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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 6, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, suand kovler foundation, pg solutions for america's neglted needs. >> this fall, it is a season of revelations, from the choice of america's favorite novel. >> it's 100 books we want people to take a look at. ple to hoping to get p fall in love with novels again. >> to the fate of a hero's love. >> i'm still here. >> and i. >> from the secret lives of the most amazing cats to new
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discoveries about the first peoples of the americas. >> our history goes back to then beg of time.s >> alland more, this season. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc wews america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. trade tensions intensify between america and china after the arrest of a top executive of the telecom giant huawei. as general motors employees face an uncertain future, we report from a plant in ohio that is set for closure. >> it's hard to imagine that the one thing you thought you would never hear and never wanted to hear just happened. jane: and will it be gaga at the golden globes? we will run through the nominations at this year'sds awar.
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jane: welcome tpuour viewers on ic television in the u.s. and around the globe. china is demanding the release of the finance chief at one of the world's biggest telecom companies, huawei. meng wanzhou was arrested and in canada on saturday and could now face extradition to amica. there are unconfirmed reports that the united states is investigating huawei over possible violation of sanctions against iran. this report from shanghai. reporter: it is one of the world's biggest smartphone makers, a massive firm buiov up 30 years by a former chinese army engineer. huawei is a china company that has truly gone global. but now one of its top i executivin jail.s meng wanzhourporate royalty in china, the daughter of the company founder. she was arrested as she transferred flights in vancouver.
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s is reported the u.s. wa her for overseeing illegal business with iran. >> we ve made solemn representaons to canada and the u.s. we have demanded that both parties immediately clarify the reasons for this detention. reporter: chinese officials in canada went furtr, condemning the arrest. they say it seriously harms the human rights of the victim. a spokesman called on canada to restore the personal freedom of anms. mengou. huawei has been successful overseas, but its global push into mobile infrastructure hashl been higy controversial. it wants t help build the backbone of the next 5g network, but the u.s. and other governments fear it remains too close to china's ruling communist party and may allow the government here access to those networks. she was detained the same day that president trump sat opposite china's leader xi
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jinping to agree to a cease-fire their trade war. this move is likely to cast a shadow over that perhaps brief period of reconciliation. this is not just about a person or a company. this is a very aggressive move by the u.s. authorities to target china, and they have done it by targeting a company that is crucial to china's aspirations for the future o its econom jane for more on how this might impact future trade between the u.s. and china, i spoke to a foaler state department offi specializing in east asian and pacific affairs, and he is now based at the center for american progress. what do you make of the timing of this? is it possible to keep his -- ts arrest and the trade talks separate? >> i think it is possible but clearly difficult. i think that the timing of it is very possibly just something that wasappening from the department of justice to the united states.
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it clearly takes aot of time to build up a case like this and arrest someone, especially this high-profile, and to coordinate it with the canadians. they had to also get her when she was en route from where she was to south america, landing in canada. again, the timing was probably set on its own course.ou but oby, it couldn't be worse for the u.s.-china trade talks. jane: is it conceivable that mr. trump did not know about this when he sat down to dinner with xi jinping? michael: it is possible. national security advisor john bolt said today he was aware of this, and the department of justice does make the white house aware from time to time when it going to take high-profile actions like this, and bolton said that they sometimes let the president know and they sometimes don't. jane: where does this leave the talks? 's's anyo it was anyone's guess what was going to happen coming out of the dinner on saturday. was it a cease-fire, was it temporary? unclear.
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this,d though, has raie stakes. you have sort of thrown a grenade into an alree y combustituation. right now the chinese are going to be pressuring the canadian and the american governments intensely for ms. meng's release, and it is going to mean the stakes of the trade talks themselves, what happens here, going to be a lot highe because you will have a lot more pressure on both sides for them to stand firm on ms. meng's case. jane: how much leeway does mr. trump have to intervene? if this is a criminal investigation, it is not the same as the governnt imposing sanctions. it is a bit of distance here. michael: yeah, exactly. again, we need to wait and see what the details of this casee. we only know very little right now. but presumably if they were nging this, they have a st legal rationale for this, c working wiadians to actually arrest ms. meng.
