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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 23, 2020 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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the freeman foundation. by judy and pete blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutione for america'ected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. new york cy. i am laura trevelyan. there are more than 4 micoion confirmenavirus cases in america. more people are losing their jobs it's over 30 million claiming unemployment in the u.s. more unrest overnight as president trump and democratic mayors are in a standoff over his plans to send agents into american cities. how the pandemic is increasing
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the profile the qanon conspiracy theory. we will hear from their families tonight. for all of you watching on pbs, welcome to world news ameca. we begin with the numbers showing the colossal impact of the coronavirus outbreak on the u.s. the number of confirmed cas has passed 4 million, one point 4 million people lost theiranobs filed for unemployment. if congress does not reach a deal s expire next week, leaving millions unable to pay rent and bills. here is michelle fleury. >> in states where if it shod rates are soaring, the recovery may beoving backward. the rise in the number of people makings clafter 14 weeks of decline suggest more people are
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being laid off and in some cases for a second time. and theffort to reopen the economy after businesses shut down to try to contain the coronavirus have bn bumpy. in some states restrictions have been iosed on bars, restaurants, and other businesses . cases have gone up americans who are making a claim may soon see their benefits shrink unless congress acts. extra benefit payments of $600 a week are set to expire at the end of the month. the moratorium expire. all of this means more financiah ha for those already hit by this crisis, ramping up pressure on congress to pass another round of stimulus. michelle fleury, bbc news. laura: i am joined by jason, the former chair of economic advisers who is now professor
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at the harvard kennedy school of government. thank you for joining us. e weekly jobless claims up as coronavirus cases in the u.s. cross 4 million. what do you in claiming unemployment? >> first of all, the gross flow in the labor mket is huge right now. lots of people are losing jobs. inthere are many people ga jobs. the net of those two is unclear. some surveys suggest we may be losing jobs again on net. at bes the recovery has plateaued. it is possible the u.s. economy is going in reverse. laa: congress is divided over whether to carry on the superchaed unemployment benefits. t -- republicans are arguing they createdin this centive for people to return
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to w ak. do they haoint? your pocket and y go outash in and spend money. that is a very powerful force in the short run. that is why consumer spending in the month of june rebounded back to above where it was 12 months ago, which is a phenomenal thing in an economy like this. they do have a second effect, they do deter some people from looking for work. that may become more important in the future. it has not been very important to date because there are somp many uyed people. there are so few jobs even if a few people are less motived to find a job, it is not going to affect aggregate employment or overall economic performance. the important thing is the cash. the incentives will matter in the future. not so much right now. laura: what kind of a stimulus do you want to see washington
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agree? you have been outlining ur >> i put together a bipartisan proposal with an economist at columbia who had my jor president bush. we called for expanoyng unemnt insurance benefits, for giving significant assistance to states fo havingce tax ives for people that do go to work. rather than a stick to force people, a p caret to ple an incentive for their work and more effective lending programs for small businesses. that was our proposa some of those ideas appear to be in the senate republican plan. all of that should have been done a month ago. laura: thank you so much for joining us. president trump has resumed his briefings on the coronavirusas outbreak he doubles down on
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sending law enforcement to american cities. the inspector general will investigate whether agents have used excessive force against protesters in portland, oregon. for more on the politics on the moment i am joined by anthony. let's start with coronavirus. the presidentas resumed those daily briefings. his tone hasng c, especially on wearing masks. has the strategy changed? >> i thihe strategies are a reflection of his politica standing rig now. polls, publing in support of his handling has been going down. i think the strategy from the white house is they need to get him in front of the cameras and boost his leadership potential here in handling the coronavirus. at the end of april those briefings endeafter donald trump talked about ung light or sterilizers injected in order
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to treat the virus. he start talking about the economy and made that the priority. thpaemic is still around. a number of cases are growing. nthe public satisfied. this is a change to see hee is out thdressing this head-on, standing by himself on the stage. laa: on another front, the president is sending more federal agents into democratic-controlled cities. is that high risk for him? >>t is absolutely high-risk. if you listen to his campaign, they are talking about these kind of demonstrations as unrest, what would happen if joe biden becomes president. the reality is this is happening while donald trump is president. this confrontational attitude ward demonstration, sending federal troops into cities like portland, all it does is up the
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level of confrontation and makes it much more likely the american public are going to say this is in pardonald trump escalating the confrontation and not coming to a resolution. laura: is it aign of how president trump has remade the republican party his own image we are not hea a backlash about government overreach? >> not s interesting. if you listen to libertarians who are a part of the republican part they will talk about how this has been a concern of theirs. it is a reflection of the fact the libertarian wing has been marginalized now and the people that are the loudest voices in the republican party's support this kind of federal law enforcement. go back 20it yearsas conservatives and republicans who were fearful of jackbooted government thugs taking their guns. it definitely represents a shift
