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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  June 26, 2019 3:00pm-4:01pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by newshour productio, llc >> oodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, a shocking photo of a daughter clutching her father, details of cruelty to children in u.s. custody, and a debate over what our government should do on immigration. then, the stage is set-- the first round of democratic presidential debates kick off as candidates try to stand out from the crowded pack. plus, an elusive goal-- we ared on the groin the west bank amid protests over t white house's plan for mid-east peace >>ney in the world can substitute our right for freedom. no money in the world canbs titute our right to be in jerusalem. this palestine and jerusalem is not for selling. >> woodruff: all that and more
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on tonht's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been prided by: >> babbel. a language app that teaches real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, itian, and more. >> supporting social entrepreneurs and their msolutions to the world'st pressing problems-- >> the lemelson foundation. committed to improving lives through invention, in the u.s. and developing countries. on the web at >> supported by the john d. and catherine t. macarthurda foon. committed to building a more just, verdant and peaceful
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world. more information at >> and with the ongoing supporti of thesetitutions: >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. pd by contributions to yo station from viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: the u.s. congress is under growing pressure tonight to senmuch-needed money to the southern border. the task took on newrgency today, as the fate of children at the border raised new frs, and as lawmakers planned a week- long recess. william brangham begr coverage. >> brangham: as the situation along the soutrn borderue contto worsen, the senate voted to increase funding for critical aid for migrants crossing the southern bord. >> i believe overall this is a
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solid bill. it provides the resources needed to address the crisis that we face at the border. so i say to my colleagues in the house: now that there is a border is real, do not derail the one bipartisan vehicle withb a real chance oming law soon. >> brangham: the bipartisan bill passed 84-8 meanwhile the house of representatives passed their own 4.5 billion dollar border funding bill last night, but the senate rejected that today. there are key differences tween the house and sena bills. one of the biggest is over the nosue of border security. the house bill doeincrease funds for that. it does include $1 billion for shelter and food for migrants and $3 billion for the o departmehealth and human services to care for unaccompanied minors. it also sets improved standards of cte in h.h.s. shelters tha hold the chiitren who are g to be placed with sponsors. the senate bill provearly $3 billion to h.h.s. and $1.3io
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bifor the department of homeland security to provide food, shelter and medil care for adult migrants. it also allocates $65 million for more immigtion judges it does not set standard for care. house speaker nancy pelosi and president trump spoke today by phone to hash out their differences on thewo bills. >> i've been saying you have to change the loopholes, you have c nge asylum you wouldn't have this problem. >> brangham: the president today also responded to the harrowing, widely circulated phot father óscar alberto martínez ramírez and his daughter, valeria. the two drowned attempting the cross the rio grande river into texas. mr. trump seemed to blame their deaths on democratic inaction. >> i hate it and i know it could stop immediately if the democrats change the law. they have to change the laws. and then that father who i'm sure was a wonderful guy with his daughter. things like that wouldn't happen
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>> brangham: the president's claim is not entirely accurate. many experts say the president's own policies, like changing asylum l s, have made border crossings more dangerous, and made migrants more desrate. the associated press photographer who captured that image, juia le duc, noted that same desperation. >> ( transl area people choose to cross because they know they are easily caught, but the understanding that oscar and his family had arrived recently and did not know this, that is w a theyempted the crossing in desperation. >> brangham: today's legislation d so comes as recent reports have revealed allehumane conditions at a customs and border protection facility in clint, texas. children inside were reportedly kept in overcrowded, unsanitary conditions, with teenagers left to care for toddlers and other young children. 300 were transferred out of the shelter on monday, but customs officials say 100 have been moved back.
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this issue made it to campaign trail today near miami today where democratic presidential candidates pushed back on the president's policies. >> these children pose no threat to the united states. >> brangham: massachusetts senator elizabeth warr and nnesota senator amy klobuchar visited the homestead shelter, a nirge, for-profit detention center for unacced migrant childrra. and seveother democratiche candidates saytoo will visit this week. while congress is siapping up ss in washington, backlash to conditions along border continues. emplees from the boston-base home-decor company wayfair today protested their company's contract with the government fo sell bedroniture for its detention facilities. even as the ttles play out over money, security and policy, advocates are especily concerned about the impact this is having on detained children.
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dr. julie linton is with the american academy of pediatrics. she's leading an initiate there focused on the health and well being of child migrants and immigrant families and has visited some facilities herself. dr. linton, thank you very much for being here. as i said, admist all of this jockeying and the blame game, there are some very real tragedies unfolding along the but we really wanted to talk to you about the impact this is having on kids. so what re the immediate potential impacts of separation and detention on children? >> i think what's really important to remember is that after fleeing country of origin and an incredibly harrowing journey to seek safety here in the unaned states, childred families are exposed to conditions that are unsafe andun althy. in the short term, exposure to these conditions may lead to physical symptoms, increased stress responses that make children susceptible to infection, responses that lead esem to have changes in their
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behavior, chan their , mory, and changes in their ability to sle well as to eat and to be able be potty trained. in the long term, this causes some very serious health risks. >> brangham: on these more immediate impacts, how much of it does the facilities themselves play? ep understand of what i've seen from video and orting from inside them, the food is not great, thecan be sort of ud and noisy. does that contribute to these negative impacts?ol >> aely. i've been inside these facilities myself. i've taken care of children whoi have been these facilities, and i'm in touch with pediatricians across the count who are seing these-- these effects firsthand. being exposo tlights 24/7 disrupts the sleep-wake cyclees of a child, which makes it verya unlikelythey'll be able to fight off infection, and it makes them more likely to be exposed to illnesses that they would otherwise be able to fight off without these conditions.
