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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 12, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundati and judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> wow, that is unbelievable. ♪ >> i'm flying! ♪ >> stacurious. ♪la
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[appe]>> nd now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." re arting from washington, i jane o'brien. demonstrations on the streets of sudata day after the presiden is overthrown. the new general in charge suddenly quits his post. more legal trouble for julian assange. prosecutors in sweden consider ry againsta rape inq the wikileaks founder. and five months after disaster struck thets residenf paradise, california, are still trying toes rebuild their hom in the lives -- and their lives.
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jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in ameheca and aroundlobe. a day after sudan's president rewas forced from power, ts already confusion over what comes next. the general who was the interim leader of the transitional military council h stepped down after less than a day on the job. thousands of people have taken to the streets to demand demoacy. the main protest group has expressed skepticism over political dialogue, saying the military isot capable of bringing change. ou senior africa correspondent anne soy reports. rtanne: uncen times in sudan. protesters are undeterred. they say the revolution isn't over y. the country's strongman may be gone, but in his place are some of his closest allies. but the people demanding anil ed
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toary rule. >> we wt a civilian transitional government as soon as possible. if it has to be the army mas this happened, thawe don't nt anyone from their site has been part of the regime anyway. >> why isn't there a transitional government? all those people who died gone in vain. we cannot accept this. fears the army generals will do an thing to hold power. they supported repression for decades. rethe generalsow promising reform, a political dialogue, and a transition to civilian government. >> hand-in-hand.ould work we are not against the demands of the pple we are for the demands of the people. anne: but this eveningand extraordinary development, ine men sworn nly yesterday as sudan's new military leader
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announced his resignation. general ibn auf is pending off his seato t someone perhaps more sympathetic to protesters. vewomen haeen at the forefront of the protests. woman has come to symbolize the rebellion. these images of theen 22-year-od neering student went live earlier this week as e led demonstrations. role of sudanese women is eery significant to revolution they are taking part equally with men and if faced violce and beatings. women have endured a lot of pain and kept on going. anne: but the protesters want to note system overhauled,
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just a change of face. bbc new, jane: a brief time ago i spoke with the former u.s. special envoy for sudan. days, butiously ea what is your sense about whether or not we are going to see any ?real lasting change he >> it is hard to say. as you say, it is early what we do knohat the junta that has taken over in sudan is itself fracand fracturing. it is not clear whether they will be able to present a cohesi and unitary face to cap -- of the government to the people going forward. that is a big concern. the other g concern is how long the protesters will be able to maintain their level of vigor and opposition to the government. early bernment will trying in the next few days to tamp down and tone down and get people out of the streets and exert control over the government. the next few days will be very critical in determiningpa
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whic we go down, a path of peace that we have been on this far or a path of infighting andf potential ct and aggression against these civilians in the streets. jane: what could be the tipping point? what is your biggest concern? cameron: my biggest concern is a fracturing of security services. right now the junta has essentially tried to bring under one tent all the varying factions of security services that bashir crted over his 30 years in power. he was a master of playing these services off of each other. the army, intelligence services, various paramilitary and informal militias. these are lots of guys with guns who had been benefiting from the patronage system bashir set up. as that patronage system dries up and the money stops flowing to those militias, what will happen to them? how are they going to exerty, their authorheir power? one of they going to do with those guns? cey could quickly turn against each other and yld see a
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libya-like scenario where you have factions of formal and informal armed forces in the country fighting in thets. jane: this has been driven rgely by young people. how critical is that? cameron: i think it is critical in the sen that it presents a great opportunity and great challenge to the regime right now. most of the genels that have taken over and are leading security services are in their 70's and 80's, one generation benefited from being ab to get military training in the u.k. and the united states before sanctions were heaped on the country. you have a generation of young people who have been denied all of those opportunities.po their unities have come from the gulf states and china. they are demanding this change in a way that the leaders of th country right e having a difficult time comprehending and understanding. their first and immediate
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response was if we just get rid of bashir, that will satisfy this group. at we have seen quickly that that is not the satisfaction they are looking for. they are looking for democratic change of government, not just cutting off the head of the snake, because the snake is still alive. jane: cameron hudson, thank you very much for joining me. sudan is far from the only country northern africa cing upheaval. in algeriaf , tensousands of people are again protesting on ae streets today, demanding new government that is not consist of the ruling elite. president bouteflika was forced enafter years of rule but the new leader is se as to cle to the former president. orla guerin reports from algiers. orla: "the country is ours," llthey chanted, "and we wio what we want. algerians are seizing the moment.
