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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 23, 2020 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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the freeman foundation. s also provided by, by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. viewers like you. thank you. new york city. i am laura trevelyan. there are more than 4 million confirmed coronavirus cases in america. more people are losing their jobs it's over 30 milli claiming unemployment in the u.s. more unrest overnight as prident trump and democratic mayors are in a sndoff over his plans to send agents into american cities.
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how the pandemic is increasing the profile of the qanon conspiracy theory. we will hear from their families tonight. for all of you watching on pbs, welcome to world news america. we begin with the numbers showing the colossal impact of u.s.coronarus outbreak on the the number of confirmed cases has passed 4 million, one point 4 million people lost their jobs and filed for unemployment. if congress does not reach a deal soon, the benefits will expire nex week, leaving millions unable to pay rent and bills. here is michelle fleury. >> in states where if it should rates are r soaring, thovery may beoving backward. the ri in the number of people making claims after 14 weeks decline suggest more people are
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being laid off and in some cases for a second time. and the effort to reopen the economy after businesses shut down to try to contain the coronavirus have been bumpy. in some states restrictions have been imposed on bars, restaurants, and other businesses as cases have gone up . and the tens of millions of may soon see their benefits shrink unless congress acts. extra benefit payments of $600 a week are set to expire at the end of the month. the moratorium expire. all of this means more financial hardship for those alrdy hit by this crisis, ramping up pressure on congress to pass another round of stimulus. michelle fleury, bbc news. laura: i am joined by jason, the former chair of economic
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advisers who is noprofessor at the harvard kennedy school of government. thank you for joining us. the weekly joble claims up as coronavirus cases in the u.s. cross 4 million. what do you read into the uptick in claiming unemployment? >> first of all, the gross flow en the labor market is h right now.lots of people are lo. there are many people gaining jobs. the net of those two is unclear. some surveys suggest we may be losing jobs again on net. at best the recovery has plateaued. it is possible the u.s. economy is going in reverse. laura: congressdi ided over whether to carry on the supercharged unemployment benefits. we part -- republicans are arguing they created this
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incentive for pple to return to work. do they have a point? >> one effect is it is cash in and spend can g out that is a very powerful force in the short run. that is why consumer spending in the month of june rebounded back to above where it was 12 months ago, which is a phenomenalng t in an economy like this. they do have a second effect, they do deter some people from looking for work. that may become more important in the future. it has not been very important to date because there are so many unemployed people.e thre so few jobs even if a few people are less motivated to find a job, it is not going to affect aggregate employment or overall economic the important thing is the cash. the incentives will i mattern the future. not so much right now. laura:t w kind of a stimulus do you want to see washington
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agree? you have been outlining your ideas. >> iut together a bipartisan proposal withn economist at columbia who had my job under president bush. we called for expanding unemployment insurance benefits, for giving significant assistance to states for hing tax incentives for people do go to w rather than a stick to force people, a caret to ve people an incentive for their work and more effective lending programs for small business. that was o proposal. some of those ideas appear to be in the senate republican planha. all ofshould have been done a month ago. laura: thank you so much for joining us. president trump has resumed his briengs on the coronavirus
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outbreaks as he doubles down on sending law enforcement to american cities. the inspector general will investigate whether agents have used excessive force ainst protesters in portland, oregon. for more on the politics on the ment i am joined by anthony.ta let's with coronavirus. the president has resumed those daily briefings. his tone has changed, especially on wearing masks. ha >> i thinkhe strategs are a reflection of his political standing right now. he isni dec in polls, public support of his handling has been going down. i think the strategy from the white house is they n get him in front of the cameras and boost hisnt leadership pol here in handling the coronavirus. at the end of april those briefings endeafter donald trump talked about using light
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or sterilizers injected in order to treat the virus. he started talking about the economy andt made te priority. the pandemic is still around. the public is not satisfied.g. thiss a changeo see he is out there addressing this head-on, standing by himself on the stage. laura: on another front, the president is sending more federal agents into esdemocratic-controlled ci is that high risk for him? >> it is absolutely high-risk. if you listen to hisampaign, they are talking about these kind of demonstrations as unrest, what would happen if joe biden becomes president. the reality is this is happening while dald trump is president. this confrontational attitude toward demonstradeon, sending l troops into cities like dportland, all s is up thele
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l of confrontation and makes it much more likely the american public are going to say this is in part donald trump escalating the confrontation and not coming to a resolution. laura: is it a sign of how president trump has remade the republican party his own image we are not hea backlash about government overreach? >> not really. if you listen to libertarians who are a part of the republican party, they will talk about how this has been a concern of theirs. it is a reflecti of the fact marginalized nownd the people that are the loudest voices in the republican party's support this kind of feral law enforcement. go back 20 years, it was conservatives and republicans who were fearful of jackbooted government thugs ting their
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guns. it definitely represents a shift in the view of the republican party on the authority of the federal government and the powers of the government in relation to s thetes. at least on law-enforcement. laura: anthony, thank y u for being witonight. twitter is cracking down on accounts related to qanon which the fbi called a potential t.rror thr they believe dald trump will save the world from the seeker group of pedophiles th society. research from the institute of two digit dialogue suggest interest in the conspiracy world has soared since march. here is stephanie haggerty. >> over the past few weeks, thousands of people hav abeen pledgingegiance to qanon. a bizarre conspiracyth theory has soared in popularity since the pandemic. followersve bel a kabbal of
