tv BBC World News Outside Source PBS July 1, 2020 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT
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the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from source." hundreds of people have been protest against a new lawlowing imposed by china. pollslose in russia after a referendum that is expected to cement president putin's hold on power until 2036. itthe states has bought nearly all the stock for the
nexthree months of the drug and a severe, used to treat people with covid-19. the who says it will investigate. >> we want to ensure everyone has access to the life-saving intervtions. >> the european union will open its borders to a number of countries but america will not be one of them. d descri a conservation disaster, hundreds of elephants found dead in botswana. thanks for joining us. china's new national security law for hong kong has been greeted with protests and condemnation from the international community. the legislation passed yesterday gives beijing powers to shape life in hong kong as never before. deres were greeted by this, the sign read, celebrate a national security law. many did not celebrate, police made their first arrests under this is some of the clashes
cebetween and demonsators. cannons and tear gas we used. anthere have been mor 350 arrests. 10w of them related to the law, which targe subversion and terrorism with punishments up to life in prison. here is an example of what constitutes an offense. ng kong police tweeting, three females arrested for showing materials with hong kong independence slogans, violating the law. anyone who organizes plans, commits, or participate in committing secession or undermining national ubefication shal guilty of an offense. that is three women arrested for holding banners with independence slogans. that has scared pro-democracy campaigners. >> it is vague. hong kong people can easy trot into these lines accidtally
with horrible consequences, the maximum penalty is life imprisonment. anchor: another poker democracy campaigner has previously called for hong kong independence. this is what he had to s today. >> do i support hong kongen indepe? you're almost asking me to be in for ove10 years. we are not able to say independence. once i say that, i can be arrested. anchor: today marks 23 years since hong kong was handed back to china. ever since, people in the territory have enjoyed freedoms that do not exist in china. the agreement is known as one country, two systems, it was supposed to last for 50 years. under that deal, hong kong have to enact its own national security law. that never happened because of its unpopularity. last year, these were the scenes. protests under a law turned violent and turned into an anti-china and pro-democracy
movement. china does not want to see that again. so it stepped in. supporters of the law argue it will only affect a small number of people and is essential t restore stability to hong kong. >> we need a lot to get back to normal, weav need a lot toa normal hong kong life back. before all this happens in hong sorry, i'm sobump intomeone, i'm you. we have turned into this violence last year and that is no way we can start this. anchor: it k is not just hog residents who could face harsh penalties. the law applies to offenses commted outside of hong kong by nonresidents, if foreigners commit offenses overseas, they can be prosecuted when entering the territory. mike pompeo has described it as an affront to all nations.
>> uni right now, in our conversation, if someone in hong kong decides it violates the law, underminesti china's al security, if either of us goes to hong kong, we are potentially liable to prosecution. >> that is worrying for many people, obviously. >> it is not just journalists. students, scholars, everyone who has an opinion who would like to express it. at the professor says, this has implications for journalists and we are seeing it impact freelance journalists in hong kong. hong kong new site for independent writers and democracy advocates has taken down 100 articles at the request of authors. it has been mandate for defiance but a is spreading through the city.
let's get more international reaction. here is mike pompeo, the u.s. secretary of state. >> free hong kong was one of the most stable,dyrosperous, and mic cities. now it is another communist cit where if people are subject to the party elites. it is sad. indeed, thislr isdy happening. security forces are already ramping up hong konghe's -- hong kongers for daring to speak freely. as always, the chinese communist party figures its own people more than -- fears its own people more than anything else. anchor: hong kong's final british governor says china is doubling down in their aggressive behavior, adding, we have work to do with allies, noa to a cold war, but to form a group of countries who will say, if you behave in this fashion, we are going to call you out. the british government says the
law is a breach of the treaty between china and the u.k., which gave hong kong its degree of independence. fhere is the eign secretary. >> it is sad -- it is a sad day for the people of hong kong and undermines national trust -- international trust in china to live up to its promises. anchor: boris johnson has sent a strong message by allowing up to 3 million people in hong kong who have british overseas status because theye born before the territory returned to china to live and work in the u.k. for longer. this is what he had to say. >> we make it clear that if china continued down this path, we would reintroduce a new route for those with british national overseas status to enter the u.k. granting them limited leave toli remain with the a to live and work in the u.k. and thereafter to apply for citizenship and that is precisely what we will do now. anchor: our china corilspondent
saysons of hong kong citizens could end up moving to the u.k. after that announcent . he points out the chinese government has been furious with the u.k. for threatening such a move. warning london not to risk unspecified retribution. now that this has happened, we are waiting for china's response. howard, what do you think we can expect from beijg in response to what the u.k. announced today? >> the most correct potential retribution's people can think of our diplomatic, as well as economic measures. u.k., for the past few decades, trying to enter the chinese market. the past few governments have been trying to court chinese investors into the u.k. as well. many of these things can
