tv BBC World News Today PBS December 4, 2020 5:00pm-5:31pm PST
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life well planned. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. latest headlines for viewers in the u.k. and around the world. brexit trade talks are paused after negotiations failed to reach agreement with just four weeks to go until the transition period ends. bahrain becomes the second country to approve the pfizer vaccine. >> progress on vaccines gives us all a lift, and we can now stt
to see the light at the end o the tunnel. >> the u.k. promises to reduce carbon emissions more quickly than any other major economy, but a watchdog warns of a colossal challenge. and the explosive sound that prompted hundreds to call the police in edinboro. it turned out to ba rare weather phenomenon, thunder snow. ♪ hello and welcome to the program. we start with breaking news on the brexit trade talks in london. within the past hour, they have been paused as e.u. and u.k. negotiators failed to use an
agreement -- reach an agreement. they will discuss the state of the talks saturday afternoon. negotiator david frost tweeted -- after one week of intense negotiations in london, the two chief negotiators agree the conditions for an agreement are not met due to significant diversions is on level playing field, and fisheries. shall bernier tweeted out -- michelle bernier tweeted out almost the same message. as the talks have been put on hold, what are you hearing from your sources? >> it is reflecting what the mood has been in london this week, because in the middle of the week it was more optimistic for michel barnier to come for
negotiations, sandwiches, taking place late into the night and there was a positive view until yesterday was the u.k. side, we think we are going backwards that a chance of a deal is reducing. they decided the talks are at a difficult moment, but they sensed today is a crucial day where talks will continue right up until the end. if youook at it in terms of the course of the week, the two sides are still at the table. negotiations are continuing, albeit paused. we always knethere would be a political intervention at the last minute with the two leaders talking at some point, but i think the fact that in the middle of the week we reflect on the fact that people are potentially talking about a deal by the weekend on the weekend,
whs we have michel barnier and david frost talking about significant diversions is. the political will can add some momentum to those talks and the deal could be done very quickly. now saying it is paused, the message from the u.k. side is there has not been progress. they are referring to the idea that new demands were inserted, and the talks in their eyes seem to have gone backwards and steering toward the sense that the phone call between the two leaders should not be taken as an indication a deal is signed off, but more an acknowledgment there are significant differences. >> what do you make of this tweet by both parties and talk of significant diversions is? how significant do you think it is? >> throughout these
negotiations, you can choose to see them as glass half full or empty. the roller coaster of u.k. briefing during the week, the eu side has been cautious all week, copter sleep -- cautiously optimistic, and underlying throughout the week that significant differences remain on those so well known three kick -- sticking points for the right of eu fishing communities to fish in e.u. waters, competition regulations with the you -- he -- u.k. saying -- they want the u.k. to sign up to competition principles, and the third point being governance of the deal, how to police the deal and make sure both sides keep to an agreement if it ever is agreed. differences remaining, we heard throughout the week on all of
those issues. limited ocess made. we expected there had to be high level political intervention. if you want to feel particularly positive, even if this deal were very nearly there, urszula or lion and boris johnson who aligns himself so personally with the brexit process, wants to put their personal stamp on all of this, but it is right to be cautious about expecting this to be done and dusted tomorrow. it could be done by sunday and the reason i say that is even though differences remain, once both sides say, we will make those compromises, this deal will happen very fast, but we are not there yet. >> let me ask about the conversation due to take place between boris johnson and the eu commission.