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again, i think it is very clear that they have a strong legal case for what they are doing right now. jane: very briefly, canada's potion in all of this -- w are they going to be under most pressure from, china or the u.s.? michael: i think they will be under a lot of pressure from china. it seems to me like the canadians have already decided where they areoing to be on this. they have agreed to arrest ms. meng, which means theyave been coordinating with the united states for quite a while on this. r them to back down now, it would be pretty difficult. jane: thanks very much indeed for joining me.ri thng trade tensions between america and china are just one area where president trump's promises are being judg against reality. last week, general motors announced its plans to stop production at five factories and cut around 14,000 jobs to trim costs. among the plants set for closure
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m lordstown, ohio, and al maqbool has traveled there to see the impact. aleem: this single factory covers an astonishing 900 acres. but after more than 50 years producing cars of this size, general motors, on america's biggest employer, has announced that from the spring, no more vehicles are due to be made here. casey has worked at the plant her entire adult life. >> it is almost like you areci experi a it is hard tine that the one thing you thought you would never hear and never wanted to hear just happened. aleem: with some job losses in recent years, casey and many others had considered selling their homes and moving elseere. pres. trump: let me tell you folks in ohio -- aleem: last year visiting here, the president promised this. pres. trump: don't sell your house. do not sell it we are going to get those values
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up -- >>e made so many promises to so many people. i have heard people compare hims toke oil salesman, where he is just going around and selling false hope. aleem: but general motors says it is just restructuring and that is not donald trump's fault. in another industry here, it is a different story. here on the other side of ohio, we are very much in farming territory, and agriculture has been devastated, a dirsult of decisions made by the white house and the exports to china that have plummeted. alan armstrong's family has been growing soybeans in ohio for generations. donald trump's economic sparring with china has made for the most difficult of years.e >> 60% of all ybeans we raised have been exported over the last five years to china
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when the trade disputes, trader arted, effectively those sales went to zero. aleem: but in recent days on social media the president has been making more promises, that china will start buyg u.s. agricultural products again, including soybeans. facing so many problems as the trade war, alan, who voted for donald trump, is sticking by him. >> i don't remember in my lifetime a president of the united states talking about agriculture as often as i have hed donald trump speak abo it. aleem: you don't hear people saying in the community, "i voted for the guy, now look whi has happenedgret that." >> no, you do't hear that. you hear, "gosh, i hope he knows what he is doing." aleem: and though he hasn't been able to deliver on his promises elsewhere, they still re their faith in the president. aleem maqbool, bbc news, in ohio.
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jane: a look at some of the days of the news. senators from bothpu parties are ing forward a resolution saying that saudi crown prince mohammad bin salman was complicit in the death of journalist jamal khashoggi. it comes the same week that key republican senators held a meeting about the case with the head of the cia. ofnicials in saudi arabia deed the crown prince was involved. researchers are loewing for the of u.s. warplanes which crashed off the coast of japan. it happened following a routine refueling exercise and the rest of the country. on member was found and is thought to be in stable condition but the other six are stilmissing. investigators say the pilot of a helicopter which crashed outside leicester city stadium lost control when his pal sconnected from the tail rotor blade. the club'sot owner and fouher people were killed in the accident in october. e following his stneral in washington yesterday, the coffin of former u.s. president george h.w. bush has been taken by
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train to houston to his final resting place at his presidennoal library in hwestern texas. he is to be buried alongside his wife, barbara. earlier a number of people including his son george w. bush attended a private ceremony in houston. special counsel rort mueller is expected to recommend sentencing for donald trump's former lawyer and campaign manager paul manafort. the investigation into pos russian collusion in the 2016 election was clearly on the president's mind today. mr. trump tweeted, "without the phony russia witchhunt and with all we have accomplished in the last almost two years, my approval rating should be 75%50 rather tha it is called presidential brassment." katty kay from t's "beyond 100 days" program has been speaking to ken starr. he is in the bill clinton
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impeachment case, about the ste of the probe. ken: these pesky redactions that infeed the general flynn sentencing keep us behind the veil of ignorance to a great extent in terms of where the investigation might be going, but it would notppear especially with respect to michael cohen that thereits anything wh respect to collusion. there is no indication that he was that seriously involved in the campaign. i realize the issues of paymen to individuals who may have been involved with the president many years ago. i don't think there will beng anythi on poss something in the manafort comments. but on the other hand, remember paul manaford a deal and then bob mueller said you broke the deal, you haven't been hauthful. we don't knt that means, either. so i think the combination of the redactions to prott sensitive information going forward and the fact that there s a breakdown in the relationship between paul mafort and mueller and his