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in the view of the republican party on the authority of the federal government and the powers of the government in relation the states. at least on law-enforcement. laura: anthony, thank you for being with us tonight. twitter is cracking down on accounts related to qanon which the fbi called a potential terror threat. save the world fro the seeker group of pedophiles that run society. research from the institute of two digit dialogue suggest the interest in the conspiracy world has soared since march. here is stephanie haggerty. >> over the past few weeks, thousands of people have been pledging allegiance to qanon. a bizarre conspiracy theory that has soared in popularity since the pandemic. followers believe a kabbal of
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pedophiles from the united states, controlling the media and politicians and the only person that can stop them is donald trump. >> fake news. fake press. few followers who agreed tothe speak to us. >' i've been actively posting the past couple of months. the response i've gotten is >> we looked at the use of tags specific to qanon. here is how many posts there are before the pandemic. in march, this happened. on facebook, in four months, number ship of the biggest public qanon groups rose by 700%. >> peopl were looking for answers. people were locked down in their homes. they were stuck to their computers and phones all day. they have more exposure to this kind of thing online. >> the fbi said qanon could lead a domestic terror threat and
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followers hold some disturbing views on the events of the past few months. what do you think of the pandemic? >> i think it is a hoax. the rur is president trump is trying to get allhese people go to jail for pedophilia and that the deep state has control of the media and put out the story to try to save their ass. >> what if it is real? >> i don' want anyone t get sick because they went outside without a mask so i want to stay research. qanon is an amalgamation of all the greatest conspiracy theories in one big belief. another site that has seen a surge in popularity is this page on the message board reddit, posting about family members that have been sucked tto conspiracy. we spoke to a few of those but will hide their identities because some relatives could be vulnerable. >> my father is a cancer survivor. gthis is putt his life at risk if he believes these things.
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>> he's going deeper and deeper in. what does that look like six months from now? >> i have to accept the person i knew as my mother is probably not coming back. >> at least 14 followers are likely to be on the ballot in nthe u.s. ember. president trump has retweeted qanon accounts nearly 200 times, helping this wild and wacky fantasy to find a foothold firmly on the fringes of the american right. stephanie haggerty, bbc news. laura: the explosion of a copiracy theory partly thanks to the pandemic. in other news from around the world, thedg u.s. juhas ordered presidents trump'ormer lawyer be released from prison and sent to home confinement. he agreed officials have returned mr. cohen to jail because he wanted to publish a book this fall. he had beenent home becausef the corona virus risk and was
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jailed again by federal authouities. the of military police officers in italy have been arrested after investigators uncovered alleged crimes taking place in the barracks. the unit in the northern city of piacenza is accused of torture. south african researchers say the number of covid related aths is probably higher than the official figure 6000 deaths have been recorded. there are 11,000 fatalities unaccounted for. in israel, steps to outlawed the actice of gay conversion therapy by psychologists. the first middle eastern country to do so. tisome religious p are unhappy about the move. last year israel's education minister endorsed the thapy. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come, the past is not
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another country when it comes to britain's colonial legacy in the impact can still be felt today. china launched a -- today and the u.s. will launch one next week. why is everyone going to mars at lara foster explains it all for us. >> t distance between earth and ma changes because each one orbits the sun at different speeds and distances. from around 401 can milling kilometers to 56 llion. about every years the planets are in the perfeto position to mars with the least if the launch goes well, and you make it t mars without your spacecraft being damaged by solar flares, we've got the business of how to actually land onhe red planet.
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the spacecraft will be traveling at tens of thousands of kilometers per hour. then it's got to enter mars' atmosphere at the right angle. too eep and it will melt and burn up. too shallow and it will bounce off. ♪ laura: there is a global inreck when it comes to racial injustice. turn out to kenya, the latest report is from our senior africa correspondent. she considers the issue of land distribution and what changed after kenya gain independence fromritain more than 50 years ago. >> the highlands where i was born and raised. it is here the colonial administration faced one of the fiercest resistance movements to
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the settlement in east africa. the turn of the 20th century, british settlers arrived here and found conditions perfect for agriculture. rich soil, rainfall, and high altitudes suitable for growing tea. these fields have supplied britain's breakfast table for over a century. it came at a huge cost. 15 years of resistance by an ethnic group. >> the settlers usedive tactics. they turned the community against us and convince themre e vil people. they had guns and all we had was arrows and spears. we fought for more than 10 years. >> once they subduedhe locals, laws were created to allow them to push locals to be fringes.