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mass protest now the friday routine. just months ago, the horizon was very different. you could be jailed for posting on facebook. after decades of repression by a hated regime, it is just too much for some. "what do they want from us?" he says."w e ask god for revenge." more police are moving into position. hethe crowd is building , and so is the anger. this is the 8th friday in a row the demonstrators have gathered. they say they will keep coming until all of their demands are met. they want a complete break with the past. that means the new interim present must go. protesters don't trust him to organize free elections. some worry that the powerful
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military is playing a double game, expressing support for the protests but trying to limit any change. in the main square, police could not hold back the crowds. the protesters believed the -- believe the march of historys n their side. >> i am very happy to be here with my family in order to march for democracy and in order to stop this corrupt government, and to try to give the youth a chance for tomorrow. orla: do you believe you will cceed? >> i think we will succeed, definitely. far too many not: o succeed. orme are standing up to the regime all on their own. "i told them this is myid country," she "we want the whole system to go. there is nothing for the young
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generation. i have five kids with no jobs and no homes of their own." a inmong the crowds, a veteraner la who may help lead algeria through the turmoil. he has waited decades r this. >> i have tears in my eyes whenn i see the hag after 30 isars of fighting against dictatorship in ountry. we tried to do things. we didn't succeed. it is this young people who gave us this feeling of power to be algerians. orla: but how far will the young be allowed tgo? as the day wore on, the police pushed back, first with water cannons, later with ar gas. the hope on the streets is that change can come without bloodshed, but no one is sure where all of this is headed.
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jane: orla guerin reporting there. some of the day's indonesian officials have lifted the tsunami alert which was raised after a 6.8 magnitude earthquake off to the east coast of sulawesi. officials say the tremor was felt that the scene a larger quake in septemb in which 4000 ople died. the dalai lama has been discharged from hospital in delhi, where he was admitted three days ago to treat a chest infection. leaving the hospital, the 83-year-old tibetan spiritual leer said he felt almost normal. he has resumed his normal routine, and is expected to return to the indian city where in exil prosecutors in sweden are ansidering whether to reopen
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into allegations of rape against the founder of wikileaks, julian assange. he was arrested yesterday following ecuador's decision to revoke his asylum at its london embassy after nearly seven yetss. the u.s. wim extradited to face charges of conspiracy to hack a government computer. tom symonds reports. tom: swedish prosecutors have been pursuing julian assange for years about rape, coercion, and molestation allegations. he took refuge in the ecuadorian embassy. eventually the prosecutors stopped trying to question him. but when the metpolitan police theyged him into custody got a second chance. they have until next august to restart the rape investigation. assange fought not to go to sweden because he was worried sweden would expedite him to the u.s. now britain is considering that. >> he is obviously going to fight extradition and fight it this case raises significant issues about free speech and we have been warning about the prospect of an extradition request by the united states since 2010. em: after seven years ins the embassy, resolving the case
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will meet answering some fundamental questions. is julian assaaie a global caer who worked up a conspiracy to hack computer systems? or is he a journalist, publisng leaked information in the public interest, something the court may be more lenient about? in these modernimes, he may well be a bit of both. this is how he described himself to the bbc in 2010. juli: we are a publisher. we accept information from whistleblowers. we vet it, analyze it, and publish it. that is what we do. ditom: the charges say hmore than accept and publish. it accuses him of requesting information from chelsea manning, the u.s. intelligence analyst, and trying to crack a password himself. he is not accused of spying or treason, and the maximum sentence is less than the time he spent in the embassy. but labour believes he is being pursued for political reasons. >> i think there may be human
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rights issues. he is at the very least a whistleblower, and much of the information he brought io the public domain, it could be argued, was very much in the public interest. tom: but wikileaks leaked hillary clinton's emails, and she wants in charge. -- wants him charged. ms. clinton: it is not about publishing journalism, it is about assisting the hacking of the military computer to stealom information he united states government. but the bottom line is, he has to answer for what hdone, at as it has been charge tom: he has nine weeks to prepare his case against extradion. tom symonds, bbc news. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, theip calhate may be over, but at one can in syria
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the children of islamic state fighters may be caught in are heading to the polls next month, and if you are bored with politics you migch like this ap. hywel griffith is looking at contenders through the medium of sport. hywel: it is going to be mean and dirty, and one thing is for certain, someone has to lose. australian politics can be a brutal game and never more so than in an election. on one side, the reigning champions, the coalition, a team which has been through a lot of steps since the last election, sacking its captai aand putting ew captain, scott morrison, or scomo to teammates. tcan he make it p may? gere is one issue they br
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into play time afterngime, the stro economy. i this is an a comment th on -- an economy that is on his way back. hywe what about the opposition? the labour party has remarkably for australia stuck to the same leader for the last five and half years. >> we are united, we are determined, and we already, ready to serve, ready to lead, ready to deliver aair go for australia. could beu could -- he australia next pm. only one problem, opinion polls suggest he is less popular than the current prime minister. independents and will be grappling for votes, ome on the right wing fighting for immfrration, others om the left, who fchus on climatange.
