tv BBC World News America PBS December 17, 2018 5:30pm-6:00pm PST
[applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washi i am laura trevelyan. russia meddled in social media on a massive scale during the 2016 u.s. election. pothe findings of two new s give fresh warnings. war trauma -- more drama over brexit. down a motionputs of no confidence in the prime minister, saying she is not holding the brexit vote soon enough. plus, it may be the holiday season, but for politics how did anger become the emotion defining america?
laura: welcome to viewers on public television in tou u.s. and the globe. russia's use of social media to interfere in tid 2016 u.s. prtial election was more widespread than previously thought -- that is the finding of two reports prepared for the u.s. senate. it is the scale of the intervention that is staggering. through words. images. and videos from russian operatives targeted u.s. voters. on facebook, pages with names like "being patriotic" and "army of jesus" had a big impa. the posts on theages were shared 31 million times and got moren t 39 million likes. overall these pages reached 126 million people. to angelan speaking stent, a professor of russian foreign policy at georgetown university and author of the
upcoming book "putin's world."ma what do yo of the scale of this russian intervention on social media? angela: i think we knew they had ten doing this. the mueller repod us that. it is probably bigger than anyone expected. of course, they were in every mobilizing groups on the right and the left. whitnationalist groups, african-american groups, separatist groups in texas. it is bigger than anyone realized and we have to wake up and realize weave to be much more adept at dealing with what the russians are doing and much ay we usey about the social media. laura: but was this the russians using new tools, social media, for an old objective, chaos and disinformation? : i think it is an older objective. they understood how polarizeds. our society wa they began this in 2013 after president obama returned to office and mr. putin returned to the kremlin. they probably wanted something different, and the realized
that the upcoming election in hi2016, why not manipulate polarization that exists anyway in the united states and benefit from it? laura: you have studied vladimir putin extensively. how much of this was about his strong personal dislike of hillary clinton and how much was intervening to help donald trump? angela: i certainly he beeved hillary clinton was responsible for paying demonstrators to demonstrate against him in 2011. they were really interested in donald trump. i don't think anyone in 2014 or 2015 thought donald trump would be elected, but the more likely it became that he could be the candidate, and he was the one who praisepresident putin and said he wanted to deal with russia, criticized president obama for his pocies, they did want him to win. making americans question their own system and discouraging african-american voters from voting, that is part of what p getdid, and helping tr electe laura: now that social-media companies know what happen so do the american people, do
you think the russians will use these tactics again? angela: i think they are going to continue doing this. even before the midterm ections they were still manipulating social media like that. they will probably try to find s mohisticated and more effective ways of doing it. we have to understand that and we have to be ready to respond i laura: what is the lesson that vladimir putin is going to draw from this operation? angela: the first lesson is it s was reasonabcessful. i don't think you can say the russians were responsible for electing donald trump, but it didn't hurt. on the other hand, you can say in the long run to the fact thad we know theyhis and it has mpen such an outcry and criticism of the tampaign and the dealings with russia, maybe it did not come out the way president putin thought it might. laura: angela stent, thank you r joining us. well, the brexit negotiations took another twist today as
labor leader jeremy corbyn tabled a motion of no confidence in prime minister theresa may. it came after she announced that a vote on the brexit deal would be held mid-january. theresa may told mp's she is still talking to theu and trying to get assurances of the terms of the deal, but mr. corbyn said the delay was unacceptable. the bbc's political editor laura kuenssberg reports. laura k.: only if you believe in fairy tales would you assume that the government is not in trouble. although these were only t visitorsnumber 10 today, not here to give legal advice. -- politicalr dvice. but aflaying judgment day on her brexit deal, theresa may has now named the daat least the week. prime min. may: many members of this house are concerned that we .ed to take a decision so we intend to return to the meaningful vote debate the week commencing theareventh of jaand hold a vote the following week. laura k.: there have been suggestions labor wod call for
a vote of confidence. but at a quarter to 4:00, there was just criticism instead. mr. corbyn: we are edging ever closer to the 29th of march adline without a deal and without even an agreed plan ande cato get a deal. this, mr. speaker, is aal constiturisis, and the prime minister is the architect of it. laura k.: the timetable has made plenty on all sides cross. >> the meaningful vote on her deal before the christmas recess. there is no reason to delay. let us have a meaningful vote thes week. >> i hy do not think that businesses and employers and our constituents will understand why this house is going on holiday in two weeks when we should be having the meaningful vote this week. >> is it a reality that e is -- given the reality that she is not acting in the national interest, but in her personal interest, and neither her party nor the country will forgive he .
