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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 4, 2018 2:30pm-3:00pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news amera." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundaon, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> this fall, it is a season ofe lations, from the choice of america's favorite novel.t' >> 's 100 books we want people to take a look at.op we areg to get people to fall in love with novels again. >> to the fate of a hero's love. >> i'm still here. >> and i >> from the secret lives of the most amazing cats to new
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discoveries about the first peoples of the americas. >> our history goes back to the beginning of time. >> all this and more, this seon. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. u.s. lawmakers are briefed by the cia director and are blaming jamal khashoggi's murder on saudi arabia's crown prince. >> there's not a smoking gun, there is a smoking saw. laura: the french governmentge chans course on a fuel tax hike after deadly protests .across the count plus, sexism in sport -- anin award-wisoccer player is asked if she can twerk, sparking a fierce debate.
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viewers onome to our public television here in the u.s. and around the globe. leading u.s. senators say they are moreertain than ever that the saudi crown prince was behind the murder of journalist jamal khashoggi. this comes after they were briefed by cia director gina haspel. the white house says there is no direct evidence linking mohammad bin salman to the murder. today republican lawmakers tore that position apart. sen. graham: i went into the briefing believing it was virtually impossible for an operation like this to be carried out without the crown prince's knowledge. ileft the briefing with high confidence that tial assessment of the situion is correct. there is not a smoking gun, there is a smoking saw. you have to be willfully blind not to come to the conclusion thathis was orchestrated and organized by people under the
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command of mbs. sen. corker: i have zero question in my mind that the ed theprince mbs ord killing, monitored the killing, knew exactly what was happeningl ned it in advance. if he was in front of a jury, he would be convicted in 30 minutes. laura: joining us now is state department correspondent barbara plett-usher who was on capitol hill today. m you were in thee. are we to believe th republican senators and the white house was seemed the same cia -- have reived the same cia briefing and have ccoe to differenlusions on the role of mohammad bin salman? barbara: they have different takes. what did the cia say? we don't know exactly becauif it is a clad report, but "the wall street journal" has an excerpt. high confidence that the
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cap --nce order to the crown prince ordered the killing but they don't have the recording. and theuse cretaries have decided to go with the letter -- no direct reporting, no smoking gun. well, then thed, a smoking saw, as we saw there. you would have tbe blind not to see it and we question your judgment if you don't see it. laura: now that republican senators are saying that mohammad bin salman orchestrated this killing, what are they going to do to punish the saudis? barbara: it is a good question. there are different options under consideration. o one isock arms sales to saudi arabia. they could impose tougher aisanctions t more people. they could pull u.s. military support for the war in yemen, ich is being led by the saudis, and that is a resolution
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they have voted to advance and debate. it will be more dficult to get the vote to pass to withdraw the military support. they have two problems. they are angry, but not unified about what to do. they are focusininon different . the second is that if they pass anything it would not get through a republican-controlled house so they would have to start over again with the democratic-control house, which they may do. laura: many people are asking why is the white house so protective of mohammad bin takingto the point of different conclusions from republican lawmakers about his role in the killing? barbara: well, a number of things. the white house has invested very strongly in mohammad bin salman for their middle east policy. they saw him as the man to bring saudi arabia to the 21st century and reform it and leave a counter campaign against iran and ev push israeli-palestinian peace. president trump's son-in-law jared kushner has developed a working relatiprship with the
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ciples of their quite -- with the prince. they are quite loath to pull back and they do not want to change the balance in terms of saudi arabia and iran. pulling support for saudi arabia would give support tora that is how they see it. and mr. trump is that it is an economic thing about oil and arms sales. the senators say that is arubbish, i way, because the saudis would do what they do with oil and iran, because it is in their own interest. there is criticism on that score. laura: barbaraanlett-usher, you for joining us. the french government has put off pla to raise fuel taxes some of the most violent protests in decades. tur people have died duri unrest, which peaked over the past three weekends. the bbc's lucy williamson has more. lucy: support for france's vestw-best -- yellow
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protesterss goefar beyond those standing in the cold. the solidarity is sometimes deafening. three weeks after the movement -- initial standl against fue wideneds, th aims have , but there is still widespread public support. last saturday in paris, hard-core groups and agitators joined in with tactics of their own. but the violence hasn't stopped support from moderate protesters. and today, a government climb-down. >> no tax is worth jeopardizing national unity. i am suspending these taxes for six months. we want to find effective ways to apply them. if we don't, we will bear the consuences. lucy: president macron is accused by many here of behaving too much like a king, unwilling to compromise on his vision or
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listen to protests against it. but this movement, led by social dia with widespread support has broken that pattern and wite itotion of macron's absolute power. protesters said the government's offer wasn't enough. the movement is now not just about taxes, but the cost of living, the minimum wage, and broader questions of inequality. >> we need a total rethink of people's income. it is not justbout the fuel tax. that is what sparked the movement. but behi that is several decades of social suffering. lucy: this movement brought together a range of people through social media without a recognized lear or political group. some in the movement were attacked for trying to negotiate with the government or appearing to speak for the movement at all. benjamin says he received hundreds of death threats from fellow protesters after bein described as a spokesman. >> yes, my life is in danger an' 'm frightened.
