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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 30, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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woman: this is "bbc world news america." is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler fodation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by contributions to this pbs stion from viewers like you. thank you. laura: this is "bbc world news america."
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aporting from washington, laura trevelyan. the democrats are hours away from the next debate tonight, all eyes will be center stage as liberal lions elizabeth warren and bernie sanders go head-to-head. lib is under attack. the syrian city is being bombarded by gernment forces backed by russia. dozens of children are among the dead. plus, it is a family affair. jada pinkett smith and her daughter host a web ch show, giving them the freedom to do what they are best at. jada: we just like to get to the table and talk. we don' of, daaa! do a whole lot [laughter] laura: for those watching on pbs and around the globe, welcome to "world news america." in just a few hours, there democraticdential hopefuls will begin the next debate, all
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of them trying to prove they are the one to take on president trump. but first, they must make it through a crowded field. ov the next two nights, each candidate is looking for the winning moment. the bbc's barbara plett-usher is at the debate site in s troit and jo now. what will you be watching for tonight? barbara: well, especially senators warren and sanders the top rressive candidates, sharing the stage for the first time. -- top progressive candidates to showing the same stage for the present. both of them have similar policies on health care and so on.o they will have explain why they are different. that may be tonight. senato warren call herself a capitalist and senator sanders calls himself a democratic-sociali, the only candidate to do so. we will not see many sparks because the two are friends and allies and a telegraph that they won't be attacking each other.
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where you may have sparks are a group of candidates who define themselves as moderates and they have in particular cr ticized senanders for pulling the party too far to the left to be electable. you can expect them to attack especially him. laa: that second tier of candidates from all the all -- are they all in search of that breakout viableoment?-- viral moment? barbara: absolutely come because this is a defining night. after this the resictions get tighter for the next debate. they have to make themselves known and get name recognition tonight. e they may t their model senator kamala harris. the last debatet she wter joe biden and after that she got a bump in the polls. people may not be that pol e they may take her example and become more aggressive and assertive. laura: what is the atmosphere like just houraway from the bate? barbara: well, laura, there is a
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lot of strategizing going on because people are trying to figure outhasort of arguments to make and who to attack. there was a lot of anticipation about what the debate will brin not just tonight, but tomorrow night which will round things up in termshef who gets to next stage. laura: barbara plett-usher, thank you. alfor more oof this i have been speaking to democratic strategist. joe biden is polling at 34%. he is not on stage until tomorrow night. can tonight's debate change the dynamic of the race? >> it is interesting, because joe biden has been the front runner, and a lot of people -- as somebody who is me centerleft i support the vice president and i think he is taking the right path to victory in the general election. but i think he did not have a the greatest performance the first time around. he did not seem to impact him
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that it--it did not seem to impact him all that much, because people see h electable. but the stakes are much higher for somebody like mayor pete buttigieg, who has to have a standout performance to keep going. laura: more and more house democrats are coming out and calling for impeachment of the president. do you expect that to e om very la tonight's debate? >> i don't i that our party is at in the house at least split on this. i think the speaker is taking the right approach and going down the path of the judiciary and making sure we're not getting out too far on this issue. i definitely expect it will come up. it is something at a lot of the candidates have been trying to avoid one way or another. it will be interesting to see if somebody takes a new position tonight. laura: afterhe debates this week, the next one will be in september. do you think the field will thi out significanter this week? kristen: i don't know about significantly. i will be really -- i am interested to see what happens
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tonight and tomorrow night. i think there are -- the candidates that are raising money will be inclined to stick it out through september. it is yond then when you see the thinning out becoming more and more. laura: you say you are fftm the center the debate is taking place in a swing state, michigan, that the president narrowly won. do the candidates not have to talk past the electond just to the primary voters? kristen: it is always a line you have to walk in the primary. the one thing that concerns me -- the latest poll we had was the midterm elections, and what we saw was the people that came through imaries were the candidates that fit their districts. the candidates in the centerleft space. that is what the electorate wanted we cannot ignore that because somebody has 3 million twitter followers who might be on the farther left like some people in the house. we do sk as a party going the
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way of warren and bernie sanders, and i think we lose the general election. laura: which othe second-tier ndidates will you be watching most closely tonight that you nink has potential to win the general? kristen: i think the mayor. i think also -- laura: pete buttigieg. kristen: buttigieg. beto is interesting, he has still got energy. i know that is not something a lot of people say, butst'm inte to see the whole field in tonight's debate. laura: thank you so much for joining us. kristen: thank you so much. laura: as the democrats get ready to squareid off, prt trump is still attacking congressman elijah cummings. his recent comments has raised controversy, and today his appearance in jamestown, virginia, to mark the anniversary of ameri democracy was met by protest. many black lawmakers boycotted the event, and mr. trump was heckled.