eventually be turnedo i bargaining chips were cards being played. all those are possible. in the past, during the government of cameron, the u.k. leadership met with the dalai lama, there was a long-term free of financial rations between the u.k. and beijing fou e a while, until something happened later on. all these past experiences could happen again. anchor: in terms of any change to legal legislation in hong kong, china is not was to move once it has made a position and that will probably be the case, >> exactly.? at this momen more analysts and scholars are pointing out,
this stand rather than introducing a law. many suggesting, we have to look at this in a bigger context of u.s.-china going head-to-head in china trying to pick a battleground and pitically thinking this is the best place we can pick a fight with the west, with the u., have a slightly better chance of winning, hence hong kong is this sacrificial lamb athis moment. anchor: very quickly, you have contacts, manyn the territory. any idea how you can sum up the mood at the moment? >> the mood is essentially on one side, people arepl cely angry, that is the anger side,t also,r, fhis level of desperation. steople who lived in hong kong, work in hong kong know is
a vibrant cite people enjoyed freedoms and it is reallyy economica vibrant and it is easy to do business and make money. so people on one side love chat used to led the pearl of the orient. to seet all of this alm evaporate overnight, to see the rule of law that they got used to, and now becoming the same as mainland china, it is something people are caught in disbelief and trying to figure out how they can move on from here. anchor: i remember covering the arbella revolution and seeing those tens of thousands of people, unlikely to see those scenes again for some time. thank you very much for being with us. the world health organization says it is investigating that u.s. buying local supplies of
remdesivir for the next three months. it is a drug shown to work against covid-19.he is a doctor from the who. >> there are many people aroundr the world whvery sick with this wisease, soe want to ensure that everybody has access to the necessary intventions. our said, we will reserve commentary until we have verified the nature of the contracts, but also we are aware of other agencies put in place for manufacturing in other countrs. let us look at the issues, at the implications of this. certainly, we are fully committed as an orgaon with our partners t equitable cess to life-saving interventions. anchor: more than 500 tousand treatm causes for american hospitals had been secured. the vice president explained the steps the u.s. is taking to treat those with the illness. >> we are in a better place because of the availability of
therapeutics or medicines to treat peopl that have contracted the virus and are experiencing seve symptoms. dr. stephen hahn is here and he will speak about the progress that we are making, whether it be the availability of remdesivir, we are stripping this wk, the use of blood plasma, steroid treatments,we ad ontinue to hear hopeful signs about the continuing progss for developing a vaccine for the american people. anchor: what do we know aboutdr th? >> remdesivir is not exactly a wonder drug when it .mes to covid- it has been proven in some trials toeduce the state and hospitals by about four days. it helps some very sick patients reduce their recovery time.' but it do't cut mortality.
nevertheless the importae of the story is that it shows a sort oft path of intention t the u.s. may try to use it economic and financial firepower to buy up drug supplies and that worries other countries, including the u.k. anchor: the u.s. continues to struggle to coviain its coros outbreak. america's top disease researcher, drs fauci, ld the senate that he would not be surprisedusf new vases in the country reached 100,000 a day. we are currently around 40,000. the eu will ope its borders to countries outside of the block in the u.s. is not on that list. the u.s.zind b aretill dealing with worsening virus outbreaks and are being kept off that list. china is onhe so-called safe list but only with a reciprocal agreement that is pending. the u.k. and four other non-eu stat, richland, iceland, norway, are aomatically
included as a safe. here is a quick roundup of other in spa and portugal, they have reopened the border more than three months after it was closed due to the pdemic. the border was reorened with a cemony that included t king of spain, the portuguese president, and two countries' prime ministers where there. strictions elsewhere wer lifted last week. the palestinian authorities have ordered a lockdown of the west bank following a surge in coronavirus infections. all activity across the territory will halt for five days from frida rbcs, bakeries, and supermarkets will be allowed to stay open. the numberf new cases detected has quadrupled in recent weeks, one of the highest rate of infection. stay with us on "outside source ." still to come, hundreds of ephants found dead in
mysterious circumstances. we will speak to a conservationist to is looking into it. ♪ >> more than 11,000 job losses have been announced in the u.k. in the past 24 hours. th are bei blamed on the devastating impact of coronavirus on the british economy. among the 11,000 job cuts, the largest aircraft manufacturer,, airblans to cut 1700 from its u.k. workforce in department stores are also making cuts. >>ha from what w seen today in the last couple of a days, troubling stream of job losses announced and that is partly because employeesave to start paying towards those salaries and if they think thais nonviable, they are given notice that these job cuts are coming. a lot of questis about the recession and what kind of recovery there will be. some oimistic views from the
bank of england suggesting it could be a sharp dip but a quick recovery. i don't think anyone pretending that all of these j cs are going e back. prime minister admitting that. ♪ anchor: this is "outside source ." hong kong police arrnearly 400 people following clashes with protesters uploaded to a new security law imposed by china. results in russia's referendum appear to show voters have strongly backed constitutional reforms thatould cement president putin's hold on power for 16 more years. this is a significant amendment. yet it barely got a mention in the run-up to the vote. celebrity endorses decided to focus on other articles, and the minimum wage, andions effectively banning gay marriage. mr. putin has been in pow 20
