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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 4, 2019 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutionser for a's neglected needs. >> wow, that is unbelievable. ♪ >> i'm flying! ♪ >> stay curious. ♪
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[applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news erica." reporting from washington, i am jane o' inators say the pilot were not to blame for the ethiopian c airlinesrash which killed 137 -- 157 the preliminarrt says boeing has to review its flight control technology. investigators on the mueller inquiry are said to be unhappy with the way the report has been po nrayed. it hasot been made public yet, and the controversy is deepeng. ♪ jane: and turnp the volume for this one. the instruments th made music
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history grab the limelight at a new exhibit on rock 'n roll. jane: welcome to our public television in america and around the globe. the pilots were not to blame fo the ethioprlines crash which claimed the lives of 157 people last month. an initial report said they followed all procedures recommended by the plane's mafacturer, boeing. the ethiopian transport minister described how the 737 max 8 repeatedly nosedived despite the pilots' best efforts. it crashed minutes after takeoff from addis ababa. it was the second fatal crash involving the model in six months. boeing has groundeall max 8 planes worldwide. our transport correspondent tom burridge has the details. tom: just seconds after takeoff,
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and this ethiopian airlines plane was repeatedly nosediving towards the ground. the pilots wrestle to pull up, but an automatic anti-stall mechanism on the new boeing 737 max 8 was pushing the plane investigs say the crew followed a procedure outlined bt boeing, buidn't work. it plunged 13,000 feet in 32 seconds. >> the crew performed all the procedures repeatedly provided by the manufacturer, but was not le to control the craft. tom:n board, 157 people. he's just some of the victims. five months earlier, another 737 max 8 crashed off indonesia in a similar way, killing 189 people. the max 8 is the latest version of the very popular 737. new, heavier engines make it more fuel-efficient, but
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in flight, the weight andsi on forced the nose up a bit. if the angle of flight becomes too high, the plane can stall and crash. so boeing designed a computer system which automatically pushes the nose down. before the max was grounded, that system relied on just one of two sensors at e front of the aircraft which calculates the angle at which the plane's flying. in both crashes, the data from that sensor was incorrect. as we have swn up here, the mmuter system thought the plan was at a high angle of attackhen in fact it wasn' look at what happens when the system kicks in. it was designed to do that, but instead it wrongly caud the plane to nosedive. unaware of what was happening, the pilots pulled up. but the system was designed to reactivate again and again. and within minutes, they had lost control. ralph: she hdership written all over her.
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she had compassion in an intellectually rigorous way.he everybody love tom: ralph nader's great-niece was on the ethiopiannes flight. famous for battling and beating multinationals over safety, the man who ran for the presidency now plans to take boeing to court. ralph: usually they get away with a quick settlement, a little bit of a public relations problem. my message to boeing is don't think this is going to happen again. >> y see that the aircraft is in quite a steep dive. tom: captain chris brady has 18 years of experience flying the 737. >> that is the stall warning. tom: he says s issues now need to be reviewed. >> the level of automation of the aircraft, the behind-the-scenes systems, the egsk analysis process, the oversight by theator, the
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conversion training, level of training generally, manual flying skills of the crews, all of it needs to be reviewed in lit of these accidents. tom: changes are being made to the max. onard a recent test flight boeing's chief executive. tonight in a carefully scripted video message, a recognition that the aircraft has malfunctioned. he promised a modified max would be among the safest planes to fly. >> we know every person who steps aboard one of our planes places their trust in us. together we will do everything possible to earn and re-earn the trust and confidstce from the ers and flying public in the weeks and months ahead. tom: for now, hundreds are grounded, thousands of orders on hold, and multiple investigations will look awahow the plansigned off as safe to fly.
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tom burridge, bbc news. jane: earlier my colleagues katty kay and christian fraser spoke to the former chief of staff administration for their program "beyond 100 days." faa been asleep at the wheel on this one? >> they share some of the blame. let's go back to t original sin. the original sin is that this plane should never have been certified. in effect, cha the powerful engines change the structure of the aircraft. boeing was bragging about how fast they got it certified. once you do that, all the pressure you have pilot training, don't burden the airlines -- it was sold at minimal pilot training. they need to go back and look at whether that was a wise dision . the faa has been suffering from attrition of people for many, rs were doing more with less has been the mantra.