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not only for my children, but i want to continue this strike. lucy: with fresh protests s,anned for saturday in pa the government is trying to isolate the movement's hardcore. in the face of growing violence, a security problem is similar to deal with than a political one . lucy williamson, bbc news, paris. president passing of george h.w. bush has led to a inumption of civility washington, d.c. president trump visited the bush family in blair house. the 43rd president, george w. bush, was there to greet him. mr. trump famously clashed with his brother jeb bush during th 2016 campaig earlier in the day, former senator bob dole made a dramatic gesture to on his friend by -- to honor his friend by standing up from his wheelchair to offer a proper salute. hundreds have been paying their
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respects at the capitol rotunda, where the body of the 41st president has been lain in state. for more, i spoke a brief time agoith karen tumulty, political correspondent at "the washington post." how struck are you by the efforts that president trump is making to reach out to the bush family despite past animosity? karen: i think that president trump deserves some credit here for essentially paying tribute to not only president bush as a man and his record, but also with the institution of the presidency itself. again, this is something that -- you know, president trump is not much for rituals and sort of traditions. he is a disruptor. it is really interesting to see him essentially trying toig maintain the dty of the office. t ura: tomorrow is the state caneral of the 41sesident.
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this will be a verfully choreographed affair. what kind of tone and message e you expecting? karen: it's interesting, there will be no former presidents, including president bush's own son george wbush, speaking. instead ey are going to have friends and president bush's biographer. that is an interesting choice. i just got off the phone with alan simpson, a former senator who has been asked to give one of the eulogies. he said the bush family, the only thing they asked him to do to hold it to 10 minutes. [laughter] laura: we are seeing the bush family lead the mourning. did george h.w. bush view family as part of his legacy? karen: he did, and certainly he was proud in some ways seeing his son elected president was ae vindication a very bitter loss for reelection.
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it's interesting, because when president bush was asked, all the things he had done, this storied career -- he served the country in so many ways -- which they -- which thing he was proudest of, his answer was "i am proudest of the fact that m c children stie home." laura: you described the 41st president in the obituary you wrote of him as the consummate sman.c servant and sta is it those qualities which are drawing the american public to the u.s. capitol these past two days to pay their respects? karen: yes, and i think not only his accomplishments, and the things he did for the country, but in retrospect what he represented, which was a sort of tofferent tone in politics. you mentioned sedole sstanding up feebly from wheelchair to give a salute. he had actually been areat rival of president rush. they had run two presidential
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campaigns against each other that were very bitter campaigns. but the fact is they were world war ii veterans who respected the service each other had given the country. laura: karen tumulty, thank you so much for joining us. karen: thank you. laura: tomorrow we will have full coverage here on bbc world ranews of the state fuof president george h.w. bush. do join us. in other news, wall street tumbled 3% today with the dowmo jones falling 800 points, the biggest decline since june 2016. the drop came amidst worries that the u.s. and china are not making enough progress on trade differences. the u.s. bond market sent unsettling signs about economic with. rnment of british prime minister theresa may has become the first in history to be held in contempt of parliament, as the house of commons voted to make the government disclose the full legal advice given about
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the exit deal. ant greater say of what sort of brexit there should be if lawmakers reject the deal next week. italian police have arrested the suspected new head of the cilian mafia as well as other alleged mobsters in a major blow to organized crime. investigators believe the sicilian mafia was trying to iorganize itself after the previous head diprison last year. it seems a day does not go by without president trump tweeting about what he calls the witchhunt robert mueer. katty kay colleagues and christian fraser spoke to corey lewandowski, author of the new book "trump's enemies." they asked if the president is nervous given his former aides are cooperating with mr. mueller. corey: i think you have to y lok