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being put on mats on the floor, listening to drink ling sounds from anluminu blanket as the only protection a child has, these are the type of cditions they would never send somebody home from my office to recover from an illness if they were toposed to something. >> brangham: yoched on this issue of some of the longer-term impacts from these events. what wou >> in the long term, when children are exposed to long activation of their stress responses or this fight-or-flight response, the response that our bodies are designed to do when fleeing a tiger, in the long term, those type of responses, thconstant flow of adrenaline and cortisol and other hormones going through the body impair the immune system, impair the metabolism on childrend disrupt their developing brains. t wein the long term, wha see is an increase risk for things like heart disease, diabetes, dep post-traumatic stress disorder and substance use. >> brangham: those seem like awfully severe ramifications.
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are these-- are these permanent impacts, or is it-- let's just say these children do get out and ressam some level of normalcy, wherever that is and with wh every that is, can some of these negative impacts be reversed? >> i think the children and family that are fleeing these conditions have an incredible amount of strength and resilience, rand theesilience and protective factor it takes to be able to flee these tconditions and to make through the harrowing journey so me that there's a lot ofy opportunr healing to begin. but that is not an excuse to prolong the horrible condition that are supposing them to thats to theirlth and well-being and it behooves all of us to begin to help families and children heal as they await their immigration proceedings. >>urangham: as you said, y have been inside some of these facilities, i wonder right now, starting todayeare thre things within these environments that could be done to make thisio situbetter for the kids? >> there's no amount that any
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amount of time in detention is safe f children. and, certainly, any conditions that expose children to lights 24/7, conditions that do not allow access to mdical care, when parents or when they themselves are seeking it, conditions that don't allow coesistent ato sufficient food and hydration, these are not safe forre chi and those things need to be urgently addressed, and we need urgent pediatric medical expertise on our border. >> brangham: crustom officials, ice officials, the president have all sai just need more money, and if we were granted more money, we could do a better job for these children." do you think that that s the fix here? >> i think the fix needs to come from a combination of emergency funding that can mitigate some of thesproblems urgently, as well as long-term legislation that prevents this problem inch the future, s the bill being suggested by representative ruiz to ensure a th children have access to medical attention and all people have access medical
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attention, sanitary conditions, and safe conditions, as they're being held prior to beingo released iour communities as their cases proceed.l >> brangham: ght, dr. julie linton from the american academy of pediatrics, thank you very mucfo >> thank yohaving me. >> woodruff: in the daher news, former special counsel robert mueller will testify publicly before congress on july 17th. he has agreed to appear under subpoena, before the u.s. house judiciary and inteigence committees. judiciary chair jerry naheer said todayestimony will have a "profound impact." >> it's very important that the american people hear from mr. mueller as to what he did find, what the results of that two i yeestigation were and not have to rely on the misinformation spread by the attorney general or on reading
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the report which most people won't do. >> woodruff: mueller has insisted he will not go beyond what was in his report, on russian contacts with the trump campaign, anallegations of obstruction by president trump. for his part, the president criticized the planned hearings, and repeated his long-standing complaints. >> at what point does it end? it's a disgrace. no obstruction, no collusion. now the democrats want a do- over. this is just a hoax. i call it the witch hunt but it's really a hoax. it's the greatest hoax ever in the history of our country. >> woodruff: mr. trump also claimed falsely that mueller broke the law by deleting e- mails and messages fro former f.b.i. employees who dispaged the president. he offered no evidence. we'll look at all of this, later in the program. the president said todaygoe hopes for conversation with russian president vladimir putin, at the g-20 summit in japan.
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mr. trump left for the summit today. as he did, the kremlinonfirmed the meeting is set for friday. a spokesman said the talks are expected tinclude arms control, iran and other issues.h the u.s. and norea are said to be discussing a possible third mmit between president trump and north korean leader kim jong un. the president of south korea said today that behind-the-re scenes talksnder way. the last trump/kim summit was in feeuary, but it failed to m any headway on abolishing the north's nuclear arsenal. white house counselor kellyanne conway now faces a congressional subpoena, over allegations that she repeatedly violated the "hatch act." the law limits political activity by government workers. the u.s. house oversight committee issued the subpoena today after conway failed to appear voluntarily. that set off a storm over her criticism of democratic presidential candidates.