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they are to blame, but they don't have the capability to keep up especially with modern automation. katty: is there an insidious relationship between a major company like boeing and regulators? standing outside is very big offices in washington, d.c., not far from capitol hill, you can see it. are they lobbying the faa? >> intensely. this is a great example. is is a strong, powerful lobby in washington that does lobby the f. the systematic problem is the delegation ofho aty from the faa to boeing itself is in large part a proem. prior to 2005, at least there was an faa inspector. could be a guy or woman who was really tough or whatever. doesn't happen anymore, so the faa take the word of boeing to self-certified. let's put it this way, when you buy a new iphone and you take it
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back for a problem, do you want a software patch i don't think so. the accommodation for this plane raises other questions. i hope the faa will look closely , as they say they are the summer. christian: just on that point, michael, are you saying that the engines are too big for the airframe, and to compensate that, the software we balances the aircraft? michael: yes, yes, and engineers have said that. i don't know if engineers or the business were driving the decisions, but clearly they have rld-class engineers and going in airbus. they look for the fixed to the aeronautical problem. the reporte patch -- today speaks to the fact that a key to gaining speed and the pilotsan overtake it. i don't know if the software patch is going to fix the problem. we may have to go back to ground zero in terms of certifying the aircraft. jane former faa chief of staff michael goldfarb there.
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now to the brexit deadlock. all attention was on dublin, where angela merkel was in talks with taoiseach leo varadkar. mr. varadkar said that any request by prime minister th aesa may fther delay would have to be madecr for edible reason. our ireland corresponded emma var has the latest. emma: a key eu leader arrives. angela merkel's vwait comes amid ings of the possibility of the uk's leaving without any deal has increased, and there is growing speculation over whether ireland could be asked to budge. chancellor merkel: we are more than aware of the fact of what is astake in what has to be solved, wh will be essential , what we need to do, what sort of assurance we have to gi.
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emma: ireland, so exposed to brexit, needs the eu's backing. prime min. varadkar: whatever challenges we face, protecting the good friday agreement or maintaining the integrity of the markets, we will approach those chas sharelenges. there won't be anyone trying to force any anything on anyone. el it will be a shared challenge and one that we are up to. emma: officials are keen to portray this visit as a show of support from not a sign that ireland is under pressure. but germany and other countries, too, want concrete answers soon over how the irish border, the eu's new frontier, is going to work. food producers are looking at what is on the brexit horizon for thgoods they sell. this week, u.k. potato firms were told they could no longer export to the eu if there is no deal. new eu approval would be needed once we are outside the club. >> sleepless nights, wondering
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at we are going to do. contingencyso plans, we hav in place. but potentially what could happen is we would have to downsize the business. emma: border communities haven fen gatheringcent days to mark their growistration and fear. ireland has not revealed how checks will be carried out while keeping open border, the island'en of this relatively rpeace. >> i vividly remember what it is like, and as a young fella we spent most of our sundays building these roads. the road would be blown up. these people have genuine fears if that border reappears again. emma: one solution suggested is a customs union. but there would need to be o standards checkset eu rules. and a customs union could mean no new trade deals could be atruck by britain.