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from jamestown, the bbc's chris buckler reports. chris: jamestown is regarded as a place where the foundations were laid for what would become america. the first legislative assembly met here 400 yea ago in what what was then the colony virginia. pres. trump: right here in virginia your predecessors -- >> you can send us back! -- can't send us back! rgia is our home! chris: yet four centuries on, an invitation to the current head of government led to protests. he said, "you cannot send us back," a reference to recent comments by president trump that led some to refuse iions to this event. in the posts on twitter, he told several black and ethnic minority members of congress that they should return to the crime-infested places they came from. >> it angered me, because i don't feel like he win just tato those four women. he was talking to me. chris: it sa something about
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modern america that some democrats are choosing to boycott an event at what ise regarded as rthplace of this country's democracy because it is being attended by the elected president of the united states. pres. trump: i am the least racist person there is anywhere in the world. what i have done for african-americans in two and a half years, no president has been able to do anything like at. chris: but allegns of racism are particularly sensitive in jamestown. this summealso marks 400 years since the first documented africans arrived on what is now american soil, brought here as slaves. many rememberinghat difficult story felt it was appropriate for the president to be here, even if they were crithial of recent words and >> just becausone is coming doesn't mean you can boycott. you are still celeblating the birt of everything, and it is good to come here and celebrate jamestown itself. >> and democracy.
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though, on the other hand, we can certainly understand the passionate feelings that he is not representing what coe try is founded on and the ideals we hold dear to ourselves. >> it is exclusive and it is racist, and to be able to as the leader of a free country, you g should do things that brr country together. chris: in jamestown, you are given a glimpse of the past, and in that history of people and democracy, there may be lessons. for america to chris buckler, bbc news, jamestown in virginia. laura: last week the image of a young girl clinging onto her babyte sin syria following an airstrikelo refocusedl attention on the conflict. it happened in idlib province, the last remaining rebel strongld. it led to dozens of civilian deaths in the last week. today the uncle of the girls has been speaking about what
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happened. our chief international correspondent lyse doucet has the story. lyse: one small frame, a symbol of syria's pain. the five-year-old clutches her baby sister by her t-shirt as she dangles. their uncle screaming for help in the rubble of a devastating air raid. a few days on, speaking for the first time. >> we could hear the jet above us. suddenly the glass shatter. i immediately leapt towards the door amidst thick black smoke. i found the girls right there. i heard her shouting, " uncle!" but she fell as the rubble collapotd. lyse: girls fell to the ground that day, pending the 'five-year-old'life.
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the seven-month-old mira.lously surviv these are the streets of their town in northwest syria, and streets across this in idlib, the last province in rebel hands. free month of ferocious bombardment by syrian and -- three months of first is bombardment by syrian and russian warplanes condemned at the u.n. >> what you see is a level of destruction consisteh the bombing campaign aimed at a scorched-earth policy. almost every building destroyed in a three-month period. such satellite imagery has shown 17 entire villages almost completely destroyed an empty. lyse: at the u.'s top table, russia's ambassador defended what he called a battle against terrorism, jihadi fighters in idlib. >> it's noble, so-called fighters,oo kind fighters in
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idlib, are terrorizing civilians and using infrastructure for military purposes. ngthey are usi civilians as human shields. lyse: f every jihadi fighter, there are 100 civilians, the u.n. says. 3 million in idlib, many displaced from otherattles. it is the story of so many syrians. journalist and activist took last week's heart stoppin but they won't stop this war. >> no words can describe this feeling. little girls fell from above. how much does the international community need to move? lyse: the baby was born into this war. it almost took her life, too. her mother is dead, twof r sisters.