years and it wont be the first time he gets to restart the ock on his presidency. this graph is from the independent. mr. putin first appeared on the scene as by minister in 1999. cathen he president a year later and his presidential terms came to an end in 2008. he had another stint as by minister uil he was allowed to run for president again, that was four years later. he was reelected in 2012 and has been in power ever since. .mrutin's current term is up in 20 24, whenhe current constitution says he should step down. that is abouto change. let's go to moscow. good to see you. talk us to design amendment -- talk us thr this amendment and what people voted for today. >> people tod voted for all amendments in the constitutio,
as this amendment about puti's president of terms, wh dh will let hithe country until e 2036, and whis amendment is about banning gay marage, only a man and a woman, and about the belief in god and the greatest memory to their ancestors, all amendments were in one pallet initiative -- one pallet initiative -- on e ballot initiative. are you for taking the whole constitution? us, russians appear to pave the way for vladimir putin to stay as a president of the country until 2036. he already told that he is not sure -- she will think about it, he will see, as he says about
all the elections. usually, it happens that he wa gs for the elections as for that. stay as a leader until 2036 after all these amendments in the constitution. anchor: he keeps going, doesn't ? let's have a look at this piece of information. a correspondent tweeted, it is a book of the new constitutions, which russia had agreed to yet. alongside i he tweeted, russia's new constitution is on sale inps the booksven before the public vote. it says on the cover, valid from the moment the official results of the vote are published. there is no doubt with the results will be. that was on monday. there have been concerns about how the vote was carried out. was staggered over a week to prevent coronavirus transmissions. a straight yes or no on whether to accept all the changes,
although lobbying for either option was officially banned. this does raise the question as to whether or n the voting process was fair and democratic. >> t voting process was conducive r russia, it was the first time in modern history when rsians could vote for the whole week and that happed -- never happened before. observers told us it creates a lot of opportunities for the statees authorio change the result as they want and partial elresults from thation committee already show us that the kremlinas achieved his point to get the 65% of the turnout and more than 70% for the changing of the nstitution in for putin to stay in power until 2036. there were a lot of messages people who wet working in the state budget
organizations, t toldt they were made to go to the polling stations to vote online. moscow in other regis near moscow -- their bosses told them that they should go and vote for it. it happened in schools, hospitals, it happened also in lots of organations financed from the state budget. some observers told that you can see from the results, from the electionommittee, where people went t vote voluntarily, the rnout was about 30%, and where people were made to to cast thei ballots, other turnout was about 70%. it is not normal, from the statistics point of view. anchor: thank you so much for talking us through that.
we are going to go to box one, where 350 elephants have died in what appeared to be a mass die what is happened.ows exactly some of the images we are about to show inse this are uping. a cluster of deaths was first reported in the north of the country in early may. by mid-june, the number more than doubled. these are aerial photographs of some of the, bodies elephants of all ages and both sexes have reports.ng, accordinto local the true number of depth -- of deaths is likelyigher because carcasses can be difficult to spot. some have fallen on their face, suggesting they di quickly. ma bodies have been found by watering holes. conservationists have criticized the government for being slow e investigate uses of death. the governmentre rntative told the guardian newspaper, they had sent off samples and
said the covid-19 restrictions have not helped intr the sportation of samples in the region and around the world. we are beginning to emerge fro that. concerns about that investigation remain. we can spoke to -- we can speak to a director of conservation at the national park rescue, heas spoken to local sources about these disturbing images. thank you for being with us. it is quite harrowing to see those images. what do you think caused the mass die off? >>ood evening. it is difficult to say because we have not been able to get reputable experts in to test the carcasses or the soil of the water sources nearby. the most likely causes are either a poison of some form, whether that is by people or something occurring naturally w such as anthrach is in the
soil, or a disease, a pathogen. either is concerning from a conservation perspective and a public health perspective as there are significant populations of people living nearby. anchor: let's talk about that significance.et when we see sng like this that is largely unexplained were not investigated and a thorough manner, what can we deduct fromh that in terms the government are investigating this? >> is very surprising that in the time of covid-19, when everybody's min focused on the fact that diseases can passr animals to people and that atn be catastrophic for the global economy, hey have not responded more quickly. the conservation situation is complicated and the current administration have gone to great lengths to try to demonstrate to people that they don't put the lives of elephants before the lives of people so they are trying to encourage ople to think that the
government is looking after them and not solely focusing on wildlife. the problem with that, for me, is this is not j necessarit a wildlife situation, this is potentially a public health situation. anchor: forgive me for interrupting, people have to leave it there because we have run out of time but we appreciate your time. stay what narrator: funding for this presentation of th p program vided by... language specialists teaching spanish, french anmore. ymond james. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected ne viewers like you. thank you.
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