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thousands of potoes from the u.k. are sent to ireland every week. >> i think we are just worn out. nobody has a clue. emma: without a deal, the eu has warned potatoes are just one of a number of british exports that could be disrupted overnight. jane: emma vardy reporting. the inquiry is b ove the fight over the mueller report is intensifying. investigators whor worked e special counsel are said to be unhappy with the way the attorney general representedr thndings, but the justice department says it is following more detailwi be released when the work is done. i spoke to ron christie, former adviser to george w. bush. presumably when the report is
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released, it will all be cleared ouup. ron: one hope, but if all -- if only it was that easy, jane. good evening to you. this will be an interesting next couple of weeks in washington, d.c. one hand, the democrats want the full release of the mueller report, which by law the tetorney general can't do. there is grand jurimony in there, classified information about intelligen. at what will come out wi fuel more democrat suspicion that perhaps mueller had some obstruction of justice charge for thpresident. jane: did the attorney general, lilliam barr, make matters worse by releasing his t summary? ron: i don't believe he did, and i think he did something very smart, which was to work with rod rosenste, someone who has been antagonistic towards president trump, to put out that four-page summary document for the public to see. if he had done it on, his own, -- if he had done it on his own, he would be in more politicalan trouble e is now. jane: how does the trump administration resolve this'
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ron: i dont think they can. i don't think there is a way for democratic detractors and those who think he had some icvolvement with the russians -- recent polling ies nearly half of americans think he did e'-- i don't think ths anything the administration can do or say to mollify those peop who think that there th election in 2016 wasn't on the level. jane: president trump today has also been talking about the border with meco and saying he will introduce tariffs on cars if mexico doesn't do anything to stop the flow of drugs. is that a good ia, given that a lot of the states he needs for 2020 are already suffering from tariffs on cars? ron: excellent point. you look at the upper midwest, michigan, ohio, the industal states in the united states, states that came out stronglyfo president trump are reeling by the tariffs on china. taif you want to talking about additional tariffs on automobiles from mexico, thesell folks ay that the trump that i elected is not here to help me, he is hurting me. the notion that we will have
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additional tariffs or the threat thereof is making people in congress and their constituents nervous. jane: would it go some way to appeasing others in his base who want to see some action of the border? ron: absolleely. these peill say shut the border, let mexico feel some pain, and good for trump, he is being tough. but pragmatic people will look at this and say, wait a second, what will this do tohe american economy? it is the economy that has to be strong, and putting tariffs on mexico and other countri not a good way to do it. jane: ron christie, thanks as ever. ron: pleasure. jane: you arein wat"bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's one of america's greatest as museums is making way for rock 'n roll. you will need to play it loud for this exhibit. nissan chief ca
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oshn has been arrested in japan over a fresh allegation of financial misconduct. he was reased last month on a $9 million u.s. they'. -- bail. our tokyo correspondent rupert wingfield-hayes report rupert: this morning a team of prosecutors surrounded the building where carlos ghosn has been staying since his release on bail a month ago. wereh an his wife ordered to get dressed. tia short me later, the former nissan chief was driven away, hiddencu behind the ain. the day before, mr. ghosn been seen walking to his lawyers office with his wife, repairing to tell his side of the story. on a newly created twitter account, he announced to the world he would hold a press
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conference next week in which he said he would tell the truth about what had happened to him will stop that happened to him. this aft lawyer whether the timing the of the arrest was a coincidence was a what you think the purpose of this re- arrestas about? >> for the prosecutors, it is about putting pressure on mr. ghosn to put him under their control and also to stop him speaking freely. isert: tonight, mr. ghosn back in a prison cell at the tokyo detention house, ace p he has already spent more than 100 days. tokyo prosecutors can spend up to three more weeks questioning him before they havecho file fresh ges. as he was being taken away this morning, mr. ghosn least a statement saying the prosecutor's office was trying to break him, but that he would not be broken. rupert wingfield-hayes, bbc
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news, in tokyo. opposition in sudan has called for big demonstrations this weekend to remove the government of president omar al-bashir. he has ruled the african nation since taking power in a military coup 30 years ag dozens have been killed and thousands have been detained in bprotests which began aftad prices rose sharply earlier this year. many of those at the forefront are young women fighting to create a new society. our africa editor fergal keane reports.e fergal: women of thesi univer facing the regime's police. the women stand firm. that kind of courage is everywhere these days. a celebrated sudanese artist, shis using her talent to