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rself and ask yourself what are the crimes paul manafort has been guilty of an same with michael cohen. none of them have anything to do with russia collusion. paul manafort was guilty of tax evasion and bank fraud and same as michael cohen, problems with taxi cap -- taxi medallions in new york city and lying on his banking statements. what does that have to do with russia or any potential interactions in the presidential election? christian: from this side i have always wondered, when we talk about the investigation -- the president is adamant on twitter there iso collusion, but i wonder if part of the problem is that he -- the people he circulates with an talks to at omnight he white house -- one of those is roger stone, someone you fired from the campaign in 2015, but you weret le to control the phone calls. i wonder if you think the phone calls led the president to the trouble he is . corey: look, i don't know the last time roger stone has spoken to president trump, and i don't think roger stone has admitted
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he has spoken to donald trump since he has been the president. so these stories that donald -ntrump is having these laht conversations with roger stone are completely unfounded and heve not been validated by president or mr. stone so i am not sure where that information is coming from. but i did have concerns and expressed concerns a put people lil manafort, who is now in jail, and michael cohen who is going to jath, surrounding trump campaign. i gss my concerns were proven right. both of those people are going to spend a lot of time in jail. toistian: you were called testify twice for the use telligence committee looking into russian interference.d e president ever ask for your loyalty or in any way pressure you on the evidence you gave? corey: never, and i was also t call testify in front of the senate intelligence committee, which i voluntarily did.ev i have been subpoenaed. i volunteered toon testify in of -- the house committee twice, senate committee once. i never had communication with the white house on my testimony.
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it is simple -- when you were asked to testify in front of a congressional hearing, and this is information jim comey should learn, you should tell the truth. come it is called perjury and you should be held accountable. i don't have concerns about testimony i have given. i don't th the same thing. say katty: you have written a book about trump's enemies, and you e concerned that there a people in the white house who are there purely to undermine the esident's agenda. who are those people? corey: we name a bunch of them. we talk abougary cohn and rob porter and rex tillerson -- katty: those people are not there anymore. are there still people there today? corey: look, of course there are still people there today. look at the individual who wrote the anonymous letter to "the new york times." 't know who that person is, but a senior government official who thinks their job is to protect the american peoplefr the president. that person is a coward and b shoucalled out and have
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their day in front of the public to air their concerns. there are people we know because the first lady has said it and the president has said it that cannot be trusted in the white house. wethose people removed from the building immediately, because we know this -- there are people who listen to the president's conversations and then l which is detrimental to the president and our country. laura: corey lewandowski there. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's ogram, alleged abuse in burundi. how our team uncovered chilling details of torture and abuse in a secret location. mexico's new president has set up a cmission tasked with uncovering the truthvethe disappearance of 43 students in 2014. it is the first timegohe role of thrnment and the army will
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be heavily scrutinize. will grant has more on the story for us now. will: the disappearance of 33 student teachers is onmoof the darkesnts in recent mexican memory that shocked the nation to its core. rynow the new president isg to show that things have cnged . he promised them on the campaign trail he would set up a truth commission, and they held him to it. us -- e with >> with the signing of this decree, we begin the inocess of searfor the youngsters. that is what we committed to do, d we are keeping our wor the 43he families of have suffered more than most in mexico. four years after the children re abducted, they don't know their whereabouts. but they are hopeful about this presidential decree. >> we don't want this to go unpunished. we don't on it to be like other
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cases where there is no solution. obradordent lopez has wasted little time plenting his agenda. sworn in over the weekend great ceremony, he wants to break with the t politics past. for example, has halted the building of a multibillion-dollar airport expansion in mexico city. one thing he won't need the airport for, though, is his presidential plane he is planning to sell that on travel or commercial flights to reduce presidential luxuries. some see such movesd as populit cking real bite. but few mexicans would dispute an effort to get justice for the families of the 43 e.s long overdu laura: in burundi, the security