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r-11-yd hold her close in a war never far away. lyse dcet, bbc news. laura: children suffering as syria's war grinds on. in other news, the united states has formally asked germany to join france on a mission to ensure shipping through the strait of hormuz in iran. omes after an iranian commander seized a british tanker in the waterway. hong kong police have clashed with protesters outside a nelice station policeman pointing a gun at the demonstrators. the gathering began after authorities said 44 protesters being held at the station will appear in court on wednesday charged with rioting, an offense that carries a jail term of up to 10 years. temporary playground seesaws have been installed at theal borderbetween the u.s. and mexico to allow children on both sides of the wall to play together. the installations were built as a form of protest against the immigration crisis.
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they say that the seesaws demonstrate how the actions that impactace on one side the other side. capital one is the latest company to be the target of a massive hack. the personal details of 106 million people were stolen from the financial services firm. the alleged hacker was arrested ut monday after boasting a the breach online. the hack is believed to be one of the largest in banking history. for more, i was joined earlier by the chief said the security that chief -- chief cybersecurity officer at carbon black. are you surprised by the scale of this hack, than 100 million people compromised? >> no, i'm not. as evidenced by carbon black data, there has been a massive cybercrime wave impacting institutions around the world for the past year and a half. in large part it is the re nity that it just a question of transferring funds. if you still this type of personal information, you can set up fraudulent home loans and lines of credit and extortion
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schemes against indivi laura: what should capital one and other companie better?g >> they need to appreciate the fact that hackers, when they penetrate the bank and take over the vault per se, it is not just burglarizing the environment. this hacker may have provided the information to the dark webh at which point criminals will choose to use the environment to take over the bank itself anleverage what is called island-hopping, targeting individuals through polluting the websitesf the financial institutions and leveraging emails from the mail server of the banks. as individuals, we have toar believe that wresponsible for our own security. we have to update our operating systems every tuesday. we should use next andru anti -- next-gen antivirus. we should be using mozilla as our brser. when we receive a correspondence from capital one, weto cut
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and paste the link and paste it into the browser to insulate from the risks that are profound in the laura: you watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonigra's progm, what began as a gathering in the nevada desert has turned into a radical ritual. burning man changed the world. the government in ethiopia claims it has helpedeople plant more than 350 million trees in a day what they believe is a world record. prime minister led the project which aims to counter the effects of deforestation andin climate changhe drop-prone region. this is just the start. reporter:me the pri minister getting stuck in as he launched his green legacy initiative. one tree of over 350 million planted in ethiopia over just 12 hours. the government says that is. a
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world reco on average over three trees were planted per person in the untry. it comes as no surprise that the prime mi project to counter the effects of deforestation and climate change in the drop prone country. according to tth u.n., back in earliestur 20th-ce forest cover 35% of ethiopia. another figure is lower at 4%. t environment is a major concern on the global level but more so for this country. most of the problems could be linked to the lack of protection of our environment. reporter: around 1000 sites across the country were set up and public offices were shut s to to allow civil serva take par even workers of the.n. and the
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african union and foreign embassies got involved. the aim is to plant a total of 4 billion indigenous trees. but the prime minister's critics say he is using the project to distract the public from ischallenges hovernment is facing including ethnic conflicts which of forced 2.5 million people from their homes. laura: each summer, 100,000 people descend on a desert town in nevada for a gathering of radicalelexpression. students, hippies, and suburban soccer moms rub shoulders. the new book "radical ritual" looks at the transmission of the burning man festival from a small celebration of summer countercultural arts display.