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>> contrary to claims fr p ms. y nway asident trump, this is not a conspir silence her or restrict her first amendment rights. this is an effort to enforce fedel law. >> she's n asking for contributions. she's not asking for anything other than-- she's not evenin campai s e has a microphone stuck in her face and shesponding. you've done the same thing, mr. chairman! >> woodruf the white house has argued that conway is immune from having to give congressional testimony. the defense began presenting its case today for navy seal edward gallagher, accused of murdering an islamic state prisoner in ir. the special operations chief is being court-martialed in san diego. defense attorneys have insisted that former colleagues of gallagher who testified against him, were lying. in afghanistan, two u.s. service
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members were killed on a patrol. officials gave no details. it happened a day after secretary of state mike pompeo visited kabul, and voiced hope for a peace deal by september first. more than 2,400 u.s. troops have died in afghanistan since theu. invasion in 2001. western and central europe roasted today in a record heat wave tt showed no sign of breaking. in rome, the stench of rotting garbage filled the streets, amle ongoing prob with trash collection. in munich, germany, families played with pets in fountains to cool off from adings of 98 degrees. and in madrid, temperatures toppin100 degrees quieted the bustle of restaurant terraces. >> ( translated ): it is true that the number of customers has fallen due to highemperatures. people don't want to cope with the terrace in 100 degrees. insidehere is air conditioning and there are a few of us brave ones that have to go outside.
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but overall the terraces in these heat waves lose between 7c to 80% of pu >> woodruff: meanwhile, fears of buckling pavement forced ofcials in germany to post speed limits on parts of the autobahns that usuallyave none. the united nations women's agency has found violence against women is pervasive, in their own homes. the report says that in 2017, worldwide, 137 women were killed every day by a family member. officials acknowledge great progress in ending gender scrimination, but they say there are also efforts to curtail women's rights. a top official at the environmental protection agency resigned today in the face of a congressional investigation. assistant administrator billel wehrumd roll back obama- era curbs on carbon emissions.le but there are tions that he improperly aided former clients in the oil amical
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industries. wall street, stocks had an up and down day. the dow jones industrial average fell 1points to close at 26,536. the nasdaq rose points, and the s&p 500 slipped three. still to come on theewshour: what to watch for in tonight's democratic presidential primary debate. former special counsel robert mueller agrees to testify before congress-- what more will he say about the president and russia? plus much more. >> woodruff: florida is once again the epicenter of american politics. the time has come for democratic presidential hopefuls to debate and try to stand out. our lisa desjardins is there. >> desjardins: in miami, the very crowded stage is set, with spotfor ten candidates tonight. another ten will be here
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tomorrow. in tonight's face-off, just one candidate on the stage is polling in double-digitsse massachusetttor elizabeth warren. as we reported earlier, she spent part of debate dayg observintemporary shelter for migrant children ind, homestealorida. >> my message to this little girl is she is not alone, that we are here with her, and well wiight alongside her, that she has to be brave, that we a have to be brave. >> desjardins: several other caidates visited or plan t visit homestead this week while nearby for the debates, as immigration has become a resonant issue in the 2020 fight. for many of the candidates, tonight's two urs in primetime t their first, best chan introduce themselves to a national audience. progssive warren will be joined center stage by former texas congressman to o'rourke and fellow senators cory booker of new jersey and amy klobuchar of minnesota. klobuchar has carved out a space in the field as a centrist, who can appeal to moderate voters wary of president trump.
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that's a role shared tonight by ohio congressman tim ryan and former maryland congressman john delaney. >> what the american people need to hear from us tonight, is how we're actually going to get some things done. >> desjardins: also on stage tonight, some candidates who have centered on a single issue: washington governor jay inslee, who wanted an entire debate on climate change. and hawaii congresswoman tulsi gabbard, a combat veteran who focuses on decreasing u.s.en involvoverseas. the final two candidates on stage tonight: lat the race, new york city mayor bill de blasio, and formerho ing secretary julian castro, who is looking for a post-debate bounce. inning with tonight, as my name i.d. goes up, i'm confiden you're goinge my support go up in the polls. >> desjardins: many voters are still up for grabs. according to a pbs newshour/marist poll released earlier this month, 84% of democrats have nmi made up their about which candidate to support. that's a question we asked peoplen miami.