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the unite from states, controlling the media andia politns and the only person that can stop them is donald trump. >> fake news. fake press. >>ic this mn is one of the few followers who agreed to speak to us. >> i've been actively posting the past couple of months. eth response i've gotten is insane. >> we looked at the use of tagst specifqanon. here is how many posts there are before the pandemic. in march, this happened. on facebook, in four months, number ship of the biggest public qanon groups rose by 700%. >> people wore looking answers. people were locked down in their homes. they were stuck to their computers and phones all day. theyos have more ee to this kind of thing online. >> the fbi said qanon could lead
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to a domestic terror threat and followers hold some disturbing views on the events of theast few months. what do you think of the pandemic? i think it is a hoa the rumor is president trump is trying to get all these people to go to jail for pedophilia and that the deep state has controld of the mediaut out the story to try to save their ass. >> rhat if it isl? >> i don't want anyone to get sick because they went outside without aoask i want to stay research. qanon isti an amalga of all the greatest conspiracy theories in one big belief. >> another site that has seen a surge in popularity is this page on the message board reddit, posting about family members that have been sucked into the cokepiracy. we so a few of those but will hide their identitiesel because someives could be vulnerable. >> my father is aancer survivor. this is putting his life at risk
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if he believes these things. >> he's going deeper and deeper in. what does that look like six months from now? >>e i have to accept thrson i knew as my mother is probably >> at least 14 followers are likely to be on the ballot in the u.s. in november. president trump has retweeted qanon accounts nearly 200 times, lping this wild and wac fantasy to find a foothold firmly on thees frif the american right. stephanie haggerty, bbc news. ura: the explosion of a conspiracyheory partly thanks to the pandemic. in other news from around the world, the u.s. judge has ordered president trump's former lawyer be released from prison and sent to home confinement. he agreed officials have returned mr.ohen to jail because he wanted to publish a book this fall. he had been sent home because of
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the rona virus risk and was jailed again by federal authorities. the group of mietary pol officers in italy have been arrested after investigators uncovered alleged crimes taking place in the barracks. the unit in the northern city of piacenza is accused of torture. south african researchers s c the number id related deaths is probably higher than the official figure. 6000 deaths have been recorded. there are 11,000 fatalities unaccounted for. in israel, steps t outlawed the practice of gay conversion therapy bysychologists. the first middle eastern country to do so. some religious parties are unhappy about the move. minister endorsed the therapy. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come, the past is not
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another country when it comes to britain's colonial legacy in kenya. the impact can still be felt today. china launched a -- today and the u.s. will launch one next inek. why is everyone to mars at once? late f explains it all for us. >> the distance between earth and ma one orbits the sun at different speeds and distances. fromli around 401 can m kilometers to 56 million. about every years the planets are in the perfect position to get to mars with the least amount of travel. if the launch goes well, a you make it to mars without your spacecraft being damaged by business of how to actually land onhe red planet.
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the spacecraft will be traveling at tens of thousands of kilometers per hour. then it's got enter mars' atmosphere at the right angle. too steep and it will melt and burn up. too shallow and it will bounce off. ♪ laura: there is a global reckoning when it comes to racial injustice. turn out to kenya, the latestre rt is from our senior africa correspondent. she considers the issue of land distribution and what anged after kenya gain independence from britain more than 50 years ago. >> the highlands where i was born a raised. it is here thestolonial admition faced one of the fiercest resistance movementseno
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the settlin east africa. the turn of the 20th century, british settlers arrived here and found conditions perfect for agriculture. rich soil,ainfall, and high altitudes suitable for growing tea. e thelds have supplied britain's breakfast table for over a century. it came at a huget c 15 years of resistance by an ethnic group. >> the settlers used divide they turned the community against us and convince them we were evil people. they had guns and all we had was arrows and spears. we fought for more than 10 years. so they said we were evil. >> once they subdued the locals, laws were created to allow them
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to push locals to be fringes. the best plan was divided up among hundreds of settlers. they introducese taxes beche locals did not have money, they had no choice but to work on the farms to make money to pay the taxes. >> that subjugation lasted five decades. in the 1950's, resistance was growing across the country and closer to the colonial seat of power in nairobi was a movement. they fought for friedman from colonialism and to get land back.many were rounded up and detained and tortured. the official death toll is disputed. some estimatehat more than 20,000 died. >> at midnight, the union comes together for the last time. >> 1963,es sta of colonial replaced.ere removed and later
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>> good luck to her in her new role. >> and statues of leaders of colonialism have brought down across the world, some canyons are questioning how deep the change here really went. we just changed the face of the monument. >> we call it independence. we hand it over to the people who are subservient to the colonial authorities. >> the biggest beneficiaries of independencehere those who worked for the colonial administration and fought against controversial views in kenya today. this activist got in trouble with the authorities last month. police raided his home and rested him. >> my premise is that kenya has
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never gotten independence. that connected colonial chiefs to the current political elite and marriages and linkages, business linkages and that kind of thing. it worked we. they could actually connect. i guess people there were not >> the elites grabbed. independence w and ran offh it. nothing had changed. >> ended the rift valley, some of the poorest people live here. >> the language -- the land was being subdivided. we got nothing. >> for decades this was a camp. they were not allowed to interact with other communities. they were tmed people.
