moved into acting and i'm just really grateful to have the opportunit. i mean, i don't make much money but i have a really high quality of life that i wouldt have in th united states. >> reporter: and although he'd like to maybe work in the u.s. soeday, for now wittman is happy to call budapest home. >> and i speak hungarian fluently. >> reporter: give us an example. >> (speaki in hungarian) >> reporter: what does that mean? >> that means i love shooting films in budapest.
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>> this is pbs newshour, sunday. >>arreenivasan: the depent of justice recently released its latest statistics on hate crimes. it poi tnted ot incidents of hate are on the rise, from just over 6,000 reported cases in 2016 to 7,175 in 2017. that's a 17% increase, and the third straight year that the numbers have been rising. while the rising number of incidents may be evidence that more law enforcement agencies are reporting hate crimes, experts say in reality, many of these kinds of incidents still are underreported and never make it to the f.b.i. database.e hate crimes c all forms of violence and speech. on tuesday, frontline and stopublica continue their on- going ination into hate groups in america with their second film in the series" documenting hate: new american zis." >> it's just the beginning. >> a violent neonazi movement.
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>> what do you think is going bnthis house? >> they were mabs. >> wanted nuclear reactors. >> >> sreenivasan: the film's producer and correspondent reporter ac thompson appears ona amanpod company tomorrow night. tell us. >> back in 2016, we started building a coalition of any rooms that were going to report on hate crimes, bias and bigotry, and t white power movement. about 160 differt organizations, the documentaries are sort of one of the most high profile products we've put out in this series. >> sreenivasan: around >> sreenivas: and here at newshour weekend, we're going to launch an occasional series called "hate, on the record." it will be brief summary of recent events around the united states, that add to thesa convtion surrounding incidents of hate and bias.
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>ly> sreenivasan: final tonight, y.'s happy 90th birthday to mickey mouse to ♪ ♪ the now iconic mouse made his first appearance in a short cartothon o day in 1928. illustrator walt disney who went on to build a massive worldwide entertainment empire liked to remind people that "it all started with a mouse," a mouse that still remains center-stage after nine decades. that's all for this edition of pbs newshour weekend. i'm hari sreenivasan. thanks for watching. have good night. captioning sponsored by wnet captioned by media access group at wgbh
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>> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: bernard and irene schwartz. sue and edgar wachenheim iii. seton melvyl. the chnd philip milstein family. dr. p. roy vagelos and diana t. vagelos. the j.p.b. foundation. ucosalind p. walter. barbara hoperberg. fu corporating is provided by mutual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting,rind by cotions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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