how much have they been talking? >> there have been regular interventions fr the principles, people at the topm ichel barnier is negotiating for the eu and not representing the leaders, and david frost is the technical negotiated. -- negotiator. they can only go so far, as long as the u.k. and eu government agree. at this late stage, we have said there is always going to be a last-minute 11th hour phone call between the two. i say again that the message tonight for the u.k. side is not to be too optimistic about this conversation. it is not the conversation which will sign off the deal. they have said there is not the basis of an agreement yet, but can they in that phone call agree to bare-bones compromises
of how well those parties are willing to move on those issues, and technically it could be done quite quickly. the next few days are absolutely critical. it is worth remembering that the clock is running down very quickly, coming towards the end of the year. the eu parliaments need to ratify this and sign off on this. we heard france talking about using their veto. whether or not that happens, we will see, but there are various stages this deal needs to go through. >> it will be a tense weekend ahead and i know you will follow all the twists and turns. thank you. the u.k. has announced an ambitious new target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. the new target is building on
net zero emissions target by 2050. calls for a reduction of 68% by the end of the decade compared to 1990. the target is in line with the u.k. commitment to reduce national emissions after the paris agreement keeping global temperature rise under two degrees. prime minister johnson says britain is taking the lead to reduce emissions by 2030 faster than any major economy. industry and government working together will be key. anks very much for being with us. what do you make of this commitment? is it overly ambitious or doable? >> it is ambitious, but that is exactly what we need, a lot of ambition, dve, and commitment from governments and businesses alike. due to the level of the ambition, it is important to look at the full picture, beyond
the energy systems. research shows 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions are generated by these energy systems, but if we look at the products and the food we have and that we consume and use, the way that this is produced and used amounts to 45% of those missions, which means that working towards -- emissions, which means that working towards the domain -- that is why the interface between the private and public sector working together can create better growth and generate jobs, is so important. >> is that actually happening at the moment? >> it is, definitely. cm vision from policymakers and strategies of a circular economy that do those production systems
-- businesses are investing in those strategies and they need the right conditions for those to emerge. there is a strong drive from the financial sector to look at climate finance through the lens of those industrial strategies. we are working closely with nigel topping, the champion for climate change for the u.k., bringing ngo's and the private sector to the table. >> some scientists say the government is not really putting its money where its mouth is. the chancellor has put huge sums towards hs2, a new rd, but very little toward home insulation which could save a hue -- huge amount of carbon. >> it will be a good discussion to look at where the exact sums of money need to go. the important thing is to look at the plan that does go beyond
the energy systems, looking at agriculture and nature systems as well. agriculture can use soil as a sequestering method for carbon. therefore regenerating natural systems as well, it is about looking at mobility systems but not only through the energy. how do we produce those vehicles and access them? we make sure we keep those valuable materials and products in the system to reduce the need for new materials have the biggest impact when it comes to emissions. >> fascinating to talk to you, thanks very much. >> thank you. >> the latest u.s. unemployment figures show the job market continues to grow although at a slowing rate. 240 5000 jobs were created in november, many millions short scene from those before the
coronavirus pandemic. these numbers have fallen below expectations. why? >> economists were expecting to see job growth at around 440,000, and they only grew by half of that, so that's pretty significant. there are a few structural issues at play, but primarily what you can see is that one, there were a lot of retail jobs that were lost. remember that as the number of cases, coronavirus cases increase in the united states, there are vast swaths of the american economy starting to close down, so we are seeing another wave of layoffs. there is also the sheer number of people that have stopped looking for a job altogether, and that is becoming something that is very concerning for economists. >> key virus relief programs are set to expire at the end of this
month, putting extra pressure on congress for another fiscal package but it does not seem to be happening. why is tt? >> we saw that lawmakers today even were quoting the latest jobs report to try and get more urgency in terms of trying to get some kind of relief package. but what we were talking about months ago still stands. we still have republicans and democrats don't agree on how much money should be spent and how exactly should the money be spent. although we are hearing much more encouraging language from democrats and republicans, there is still no deal and still millions of americans that are desperate for some sort of financial help from the federal government. >> thank you. stay with us on bbc news. still to come -- explosive sound
that prompted hundreds to call the police in edinboro, turned out to be a rare weather phenomenon, thunder snow. ♪ >> it's quite clear that the worst victims of this disaster are the poor people living in the slums around the factory. >> the children are dying in front of me and i can't do anything. ♪ >> charles manson is the mystical leader of the hippie cults accused of killing sharon tate and at least two other people in los angeles. ♪ >> at 11:00 separated britain from continental europe. it took the drills just a few
minutes tout through the final obstacle. they were shaking hands and exchanging fla. ♪ >> this is bbc news, our top story. exit trade talks he teorarily been put on hold without agreement. -- brexit trade talks have temporarily been put on hold without agreent. they will converse directly on saturday. bahrain has become the second country in the world to approve the use of the pfizer coronavirus vaccine on wednesday, regulators in the u.k. approved it for use in the first doses have arrived from belgium. the pfizer vaccine offers up to 95% protection against covid-19 and is currently being checked
by regulators across the globe, but the head of the who health emergencies program stressed that we shouldn't over rely on the vaccine. >> vaccines do not equal zero covid. vaccines and vaccination will add a major, major powerful tool to the toolkit we have, but by themselves, they will not do the job. therefore, we have to add vaccines into an existing public health strategy. we will have to continue to work on managing our personal behavior or hygiene, and in many cases, we need to recognize that the vaccine will not be with everyone early next year. >> speaking at the same conference, the who's chief scientist outlined the effort to distribute the vaccine fairly across the globe. 189 countries have signed up for the program.