>> she were to go along to the eu now and tell them in the face of intransigence to get stuffed, ethe british people would right behind her. heura k.: after a couple of hours, you can seerime ministers slipping out on the left. she might have thought today's haranguing was over. but just before 6:00, he was up again. she had to sit back down. mr. corbyn: i am about to table a motion which is says the following, that this hounc has no confiin the prime minister. laura k.: then she was off. the opposition determined to isolate her further. but for once, theresa may'enmany tory opp might back her up. >> i am a loyal conservative and that requires me to support the prime minister and i will do sos enstically. this is not hedging about. >> we are not playing parliamentary games. i understand the labor party has to do what it has to , on these
tht our main aim is to change policy. olaura k.: there is troubver the brexit vote, though. ministers stretching the elastic of the government line. >> we have to find where a majority of the mp's are in parliamentnd nothing should be off the table. laura k.: plentyf ministers, mp's, and the opposition are frustrated about the delay to the vote. but stand down if you think jeremy corbyn's tove is designed opple the prime minister. it is a vote that would not have that power. it could embarrass theresa may, but short of what is many mp's want him to do to take a real shot at collapsing the governnt. but unless and until he thinks he could win such a vote, labou simply won' that far. on the other side, unless and until she is forced to, theresa may, for her part, is not going to budge. even though the brexit clock is running down, neither of the oparty leaders showed sig making a radical move that could
unblk the gridlock. the prime minister and her small band of allies are still trying to make her brexit compromise work. but on the clashing politics and all of the contradictory plans there is plenty that still stands in her way. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, westminster. laura:ll we will be ing those brexit negotiations and bringing you updates as they come. in other news, a fifth personas has died afterweek's shooting at a christmas market in the french city of strasbourg. tearlier today a memorialook place to remember the victims. the gunman was later killed in a shootout with police. e udi arabia denounced a v the u.s. senate last week which held crown prince mohammad bin salman responsible for the murder of journalist jamal khashoggi. saudi arabia has called the move blatant interference in its internal politics.
thsenate vote stands in contrast to the position held by president trump, who has maintained his support for saudi arabia. in hungary, two members of trliament have been throw of state television headquarters as they were trying to broadcas petition against a new labor law. it comes after five days of protestin in budapest aga the reforms. it events of up to 400 hours -- demands to 400 hours of overtime year and delay statements for three years. south africans arena celebrating onal reconciliation day, public holiday to encourage healingcross the racial vide. after more than two decades of freedo there is growing evidence that racism is still embedded in the country. in rural areas, violent attacks have undermined the very idea of a rainbow nation. our africa editor fergal keane, who reported on the end of apartheid and has traveled into the heartland for his special port. : racism defines this
country. liferned every aspect of . here on the plateau then, the great swathes of farmland committeens divisere farmland, the -- of divisions were especially deep. you might think that theha hatrs gone away. think again. a countrye back to were old animosities are flowing across communities. this is where youngs lack athlete utally attacked last february. he rs for south africa, but he was hospitalized after a beating by white youths. until i was me up unconscious. fergal: what do you feel psen you see grf young white men now? >> i feel really scared. fergal: travel 300 kilometers to the northeast, and you learn that racist violence can still
be lethal. driving along this road in the town of middleburg one night last july, he found his weight blocked by a group of white men. cct cameras caught the attack, which killed the 26-year-old. this friend witness violence. he is afraid and has asked us to protect his identity. >> they pull out my friend and beri him. when i to save him, it was too late. fergal: fergal: what were they saying? ,> that used all these words everything. it was horrible. it was terrible. even now i cannot sleep peacefully. sometimes i dream about it. fergal: south africa, the rainbow nation, all of this was going to go away. >> we were wrong. it is not a rainbow nation.
