tv BBC World News America PBS December 11, 2019 2:30pm-3:01pm PST
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laura: this is "bbc world news america." g from washington, i am laura trevelyan. the campaigning is over. now it is time for the voters of britain to decide. what will the results mean forbr the fate of it? tonight the debate begins on capitol hill on the articles of impeachment against president trump. n us, greta thunberg is named "time's" per the year. the teenage activist is telling world leaders to qt making excuses and tackle climate change instead. laura: for those watching on pbs and around the globe, welcome to "world news amera." it's the eve of britain's general election, with the fate balance.t hanging in the if prime minister boris hnson wins majority in theouse of
commons for his conservative party, then britain will leave the eu in january. butf e conservatives don't have a majority after the votes are counted, the fate of brexit is unclear. today was the last chance for party leaders to win over voters, as political editor laura kuenssberg reports. laura k.: mrs. monahan at number 8 was the yorkshire tory voter. with an unusual milg.an this morn >> what are you doing up so early? [laughter] prime min. johnson: bring a choce.ate milk and orange juic >> oh, chocolate mil laura: the last day ofny election can be peak political pantomime. prime min. johnson: i will be with you in a second. i will be with you in a second. laura: boris johnson even retreated into a giant fridge when a reporter tried toet him on don't be mistaken, this is an intensely serious election. the choice emblazoned everywhere at every stage of the tory
campaign, leaving thh eu next mo the path to another referendum. you have been in trouble a lot of time in this campaign to not be completely straight with people, and people reacted to that people look at how you reacted to the nhs. all. look human at prime min. johnson: i promise that anydy who experiences bad time in the nhs, my full sympathies. we have all been that. that is why i want to concentrate on getting cash into the nhs now. laura: do you think you deserve to win? prime min. johnson: only if you get brexit done that you can move the country forward. i think we have the bee program fountry, laura. laura: yes or no, you will be moving back into number 10 on friday? prime min. johns: it's very tight. laura: you must have a hunch. prime min. johnson: laura, you have seen what the polls say.er we will rehat happened
in 2017. of course we are fighting now for every vote. laura: but his frantic travels to sell his brexit deal are the parties. the other major >> jo swinson! eaura: the lib dems prising to do everything they can to stohim. their enthusiastic faces onhehe stump inoutheast don't hide how tough it has been. >> i'm excited about these final hours of the campaign because it can make a crucial difference whether or not boris johnson wir gain a majority or whet we have a real chance to stop brexit. laura: others are trying that side of the argument. but this election isn't just about the shape of our relationship with the eu, but the united kingdom itself. >> s tnp leadenicola sturgeon is campaigning in edinburgh. laura: if no one gets majority, nicola sturgeon senses a chance for independence. >> we don't want to be waking up to a five-year boris johnson government on friday. scotland, voting snp is a way
lock him out of office and escape the brexit mess and make sure we take our future into our own hands. laura: there is onlyne other contender for the biggest job jeremy corbyn and his devoted followers, perhaps smaller crowds this time. >> ♪ prime minister corbyn laura: this is their chance to make the words of this anthem come true. on phones and online. mr. corbyn: i have not come here to daiver milk or to hide in fridge. change of directiofering a major very much the last-minute scramble. how do you feel? mr. corbyn: absolutely fine. we have been in 82 constituencies, a few more to go, traveled all over the country and the enthusiasm of party supporters is incredible. i think that messages getting rough. laura: what about your own candidates? hats of people are worri about
what is going ten in parts of the country. mr. corbyn: you show me a candidate in an election that isn't worried of any party. being a candidate means you get worried. y i teou what, we are goinghio win this t. laura: you think that? mr. corbyn: see you guys, thank you. laura: jeremy corbyn surprised expectation last time around. but exsting some of labor' itrib not the same as winning the country. the rivals for number 10 are famously flawednd aan repel as well as inspire. we heard voices around the land expressing frustrationmaybe fear. yet tomorrow, only one party, only one leader's road will lead to power. laa kuenssberg, bbc news. laura t.: for more on what caught unfold tomorrow come i
spoke brief time ago with former state department official amanda sloat, who is now a senior fellow at the brookings institution. rihow big a majority does johnson need to get to tak britain out of the eu in januar anda: that is the question for him and jeremy corbyn. jeremy corbyn could get a hung parliament andas gover minority party or as a loose cos.ition of opposition part but because none of the other parties will go into coalition with boris johnson given their unhappiness with the brexit deal, he needso win a sizable majority that is not dependent on any other opposition party to support the government. laura: in order to do that, boris johnson has made this audacious bid for labour support in the labor heartlands of the midlands and the northeast. how big a realignment would it be ihe succeeds? amanda: there is a lot at stake in this election. there is the brexit question which there is a fairly clear division between the conservatives and labour on that, although labor's position has been a little bit waffly,
and then you have the whole set of questions about economics and domestic polics. there really is a lot at stake, and for a lot of voters there is not necessarily a clear party that aligns with them. voting, the idea that people who want to stay in the european union may overcome their traditional party divisions just in order to get that outcome? amanda: there are certainly a lot of websites that are trying to give guidance to voters on who inheir particular constituency they should vote for tactically. citizens don't always get this right, and it doesn't always work out as people expect, and that is injecting an element of uncertainty into this. some of the parties have triedto to worther to provide tactical alliances. the brexit party hped boris johnson by not contesting conservative incumbent sts, t by going after labour party seats. within the oosition, labour
refused to stand down in any seat, and so you have a limited alliance in certain eas between l theeral democrats and the greens in particular. laura: how about the union of the united kingdom itself, is that hanging in the balance? amanda: that is another thing at play here. ine vote in scotland is lo interesting. it looks like labour is going to do badly in scotland it will be a challenge between the conservativotrty and the sh nationalist party. the scottish nationalist party vote creates an additional challenge for voters who might support the remain stance on brexit but oppose the desire to have a second scottish independence referendum. then there is also questions of what will happen in nohern ireland and how brexit plays t t and wht will mean for the future of northern ireland or possibly reunification with ireland. laura: when boris johnson says that brexit is oven-res it only the divorce from the eu that is oven-ready? at happens if the conservatives win and take then what?
amanda: in some ways that woulde beimplest scenario. boris johnson suggested he would have a vote on his brexit deal before christmas. probably lots of politicians want to go home and or a couple of weeks, but indicating he will give them work before the holidays. the currt deadline to leave the ropean union is january 31. if boris has a significant majority, it seems likely that will happen. but there is the broader question of what the future relationship looks like betweend the u.k.he eu, and it is this one-year tran period.ithin laura: amanda sloat, thank you so much. amanda: thank you. laura: tonight, the house stage in the united states, as it begins debating the articles of impeachment against president trum after what is expected to be a spirited discussion, they will most likely vote tomorrow ahead of a vote in the full house next week. if the president is imd, the senate would hold a trial in the new year. among the lawmakers taking par' in todays debate is democratic congresswoman madeleine dean.
she joined mcolleagues katty kay and christian fraser. tty: all of the opinion polls have shown that opinion on impeachment had not changed despite the hours of tny. about 50% of the americanubc support them. this is your last chance to reach out to people watching these hearings on television. at can democrats do to persuade voters that this impeachment is the right thing to be doing? rep. dean: continue to point out the extraordinary wrongdoing of this president, seeking foreign interference in an eleion. i know they've taken some polls, but the polls impressed me when 50% of america believes this present should not only be emimpeached, but should beed from office. it is an extraordinary measure, and i believ calls for it in this case. i think the polls will continue ay grow in the favor of doing what is right byf the constitution in this country and removing this president from office.
tonight you know that we will begin the markup and continue into tomorrow on these two articles of impeachmen and i hope we will convey seriousness lemn nature of this moment in our american history, but the urgency of it and that it is the right thing to d i have confidence in our country and in this constituso i think the american people will continue to listen alearn and understand the urgency of this moment. christian: congresswoman, but you seem to be suggesting is that you are trying to present to the american public that there is a pattern to the behavior here, and yet the articles of impeachment that you have published focus very narrowly on trump's dealings with ukraine. why is there no mention of the mueller ineairy? rep. well, i think you will see -- and i was very pleased with the writing of the two articles of impeachmt, because how grave is it that this president in a pattern ofha or as you describe, a scheme, really, demanded an
interference in the upcoming gelection for his politicn, and then when he was caught, he tried to obstruct congress in our independe, sole responsibility of oversight and veimpeachment of the execu branch. i'm very happy with the articles of impeachment i believe they . i believe they are sufficiently concise that sufficiently broad in order to talk about the enre pattern of behavior that began in the 2016 eltion, with the interference that was welced by his campaign and t ongoing interference with the devastating call of july5 of this year. katty: congresswoman, are you satisfied that the sense of urgency has come throu? democrats keep talking about the national securitimplications for th election, and the subtext is that mueller was about 2016 but this is about 2020, you better wake up, this is still happening. i wonder whether you think that message, that sense of urgency has got through to the american
people. getting through.ve it is but you are right, it is what we must emphasize.na it is onal-security threat when the president of the united states withholds military aid to an ally of ours thatder attack by our foe and their foe russia. that is a national-security threat, and the pattern of behavior by this president is ongoing. laura: congresswoman madeleine de. harvey weinstein has reportedly accusers.ettlement with his according to "the new york times," the tentative agreement would not require him to admit wrongdoing, and he wouldn't pay money out of his own pocket. nick bryant has been folwing this story and he joined a short ime ago from new york. how significant that mr. weinstein's victims are on the verge of settling without taking him to court? nick: laura, it is a tentative
agreement and has not been signed off by the judge yet. some accusers of harvey weinstn are not involved. they disagreed with the settlement. but it is significant because it inends years of legal wran more than 30 women accuse harvey weinstein of sexual harassment, rape, settling, it seems, for this $25 million payout. it is significant because so many people believe harvey weinstein has got off lately. $25 million is not much when it is dividedetween 30 people. $500,000 each. we thought the original settlement pot was going to be much bigger, may be as much as $90 millio d as you say, harvey weinstein does not have to admit any wrongdoing in this civil case, and nor, it seems, does he have to pay anyoney out of his own pocket. iteems the insurance compani acting for his former studio are going to foot the bill. h it also offe and the board members of the company some indemnity. there has been a lot of anger since "the new york times" eiported this tentative deal that harvey weinis getting off lightly in the settlement of these civil suits.
laura: what about the separate criminal case against mr. weinstein? where has that got to? nick: one crucial point to make is that the settlement of these civil suits has no bearing on the criminal case. harvey weinstein is set to stand trial early in the new year on five counts brought by two women including sexual assault and rape. harvey weinstein was actually in court for a bail hearing today looking very frail, walking into the court with the hp of a walking frame.d he appeare this bail hearing and he heardhe judge actually raise his bail from a millarn dollto $5 million. why? because prosecutors claimed he was tampering with electronic device they are using to monitor his movements. they had called for him to be j put l ahead of his tri over the holiday period. the judge didn't do that, but he
did raise the bail. we are set for the criminal case which will be brought in this new york courtroom in early january if the schedule remains the same, regardless of what happens in the civil suit. yolaura: nick bryant, than you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, he served in president trump's cabinet before it all ended with a twitter post. secretary david shulkin joins us to talk about his rocky ride. laura: the world healt organization calls it the most neglected publ health problem. the escalating epidemic of the key to tackling it is getting people to make good ons about what they nee researchers in the u.k. have been looking at an alternative counting calories instead of
telling people how much exercise it would take to burn what they are eating. reporter: food already carries information about fat, sugar, and salt content. researchers say that the current system is poorly understoodav ad is notg an impact on rising levels of obesity. what about telling you the amount and type of exercise you need to do to burn off all the calories? >> we know that the public estimate the amount of calories forhe if you ask the public how many calories are in dispute, they often underestimate how many r-rate. we would l to this how many are in it. we would like to see the labeling so it would give the amount of physical activity requied to bring that food. reporter: as a rough gde, let's put together a lunchtime meal deal. a chicken and bacon sandwich would require 42 minutes of slow running. a chocolate bar, 229wo calories,
d need 22 minutes of running. wash it down with a medium mocha an hour and a half of running. for some searchers say that such a labeling system could save 200 calories per person per day. this research is limited by a shortage of studies to look aul how people change their habits in real life. but even small reductions in the umcalories we conscould make a acbig it across the wle population. s experts say this ia simple, cheap measure that can make real difference to the obesity crisis. p laursident trump was miected promising to take care of america'tary veterans. he appointed david shulkin to lead the v.a., someone withte
ive experience in government. but after 17 months on the job, mr. shulkin was fired by tweet. he writes about his turbulent time in the trump cabinet in ald new book, "it n't be this hard to serve your country." he joined me earlier. thanks so much for being with us. mr. shulkin: glad to be re. laura: in this book you deribe a toxic and subversive e atmosphere inse trump white house. how did that manifest itself? mr. shulkin: well, it was hard to focus on the job and the mission i had come to take care of america's veterans, when there were so many political appointees working against the policies i was trying to put in place. that was the challenge of the job, staying focused in an environment where there was so much of a political distraction. laura: you served in the cabinet of president obamand the binet of president trump. what was the key difference? mr. shulkin: i think both presidents wanted to try to improve the lives of america's veterans. both were working hard to do
that. but president obama's style was very methodical and analytic and thoughtful. and prident trump came in as a disruptor. and clearly the rules all of us to be different under president trump. in many ways that changed the role that had, because i was able to get a lot more done quicker. on the other hand, there were consequences, like the political time.vals we we seeing all the laura: you say that veterans politics.bovetio why did that change? mr. shulkin: i think it is a reflection of the environment we see in washingtotoday, where the attention is on the t spectrums political parties. when you try to do things in a birtisan way, it is difficult in this environment, where everyone is focused on you being to the far-left gh the far laura: did you feel that your work trying to serve veterans
was undermined by this culture, of it shouldn't be this hard to serve your country? mr. shulkin: i feel proud that we got a lot done. we got 11 major bills in a bipartisan way. but towards the end of my time as secretary, it became a lot more difficult to get that work done and stay focused, and that is because we started to move away from doing things in a bipartisan way, keeping politics out of it. orday we see politics much involved, even in issues like veterans' issues. i think we need to return to a time where we focus on something at unites the country li doing better for veterans. laura: did you find a presiden thathe president -- did you find the president himself to bv focuerans issues? mr. shulkin: yeah, i think the president was focused on this. he wanted to do better. he believes that our veterans derve better. at is an area we saw eye to eye on. laura: you were fired by tweet like so many in the trump administration. what was that experience like?
mr. shulkin: well, it was very unsettling. we all knew that when you are in the cabinet you survive the pleasure of the president, and that they could come any dayit ook away my ability to continue to lead the organization, and it was sudden, but it was something that now we see has been happening time and time again. it should -- anybody who enters the administration should realize that that is one of the possibilities of the way you are laura: david shulkin, thank you so much for being with us. mr. shulkin: thank you. laura: she is the youngest person ever to be named "time's" , andn of the year there is no doubt that greta thunberg is making an impression. she is calling out world leaders for making excuses when it comes to climate change. our science editor david shukman reports. >> mrs. greta thunberg. david: a global celebrity at the age of 16, greta thunberg was here to energize the talks, not
with emotion, but with a calm reminder to world leaders about the latest facts about rising temperatures and melting ice. grsea: how do you react to t numbers without feeling at least some level of panic? how do you respond to the fact that basically nothibeing a dout this without feeling the slightest bit of anger? david: she was spe negotiations seemed to be in slow motion, dragging on over technical details. while the gases heating the planet are blasted into the air in greater quantities. with many countries accused of using loophes to wriggle out of plans to cut their emissions. greta: i still believe that the greatestanger is not inactio the real danger is when politicians and ceos make it look like real action is happening when in fact almostei nothing is done apart from clever accounting and creative pr.
david: there w applause for greta thunberg here in the great hall, but quite striking, a lot of the seats were pretty empty. not every national delegation was here to listen to her message. greta has inspired a movement that is losing patience. young protesters took over t hall to demand faster action. what matters is whether anyone is listening. david shukman, bbc news, in madrid. laura: 2019 was gretahuerg's year. you can find mthh more on all day's news on our website. i am laura trevelyan. thank you so much for watching "bbc world newamerica." na rrator: funding for this presentation is made possible by... babbel, an online program designed by languagepecialists
caning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, in the hot seat. senators grill the department of justice top watchdog over hisru report on thssia probe. then, the jeey city shooting. what we know so far about yesterday's hours-long gun battle between two attackers and the police. plus, britain and the ballot. ahead of tomorrow's general election, citizens of a divided kingdom weigh their options as brexit looms. t i just feel it's one of worst times in british politics and we're at a situation where everyone seemso be fightinges for themsenstead of working collectively to do the best thing for the country. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.