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the author joined me earlier. burning man began with a man htrying to he broken heart. how did it become this incredible worldwide phenomenon? >> it tapped an appetite in san francisco and the bohemian community, coming after the hippie 1960's and jus at the beginning of silicon valley taking over the tech world. ait wusion of the last thstiges of the humanism and the new excitement of technology. that was originally what got it rolling. over time it became an underground classic. now it has ge above ground and it is on fancy people's bucket list. laura: you have been six times or so. -- six times yourself. what is at the heart oapthe al of burning man? >> i love hanging out. it is the most interesting people i've ever met. the sights are wondrous, the art. the venue is spectacular. it isn this ancient lake bed
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in the desert and so it is conditions i have only lived vethere and experienced them elsewhere. laura: the subtitle of your book is "how burning man change the world." you say it has had an impact on things as far-flung as disaster relief. >> in hudson yards in new york, the most expensive real estate in north arica, there are these gigantic stairs in the middle, and they are solely there -- 10 stories high, i'm sure you have then them -- and is out of burning man. the idea is you create interactive magnets that draw people in terms of disaster relief, in the aftermath of hurricane katrina, a group decided to go down and offer their expertise. out of that it grew something called burners without borisrs. laura: iery popular with the celebrities and tech moguls. how does it retain its authenticity? a
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>> that ive question, but you don't know that they are there except periodically you stumble into a camp where you were unwelcome or there is guards. buthe the auticity, according to the founder, was founded in a notion of welcoming all, radical inclusion. it is a challenge right now tofi re out how to integrate these $40,000 ticket celebrity camps with chefs and concierge and stuff. it is part of the initial commitment to the fl humanity. it was never intended as a kind of standoffish or select group, and even the austerity of the living was never part of the original model. the model was humanistic inclusion. laura: thank you so muchor being with us. ese's been called one of the most fearless von entertainment. n jada pinkett smith is knr making her voice heard. she currently hosts a web chat
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show with her daughter willow the seas reached 300 million views and counting. our corresponden speaking with her. >> this is "red table talk." >> "red table talk." >> "red table talk." reporter: it is a simple concept -- a chat around the red table featuring jada pinkett smith,m, her nd her daughter willow. no topic is off limits. there are some celebrity guests, including her husband, will smith, where they talked about the marriage. will: i think that is the worst i ever felt in our marriags i wafailing miserably. reporter: it is on a new hacebook service competing w the likes of netflix and youtube. 300 million views is extraordinary for show just a year old. the figure is dwarfed by some youtube programs, but traditional tv can only dream of getting such numbers. da: of course i went to
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traditional networks, and there were networks that wanted it. there is something about network television that makes it less intimate. we just like to get to the tablk and we don't want to do a whole lot of, daaa! [laughter] jada: you know? i think you have to do a little twork. that for reporter: a topic revisited time and time again is raceyt evng from interracial relationships to whether white people shod adopt black ildren. jada: my mother comes from a whole different generation of where segregation and racism wore a different face. then it was my generation, then there willow's generation how we all relate to race is very different. very different! and the wounds are different. reporter: e 47-year-old was born in baltimore in maryland, which was just last wee described as a disgusting, hafested mess by president trump, a comment hdenied was racist.
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and although jada acknowledges talking about skin color can be difficult, it is a conversation she is willing to keep having. jada: we in america have been dealing with rac a lot of different layers of it. there is a lot of history there. we areh still dealing we repercussions of it. once we embrace the reality, we can get to the other side faster. but it is happening at its pace. laura: janet on her family affair. you can fight -- jada pinkett smith on her family affair. can find all the day's news on a website. to see what we're working on any time, check us out on twitter. i am laura trevelyan. thank you for world news america." announunding for this presentation is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation,
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pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by contribution to this pbs stat from viewers like you. thank you. uncer: now you can access more of your favorite pbs shows than ever before... this is the future! wibs passport, a member benefit that lets you binge many otcthe latest shows and up on your favorites... we really are living in the modern world. y time you want... man: wow! how about that? anywhere you are. woman: there's literally nothing like this in the world. announcer: support your pbs station and get passport, your ticket to the best of pbs.
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>> woodruf good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight: sexual assault and the military. accusationagainst a nominee for a high ranking job raise questions of how allegations are handled in the ranks. then, taking the stage.ok what to or as the next round of democratic presidential primary debates gets underway. plus, second chances after serving time. how thinking outside the box is giving young adultlein the juveustice system a path forward. >> what's needed is yes,e workfoills, job skills, academics. t but you can'hat if you haven't been able to go through and deal with the hurt. deal with the pain.


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