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team suggests that there will be a lot to come out in the future. katty: ken starr, one of the annoying thingabout the bob mueller investigation is he won't talk to us journalists. i was here in washington when you were investigating the clintons and you did do interviews with the press and a lot of information came out of your t smart of bob mueller not to be letting any information out?ly the ime we hear from him is when he turns up in the apple store in washington, majorf headline's spotted in public. should he be speaking to us more? ken: [laughter] it is a judgment call. i felt that i did have a public information obligation. the danger is when you speak about the investigation, if you cross thline and talk about grand jury information, you are going to be accused of a crime. i was accused of a crime. it is safer to just say mum's the word, stay tuned, we will tell you when we want to tell
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you. that is his style, that is his judgment.t budo think that power calls for accountability, and to t p extentsible and consistent with the rules, i err on the set -- the side of providing information that i think the american public wants to know. this is especially true in this investigation because we are talking about was there actual collusion, a conspiracy, a criminal conspiracy. but collusion is not a crime in and of itself. we are about the uimate kind of question in a democracy as to whether a foreign power was in fact workingith the campaign that turned out to be surprisingly the successful campaign for the presidency. the american people want to know that. again, the good news for the country, i believe, quite apar om the good news for the president, not a shred of evidence in the public domain -- that is why we are waiting eagerly for the mueller reportgg -- to t that there was collusion.r
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jane: ken stlking to my colleagues on "beyond 100 days" a little earlier. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, a literary legacy. we speak to the son of the late potical commentator charle krauthammer about continuing his father's work. jane: peace talks aimed at di the civil war in yemen have started in stockholm today. thousandsle of peave died and nearly four years of fighting in the country and millions are on the brink starvation. her chief international correspondent lyse doucet has more. se: yemen is on its last breath, its children dying every day from hunger and disease. tens of thousands of young lives have ended since this war escalated in 2015. today, a faint glimmer of hope.
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around a table in faraway sweden, houthi rebels and the government sitting together for the first time in more than two years. the u.n. got tm here to talk. >> let there be no doubt that yemen's futures in the hands of those of us in this room, and emlyse: but on's killing fields, there are other powerful players, and archenemies like saudi arabia and iran. a th call for peace, but continue the war. in the old city of the capital, sanaa, yemenis know how hard this will be. "we hope the talks in sweden succeed," this trader says, "but there is little hope in our situation. both sides will have to compromise your coat -- have to compromise." "it would be a nice surprise for
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everyone," says this woman, "but logically i don't think our situation will improve." if all goes according to plan, the lights in the swedish capital will burn long into the t nir the next week -- the goal, to come up with a roadmap for peace. that is ambitious, given that the two sides are so far apart. but with yemen on the brink of collapse, every step countsh wh brings them closer. lyse doucet, bbc news, outside stockholm. jane: charles krauthammer was a prominent commentator whose work spanned politics, philosophy, and religion. his was a life of achievement -- from an early career as a psychiatrist to a long-running column in "the washington post" and a pulitzer prize for his writing. when he died earlier this year, compilationing on of his essays and columns. he asked his son, daniel
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authammer, to finish and edit the book, called "the point of it all." i spoke to him earlier from new york. this sounds like a tremendous responsibility. do you feel that burden? daniel: s, i did and i do. it was very important to me to complete this work, this book oa my father' to complete it well. the last words he spoke to me about it were "if it is not worthy, don't publish it." i promised him to follow through on tt. i made sure with all my powers to make sure that it was worthy, and i believe it is. jane: he wrote about so much, though. do you think alike, or a you bringing something of yourself to this project? daniel: well, i am my father'so son,certainly can't
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separate all that i am from all that he was, and i learned so much from him throughout my life. but coming to this project, it is his book, not mine. i am the editor, not the author. but i did and do believe i erderstood his mind very well, and through our cotions and my reading of his work my whole life, i feel like understood what he wanted to get at. and at is something he expressed to me in parts of the book, in the introduction, i speak about letters we wrote back and forth when he told me that i could see the same sinews and connecting tissues so to speak of his books a e his works thn he missed sometimes. s soou say, the book cov much ground, from philosophy to politics, foreign policy, an personal elements, keeven fun things aseball and chess, and his personal life and family. i tried to make sure they were all connected, that the thematic