they are expected to provide vaccines for 20% of the populations. >> my hope is by 2021 we will have half a billion doses available to distribute across the countries in a fair manner. that is why we developed the framework to do this fairly to all the countries. and in the second half of 2021, the volume will pickp and the speed at which they become available, so countries can start a vallow being -- excting those in the first quarter. >> the u.k. has received its first set of pfizer vaccines, set to begin vaccinating next week. the rate has fallen again between 0.8 and oneoss the u.k., meaning growth has slowed and the virus is slowing. >> any allergies? >> in training for one of the
biggest assignments of dhs, the covid-19 vaccine programhat starts next week. as well as preparing staff to do the jabs, they have had to work out complex storage plans. >> it is a unique challenge in that it is a vaccine that needs to be stored at -70, not the way we have had to handle it before. in the hospital, we have had to handle things that way. from a pharmacy perspective, we did not have a freezer. >> when will care home residents be vaccinated? from december 14, but nhs says that is not so certain. regulators have to approve vaccinations being broken down into small consignments and say that should not take too lon >> breaking down the packs, they are involved in doing that now at the very cold temperatures.
of course, putting a day on it might be variable, but definitely within the next two weeks. >> the vaccine arrived just as case numbers are falling in the u.k., largely as a result of various local lockdowns. statistics suggest that in england last week, 100 five people had the virus with the case rate coming down -- 100 -- in wales, one in 170 with the virus, with the case rate no longer falling. in northern ireland, one hundred 90 and continuing to come down. r number was a range of 0.8 to one, slightly down from last week. what may that mean for the type of restrictions needed into the new year?
>> the message from a policy perspective is unfortunately to keep rates low throughout the winter, we will continue and have restrictions, and where the sweet spot is, is not entirely obvious from the data. >> the focus is on next week's vaccine rollout, with clinics like this being prepared for patients and others likely to be the first to receive the jabs. >> more now on the latest u.s. jobs data,cross to wilmington, delaware, joe biden is commenting. mr. biden: but it doesn't have to stay that way. if we act now -- now, i mean now -- we can can been -- begin to regain momentum and build back a better future. there is no time to lose. aliens of people have lost their
jobs or had their -- millions of people have lost their jobs or had their hours slashed. one in six renters is behind in rent. one in four small businesses cannot keep the door open. there is a growing gap in black and latino unemployment that remains much too large. it is deeply troubling that last month's drop in unemployment was driven by people dropping out of the job market, not because more people were being hired, dropping out altogether. they'veost hope of finding a job. they've taken full-time caregiver operations as centers remain closed and children learn remotely. over the last two months, two .3 million people are long-term unemployed, meaning for 23 weeks or more. by far, the largest increase on
record. this is a dire jobs report, a snapshot up to mid november. before the surge in covid cases, we predicted, many predicted, and the deaths rise that we see in december, as we head into a very dark winter ahead, for example, since october, cities are down 21,000 educators. schools need more help in fighting against the pandemic. a couple of days ago, i spoke with the school crossing guard, a server, restaurant owner, and a stagehand, good people, honorable people, decent, hard-working americans from across the country. it reminded me of my dad who lost his job in scranton and moved our family to delaware, a place called claymont.
he used to say, joey, i don't expect the government to solve my problems but to understand my problems. folks, i am talking about the folks out there are not looking for a handout. they just need help. they are in trouble through no fault of their own. nothing they did caused them to have hours cut or lose their job or drop out of the market. but they need us to understand. we are in a crisis. we need to come together as a nation. we need congress to act and act now. if congress and president trump failed to act by the end of december, 12 million americans will lose their unemployment benefits. merry christmas. unemployment benefits allow them to keep food on theable, the lights on, the heat on, pay their bills. emergency paid leave will and.
-- end. the moratorium on evictions will expire. states will lose the vital funds they need to prevent covid deaths. laying awake at night, wondering what's going to happen tomorrow. it's going to be harder for states to keep students and educators safe in schools, to provide resources to keep small businesses alive. states and cities are facing large budget shortfalls this year, again through no fault of their own. they have laid off more than a million workers, even more teachers, firefighters,ops will lose their jobs unless the federal government steps up now. and all of this weakens our ability to fight the virus if we don't step up. emergency paid leave reduces the spread of covid because it
allows people to stay home when they are sick. states and cities need funding to direct their covid response, which is the only way we will lend the economic crisis as well. >> joe biden talking about the latestobs figures, the economy, and 240,000 -- 245,000 in november, below expectations. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... language specialists teaching spanish, french and more. raymonmes. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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♪ is provided by... developed by over 100 language specialists babbel teaches real life conversations in spanish, french, russian and more. babbel's 10 to 15 minute lessons are available as an app, or online at babbel.com. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life