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the best plan was divided up among hundreds of settlers. they introduce taxes because the locals did not hhae money, they no choice but to work on the farms to p make money to the taxes. >> that subjugation lasted five decades. in the 1950's, resistance was growing across the country and ntent. closer to the colonial seat of pot.r in nairobi was a movem colonialism and to get landom back. many were roundednd up a detained and tortured. disputed.ial death toll is me estimate that more than 20,000 died. >> at midnight, the union comes together for the last time. >> 1963, statues of colonia r leaders wereoved and later replaced. >> good lucko her in her new
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role. >> and statues of leaders of colonialism have brought dn across the world, some canyons are questiing how deep the change here really went. >> we just changed the face of the monument. >> we call it independence. we hand it over to the people who are subservient to the coloal authorities. >> the biggest beneficiaries of worked for the coloniale administration and fought agaiovt consial views in kenya today. this activist gon i trouble with the authorities last month. police raided his home and h rest. >> my premise is that kenya has
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never gotten indendence. that connected colonial chiefs to the current political elite and marriages andinkages, business linkages and that kind of thing. it worked well. they could actually connect. i guess people there were not comfortable with that. >> the elites grabbed independence and ran off with it. nothing had changed. >> ended the rift valley, some of t poorest people live here. >> the language -- the land was being subdivided. we got nothing. >> for decades this was a camp. they were not allowed to interact with other communities. they were termed people.
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even after independence, t remained. this camp, there was a physical barrie surrounding it. even now the stigma process. know relatives and friends who are concerned i interacted with the lasting legacy of colonialism in this village. a lot ofke the land ia is owned by locals and he remains one of the country's biggest imports. the inequalities adopted at independence persist. there may be no precoloni statues here, this is a country still ill at ease wi past. laura: the long shadow of the british pire in kenya. unlike other countries, sden cap to the country mostly open during the early stages of. the
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outbre trusting the swedish people to responsibly in the presence of the pandemic. sweden suffered one of the highest death rates ition to population size in europe. the u.k. was higher. here is maddie savage on how the controversial strategy is being scrutinized now. >> while many european cities are adjusting to life after lockdown, little has cnged in sweden's capital. markets, shops, and bars hav stayed open. the strategy here is focused on a ban on largeng gatheri and social distancing guidelines. >> we trust the authorities. if the authorities say stay-at-home and work from home, we do that. they did not to say go on a lockdown. >> the natural things would be to shut down a bit mor i don't understand why we are >> sweden's had one of the
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highest death tolls in relation to population size. there are signs things are impring, despite the controversial approach. age public healtcy is reporting a drop in fatalities with daily admissions to intensive care units down to single figur. >> we ar where we hoped we would be earlier. now we can see w this decli hoped for. >> what about heard immunity? it is something you thought wod be an outcome. you spoke strongly about. studies suggest 6% of people in sweden are known to have antibodies. >>is iigher than 6%. extly how high has proven to bet a surprisingly diffic measurement. >> protecting the econot was a formal part of the strategy. there were hopes avoiding a lockdown wld help.
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forecasters think sweden is on track to do better than other countries. that is not the whole story. >> compared to our scandinavian neighbors, we arey not doing v much better. sweden, like the other hcountrie a small, open economy, dependent on trade. the swedish economy tends to do poorly when the world is doing poorly. >> public confidence in sweden's government has fallen. a commission was announced to look at the response toovid-19 after increase national debates about the death rate, especially in care homes. >> the swedish model is put under pressure right now. also our strong trust in expertise, advising the government, rather than the government being able to lead e expertise. has domestic discussions contorue, there arees about how this affects sweden's
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global image. althgh it may be years before we know which governments had the bestie stratfor handling covid-19, sweden's approach is testing its putation. mattie savage, bbc news. laura: the jury is out on sweden for now. before we go, a big night for baseball. after the coronavirus outbreak postpone the start of theon se aliens across america will tune in tonight for the return of our national pastime, as it is known. ntthe season will be diffe for one thing, there will be no crowdse in the leagus cut down the schedule to have fewer games and theyave added a few w roles. in washington tonight the world series champions, the washingto, nationacing off against the hallowed new york yankees. who has theon of throwing the very first pitch? fittingly enough, it is dr. anthony hao-ching.
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the nation's top infectious disease expert has been seen wearing a nationals face mask, so who better than he to have this honor tonight i am laura trevelyan. thank you for watching bbc world news america. and have a go narrator: funding for this presentation of thisam language specialists teaching spanish, french and more. d james. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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♪ ♪ judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight, use of fce. mayors nationwide respond to the president's intensifying threats to send federal agents to american cities in response to peaceful protest then, the ongoing outrage. four months after breonna taylor killed by police in louisville, demonstrators continue to ll for charges to be filed. and the challenge of childcare. how the coronavirus forces working parents to balance their for theh caring chilen at home. >> we're really seeing the impact of decades of under-investment in child care, and now we're seeing is fragile system really break down beuse oft.


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