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♪[music] >> welcome to this special edition of bbc worl america, live from the iowa caucuses. i'm katty kay. in the heartland of the united states, in the depths of winter, the 2020 presidential election has its first ctest. there are a lot of democrats competing to be the person trie to oust donald trump. the polls are tight. the stakes are high. >> and i'm in washington, with today's other storiesus china a the u.s. of spreading panic overhe coronavis with its ban on chinese travelers. and seven critically ill children are flown out of yemen, the first such evacuatio in more than three years. we have a special report. ♪[music] pbs and around the world, me on welcome to bbc world news america.in i'owa, where the 2020 presidential election is kicking off with thest nation's f contest.
the iowa caucuses are a unique form of voting. you don't take a ballot paper. it's not private. and it is very complicated. but at the end this evening, some candidates will emerge on top, others will fall behind. and that's why iowa matters. this state is a springboard for the resthe of long, expensive contest that is the u.s. election. our north american editor begins our coverage. >> just up the road from the state capitol in des moines is the john wayne museum, celebrating iowa's most famous son. like a western, politics is always looking for t hero to ride into town tthe rescue. the early favorite to win to democratic party nomination was joe biden bute's not exactly fizzing with high energy. >> we can't turn four o years donald trump into an aberration, historical aberration. bu yeightrs, he'll change the country in a waye w can't tolerate. we need you, we need you, we need you. [cheering] >> much more than thean
republ democrats have tended to go for the bright new thing. jimmy carter, barack obama, john f. kennedy. not this time around. joe biden isrs 77 y old. bernie sanders, 78. but that's whemi the rities end. polls suggest the fire brand, bernie sanders, is the other front-runner. he's way to the leftf anyone who has ever been the democratic standard bearer. >> iiv is imper for the future of this country that we president in the modern history of this country. >> but he has momentum and passionate young supporters. >> he wants to take ce of our planet. if we don't do that, there's not going to be a planet left for us to live on when i'm older. >> he's passionate about the issues that we're passionate about. he's the one that's really going to fight for this stuff. >> the traditional democrats believe he's unelectable in a country where the center of politiavity is much
further that the right. >> do you think america would vote for someone as left wing as bernie sanders? >> no. >> no way. >> he's not talking about things he's accomplished. he's got lotsf great fans that i don't know are realistic. >> i don't think he's going to have the appeal to be able to bring -- to expand the base, to bring in moderates. >> next stop after iowa will be new hampshire. but whoever wins the democtic nomination further down the tracks, donald trump will be waiting.an d beating him will be a tough fight and angly one. >> and that is the number one priority. a short while ago, i was joined by democratictregist, capri and i asked her if tonight would give us a clearer idea of who the democratic nominee is going to be. >> i don't necessarily think so. if history proves correct or if we look at history, t individual that usually wins the
iowa caucus on both sides democrat or republican, doesn't always necessarily go ono win the actual nomination. just take, in 2016, ted cruz on the republican side. obviously did not get thean republ nomination. if you go back to 2004, for example, on the democratic side, former vermont governor howard dean won the iowa caucuses. so it's not necessarily predictable but it is important, as far as blding momentum i concerned, for these candidates going into, new hampshi which is coming up, then south carolina, then n these early contests, help build the momentum for the candidates to be able toaise money, continue to raise their profile and lo t like they have ability to win the nomination. >> ok. so let me ask you that another democrats are fairly clear that their number one priority is beating donald trump. they're less concerned about in that respect, do iowa voters
represent the democratic electorate at large? in other words, is the view of iowa democrats about who is the best person to beat donald trump, representative of the rest of the country? >> again, that's really hard to say. i mean, each constituency across the country, because this is a state by state race, your democrats in a place like iowa are very different, for example, of the democrats in califork.a or new y so the iowa voters may be more indicative of a swi state democrat, of an ohio, wisconsin, the heartland democrats may be a little bit further, you know, to the cenr than some of their colleagues that would be voting in a democratic pmary on the coast, that lean a bit more liral or progressive. regardless, the people in iowa are very savvy, very skilled, because this is the first contest in the nation.