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services run secret torture sites to silence critics of the president, according to former intelligence agents who spoke to the bb the government has denied any wrongdoing. this report does contain disturbing images. reporter: st a few months ago this man was still an intelligence officer for burundi's government. he escaped after receiving a tip off -- someone wanted him dead. i can't ll you exactly where we are, because we have told the person we are about to meet that we would not reveaanything that could allow people to identify him or this location. he says thatru although i may appear to be peaceful, security forces are still torturing and killing people in great numbers. a the moment the country ispe silent, ople continud to die and there will be no one left. reporter: he describes a secret operating mode he was part of
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which involves hidden e sites. we investigated one house in rundi's capital, whi appeared in a video on social media in 2016. decembersome said it was being used as a secret prison. the police quickly denied it. we found the owners of the house, and using their photos, research agency forensic architecture built this model. then we tracked down an intelligence agent who said he knew the place. he claims the house became asi tortur run by this man, he agent says that around the time of the video,e witnessed a beheading. >> during the time of that blood
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, they had brought three men and put them in that room over there. thncnext night, an intelligee agft came and took them out the detentioroom to the living room. that was him. he ordered the gang to bead them. reporter: we put these allegations to the burundian government but received no response. another man said he was detained in the same house during the time of the allegedilng. >> we could hear people shouting dogs.ying, "get up, don't let them escape, or you eswill suffer the conseque when they finally caught them, i could hear them screaming in a way that suggested they were being killed or being inflicteda excrng pain. reporter: many of those targeted are accused of opposing president pierre nkurunziza's bid for a ird term. today the protests are gone from
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the streets of the capital, but people we spoke to say it is as dangerous as ever. >> some people think it is safe now. i want to tell you this -- this small respite is for them to carry out the killings without anyone noticing. reporter: burundi's dissidents call this secretive form of llkig a saying which means "one by one." now, it was meant to be a triumphant moment -- a female soccer player from norway becomes the first womain a top soccer award. but things became awkward when she was asked about twerking. reporter: this was supposed to be an historic moment forot women's ll. ada hegerberg accepting the first-ever wome's ballon d'or . but instead it will be remembered for this. the award cost asked the striker if she knew how to her response nno translation. offstage, though, she played
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down the incident. >> i did not consider sexual harassment or anything else. i wasus jt happy to celebrate winning. reporter: today he publicly apologized, blaming his lack of understanding of english-speaking culture. award organizers called it an unfortunate clumsiness. >> it was a joke,onrobably a bad and i want to apologize to the one i may have offended. sorry about that. reporter: female footballers have been waiting for over 60 years to be recognized by ballon d'or. lastight should have been a step forward in ending the argument of sexism in sport. instead it has reignited it. the comments were met by a shower of criticism, with some of the wor's top athletes and -- clearly unimpressed with the doamle standards. gst them, andy murray, who took to social media to share his thoughts. gerberg hopes it is her
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footwork on the pitch that she will be remembered for. bbc news, paris. laura: i'm laura trevelyan. thanks for watching "bbc worldca news ame." >> with the bbc newspp, our vertical videos are designed toi work and youstyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the last headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> fding of this presentatio is made possible by the frman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions foamerica's neglected needs. >> a new chapter begins. >> now you can access mo your favorite pbs shows than ever before, with pbs passport, a member benefit that lets you binge many of the latest shows and catch uu onr >> we ly are living in the modern world.
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>> anytime you want. >> wow, how about that?u >> anywherare.te >> there is lly nothing like this in the world. >> support your pbs station and get passport. your ticket to the best of pbs. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. onewshour tonight, the american people pay their respects to the 41 president ashe lies in state in the u.s. capol. then, after a briefing from the c.i.a. director, leading u.s. senators from both parties agree saudi arabia's crown prince was behind the murder of a jonalist. plus, the future of work-- how education can help some hispanics in california keep a job when robots are increasingly dominating the workforce. >> i think automation is wonderful and i'm a user of automation. but if it's only going to be that some regions are going to win and others are goingo se. i do believe that it does become a moral issue, it becomes an ethical issue.


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