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as in 2016, the election is really tight. whoever forms the next government will have to depend on the cross ventures to keep hold on power. jane: many have celebrated the collapse of the islamic state in syria, but now there are serious questions about what to do with the families of i.s. fighters and unrepentant opporters. tethousands of women and children, many of them foreigners aare stranded internment camp in the north of the country. the camp has ballooned in size, and if the deaths of dozens of children, campaign groups are calling it a humanitarian crisis. quentin sommerville has this special report. defeated, caliphate but the nightmare is not over. cp. is the internment
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they are what is left of the islamic state group and they are in the tens of thousands. with them, sons and ughters. the camp is overwhelmed. here, the war wounded our children. children.ed are a broken enemy that is in the midst of a humanitarian crisis. amp's three small clinics struggle to provide even the basics. most are given antibiotics or painkillers. lurks in every corner. this is six-year-old from turkmenistan was shot in the face 15 days ago, and she is still awaiting treatment. snipers,e a lot of
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artillery, and bombs. we had tents, we don't have houses. a sniper shot him through the tent door." i.s. fighters used families is the last line of defense, and while they children starve. six months old. while western govnments prevaricate over what to do with the people here, children are dying. leaving perished since kurds never expected to be left with so many i.s. supporters to watch over. the misery flowed out of the islamic state group'saliphate, but they didn't make it far.
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p.ey are collecting here at the internment c it became a flood. there are far more people here than ever expected. it was built for 7000 but it contains 70,000. the foreign women are the greatest threat. -extremists among them, they are locked up separately. those who showed no mercy now demanded. the islamic state enslaved women. these are the reasons you are here in this camp. >> islamic state for you is the bad example. quentin: the islamic state to the entire world is the bad example! >> show was the good thing. s of them. and from europe. there is -- quentin: the children of
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prisoners, -- prisoners, too, and they are still in danger. manynf their parents remain i the grip of the islamic state group's hateful ideogy. few of their home countries want any of them back. even in captivity, the malice overflows. "the americans better watch themselves, i swear. if i knew they would leave us here,e would have attacked and slaughtered them one by one." mini-caliphatea in its own right. ilstretchingafter mile, it is a reminder of the best of the crisis the islamic -- it is a reminder that the crisis the islamic state group brought to syria is not over. jane: it has been five months since flames swept through
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paradise, california, and left the town almost completely destroyed. the fire was the deadliest and most restrictive wildfire in california history. for residents, it has been a painful and long road to recovery. we return to visit some of those finding a new normal. daysthink it was four after november 8, the rains started ming in. that is why everything looks like cent. we are not lucky enough to salvage through our sff. paradise," "rip and i said what? "rest in peace,aradise." i thinhe understands that we are going to have to start all over. plan is to finish school, stay in this trailer. i bought it, and you know, i'm
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going to learn fro it, and it is going to make me stronger. >> i bought the shop back in 1989. if you can make it in paradise, you can make it anywhere. we have madeso i far. i felt like i could still keep the flames and the embers at bay. >> you're saying they were like -- >> they were seismic. it just never entered my mind that i was in danger. reopen onceble to we got water and electricity. >> as we have people coming in, i pulled the little bit to find out, are you going to be coming back? where are you now?
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the annoying people that ar driving on t street that are know that we town, will be -- we would love to go .home if we cou we are just doing the best we can. there were little miracles that happened finding this hse. sellers who sold us thhouse at a pre-camp fire price, not the crazy jacked up prices that people are paying right now. know, we feel s blessed. it is overwhelming. but it's not over. there are still people -- my parents are stilrainers. people still need help.
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jane:oi the o struggle of the former residents of paradise. you can find all the day's news on our website. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching. have a great weekend. e >> with thc news app, our lrtical videos are designed to work around yourifestyle, so you can swipe your way through lae news of the day and stay up-to-date with test headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the eeman foundation, and judy and peter blum-kovler foundationpursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you dog? >> possibilities. your day is filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helps everyoneer di theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored byro newshour pductions, llc >> nawaz: good evening. i'm amna nawaz. judy woodruff is awa on the newshour tonight: the next wave of wireless technology. i sit do with the chairman of the f.c.c., ajit pai, on the future of 5g communition in the united states. then, as students at geoetown university vote to start a fund for the descendants of slaves, a look at where 2020 democratic presidential candidates stand on reparations. and, it's friday. mark shields and david brooks pr the latest controversial statements by thident on immigration. f us, celebrating loretta lynn. an all-star castuntry musicians pay tribute to thesi legendarer, who at 87, reflects on how she got to the top.


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