and because it is the first in the nation, politicians give it a lot of attention, so iowa voterso a pay very close attention to what the politicians are presenting. >> ok. it's why i love coming here. ople are super informed. full disclosure. we have no idea what is going to the polls are very tight. for you, capri?he biggest >> i think the biggest shock would be, you know, a mayor pete buttigieg or amy klobuchar coming out and winning. i think that'sighly unlikely, but i do think that either of those candidas would actually -- may actually perform better than elizabeth warren. and so i think that it'sonna be a very tight race at the top, which is what we're seeing between bernie sanders and joe biden. now, if joe biden underperforms and comes in noteing secon if he's anything below number two, joe biden is going to look like a bit of a wounded figure
re, because, you know, there's always been this expectation thate has been the leader, and it really is going to show that bernie sanders is on his heels. >> capri speaking to me earlier. so joe biden needs to make a ergood showing to prove that he is the front-runner. that.ot everyone agrees with let's get the thoughts n somebody who knows this state the vice president of the des moines historical society. thank you very much for joining earlier today, i did some math. and i reckon that about $60n millave been spent here on iowa campaigning so far. if youby divide tha the number of democrats who caucused last time an, it works out as something like $300 per vote, perhaps even $50. that is a l of money to spend on votes in iowa. is it worth it? >> it is really worth it, because there's such a small
number of people in iowa. you can take people who are underdogs, who are little known who have a small bank account and they can make themselves known. what iow is abouts getting the candidate front and center humannt of an actua being instead of being on a television set. it's a cheap place to do retail politics because it's flat, small and there's a small population. people here are real a interested in vetting these candidates. >> so wh are the chances, then, if that is true that out of tonight, a little-known, smaller, less wealthy candidate what are the chances of thatsing this time around? >> i think they're pretty good in the democratic caucus. youti have pete beg, you know, just his last event, it was bursting at the seams. th had every seat full and the enthusiasm was outrageous. you had andrew yang, who had to turn 100 people away at his event just this weekend. so you have these candidates thn came i with little money
and they were unknown. now they're getting all kinds of support. you never know what's going to happen. the old rule is three o tickets ou iowa. that means if you're not in the top three, you're probably not gonna there have been exceptions. there's been a fourth-place the nomination, but as a general rule, it's three tickets. and it's anybody's game at this point. >> marlon, at the risk of revealingy age, this is mya fifth i caucus. and i've been here in years when there's been an awful lot of excitement, years when there's been less excitement. the way i would describe ts year is rather nervous amongst the democrats. is that your sense? >> oh, boy. there's a trepidation, a lot of people are worried about bernie sanders, and bernie sanders really has -- he really has the momentum right now. if you're gonna make a ediction on who is gon win this, don't look at the statistics. don't lookt the polls. bernie sanders probably has a real lead in this thing, whether the polls say it or not, because
his people are so passionate. i mean, they are strong and they're devoted to h >> ok. y marlon, thankou very much. oh, boy. it is all about passi, because yoave to turn out in the middle of the night effectively. very dark. it's cold. there's snow on the ground. and you have to be very committed to caucus in iowa. it is going toe a long night here at the iowa caucuses. a lot for us to watch. but there's a lot going on around the rest of the world. ifor that will hand you over to jane o'brien, who is in washington. >> thank you very much, katty. there are now 19,000 confirmed cases of coronavirus worldwide.n 414 people have died from the illness. the vast majority in china. the authorities there are struggling with the scale of the , outbrespite a huge push to build new hospitals in record time. says that coronavirus has now spread to 23 countries. from hong kong, rupert sent this
report. ♪[singing] porter: in a wuhan virus ward, a group of nurses and patients are singing a famous patriotic anthem. are never apart.land and i, the, the propaganda message is not difficult to understand. inta china's s media, the focus is now on uniting the country to fight t virus. hundreds of military doctors and nurses have been arriving inha to join the battle. >> when our country is in difficult, this female soldier says, it is our duty to be on the front le. ♪[music] reporter: china's logistical capabilities are beyondwh dispu. h other country could comple a 1,000-bed hospital in less than two weeks? today that is exactly what happened, as the first patients arrived. but there is an ugly side to this all-out fight against the virus. in this unverified footage, the
man pinned on the ground was caught without a face mask. spray him wh disinfectant, the official shouts. in much of china, wearing a mask is now compulsory, deste doubts about their effectiveness. in this video, a whole family is being forcibly removed from their home to waiting ambulance. lots of videos like these are being shared to foreign websites. they show police locking an old man suspected of having the virus in his home. do you have enough rice he, policeman says. ok. we're chaining the door. here the policemen are warning a resident who has posted something about the virusn social media. sharing any information about the virus is illegal, he tells her. scenes like those now can be found across social media and they're really fueling the sense of anxiety and fear about the coronavirus that is spreading right around thebu world.