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even after independence, tha remained. this camp, the was a physical barrier surrounding it. even now the stigma process. i know relatives and friends who are concerned i interacted with them. the lasting legacy of colonialism in this village. a lot of the land in kenya is owned by locals and he remains t one country's biggest imports. the inequalities adopted at independence persist. there may be no precolonial statues here, this is a country still ill at ease with his past. laura: the long shadow of the british empire in kenya. unlike other countries, sweden cap to the country mostly open
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during tly stages of the outbreak. trusting the swedish people to make good decisions and act responsibly in the presence of the pandemic. sweden suffered one o the highest death rates in relation to population size in europe. the u.k. was higher. here is maddie savage on how the controversial strategy is being >> while many european cities aredjusting to life after lockdown, little has changed in swed's capital. markets, shops, and bars have stayed open. the strategy here is focused on a ban on large gatherings and social distancing guidelines. >>th we trus authorities. if t authorities say stay-at-home and work from home, we do that. they did not to say go on a. lockdo >> the natural things would bet to shuwn a bit more. i don't understand why we are
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not more careful. >> sweden's had one of the highest death tolls in relation population size. there are signs things are proving, despite the controversial approach. the public health agency is reporting a drop in fatalities intensive care units down to single figures. >> we ar where we hoped we would be earlier. now we can see this decline we hoped for. >> what about heard immunity? it is something you thought would be an outcome. you spoke strongly about. o udies suggest 6% of people in sweden are knownve antibodies. >> it is higher than 6%. exactly how high has proven to be a surprisingly difficult measurement. >> protecting the economy was not a formal part . the strategy there were hopes avoiding a
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lockdown wldselp. forecast think sweden is on track to do better than other countries. that is not the whole story. >>pa cd to our scandinavian neighbors, we are not doing very much bter. sweden, like the other countries, has a small, open economy, dependent on trade. the swedish economy tends to do poorly wheng the world is do poorly. >> public confidence in sweden's government has fallen. a commission was announced to look at the response to covid-19 after increase national debates about the death rate, especially >> the swedish model is put under pressure right now. also our strong trust in expertise, advising the government, rather than the vernment being able to lead the expertise. >> has domestic discussions continue, there are worries
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ctabout how this afsweden's global image. althougheat may be before we know which governments had the best strategies for handling covid-19, sweden's approach is teing its reputation. mattie savage, bbc news. laura: the jury is out on sweden for now. before we go, a big night for baseball. after the coronavirus outbreak postpone the start of the merica, aliens across will tune in tonight for the as it is known.aonal pastime, the season will be different. for one thing, there will be no crowds in the league has cut down the schedule to have fewer games and they have added a few new roles. in washington tonight the world series champions, the washington nationals, facing off agains the hallowed new york yankees. who has the honor of throwing the very first pitch? fittingly enough, it is dr.
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anthony hao-ching. the nation's top infectious disease expert has been seen wearing a nationals faceho mask, soetter than he to have this honor tonight? i am laura trevelyan. thank you for watching bbc world news america. take care and have a good night. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... language specialists teaching spanish, french and more. raymond james. the freeman foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected eds. and by contributions to this pbs station fr viewers like you. thank you.
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mayors nationwide respond to the president's tensifying threats to send federal agents to american cities in response to peaceful protests. then, the ongoing outrage. four months after brnna taylor was killed by police, in louisville, demonstrators continue to call for charges to be filed. and, the challenge of child care. how covid forces working parents to balance their jobs and caring for their children at >> we're really seeing the impact of decades of under- investment in child care, and now we're seeing this fragile


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