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>> i don't have a specific candidate that i know for sure i'm supporti right now. i'm really interesd in elizabeth warren, kamala harris eg.ris, mayor pete butti i definitely have more research to do. >> for me i want to hear from the other guys that don't get air time. >> it'll be interesting how cream of crop raises after debate before primary. >> just seeing more women more women that are running for office that's so important. >> desjardins: one thing democratic voters are looking for? someo can beat president trump. >> if they can't beat trump we may have four more years of whatever pops into his head. >> anyone but him honestly. >> desjardins: the pdent did not weigh in on the democratic field today as he left the white house for a summit in japan.he bulans to respond to the debate in real time on twitter. and the republican party is sending trump campaign surrogates out to react on the airwaves in battleground states like florida, pennsylvania,ig
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mi, ohio and wisconsin. only 20 candidates qualified for the first round of debates. some of the others who didn't make the cut are still trying to get noticed today. montana governor steve bullock had the first caucus state of iowa all to himself. >> i be on the debate stage myself so i'm introducing myself here. >> desjardins: while massachusetts congresstrn seth moultoeled to miami anyway and launched his first televisiond: tonight's showdown is just round one. most of the highest-polling candidates will be watching on the sidelines befo t stepping on debate stage tomorrow. that includes former vice president joe biden, sators bernie sanders and kamala harris, as well as south bend, indiana mayor pe buttigieg. >> woodruff: and lisa joins me now along with stu rothenberg of inside elections. hello to both of you. and, lisa, i'm going to come to you first because i understand you can show us a lineup of what the cdidates are going to look like, in what order on the stage. and as you tak about this, tell us what the candidates
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themselves think they need to d tonight. >> that's right. well, first of all, this is where i am is the media center. this is an entire theater devoted just to the media. the debate is across t street from us. that debate stage will be very , judy.s you say and let's look at this lineup because i think it's going to tell us something about the s debate. thi this debate stage tonight is actually the more diverse of the two debates. we have more women and people oo on the debate stage tonight. but something else i want to point out, judy, there ish elizabarren, beto o'rourke, amy klobuchar, and cory booker-- those are the candidate tleading polls, and that's not an accident. the democrats anted to have thei candidates ahe the polls closer to one another, either for ngagement or for visual reasons. and then you see the rest of the candidates on stage besidthem. i raise this for a couple of reasons, judy. those candidates who are on the sides already are trying to fight for natiol attention as is, and they have to sort of do more in a way, because visually, they're lit, on the side of the stage. one other note about this lineup
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tonight, judy. when you look at it, it is more diverse than tomorrow night except in one way. tonight we have seven candidates who either currently or f have been members of congress. so it's going to be interesting to see how they kind of conduct themselves. is there a congressional kind of lawmaker type of feel toba tonight's that we may not see tomorrow night. >> woodruff: stu, as you looku at these, and ave been watching debates for a long time what, do some of these candidates need to do s night? lelk about the front-runners, first. i mean, elizabeth warren doing well so far in th public opinion polls. but what is she and candidates like amy klobuchar, beto o'rourke need to do? >> well, in this race, elizabeth warren really is the-t tr candidate, and the others are second or third or fourt tier. you're exactly right, they have ferent things.dif i thinked with war needs to look and sound presidential, but she needs to conitnectvery personally, to show how well she has been doing, to talk aboutb her lic policy proposals, and
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to really connect wit individuals. the candidates who are in the second and third tier-- you mentioned in the seicond ter, just on the base of the polls, judy klobuchar, booker, for etample, beto, they need to somehow say somng and do something that is memorable. and, really, even the other candidates, they ne- they need to come out of this debate with people talkingbout them, remembering them, and wanting to hear more about them. ocause, look, it's hard sell yourself in a debate like this when you only have a limited number of minutes. so they need to-- they nod t say something that's interesting, funny, thoughtful to get more attention in the future. >> woodruff: lisa, wene mentyou've been talking to all-- a number of these campaigns. what are they telling you that tey feel they have to do? >> ihink stu hit on a lot of it. i think one of the difficult needles to thread tonight will be from candidas who have-- and we have many of them on
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stage tonight-- who have branded themselves on the issue f civility and on being nice. now, this could lead to a very good and thought-provoking debate. but if they're trying to do something memorable, someone like cory booker or someone like amy klobuchar, who sort very far branded themselves in this nice way, they're going to have to do it on a memable line that is also positive. each candidate tonight, many of these campaigns have told me, they've had to make internal cisions: do they want their candidates to ever interrupt? do they want their candidas to even throw a slight jab? tonight ands f tomorrow night, they think tomorrow night's is likely to be the more contentious debe ate. sue is that some of these leading candidates, they don't want to make a misthtake. the er candidates would rather take a risk and get national attention. so it's going be a real test. also, judy, i think we'll see another division. some candidates tonight i leened from this campaign going to lead with policies. amy klobuchar, for example, she's going to talk about the first 100 days, very likely. other candidates, like a beto
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o'rourke will probably lead with passion and a drive to change. it will be adi very fferent tone between candidates. >> woodruff: stu, speaking of that, how much real difference is there among these candidates on the issues? i know we sometimes lump them into the more moderate versus the more progressive, the more libee l. >> that's oad-brush difference. there are no conservatives in this race in the democratic party anyusre. ther to be but there aren't anymore. but there are some differences f on medicar example, and single payer. >> woodruff: health care. >> on health c te. environment there are some differences, on fracking and the like.fe so there are dnces. but, judy, you don't get those kind of differences in debates like this normally because some of these peoplare just introducing themselves to the voters. 's about "my background, what's unique they bring to the race," beto, the charisma, the youthfulness. yes, people will talk about cy. klobucha warren has been talking about policy in glait great detail the
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past few weeks. but for many of the candidates, poli can be boring. they want to excite people. >> woodruff: having said, that lisa, some of these candidacy, like maryland congressman-- former congressman, john delaney has gotten very little attention in this race. and yet he's making his moderate positions, you know, sort of the theme of the-- the reason he's running. >> that's right. and someone lie john delaney, also expect him to talk about what a work horse he has beeon thcam trail. he's more well known in iowa than he is in the rest of the country because he hasnt a lot of time there doing the work of campaigning. it's the kind of populist message we could see fom someone like that. i think it will be interesting, again, the sidesf the stage, how they raise themselves as it will obviously be battle for the central position. does elizabeth warren bring any iticism tonight, because she is the top contender available tonight for them to go after.t it's uncleame that this will happen. this may in fact be a night
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23450eus, thoughtful debate. we'll see. >> woodruff: absolutely, stu, we'll see how much they go after each other and how much they ek to distinguish themselves. >> that's right. and the nine go aftrrer elizabeh , who is clearly the front-runner in this race, and does anybody take shots at people who are nth in is debate, because want cloud hanging over thisebate is joe biden in the next debate. >> woodruff: well ahead in the b polls, doit in the polls against president trump. but he's not on this stage. >> no, he's not on the stage, bueverybody knows that hes the front-runner in the race, and everybody wants to compete againstim. >> woodruff: stu rothenberg and lisa desjardins, miami, thank you. >> woodruff: stay with us,p comion the newshour: how palestinians are reacting to president trump's middle east peace plan. the power of poetry inside prison walls. and that moment when journalist
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leslie stahl joined the boys club in the newsroom. as we reported, former special counsel robert mueller will break his silence again, this time taking questions in testimony before two committees in congress. yamiche alcindor joins me now to break down the legal at political issues at stake. whi, yamiche. know a lot of people are going to be watching e day robert mueller testifies. what do we know about the format wh t, this testimony is goi look like? >> well ojuly 17, we know washington is really going to be at a standstill, becausean everyone to know what robert mueller is going to say. what we know is it owill be tw separate hearings. one, first, he will history ubefore the hose judiciary committee and then in the same room, the house intel committee will question him. from there theyill gointo one, possibly two closed door
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session with robert mueller's team. those sessions are going to be talking about classified information, possibly, possibly talking about the redacted portions of the report the public hasn't seen, and also talkg about ongoing criminal investigationghinvestigations te involving trump's associates. the other thing we know is we're not sure whether or not the white house and the d.o.j. will have lawyers present that's very important, because white house lawyers have stopped people like like hope hicks, from answering some que it will be something very close to watch whether or not they're allowed in the room. woodruff: so what do democrats think they're going to get? s what do they think hing to say? and how are democrats reacting to the the facthat y even got this agreement for them to testify and what are the republicans and the president saying? >> democrats are really hoping for a breakthrough moment where robert mueller really says something very important, and republicans essentially saying this is all a waste of tomb. on the democratic side, one aide summed it up this way. she said most people don't ad the book but they watch the
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movie. essentially what they're say,mu robertler, even though he put out this 400-page report and spoke to theublic for 10 minutes they want him to explain what he foundwhat his team of investigators found when interviewing people in the white house. even if he doesn't say anything new, democngts are goio be happy about that. on the republican side, rudy giuliani texted me yesterday when he said, "who cares i whsked whether he had a comment on it. president trump said why does robert mueller have to testify. he accused robert mller of wrongdoing saying he unfairly and illedegally delmails between two f.b.i. officials who had been talking disparagely the president. there's no evidence robert mueller did anything wrong as former special counsel. but the president itting that out there. >> woodruff: so, bottom line, yamie, what do they expect robert mueller can say? what do they expect him to say?e >> well,re's what robert mueller had to say on may 29 when he was talking about thatue
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very iss >> any testimony from this office would not go beyond our report. it contains our findings and analysis and the reasons for the cisions we made. we chose those words cd arefull, e work speaks for itself. and se report i my testimony. >> so former d.o.j. officials have been telling newheshour tht an't talk about ongoing criminal investigations or classified informationbut ything else that he decides he doesn't want to talk about, that's robert mueller's judgmes . so it souere that he doesn't want to go past his report, but that's really going to be a judgment on his part. >> woodruff: but they're going p to be trying h him on some things about why he made certain decielons. >> absol including why didn't he subpoena the president to sit down for in-rson terview as part of the investigation. >> woodruff: yamiche alcindorr reporting on all this. thank you very much. >> thanks, judy. >> woodruff: and in a related develop the today, executives of top tech companies -- facebook, google, and twitter-in an
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appearance before congress expressed concerns that russia would repeat whatt did in 2016. use tonight's debate to begin to foment political conflict in thg u.s. usi social media. dr >> wf: for over half a century, the conflict betweenes israelis and pnians has ground on, through attempts at peace, and more-often frustration and violence. israel still occupies ch of the west bank, as a weak palestinian government stumbles on amid economic crisis. gaza, from which israel withdrew s forces in 2005, is under the control of the militant group t hamat routinely attacks israel, which responds with often-deadly force. meantime, civilians suffer. the last true efforts at
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dialogue are now a generation old, and the years since wracked by instability, terrorism, mistrust and a widening o separatithe people. now, another american president has steppe of this decades-long conflict, with the divisiobetween israel and palestine as deep as it's ever been. the first part of a netwo- phase trump plan are debuting this week in bahrain. but, as special correspondent jane ferguson reports from the west bank, palestinians hold out little hope it will change their lives. >> reporter: it was meant to kick start president trump's eal of the century"-- a plan that israelis and palestinians would agree to, ending the most intractable conflict in the middle east today one of the most intractable conflicts in the world. leby the president's son-i law jared kushner and his team, the peace to prosperity workshop in bahrain hosted panel discussions between business leaders and government officials from various countries on
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developing the economy of the palestinian territories. $50 billion was announced as potential investments and loans over the next decade. no specific details have been released of where the money would go getting donors on board. >> the goal of this workshop isn to bhinking about this conflict in a different way. we need to bring change to this region can become investable as opposed wr an area that is itten off and overlooked ti reporter: neither palesan or israeli government officials. were there in the occupied west bank, which has been occupied and controlled by israel since 1968, palestinians loudly rejected the launch of kushner's plan for their fure. mustafa barghouti is a senior politician in ramallah. >> no money in the world can substitute our right for freedom. no money in the world can substitute our right to be in jerusalem. this palestinend jerusalem is not for selling.'s
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itot to be sold. the palestinians would never accept that. >> reporter: no one knows yet what kushner's plan is for the thorniest political disputes here, like palestinians statehood, the right of refugees to return, or the future status of jerusalem. these people believe the trump administration is trying to lure them with money before presenting the political side of the deal, which could include major concessions to israel. but long before palestinians were hearing about potential money coming into the west bank, they have been experiencing cuts in funding. the trump administration has reduced the amount of money america has been providing to palestinians for some time now. in september of last year trumpl cancelleu.s. government fnding to the united nations agency responsible caring for palestinian refugees, called the united nations relief and works agency for palestine, or unrwa. it provides services like
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schools and health clinics to the families of palestinian refugees who fler homes when israel was created. by ending e u.s.'s $300 trmillion annual payment, p also ended 70 years of american support, and sent a message to the palestinian people: that money is on the table. that money is not going to them until they sit down and negotiate peace. >> reporter: here in jalazone refugee camp in the west ban over 15,000 here still hold on to the right to return to the homes inside israel thd r families f 1948 when the country was formed. these men in a coffee shop told us they would never give up that right just to have the aid money. >> without any give some rights for the palestinians it's nothing. >> reporter: the camp's health clinic is funded by the u.n. nce trump's cuts, other
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countries have stepped in the fill the gap, but it's not aranteed to last, and places like this are financially squeezed.d jashner's event in bahrain is being branded as an effort t wean palestinif aid, and replace thatecith a booming omy. >> actually that is absolutely unworkable given the fact that israel is in charge. of everything. s reporter: hanan ashrawi senior palestinian political leader. she points out that the bahrain event makes no mention of the israeli occupation of avlestinian lands. palestinians don'tfull control over their own economy, regardless of how much investment they receive. >> we can't import or export at will, and israel collects, our money, our ctoms for us, and charges us 3% and then tres the money as though it's its own, you know. as a means of blackmail and so on. so we are entirely skeptical about these plans that do not
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deal with the causes of the problem. if we were in charge of our land and our resources and our lives, and our infrastructure and so on we have always said we can build a very vrant and successful economy. >> reporter: dr. ashrawi was denied a visa to the u.s. earlier this year, after 40 years of negotiating with five different american presidents and administrations. she says the trumpas administrationeen using high pressure tactics to force palestinians into being moreen le to kushner's plans. >> i have never seen an americaa adminion, republican or democrat, that has acted this way.en with such trus recklessness and irresponsibility. it's as though it's a personalen rprise for them. we've never said that american administtions have been objective. e ey have always sided with israel, but they hways maintained a minimal respect for international law. a minimal respect for the rights of palestinians, the palestinian
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people. >> reporter: the greatest challenge to any peace deal now will be trying to persuadehe palestinians to work with the trump administration. palestinians simply don't believe trump is an honest broker of peace because of his outspoken support for israel. last year, moving the us eassy from tel aviv to jerusalem, a city palestinians claim as their future capital, was fraught with controversy. trump appointed david eidman as u.s. ambassador to israel, and he is member of jared kushner's middle east peace plan team. freidman supports israeli settlementin the west bank, which are illegal under international law. on the first day of kushner's economic conference in bahrain a small group of palestinian protestors burned tires near the bet el settlement before being disbursed by israeli forces. freidman is a major financial donor to the settlement. >> the public simply does not
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trust this administration. the administration has damaged its own credibility in such a he reporter: dr. khalil shikaki is a pollster in test bank. he has widely surveyed palestinian attitudes to orerican administrations e towards peace over the years and says the plan to offer mono is unlikelyrk. >> the administration makes a big mistake. it shows a lack of understanding of the psyche of t palestinians when it starts with material benefits as a carrot so that pestinians can see what they would be missing if they ofreject the political parhe plan. this is somethg that is likely to create the exact opposite miaction among the palestinian public that the stration hopes it will elicit. >> reporter: israeli officials were not invited to bahrain, after palestinian officials fused to come. yet, prime minister benjamin netanyahu's government is a major supporter of jared kushner's efforts.
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the two n are close friends. but netanyahu's hands are, for now, tied. after ten years in office, he failed to form a coalition government this spring after elections, so has called new elections for september. until then, he will be campaigning, and cannot afford to be seen entering into negotiations with thest paians. that leaves kushner having to wait until an israeli government coalition is formed in order toa formalounce the political plan for peace, perhaps as late as novemthr. >> what'problem with the beginning of november? at the beginning of november you start to bump into trican election cycle. thd the question is whethe american administration is going to want to roll out t plan which micceed but then might fail during an election campaign.nd i mean no ate wants to go into elections with a big failure in foreign policy on their resume. >> reporter: herb keinon is a columnist and analys the "jerusalem post." he says israelis are willing t
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give this effort by the trump administration a try. >> maybe look at it with an open mind. go in with an open mind. reybe it can lead to somew better than where we are at now. but what we have tried up until now just hasn't done it. >> reporter: until jared kushner and his team reveal their political plans, it's not clear what is being tried out. the bahrain event appears to be offering the palestinian a $50 billn carrot after two years of stick, and the palestinians have said no. for them, trump's deal for middle east peace may be over before it begins. >> woodruff: and jane joins me now from ramallah, on the west nk. hello, jane. so you've shown us in this piece the deep dismay there on the west bank with this trump plan. what more are you hearing on the streets from the pple? >> that's true, judy. people here effveec feel-- they say they feel as though
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they're being bought off.nt and it's imporo remember nobody here, none of the palestinians we'reve spoken to ly know what the political components of any future kushner or trump administration , an will t they're saying that even though they don't specifically know the details, they don't trust that it wil be within their interests. we spoke to in this story a pollster here who said he put to palestinians in the west bank, evenif the tmp administration gave you everything that palestiniansave been asking for, things like statehood, jerusalem as capital, et cetera, would you accept the deal, and 50% of the people came back and said they wouldn't. that comes down to a lack of trust at the moment. an example of that has been basically whenever we saw vice president pence come to the reon in december 2017, he came here just shortly after thetr p administration had announced that it was going to move the u.s. embassy to jerusalem. as a res pullestinian
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leadership refused to even meet with pence. and that has really been the situation expheert backstory on this palestinian response to this bahrain conference. >> woodruff: and, jane, i know we don't make ourselves the story, but yesterday you and your colleagues came under saw the when you were reporting. tell us a little bit about that. >> that's right. there was a very small pro,test just a small, like, half a dozen people gathered in protest to what's goingn in bahrain at the moment outside, or close by a settlement just outside of ramallah. and we were there filming there. it was so small, in fact, they were actually leaving. and at that stage the israeli security forces that had been there that had been firing tear gas at the protesters who had been burning some ties down on the road, they pivoted and started firing tear gas towards a large group of journalists. wey ere in our car bthis stage, and literally trying to drive away whenever a volley ofw gas canisterse fired at us, one of which smashed the car window as we were trying to get
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away. one hithe car door. nobody was severely injured, but it was a real example of how nse things are here. but it is certainly concerning. >> woodruff: well, disturbing hear, and we're just glad that you and your colleagues are well. thank you, jane fergusong reportom the west bank. >> thank you. >> woodruff: now, a look at some bards behind bars. for some, reading and writing is past time, for others it's an escape from ana group of inmates inside the capital city's jail system, it's a little of both. jeffrey brown takes a look at an organizaimed at helping the incarcerated express themselves and prepare for thero outside world h reading and poetry. it's part of our series on arts and culture, "canvas
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>> i sit up straight and try again. >> brown: a tuesday morning book club... one that includes poetry written by the members. >> we need better guidance starting with the youth. close friends fade away $dead jail. the dramatic situations push most to fail. >> brown: this group meets weekly in the washington, d.c. jail-- part of the "free minds book club." kelli taylor and tara libert started "free minds" nearly two decades ago. taylor, a former journalist, got the idea after sharing books with a texas inmate who'd been the subject of a documentary taylor made about young peopleth on dow." free minds" also runs a remote book club for prisoners who've been moved to federal facilities. >> prison is a really isolating, harrowing place. so youave this safe space where you can go "oh he understands me" and we can talk about feelings withoing to put our guard up because we've had to our whole lives. m
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>> brown: frds, which gets funding from individuals, foundations and city government, selects books they feel their incarcerated members will relate to. >> my parents are watching me. allow the typy brave part of me to speak. >> brown: on this day, it was:" the hate u give" by angie the which tells the story of a black teenage girl who sees her friend fatally shot by police, triggered conversations about identity. >> i thought i had to project myself and you know a mentality that was more so based on machismo. by 16 i'm locked up, incarcerated with a life sentence. >> brown: inmates spoke of violence in their communities. >> individuals like as early as middle school ages that basically like are facing the saq trauma as soldiers in i are facing. a kill or be killed situation. >> brown: and of their own need for self-acceptance.
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>> i told my judge like until i found love, genuinely loving myself, what makes me uniquely me then i feel free to express who i am and i don't have to >> brown: everything that you're talking about here. how much of that comes from reading this book or reading books? >> i would say for this community. everything comes from reading books, because the book it allows us to be able to go within. >> having that space to express and to heal to listen to get tor dit, the varying perspectives is growth and is therapeutic. >> is that true keenan. brown: libert says she knew from the beginning, they were onto something, after an inmatef read tst poem he'd ever written. >> and he said, "i am likere co. people step on me, but i am strong." and itas like right from then, we're like okay this works. >> brown: one peon who has seen it work is joshua samuel. he first joined the book club at age 16, while serving time in
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the d.c. jail. >> i wasn't a reader until i really went into prison and fr minds came along. they gave me these books. and these books, i used it as tools to release the energy and the bottled up feelings that i ha >> brown: samuel was released last year and now works as a fellow with free minds >> youould fly to heights and be the greatest person that ever walked this earth. you a god! >> brown: part of his new role: outreach and mentorship to at- risk kids at schools around the city, particularly young people with behioral and academic issues. >> just because they come from poverty or broken homes or certain backgrounds or been discriminated at-- they don't have to end up in a situation that i ended up in. and show them that education and reading and writing is a tool and an escape. it's a substitute from the condition that they >> brownel and libert both
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say the work they do is an letempt to prevent more pe from turning to crime. people on the outside who are victims of crime. what do you say to them about y they should support a program like this? >> it helps for those who have perpetuated the harm to understand hurt people hurt people. and to heal from that hurt so c that give back to the community and build it my none thing- i always say- support this program to stop more victims. >> i've seen personal testimonies, as well as the >> brownrtment of corrections director quincy booth supports programs like free minds. >> as long as they have the commitment, the background to prove that they're actually going to do it. because i have to make sure that i protect the men and women that we have in our care. at the end of the day, i don't want to send them up for false hope. because it has an impact on this population that we hav collectively deal with.
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>> the school to prison pipeline breeding ground oduces super predator childhood soldiers. >> brown: and tara libert cites numbers that support another kind of impact of the program:" free minds members return to prison at far lower rates thane tional average. >> love conquers hate. there is no time to wait. gotta get tter than never. salute the azy base. >> brown: for the pbm newshour, i'jeffrey brown in washington, d.c. >> woodruff: lesley stahl is an emmy-award winning journalist currently reporting for cbs news' 0 minutes." during her long career she has served as a ite house correspondent and anchor of cbs' "face the nation." tonight,or our facebook watch that moment when she talks about joining the boys club that had be network television news
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>> when i was working ocal reporter in boston, justst ting out in 1972, affirmative action was just being instituted by coanies, uh, all across the country. and so the three networks i was told, were desperate to getd women norities to put on camera. so i applied and cbs hired me and i moved from boston to washington, i think the next day. >> what did it feel like to break into a boy's club? >> after i'd been at cbs for a couple of years. i was made one of the correspondence that on election night, which sit in and i was very nervous and the president of cbs news said, no,o it's very cozy. i'm going to take it to the set to see.d said, now you see cronkite and he said, and roger sits there at said mud and a rather dan sits here at said rather, and you'll sit there and it said female. before my class, i cm the
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affirmative action. lybies of 1972 women basic fundamentally covered, uh, what we call the soft i hues. we coverlth recovered first ladies, we covered parties, but after action we were covering the pentagon, we we covering politics. we were covering the white house. r everything just washed >> woodruff: pnal journalist and pioneering lesley stahl. yo u can find all episodes of our program on facebook watch at that moment when show. d that's the newshour fo tonight. i'm judy woodruff. join us online and again here tomorrow evening. for all of us at the pbs newshour, thank you and see you soon. >> text night and day. >> catch it on replay. >> burning some fat. >> sharing the latest viral cat! >> you can do the things you like to do with a wireless plan designed for you. with talk, text and data. consumer cellula learn more at
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>> babbel. a lang real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, italian, and more. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions and individuals. >> this program was made n possible by the corporatr public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ca ioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgborg
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hello, everyone. welcome to "amanpour and company." here's what's coming up. >> the doors to diplomacy are closed as tensions ratchet up. what does all this mean for iran's persian gulf neigor, iraq? my interview with the president. then after reports of shocking conditions in detentions facilities itexas, i spoke to a lawyer about what she saw inside. plus, rtunng the real china by oering free taxi rides in shanghai.