nowhere more so than here in hong kong. people here simply do believe they're getting a realistic picture of what is happening in wuhan and central china. that's why there is now a crescendo of demands that hong kong close iit border the mainland completely. hong kong's chief executive today oered more border crossings closed. but said some must remain open. >> there were indeed more hong kong people crossingor ther, almost on a daily basis, and then they have to come back. reporter: that was not good enough forhese hospital workers, who have now voted to strike until the border is shut. fear is even more contagious than the virus. this is the center of shanghai, china's biggest city and economic heart. when t bill comes in for all of this, there's going -- it is going to be huge. bbc news, in hong kong. >> look now at somef the
day's other news. closing arguments are being made in the impeachment trial of donald trump. democratic house managers say senators have a duty tohiemove from office. the president's defense team say voters should decide his fate in the upcoming election. the trial is expecd to end wednesday with an acquittal. two people were killed and campus in texas.at a university it happened at a residence hall at the a&m uversity, about 60 miles north of dallas. police are investigating in a mexico second death related to a world famous monarch butterfly nctuary. the body of a tour guide at the site was found two days after the burial of a well-known -- prosecutors believe both men were mdered. president erdogan ss turkish soldie -- turkey said it was responding to the death of four
syrians killed by government forces. turkish reinforcements have been sent into syria and mr. erdogan s warned russia not to intervene. yoreg watchbbc world news america. still to comen tonight's w prograll have a special report from yemen, where the first medicalli aidt has left the country to rescue patients from the w that's claimed thousands of lives. >> parts of europe have been suffering from poor air quality and winter smog has become a major issue in theestern balkans. serbia has the highest rate ofll ion deaths, cording to the global allianceh on hea pollution. reporter: filthy weather has descended on the wtern balkans. pollution levels have soared in city's across the region. face masks may offer some rsonal protection for those in
smog-shrouded places likesa jevo. forget about seeing the sights of belgrade, because when it comes to pollution, the picture here is even uglier. belgrade has hithe numberne spot on international air quality indices. several times in winter. and that's not a cause for celebration. rather, it's a warning that breathing the air here is measurably bad for your health. citins of serbia are more likely to die of pollution-related cses than anyone else in europe. serbia is athe top of the most recent survey in december with 175 p deaths 100,000 people. europe's next worst, georgia, is some way behind on 140, followed by bulgaria with 137. in fact,nly eht other countries worldwide have a more serious problem than serbia. the authorities say belgrade's streets carry 80,000 more cars
than they did five years ago. and many of those are old less efficient models, rejecd wealthier parts of europe. getting more people on bikes would help but safe cycling paths like this aren't widespread in belgrade and riding in sg isn exactly pleasant. industry, power and heating add to the pollution, so a quick fix to this chronic problem seems unlikely. t serbia needs fresh thinking to give people a chance to breathe. ♪[music] >> the u.k. government has ntal changes to the way convicted terrorists are handled following yesterday's knife attackn south london. a man was shot dead by police, after he shot two people. he'd recently been freed from prison after serving half a sentence for terrorism offens. here's our special correspondent, lucy manreng.
rter: this unfortunately is not the first time a high street, forensic teams police investigating an attack, a former prisoner using his eedom to try a kill. yesterday, it was here.n plailothes officers, gunsav drawn, he shot a man after he steals a knife and starts stabbing others. they've had him under surveillance. arrive, one on a motorbike. >> this ain't real.: repoone of the armed officers approach him as he lies on the gund, wearing a fake suicide we. get back, they shout. a surveillance officeris uses h armed colleagues for cover. [sirens] reporter: they start to clear the street. people rush to help the, injured blood on the pavement.
