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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  March 16, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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write down phone numbers for your parents, siblings and neighbors. ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ narrator: funding for presentation of this proam is provided by.. the freeman foundaon. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. woman: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ ♪ ♪
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ross: more european countries have suspended the rollout of the astrazeneca covid job. as vaccination centers lie idle in parts of the european union, its medical regulator says there is no evidencthis jab is unsafe. >> the benefits of the astrazeneca vaccine in preventing covid-19, with its associated risk of hospitalizations, outweigh the risk of these side effects. ross: children as young as 11 are being executed in the north of mozambique. it is believed islamist militants are to blame. the duke of edinburgh is home after his four-week hospital stay. welcome, whether you are watching on the bbc world news
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channel or pbs in america. yesterday, i was telling you a number of european countries suspended the astrazeneca vaccine. today, europe's medicines regulator repeated its message that the benefits outweigh the risks. >> there is no indication that vaccination is because these conditions. they have notome up in the clinical trials and are not listed as known or expected side effects with this vaccine. in clinical trials, both the ccinated people and the people who received the placebo have shown some very small numbers of blood clot developments. we don't -- the number of thromboembolic events overall in vaccinated people seems not to be higher than in the general population. ross: while the european medical organization's investigation is ongoing, we expect the outcome
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thursday. the u.k. medicines regulator and the world health organization have stressed there is no evidence of any connection between this vaccine and blood clots. on monday, the e.u.'s biggest members, germanyance, and italy, joined several other countries in suspending the astrazeneca job. sweden, portugal, latvia, pennsylvania followed suit. other countries, including austria, have halted the use of certain batches. meanwhile, the u.k., belgium, poland, czech republic, and ukraine continue to use it. countries which have suspended it say this is precautionary and point to norway. last week, it suspended the job after reporting four rare cases of bleeding, blood clots, and a low count of blood platelets. let's hear from the norwegian institute on their concerns. >> iis too difficult to conclude whether there is a link or not. we are in the midst of a
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pandemic which spreads the virus. people get blood clots from having covid-19 vaccines. we still have confidence in the vaccine. athe same time, the patients we are talking about are not having deep vein thrombosis, which could have quickly outcome in a very young population where this is not common. do not know if there is a relationship with the vaccination yet, but we are working as fast as we can to get clarity around this. another thini would like to point out is that looking at statistics is not enough to assess this issue. if you look at the numbers, the rates are very low, because there are few cases. you will not find these in the big numbers.
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that does not mean there is not a link between the vaccination and the symptoms, so we need to look further into that. ross: astrazeneca says 17 million people in the european union andhe u.k. have received its vaccine. of that number, 15 have suffered a blood clot known as deep vein thrombosis. wendy to have suffered a blood clot in the lungs, a pulmonary embolism. in total, there are 37 reports of blood clots, which is lower than in a normal population sample of the equivalent size. >> it really is baffling, is the only word i can use to describe it. i can't find any expert in the u.k., nor among those at astrazeneca or oxford, who understand the decisions and why they are being made. prudence and caution are very wise things to do, and we should look at potential side effects.
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every country has a system for monitoring vaccine safety. but it does look like the incidents of clots and serious clots is no higher among those who received the vaccine, and may be significantly lower, then among the general population. ross: in the last hour or so, france and italy have sent comments by the e.u. medicines agency are positive and that both countries could restart inoculating with astrazeneca quickly, if given the go-ahead by the ema, perhaps on thursday. however, some people's concerns in france are not going to go away quickly. let's hear from a doctor who is a french member of the european parliament and an oncologist. >> i agree that the clinical trials did not show any significant difference in effects between vaccinated
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people and people who received the placebo. but we are concerned during this temporary authorization on some specific cases arising in relatively young people. even if they are few obvious cases, think it is reasonable to cautiously review the individual data and make sure that we do not find a specific population or situation where maybe astrazeneca should not be the best way to vaccinate. ross: that is one french mep. return to germany. they published new data which said that of 1.6 million vaccinations, there have been seven cases of thrombosis, a clot to the brain, including three deaths. >> the experts concluded that
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within a population of 1.6 million people, you would ordinarily expect to see just over one case. statistically speaking here, you have got seven cases. that is why the government acted on the advice of those experts and suspended the vaccine. people here say that was heavy-handed as a decision. why not just investigate why you keep rolling out the vaccination program? the health ministry have said the cases are so severe it would not be responsible to keep vaccinating until we have reevaluated. it is a decision which has caused a lot of concern, a lot of anger. in germany every day, around 200 people are dying from covid. the vaccination program is very slow. just 8% of the population have received a first dose so far. a t of anger. the government telling us, the health ministry in particular, this is about trust, that they have an oblition if they are going to ask people to be vaccinated. they are obliged to make sure
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they react to reports like this and keep reevaluating the vaccine. it is all about making sure the public can trust in the vaccine. a lot of people say they are having the reverse effect. bringing in this decision, they are undermining trust not only in the astrazeneca vaccine here in germany, but also in the government ielf. ross: we have heard from france and germany. italy has a different calculation. the head of the medicine authority there says the decision was political. in "la repubblica," he says the decision was widely potive. "politico" says do not underestimate the european public sphere. france decided to suspend the astrazeneca jab in part because germany did, because there would be three days of stress after the german decision. and here is the view of the
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health policy editor for "the economist." >> if they have health concerns for citizens, they should support the vaccine. we do not know of any link between vaccination and blood clots. we simply don't. does not seem to be one. in the absence of evidence, if you were going to be precautionary, you would continue to vaccinate. as i am sure everyone is aware, the side effects of not having the vaccine are things like covid, hospitalization, organ damage, and death. we have to vaccinate. thousands of people are dying across europe and suspending vaccination is not a gooidea. it makes people worried about vaccines. ross: we should keep in mind the timing. there are already concerns over the pace of europe's vaccine program, which has been affected by shortages, supply delays, it also, slow take-up. the situation is urgent. according to the afp news
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agency, the number of deaths across europe has passed 900,000, the highest toll of any global region. european countries are apt to tighten restrictions. one is italy, which is back into a lockdown. let's hear from marco and -- mark owen in milan. mark: this was used as an astrazeneca vaccine site until 4:30 in the afternoon, when they closed all the astrazeneca sites across the country, hundreds of thousands of appointments canceled. it was a cruel twist of fate that the exact same day that italy started using museums, schools, gyms, and theaters as a mass national vaccine mobilization to try to triple daily doses by the middle of april, hours later, they suspended them. at a pfizer vaccination site which is still progressing. my head, i spoke to the over
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80's being vaccinated today. they expressed widespread confidence in the vaccine. many told me they would have been perfectly happy to have an astrazeneca jab. they said they felt people were trying to draw a link between medical problems when there were not any. one lady did say to me she felt it added to her sense of nervousness, and they were right to have suspended the astrazeneca vaccine while the full medical investigation is underway. the big picture is that this throws ita's vaccination rollout into disarray. italy hoped to have vaccinated 80% of the population by mid-september. that target may now be missed. ross: to the u.k. now. prime minister boris johnson has been outlining britai's foreign and defense policy priorities after brexit. it follows a year-long review which will see the u.k. shift its focus toward the pacific region. they plan to reduce a stockpile of nuclear weapons, reducing
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previous policy. this report does contain flashing. >> for years, britain's place in the world was defined by its relationship with the european union and the united states, but >> it changed things. now the government has a new approach to foreign affairs. one the prime minister says will keep people safe at home. mr. johnson: there are no faraway countries. there are not old obligations, but the necessityor safety and prosperity of british people in the decades ahead. >> one new idea is for britain toocus more on the indo pacific, boosting ties with growing economies like india, where boris johnson will travel next month. new partnerships with regional groups of southeast asian countries, members of a free trade agreement, and the hms queen elizabeth visiting the region later this year, to help
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joint operations with allies and make sure britain can project force overseas. but will it be enough? >> there will be questions about the details. what will this mean for the u.k. presence on the ground, for the resources it is willing to deploy in the region, and to some extent how much it is willing to listen to demands from the region as well? >> but what will this mean for britain's relationship with china? boris johnson says the u.k. should pursue a relationship with beijing, but it river sent a challenge to britain. >> china represents a generational threat, and the reason is, the idea that china would become more like us as its maternity -- it's economy matures is clearly for the birds. >> what will people here in the foreign office thing? whether it changes people's lives, this new focus on asia may be safer or more prosperous.
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will it neglect britain's interests closer to home? britain's commitment to your atlantic security is unequivocal, with nato at its heart. but there are regional threats. after salisbury poison attack, it is an acute threat to britain'security. >> russia is the number one threat we face both at hand abroad, but there was no strategy to work with our european partners to try to do with that challenge. there was no strategy to repair our defenses at home. >> to help tackle new threats, there will be a white house staff situation room near downing street and a new counterterrorism operations center. the report says there is evolving surity environment. an old-school weapon is not supposed to be a new strategy. james lerner, bbc news. ross: in a few minutes time, we
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will hear former first letting michelle obama sharing her thoughts on harry and meghan's interview. the police officer accused of the kidnap and murder of a woman walking home in london has appeared at the old bailey via video link. the case of sarah everard's death two weeks ago led to protests by women concerned about their safety on britain's streets. >> he sat through most of it with his head bowed. he was walking backwards and forwards as well. the court heard there had been a wide, extensive police investigation since sarah went missing. her body was found last week in kent, in a builders bag. she had to be identified through dental records. when cousins was on duty the
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morning she went missing at 9:00 p.m. in the evening, walking home from clapham. th court was told by the judge that he was setting a trial date on october 25, the trial due to last around four weeks. ♪ ross: our lead story is that europe's medical regulator says the benefits of the astrazeneca covid vaccine outweigh any risks. but more european countries have suspended its use. we turn to mozambique now, because more grim details are emerging. before i continue, i should warn you this story is distressing. there are claims children are being killed, some as young as 11 being beheaded according to reports. it is happening in mozambique's
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northernmost province. the province has seen an armed surgery since 2017. more than 2000 people have been killed in this violence, and almost three quarters of a million people have been displaced. an eight agency, as been speaking to those families, and report horrifying scenes of violence. chance: we have, as you said, seven hundred thousand people displaced, about one third of the province. the insurgents come in and burn everything. they are very violent. in some cases, they are going to youth and older children and saying, you must join us. sometimes they are asking the girls to come and cook for them and their's forced marriage. it is a very challenging situation. people are chased from their homes.