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protest, pnting the faces of the detained on the walls of khartoum. >> this art reaches many people, whether they areinalking or dr all of them luck. ll--f them look. they can see the characters, and if they don't know who it , they ask, so people keep talking abou fergal: women have faced severe repression under the regime's rsion of islamic law. now as many as two thirds ofde monstrators are female. this woman hurling teargas back at the police. for others, like one who startea as a studentivist six years ago, the aim is not just to remove the regime, but the entire politics of patriarchy. >> there are certain ideas we need to fix, like staying at
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-- girls should stay at home while men go out and provide for them, or that men should go out on the streets but we should not . this is among the things i protested for and i think it is changing a lot now. fergal: the road to change was opened by econom crisis. after 30 years in power, the bashir regime has fail to deliver jobs or prosperity, and soaring inflation alienated the middle classes, whose children ok to the streets. >> the economic situation is sot bad ven people from the middle class found it harder to maintain their daily when they that level of desperation, they became equal with the poor and working-class and had nothing to lose. fergal: with bashir still in control of t security forces, it does not look like the new sudan will be born soon. but what is significant is at ,he experience of brutality witnessing what has happened to
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others, has traumatized but also deepened the determination of the protesters. >> this is something truly sad. if you don't believe truly in what you do, it is hard to go on. if you don't believe, then you will feel it is ok to stand by and watch them beat people. when you see a man being beaten, i don't think you would cross your arms and just watch. fergal: whether or not theyim remove the rsoon, the women of sudan have already achieved fundamental change, and in how society sees them, in how they see themselves. fergal keane, bbc news. jane: it is not every at a vincent van gogh masterpiece and a van halen guitar share the same place, but you will find both at new york's metropolitan museum of art. next weethe exhibit "play it loud" will open to the public and rock 'n roll fans will line up to see it.
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the show brings together rarely seen guitars and instruments from musicians such as bob dylan, elvis presley, and the beatles. the bbc's nada tawfik got a sneak peak. nada: the quiet galleries of the met are filled with precious asterpieces from the world's greatest sculptond painters. [record scratch] ♪ nada: but the volume has beento turned up howcase a a very differentistic movement, rock 'n roll. the exhibition "play it loud" lets music lovers get up close nd the instruments of lege from ji hendrix to bob dylan. this is the first major art exhibition dedicated to the instruments of rock 'n roll. there are more than 100 pieces o and some areloan from the greats themselves. jimmy page from the itish rock band led zeppelin lent sever
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of his prized possessions like this guitar and stage outfit used in a performance of the hit "stairway to heaven."he he said whenet approached him with the idea, he loved it. jimmy: the statues of the gallery, and the first thing you see is chuck berry's guitar. i said, the blunder guitar -- blonde guitar? they said yes. i said, what exactly what you want. tell me what you want. nada: that sold it for you? jimmy: absolutely, i really wanted to help them along as best i could. nada: the electric guitar is nonymous with rock 'n roll. one was used by chuck berry to record "johnny oode," and guitar god had their own style. >> this is a great piece called frankenstein, built and decorated by eddie van halen,at one of the gre970's and 1980's guitarists.
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you can see these are cigarette burns. spray paint, tape, cutting it away, creating this visual motif that was highly pied certainly in the 1980's when i was growing up. nada: a few of the items you have are from the beatles. >> a one of the most iconic things in the whole show is this beautul drum set used by ringo starr. this was the first american drum set that he owned. after people saw him play, everybody wanted a drum set that looked exactly the same way with that exact decoration. >> ♪ it's been a hard day's night ♪ nada: each one of these rock relics tells the story, as doesx thbition itself. a movement built on rebellion is now being revered in the heart of the artistic establishment. nada tawfik, bbc news, new york. jane: those musical legends were so cutting edge at the time, and now their instruments are museum
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pieces. that is the way it goes. you can find the day's news on our website, and to seeonhat we workint any time, do check us on twitter. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical vids are designed to work around your lifestyle you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and judy and peter blum-kovlerui foundation, pu solutions for america's neglected needs. >>hat are you doing? >> possibilities. your day is filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: members of special counsel robert mueller's team have concerns about the attorney uegeneral's summary of theer report. then, preliminary reports from ethiopia point to software problems in the crash of a eing max jet. plus, using behavioral economics to help children undergo difficult medical treatments.ig >> we had toe out like, how in the world are we going to keep him upbeat and optimistic and hopeful, so he co all the incredibly hard things he s to do to get better? >> woodruff: all that and more, on tonht's pbs newshour.


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