[sirens] reporter: a man and a woman were stabbed. both are recovering. >> three people got stabbed. reporter: aman had only been leased from prison 10 days ago, automatically left out halfway through his three-yea sentence for terrorism offense. state and had manuals aboutlamic knifema attacks. lived at this hostel about a mile from the attbek. use he was underctive counterterrorist surveillance, seemsti the autho thought he was possibly one of the most dangerous people in the country. so why w he living behd these gates? rather than behind bars? officers searched the hostel, removing evidence. the police stopped this attack. bu how will the politicians prevent it? new emergency laws. >> deradicalizeing people is a very difficult thing to do. just seems to be a psychological -- a big
psychological barrier. people find it hard t get back over. and that's why i stressim the rtance of the custodial option. that's why i am -- i've come to the end of my patience with the idea of automatic early release. reporter: they are let out of prison. but the public is n out of nger. in war-torn yemen have been flown out of the country for medical treatment. the life or death mission took two years to organize and is a rare momen of cooperation between the warringactions. our chief international correspondent, lyse doucet, has this speci report. >> packed, ready to go. this hotel, their home for months, as theyaited to leave. families growing up in war, ns. frie halil is 13, small for his years, old beyond his years.
>> i'm in pain, he tells me. i'm sick. i have the fever here. pain. and pain here. now, he's off to jordan for a kidn transplant and a chance at a better future. little children, excited beyond words, as any child would be, about toake their very first flight. but this is a journey with a big difference. it could mean the difference between life or death in their little lives. lives of little children, cght a big war. the international airport is in the hands of theutus,ut the airspace controlled by the saudi-led coalition. today's flight, a rare concession fm rival sides. >> it's taken u ys twors.
the discussions have been very intense. we're so pleased that we found a way that everyone a iees that th a priority, that people who will die, if they don't a receiveistance, are going to get on that plane today with their families and they're gonna go to places wherehey're going to receive treatment finally. it's a big day. >> how long did youy in the hospital for? >> it's been such a long wait. so much uncertainty. the departure lounge, there's still tk of last-minute wrangling. even the littlestts know fligh like this were cancelled before. there's nervousnessac too at the hotel. 13-year-old ragad hopes to leave on another medical flight later this week. >> wow. >> for her father, every day matters. >> yes. this flight is very important for her, because i think the solution will be with this flight. wife stay in yemen, it's very
and for t patient. is is really suffering. more and more. and she becomes worse and worse. day by day. >> yemen only cancer hospital. these children aren't on any list toea. not muhammad, who lost an eye. no six-year-old muthia. the doctors lost hope tt there would ever be a flight. but they don't have what they need to treat patients here. >> of course this makes doctorsr when we can't give the best treatment. patientoctor loses h this is so disturbing. it's not normal. sometimes i feel depressed. reporter: a rare glimpse of hope. but thousandse yemenese need urgent care. b and aken nation can only be fixed by ending a w merciless.
lyse doucet, bbc news. >> ok. before we go, let's check back at with, who is if iowa tonight. katty, i've been watching you you've been interviewed the candidates, pounding the campaign trail with them. what are you watching out for tonight? >> look, all of the candidates are interesting. it's going to be interesting to see who does well, who does badly, of course. but i s if there is one candidate i've really got my eye on, it's joe biden. he's meant therst big test. front-runner -- to be the front-runner in this case. let's see how well h actually does tonight. we will have, of course, all of the coverage here from des moines.y i'm ka kay, in iowa. thanks so much for watching this special edition from des moinese fromowa caucuses, world news america. narrator: fu designed by language s pecialists
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight, the wait is over. iowa democrats head to the caucuses in the first primary contest for the presidential hopefuls. ten... >> i submit to you olf of the house of representatives that your duty demands that you convict president tr >> woodruff: closing arguments. the prosecution and defense make their final cases in the impeachment trial of president trump. plus: outbreak. the coronavirus continues to t spread secretary of health and human services on the u.s. response. all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour."