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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  April 14, 2021 5:00pm-5:30pm PDT

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♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freemafoundation by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. woman: and now, "bbc world news". >> hello.
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this is "outside source." president biden announces the withdrawal of u.s. forces from afghanistan, 20 years after they went in all of the 9/11 attacks. >> it is time to end america's longest war. it is time for american troops to come home. >> a policewoman is to face manslaughter charges over the fatal shooting of a young black man, donte wright, in minneapolis. at the derek chauvin trial, a friend and apologist says hard issues and drugs contributed to george floy's death. >> mr. floyd had a sudden cardiac arrhythmia due to his hypertensive heart disease. anchor: denmark becomes the first country in europe t abandon use of the astrazeneca coronavirus vaccine, even though european regulators say the benefits of the jab outweigh the risks. ♪
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welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around low. around the globe. american president joe biden has formally announced the withdrawal of u.s. forces from afghanistan, 20 years after they first went in following th 9/11 terrorist attacks. just a few minutes ago, president biden said the u.s. will continue to give support at the diplomatic and humanitarian level. it will no longer support the afghanistan military. >> we cannot continue the cycle of expanding our military presence in afghanistan hoping to create ideal conditions for the with all him and expecting a different desk for the -- for the withdrawal, and expecting a different result. i am the fourth u.s. president to preside over the true
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presence in afghanistan, to republicans -- two republicans, two democrats. i wilnot pass this responsibility on to a fifth. after consulting with our military leaders, intelligence personnel, diplomats, the congress and the vice president as well as with many others around the world, i concluded that it is time to end america's longest war. it is time for american troops to come home anchor: let's take a couple of minutes look at the history of the u.s. military presence in afghanistan. the united states has spent $2 trillion and lost more than 2000 service members since 2001 in what has been its longest war. at his side, there were more than 100,000 u.s. troops stationed in afghanistan. today -- at its height, there were more than 100,000 u.s.
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troops in afghanistan. today, there are about 6000 as part of a nato mission area correspondent gary o'donoghue has been listening to esident biden in washington and i asked how he thinks congress will react. >> the opposition will react very angrily. we have seen some of that in preview with senate republican leader mitch mcconnell, talking about the americans wrapping up afghanistan in paper and handing it back to their adversaries. other republicans will be less forceful than that, because a number of those who believe that america gets bogged down in these kinds of wars and needs to get out of them quickly. and there was the previous president's vw, who signed the agreement with taliban to withdraw american troops by may 1. so there will be a range of reactions, i am sure. after 20 years, those troops coming home, several thousand
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left in afghanistan, but there are a lot of questions about whether what has been achieved will be undone when american troops leave. the taliban is already on the rise again in afghanistan, taking territory, will it suddenly find itself back in as the government of afghanistan in time? and what would tt achieve? the esident also talked about disrupting and degrading al qaeda in afghanistan. most people would agree with that. but we saw in 2011 when america left iraq, that they believed the job had been done there. and it created a vacuum into which isis came to take over most of syria, most of iraq, and sparked another conflict which the u.s. had to get involved with, albeit without large numbers of troops on the ground, still had to get back involved. so all sorts of questions are raised by this. anchor: i have seen earlier that
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a cia report was out today, director william burns saying that this is in fact not the right time and it could cause a risk to u.s. security. i am wondering if this more in afghanistan and mr. biden speaking, is it at the front of americans' minds? >> yes the issue troops here is always at the top of the political agenda, and incredibly emotive subject in america. it is incredibly important politically for all sites to have strong views in these areas. and most politicians do want to bring troops home as a standard political mantra, if you like. in terms of the establishment, the cia director from what i have seen was questioning whether america would get the same kd of intelligence out of that region without having that kind of personnel on the ground. they are saying that might prove
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harder. their argument is they can do it by other means. it may take longer, it may not be quite as full, but they do have other methods in late -- methods in place. and global terror threats like al qaeda and isis are not the threat they once were. this is not my observation, it is one worth repeating, the annual assessment of the global threat to the united states national security. there was 27 pages released yesterday and just one page on global terrorism. you can see that focus of this country is moving away from roots like aqaeda and isis to more focused on china, russia, and other threats from iran and north korea as well. anchor: thanks very much to gary. the conflict has taken a huge toll on afghanistan and afghan civilians. let's look at the numbers. i 2020, more than 43,000 civilians were estimated to have died -- by 2020, more than
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43,000 civilians were estimated to have died violent deaths in afghanistan. the news on the streets of kabul has been met with disappointment. >> the americans have not fulfilled their responsibility to afghanistan. theiresponsibility waso ensure a strong government, the rule of law and democracy. and to ally fears of terrorism, drugs, intervention by other countries. the u.s. should not leave until it has filled these response abilities. anchor: let's hear more now from our kabul editor. >> if you speak with the people in the cities, mainly they are worried because they have the memories of the 1990's, when many were fighting one another for the power. if american troops or international forces withdraw without a plan, without a full control of the government,
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without rooting out corruption, this will be a bigroblem for society, for the achievements they have got nearly two decades after 9/11. anchor: let us turn to our chief inrnational correspondent, lyse doucet. with her in just a moment, but let me bring you a couple more lines from what joe biden was saying. he is urging pakistan to do more to support afghanistan. he said the u.s. is to hold that taliban accountable on ghanistan. we are able to reconnect with chief international correspondent lyse doucet. great to have you with us. really interesting to watch joe biden, and just incredible to think 20 years has passed. perhaps you could put in context for our viewers just have signicant this announcement, this moment is, for afghanistan. lyse: it was so interesting
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listening to joe biden, and the fration in his voice, empathizing that he -- emphasizing that he is the fourth american president, he his words going over the same cycle, extending u.s. forces in afghanistan and expending -- and expecting different results. it is time to come home, he said. i don't think afghans want for forces to stay a day longer than necessary. but i think from the very beginning, no one can forget what happened in afghanistan, anyone they are in those heady months after the 9/11 attacks. and the joy among afghans after the fall of the taliban, that last taliban would return to the international fold, that international aid and rater security would come. but i think there was a misunderstanding from the very start about how difficult, how complex it was going to be to get afghanistan back on its feet
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after decades of war. and over the last two decades, mistakes have been made on all sides, among generations of afghan leaders, the u.s. and other nato forces who have gone in. afghanistan is a different place than it was in 2001, but many believe it should be in a better place and certainly not in a place where the taliban seem poised to return to power. there is fear of a dissented to civil war. -- there is fear of a descent into civil war. this is not where afghanistan wants to be 20 years after the fall of the taliban. anchor: joe biden was mentioning may 1, the original deadline, now september 11. what has the reaction been the taliban to this announceme? lyse: very strong. very critical. they are insisting still at
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least in public that the americans have to keep their word, saying, well, if america broke its word, it is the first agreement last year of a withdrawal by may the first, how can we believe them now when they say they will leave september 11? let's see if it changes over time. but right now, they are refusing to go to any peace talks until all troops leave. anchor: let's hope afghanistan remains secure. lyse doucet, thank you. ♪ anchor: let's move now to minneapolis, a big development there in the police shooting of 20-year-old dante right =-- daunte wright. local media reporting kim copter, the police officer who shot writ, will be charged with second-degree murder. daunte wright was killed in
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brooklyn center, a suburb outside minneapolis. police released this bodycam video soon after paid let's look. this is the moment mr. wright was pulled over for a minor traffic violation on sunday. police determined he had an outstanding arrest war dead they tried to handcuff him. when he tried to reenter his vehicle, an officer yelled taser , taser, before he was shot. police say the offer intended to use her taser at the shooting was accidental. the family of daunte wright do not step that version of events. they released this statement through their lawyer benjamin crump. they say that, while we appreciate the district attorney pursuing justice, no conviction can give the wright family their loved one back. this was an intentional use of force paid this was no accident. we heard from civil rights activist rev. al sharpton. here is what he had to say on the manslaughter charges. >> manslaughter 2 is the least
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she should get, the least. possibly more. when you look at the fact you are dealing with a 26 year veteran, if she didn't know in 26 years the difference in size and weight of a gun as opposed to a taser, then how was she a veteran? how was she even on the force that long, when you know you put your gun on your dominant side and your taser on your least dominant side? absolutely, that raises a point of criminality. anchor: al sharpton, speaking in the past hour paid let's go to minneapolis and speak to our correspondent. lay, talk to us about these charges of kim potter for manslaughter two, as al sharpton was calling it. will it make a difference to the
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anger, the tension in brooklyn center? larry: the second degree manslaughter charge against kim potter is unlikely to make a huge difference with protesters, family, and the wider community that this is just another sign of a broken, racist policing system. kim potter is in custody. she's being held in the hennepin county jail without fail. the second degree manslaughter charge carries a maximum sentence of 10 years in the state of minnesota and/or a fine of $10,000. she was in the police force for 26 years and resigned yesterday. the mayor of this small suburb north of minneapolis says he does not accept her resignation, perhaps keeping an option open fostronger action against her later. this is still under investigation by the minnesota bureau of criminal apprehension, that also investigated the case of george floyd last may. anchor: let me turn then, larry,
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to the protests. some pictures we were seeing last night were again violent. is it possible to know during the day what might transpire later? larry: it is not a was possible, but often the organizing happens on social media. you already see posts telling people to gather. they had a vigil yesteay, a memorial. and then it loads up into the protest, which often degenerates into these riots. i was at one of the protests two days ago outside brooklyn center police station. and the chant they have is, there are no good cops in a racist system. they see this blue wall of silence that exists in america. law enforcement officers often protect each other and don't testify against each her. there often is, whenever there is a case of police brutality when a black american died after an encounter, they will just say
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there was a few bad apples and many police officers are good. that is not the feeling people get here, because the system protects them. as president obama put out in a statement yesterday, there is a need to reimagine policing in a way that does not end what afrin americans see as a death sentence when they encounter police. anchor: thank you so much for giving us context to some of the stories we are covering today. we want to stay with minneapolis, because not far from where daunte wright was killed, the trial of former minneapolis police officer derek chauvin over the killing of geor floyd continues, about 16 kilometers from one to the other. the defense is calling former witnessesoday. the jury heard from dr. david fowler, a retired forensic pathologist who said he would catego george floyd's cause of death is undetermined. >> in my opinion, mr. flight had a -- mr. floyd had a sudden
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cardiac arrhythmia due to his atherosclerotic and hypertensive part disease. can write -- hypertensive heart disease. you can write that down multiple ways. during his restraint by police, and his significant contributory conditions's would be, since i -- conditions, since i put heart disease in part one, he would have methamphetamine, exposure to vehicle exhaust, potentially carbon monoxide poisoning, or at least an effect from increased carbon monoxide in his blood stream, and the natural disease process that he had. all of those combined to cause mr. floyd's death.
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anchor: dr. david fowler there. let hear from our correspondent, who has been following this trial. larry: dr. david fowler' s testimony is critical to the defense of officer derek chauvin . the prosecution brought six medical experts. witnesses told the jury george floyd died because of brain damage that caused his heart to stop. they went into extreme detail that was very technical, but the jury paid attention to most of it. dr. david fowler saying the exact opposite, telling the jury that is not true, what led to the death of george floyd was his underlying health problems, his use of drugs, fentanyl and amphetamine in his system, was the exhaust, carbon monoxide from where he was lying, and only a little bit of the subdural restraint. this is also in contradiction of what the coroner ruled after an
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autopsy on the body of george floyd. medical examiner dr. andrew baker in his report said the manner of death was a homicide. the manner of death is whated to the death, and dr. david fowler told the jury this is undetermined. it is impossible to determine -- impossible to determine because of all those factors combined. in plain language, he is saying that the exact meant derek chauvin was kneeling on george floyd's net, these other factors conspired to kill him. anchor: listening to it, we heard from a cardiologist the other day that seemed to give a different description of events. it was an awful lot pick through. i'm curious, we saw al sharpton speaking, larry, going back to daunte wright. you think his speaking out in addition to benjamin crump will make a difference?
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larry: al sharpton is black america' as pastor and benjamin crump has now become black america's lawyer. every time there is an experience of a lack family dealing with the trauma and pain of losing a family member, it is al sharpton praying with them and it is often been crump -- benjamin crump trying to represent them in court and get a civil settlement. their combined attention to these cases helped raise the national platform and galvanize some action. the problem and issues that lack lives matter protesters raised last summer are the exact same at the trial of derek chauvin in the death of daunte wright. they think there is systemic racism and america needs to confront the racial bias in policing and other aspects of daily life. anchor: stay with us on "outside source," still to come, denmark
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comes the first country in europe to abandon the astrazeneca coronavirus vaccine, even though european regulators say benefits outweigh the risks. ♪ anchor: the jailed financier beie made off has died in a u.s. prison. -- bernie madoff has died in u.s. prison, where he was serving a 150 year sentence for a u.s. investment scheme. reporter: what product crumbly down was the financial crisis of 2008. when it became clear he wasn't able t money they were owed, it came crashing down. 65 million dollars is the estimated amount he defrauded 37,000 people out of. it is important to note that, look, some people that were defrauded incde hollywood a listers like steven spielberg, kevin bacon, author ellie was
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out -- allelie weisel. but it was pensioners and others who really felt the weight of his trail. ♪ anchor: this is "outside source," live from our bbc newsroom. our lead story is coming u.s. president joe biden has formally announced the withdrawal of u.s. troops from afghanistan on september 11 of this year. ♪ last week, the european medicines regulator, the ema, announced a possible link between the astrazeneca jab and rare blood clots but said the risk of dying from the virus was much greater. today, denmark can the first country in europe to stop using the vaccine entirely. let's look together at the statement from the danish health
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authority. they said, we have decided to continue the vaccination against covid-19 without the vaccine from astrazeneca. it did not rule of using the astrazeneca vaccine again at another te. denmark was the first of several eu countries to postpone use of the astrazeneca vaccine last month. most eu countries have no resumed vaccinations with astrazeneca, but mainly for their older populations. the ema says it is up to individual states to make her own risk assessments and decide how to administer the vaccine. here is denmark's national health board explaining. >> we have chosen to continue our vaccine rolloutoday without astrazeneca. it is not because we believe it is a bad vaccine. we agree with the regulator. our decision is contextual and specific to the specific situation in denmark, knowing we have vaccinated most of our risk
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population. we are rolling out vaccines at a very high value, even despite the loss of the astrazeneca vaccine, and we have good control over our epidemic. anchor: the ema is also making recommendations on the safety of the johnson & johnson jab. that has also been linked to blood clots. we should stress these events are extremely rare. yesterday, the u.s. health authorities recommended causing rollout inhe states after it texted six cases out of 6.8 million who had the jab. remember, six at of 6.8 million. on tuesday, johnson & johnson announced it would pause of the relative the jab to the european union. there has been confusion among member states about what to do with those is that have already been delivered. some have indicated they might continue with the rollout. elgin, for example, has 36,000 doses and -- belgium, for example, has 36,000 doses and
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plans to use them. sweden has announced plans would pause plans to start johnson & johnson vaccinations pending the ema review. they have 31,000 doses. both johnson & johnson and astrazeneca vaccines work by a similar method known as adenoviral vectors. various experts have talked about exactly what might happen if they pause, and the effect it might have on nations as they try to have the vaccination rollout. but we can't continue to follow those stories online. just find us on bbc news pay don't forget, you can add in touch with me and all of the team on twitter. back with you on narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation.
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pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. ♪ ♪ man: you're watching pbs. narrator: stream the best of pbs on any device with the pbs video app. all your favorite drama, history, science, news, and documentaries all in one place. watch your pbs station live or catch up on the shows you missed. discover new favorites from pbs and locally produced shows from your station. get the pbs video app now and stream the best of pbs anytime. anywhere.
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♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers ke you, thank you. woman: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ >> i am katty kay in washington and this is “c


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