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okity held through. when the reader at it, they get something gres a whole thing just the parts. jane: what shoulthe reader come away with, given the scope of this? daniel: yeah, well, the -- the title of the book is "the point of it all," so it is not a narrow focus. i would say that in trying to sum this up, i thought about it a lot, actually. what i would say is my dad really covered the gamut in d s work, en he was trying to write about what the point of it all was, the overall message is that the point of it all is to 'to pursue your own lifs goals,l and that is with the wonderful personal and higher things from family and friends to your vocation to the things ge do communally that grandeur. he also recognized -- his life's thatwas about politics
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structures our livth around that you need successful politics, free and liberal and pluralist and democratic, to allow that flourishing to take place. in reading it, what a reader should take is the context of all of these amazing things about life, all different aspects of life, but how dependent in the end we are on getting the politics right and how fragile that is in the grand scheme of things.ja : daniel krauthammer, thank you very much indeed for joining me, and very good luck on that book it is certainly something worth thinking about. thank you. daniel: thank you so much. jane: ok, it is that time of year again. the razzmatazz of awards season is upon us, with the announcement of the golden globes nominations. e film vying for the mos awards i biopic of former vice president dick cheney, but it faces strong competition from blockbusters including "a star is born," "black panther," and
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"bohemian rhapsody." i have been speaking about the nominations with elahe izadif "the washington post." thanks for joining me. i havenfess that i only have seen "black panther," so give me a shortcut to what i should be watching between now and januaryg and who is go win what. elahe: one of the surprising things that came out of this golden globe nomination announcement is "vice," this movie about vice president dick ch nominations which the general public is not even seen yet. you are not alone in not seeing these movies. that comes out nationwide on christmas day. some of the other big movies were "green book" and "a star is have comeh of whi ou "a star is born" is the adley cooper-lady gaga hit. it was a commercial hit and critical hit. it receive five nominations. "green book," which disappointed at the box office and got mixed
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reviews from critics, also got heve nominations. avourite" got five nominations and that is just coming out now. a lot of these movies have not come"tut yet. jane favourite" is definitely on the list. is there a theme to this year's nominations? elahe: usually the golden globe nominations, there is always surprises, the snub at shops -- shocks people. a few of them are that viola davis was completely overlooked, and "widow movie she was in, totally overlooked. some people are upset about that. the hollywood foreign press association, the organization whose members are voting for these projects, they tend to big movie stars, and it a mixed bag. some people were shut out like julia robes. people thought she would be nominated. hard to see what the through-line ihere, but i wouldn't look too closely to the golden globes to forecast was -- what is going to happen at the oscars. jane: that is a good point.
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how are women doing as well? ahe: last year -- actually, this year, in january, natalie portman when she announced the best directing category, shey pointeid that they were all male nominees in the category. and once again we have all-male nominees in the best directing hicategory, so that is som that people are paying attention to, certainly. but the best actress categories, it's a really tight race. ther are very phenomenal performances, and it is really anyone's prize at this point. jane: you mentioned claire foy te.""the favouri how are the brits doing, generally? elahe: we will have to see. "the favourite" is big with critics, they love that movie. we will have to see w that is -- does with general moviegoing audiences. jane: elahe izadi, thank you very much indeed for joining me. elahe: thanks for having me.: ja good luck to all the
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nominees. you can find more of all the day's news on our website and to , see what we are working on, do check out twitter. i'm jane o'brien. thanks for watching jane: -- thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our veoical videos are designed work and your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlis you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's glected needs. >> a new chapter begins. a >> now you canccess more of your favorite pbs shows than mer before, with pbs passporember benefit that lets you binge many of the latesshows and catch up on your favorites.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> nawaz: good evening. i'm amna nawaz. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight: a final farewell. in his adopted home of texas, president george h.w. bush is laid to rest beside his wife and daughter. en, tensions rising. u.s. markets swing wildly after the arrest of a major chinece telecom exive, complicating already-contentious trade talks with beijing. plus, "the future of work." trucking reaches a crossroads beoreen the current demand f drivers due to online retail, and the looming possibility of automated shipping. >> you're still going to need an operator, like a train needs a conductor. we've already logged 23 million toles. i mean, there are mous trucks on the road right now. >> nawaz: all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.


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