fergal: cap on the plateau land, whitesn compl plans to take white-owned land without compensation, and a tax on white deepened theie alienation. guy just pulled the trigger. after that, a blur. ♪ fergal: and the flag which was the flag of the apartheid state isoming down in front of m -- what has caused the highopes of liberation to evaporate? much of the wealth remains in white hands. corruption and misrule have undermined reform. bl action voice is white and k are deepening -- extreme
voices white and black are deepening colorization. >> it is almost as of 1994 didn't happen. there is a war that has been behappenineen black and white but there are enough south africans who don't want to be racist. how do we collaborate and how do racist?te those who are fergal: put this country has an endless capacity to surprise, as we discovered. a younblack farmer fighting a bushfire that threatened his home. bernadette has come to help. >> we need more firefighters! fergal: while we shouldn't read too much into a single encounter, what i'm seeing here, black and white neighbors helping each other in this crisis, is a powerful symbol of what is still possible in south africa.
united as we stay because we have to help each other. fergal: right now in this country there is a great deal of animosity, racial animosity. >> doni you see any asity? see any? fergal: other neighborsre arriv, ecting a truth that has not changed in 25 yearsca -- south af need each other. fergal keane, bbc news. africa's long road to healing. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, addicted to gaming. in south kea, sign young -- some young players are finding they cannot break away. the u.n. is launching an appeal to raise the hundred $50 million for palestinians in -- $350 million for palestinians in dire
need after a dramatic drop in u.s. funding. 2 million people in the gaza strip are read risk of extreme poverty. the bbcised one family who lives there and heard their story for us. reporter: a it ensely populated strip of land, a place nations hasted warned could be unlivable by 2020. one of the most acute problems is a shortage of clean water needed not only at home, but for his business. gaza'sconomy is at a standstill, badly affected by use of a blockade by israel and egypt. >> this blockade is like a cancer in the whole gazstrip. it spread and affects everyone. reporter: today tys world bank hat half of gaza's population is living in poverty. the household as 21 people in 2014, whenasre since
their old homeestroyed in an israeli airstrike. there are three generatis under this roof, but he is the only one who has any work at all. worry.has a new son sun went to the weekly monstrations near gaza's boundary with israel and was hit by a rubber bullet. >> i went there just like the rest of the, like anyone else. god willing, the blockade will be lifted. reporter: he hopes the blockade will be lifted while gaza's charter tonight israel's right to exist is in power. hamas bymposed on the palestinian authority in the west bank. the faly like many others here say they have little real hope of a better future.