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they leave with nothing but the short on their back. the attacks are often at night. as we have reported in some cases, family members are killed , including children, in front of the people who they love. ross: let's look further at this insurgency and to the militants are. they are linked to the islamic state group, known locally as al-shabab. this group in mozambique has rarely given information about its motive, leadership, or demands, although it wants more money from regional national resources to reach local communities. andrew harding made it to a tn called palma in the region, the first international journalist to reach there, and this is part of the report. andrew: it looks alluring. but this is a place of terror.
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we are flying into a small town under siege, all roads cut, the outskirts unerringly empty. in town, we find traumatized families. these children fled the village on foot, seeking refuge here. one holds an i.d. card, his brother's, beheaded. and here is al-shabab, a homegrown insurgency linked to the islamic state group, with a taste for abductions and butchery. it's fighters have swept through this region with bewildering speed, a scorched earth offensive. against these militants, mozambique's government forces are struggling. they have hired private foreign security companies to help out, but both have been accused of human rights abuses. ross: here is the bbc's africa
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correspondent in johannesburg. >> the government in mozambique is overwhelmed. it has been going as far as trying to bring together private security companies to try to help in the fight against this insurgency. the country also appealed to the african union and to the international community. there has been a time when the government said it was offering help to take its own troops to mozambique to try to fight the insurgency. there has not been a lot of movement with countries in the region who would go into try to assist. ross: why do you think there has been that lack of movement? is it because there are knock on humanitarian situations beyond mozambique's borders? >> at this moment, it looks like
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that is the situation. this conflict is bound to split two neighboring countries if i is not controlled as soon as possible. more than 700,000 people have been displaced. 250,000 killed. they are beheading children as young as 11 years old. this insurgency is also intensifying in its brutality, and the calls from aid organizations and also the world for solutions to be found. wanting to make sure this conflict is put to an end. ross: you talk about thousands of people day -- being displaced from mozambique. where have they gone?
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>> some have fled on foot. others have fled by boat. the boats have also been capsizing, leading to more deaths. ross: from johannesburg to the u.k., because prince philip is back after being discharged from hospital. nicholas mitchell reports. >> shielded by a screen, a patient evidently in a wheelchair was brought out from the hospital. the vehicle left. the duke of edinburgh was safely aboard. as the car drove away, photographers caught sight of him sitting in the rear of the vehicle. little haseen said from the palace about the reasons for his hospital stay, other than that he had been suffering from an infection and an unspecified pre-existing heart condition. the treatment, evidently having been successful, he was on his way to be reunited with the
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queen at windsor. for the royal family, it was welcome news. the prince of wales was visiting a vaccination clinic at finsbury park mosque in north london in the news about his father was confirmed. and had he had a chance to speak to his father? the queen has continued with her official program throughout her husband's stay in hospital, marking commonwealth day as well as coping with the fallout from the u.s. television interview given by the sussexes. >> lets break some news. what did they say? >> in the aftermath, one of megan's friends has been sharing with her viewers with the couple told her at the weekend. >> i did call to see how they were feeling and it is true. has talked to his brother and his father.
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the conversations were not prodve, but they have started a conversation. >> here, the families focus is firmly on the duke of edinburgh. in fewer than 90 days, it will be his 100th birthday. it will be a matter of reassurance to the family that his four weeks in hospital are now over andis doctors have decided he is well enough to return home. nicklas winchell, bbc news. ross: the former first lady in the u.s., michelle obama, has shared her thoughts, speaking to nbc news -- nbc nightly news. shall -- >> what went through your mind? michelle: public svice is a bright, sharp, hot spotlight, and most people don't understand it, nor should they. none of this is about us in public service. it is about the people that we
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serve. i always try that -- try to push the light back out and focus it on the folks that we are actually here to serve. >> what about when she talked about the fact that she experienced racism? i feel like that was heartbreaking, to hear that she felt like she was, in her own family, her own family thought differently of her. michelle: racism is constant in this world for people of color, so it was not a complete surprise to hear her feelings and to have them articulated, i think. the thing i hope for and think about is that this first and foremost is a family, and i pray for forgiveness and he narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. ♪ ♪ man: you're watching pbs. narrator: stream the best of pbs on any device with the pbs video app. all your favorite drama, history, science, news, and documentaries all in one place. watch your pbs station live or catch up on the shows you missed. support your pbs station and you can get "passport" giving your full seasons, early releases, special collections and more. gethe pbs video app now and stream the best of pbs anytime. anywhere.
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♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. woman: and now, "bbc world news". >> i'm katty kay in washington.
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