some of theeople to state of america in one word and the answer you s oen get is "angry." how has anger become a part of our daily lives, and what is the impact on our politics? that is a question charles duhigg asked in the most recent issue of "the atlantic," and he joined me to discuss his findings. oncharles, america is a na born in revolution. of thisery framing country rooted in anger?s: chart is. we have always been an angry nation.n we have ta arms against each other and our enemies. it is in the structure of our government, the belief in the division of the branches of dsvernment, there will be some animosity that no be worked out. but what has changed ilast 15 years is that that animosity has shifted. it has gone from a constructive
course in american discourse to a particarly destructive one, most notably in the last four or five years. many people feel like this wave of anger that wealk about, not just in america, but around the world, that it begins with president trump, but it do we know from surveys and studiet here was a different kindng of but just as much under obama in the united states. one of the questions i tried to answer for this piece in "the" atlant why. why has anger gotten worse? why has it gone from this thing that in the past helped usan communicatmade life better to something that is now terry us apart? laura: when donald trump said in 2016 that anger is what this country, what was he tapping into? cohecharles: he was tappin sinta that ttem is broken. there is the type of anger that
you experience when you get upset with your spouse, or when someone yells at you. what is interesting is that we know evolutionarily that helps us to listen. oftentimes, according to ience or when we exp express anger, things get better afterwards. it is one of the most dense forms of communication we have. en across societies it can help make progressive change. when we look to the civil righte mo in the 1960's, when we look to the recent me too movement or black lives matter, what we're looking at is we are seeing moral outrage, that if people can come together, their anger can change things.y but that can vsily tip into something more destructive, and the way it occurs is when people stop believin the shouting is going to create productive change. when they begin believing that the syem is broken down. that is what donald trump has tapped into, as well as many other populist leaders. even in the u.k. we see people saying that the system, the eu,
the global response to the financial crisis, thatll of the systems have stopped working. as a result, those people who angrily say we need to burn it down, they are being rewarded with power.a: lahat does your research tell us about how we can turn this indignation into a strength? charles: well, the first thing to do is to realize that there is a difference between beingde angry anring revenge. being angry oftentimes helps things. but desiring revenge is a purely destructive. laura: charles duhigg, thanks very much for joining us. charles: thank you. overcomew to anger in u.s. politics and why that would bgood for all of us right now. the computer games industry is growing ra over half the population play games. when they are not playing, they are watching professional gamers compete in tournaments for big prizes. but thisery rapid growth does come with a cost. about one in seven children are
at risk of becoming addicted. from seoul, laura bicker reports. laura b.: in south korea, ma kids don't want to be sports stars. they want to be professional they practice for hours. the competition is so tough, there is no time to stop for dinner. in this arena you are a fighter, a hero, a winner. but it is having a real impact ioon this new gaming gener these teenagers are just a few of the hundreds who have had to undergo a digital detox treatment. their passion was becoming an addiction. >> i tried quitting by myself, but my friends kept seducing me back to the pc box. when i play games, hours and hours would pass.
that is when i felt i was addicted. i wished someone could help me. laura b.: they are taught toor carethers and taken to a retirement home, where they even put on a show. ♪ tura b.: the aim is to help them interact in real world. develop a human connection before their symptoms become much worse. he was brought to the special hospital by police after he spent 96 hours playing. he has had o-to-one therapy with doctors for several weeks. >> i failed a lot. many mistakes. i could not keep my word. laura: but one teacher believes that the answer is not to limit gaming, but to encourage it. this 18-year-old was strugglingi his studies as he was gaming through the night. here he is allowed to play during school hours to develop
his skills. >> i think i can show what i am good at through games, i can show mytrength to other ople. l feel really happy when we win because of how w play. ♪ laura: this very ohegoing headtehas built an entire curriculum around gaming. >> everyone looks at it as a gaming problem, but if you look beyond that, all the kids have talent, and if you just hone that and make them concentrate on it, i think the kids have signs of genius. laura b.: the paradox is that the damage industry is one of -- is that the gaming industry is one of the biggest in the world, worth $5 billion, and growing fast. country is also having to invest billions to ensure it doesn't lose a generation along the way. laura bicker, bbc news, seoul. laura: why a digital detox can be good for you.
remember, you can find much more on all the day's news at our website. i am laura trevelyan. thanks so much for watching "bba world news ame >> with the bbc news, our vertical videos are designed to york and your lifestyle, s can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date wh the latest headlines you can trust. download n from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing?bi >> poslities. your day is filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helps everyone discover thes.
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm ju woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight, russia's role-- two new reports outle how moscow targeted americans by rac religion and ideology in the 2016 elections in an even more comprehense way than previously known. then, fighting over the futu-- nearly 200 countries strike a fractious deal to limit climate change. plus, how a growing culture of over-protective parenting may actually be fueling poor health outcomes, and a budding movement to let kids be kids. >> crime is less today than when you were growing up, so there is no factual, statistical reason that you shouldn't let your kid have at least as much freedom as you had. >> woodruff: all that and more