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tv   BBC World News Today  PBS  August 13, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this prentation of this program is provided by... narrator: cfo. caregiver. eclipse chaser. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> this is bbcg to the u.k. and around the world. fears for kabul as the taliban now controls the third of capitals and afghanistan after capturing kandahar. >> we're waiting to see how things will unfold with a mixture of fear and resignation. >> fears mount of a humanitarian crisis as families flee. in the u.k., a father and his three-year-old daughter are among e victims named in the countries mass -- worst mass
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shooting since 2010. much of southern europe continues to bake. bone dry after one of the hottest summers ever recorded. in antarctica, -- ♪ >> hello and welcome. the u.n. has urged afghanistan's neighbors to keep their borders open potentially allowing tens of thousands of people fleeing fighting against the taliban to reach safety. agencies are warning of a humanitarian catastrophe as the militants continue their advance across the country. the taliban have made rapid gains since july. red shows where they had control. since then, more districts have
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fallen under their control leaving the map looking like this. the latest reports suggest they now control another provincial capital just 45 miles south of >> a and economic powerhouse. the taliban were born in this province. to show off their gains, groups fighters film themselves walking through the provincial governor's office. and released this video showing a traffic policeman welcoming them. after days of fierce fighting, forces retreated. here, they are seen leaving the city. this person work to educate
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girls. she fled before the ty was captured. >> i am sad. i'm lost. >> how do you feel about the u.s. and u.k. sending and troops. >> you get to be evacuated if you come from a strong economy. if you come from a weaker country, you are not important. >> hours before konta heart, anher trade center was captured close to the border. in the weeks leading up to the fall, influential program leader led the battle against the taliban. now, he has been captured by the insurgent group. helmet provinces also under the control. 15 provinces falling in seven days have raised questions about the future of the afghan capital. what has happened here in just
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the span of a week has taken people here the government and its international -- by surprise. those who have the means are fleeing the country. flights are completed booked. for the majority of the population, they are waiting to see how things will unfold with a mixture of fear, anger, and resignation. >> many believe the government has let them down. >> i have had to flee from my hometown because the taliban captured it. they killed three of my brothers. afghan forces are not fighting, they're just handing over control. >> the fighting is less than one hour from kabul. many of the wounded have been coming to this hospital. 14-year-old was injured in an explosion. his lost and i and had his arm amputated. >> one of my brothers was also
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killed in the fighting when yuriko. if my mother finds out what has happened to me, she will have a stroke. >> more than 1000 have been killed in the past month and a country engulfed by suffering. >> and assigned of their growing alarm, the u.s. and britain are sending tros back into afghanistan to help evacuate the nationals. now to our washington correspondent. quite a sense of urgency around this evacuation. >> yes and that's why you have seen this rapid deployment of around 3000 u.s. troops to the airport in kabul. the bulk of them will be there by the end of the weekend. they are there not just to
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evacuate members of the embassy, but also thousands of afghans who are applying for these special immigrant visas because they have worked with the u.s. government and military and it would be of -- at risk of retribution and retaliation at the hands he taliban. they are also sending a lot of aircraft, a heavy lift to get those numbers out potentially thounds per day. this has really turned around in the last week. none of this was planned. none of this was expected. the americans were down to 600 troops in the capital, andow they are back to almost 4000. parks what is the mood from the general public and among politicians? there has been some international criticism regarding america pulling out its troops. what is the mood around the country? >> there is a lot of concern.
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a lot of groups, humanitarian groups, human rights groups are very concerned about what will happen to afghanistan as the taliban take con entirely. particularly women and girls and the strides of education that have been taken place over the last 20 years. the creation of a civil society, a free media, all those kinds of things. potentially at risk. biden administration coming to criticism from republicans as you would expect. talking about it being a reckless policy. leading to disaster. no signs that the biden administration is preparing to change its policy. it is fixed on this route and it faces e prospect for the american republic that on the anniversary, the 20th anniversary of 9/11 which comes up next month, they could see
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the taliban back in power. >> that is a sobering thought. we can stay with this now speaking to ricky dear journal -- general. thank you for coming on to talk to us. we have seen 15 provinces falling to the taliban in seven days. are you surprised by the gains that they have made? >> i am and i think any military observer would be surprised as well. it is not unprecedented throughout history to sethis type of collapse. with the forces being trained so well we put so much time and effort into, it is coming to a surprised. >> against this backdrop of america and its allies rushing tovacuate citizens, we have heard from a number of people and international communities,
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former generals as well and from mitch mcconnell who called joe biden's afghanistan policy recklessnd is urging president biden to roll back on this sending more troops into afghanistan, do you share that view? >> i went through the experience of iraq withdrawal in 2011. that was done quite methodically and carefully, but within a couple of years, isis came across the border and at that point, the entire iraqi army collapsed and it wasn't until the americans came back in in 2014 along with the militia that isis was stopped and pushed back. that is something that could be done here. the introduction of american troops and some combat power in assistance of the afghan national security forces would certainly halt if not reverse these gains. >> america is saying that this is not an abandonment.
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it might be seen that way and we can see why in afghanistan. how is this affecting morale with the afghan army? >> it is the morale within the army that is causing the entire collapse. they watched their american counterparts and the dish counterparts leave one day, leave nothing behind,o trainers, no advisors, no air controllers. they are saying if these guys are gone, who is there to help us? we have seen armies collapse like this, as i said. in this case, when the afghan military the individual soldiers said why should i bother to fight if there is nothing there for me? >> we heard from our correspondent there talking about the fact that there seems to be very little concern about pushing this in a different direction within america in terms of getting more trips back
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into afghanistan. how much does that concern you and what do you think we will see happen in afghanistan as a result? >> i think gary is right. they are focused inward at this point the challenges being faced. when we see the pictures and videos coming out of translators being hung, the women that we have paid for to go to school tting killed, there is enough of a blowback inside the beltway right now that we can see the blowback if it gets to be an embarrassment the average american can't stand. >> thank you for your time. the bbc has condemned russia's expulsion of one of its moscow correspondence describing it as a direct assault on media
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freedom. the russian authority says they will not extend her visa which expires at the end of the month. bbc director general said she was an exceptional and fearless journalist who is -- who's independent reporting informed millions of people around the world. spokesperson implied on social media that it was a response to the treatment of russian correspondence and britain. stay with us here on bbc news. still to come, and antarctica, the iberg almost asig as london being monitored from space by scientists. ♪ >> the big crowds became bigger as the time of the funeral approached. as the lines of fans came longer, the police prepared for huge job of crowd control
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uganda's brutal former dictator has died at the age of 80. he has been buried in saudi arabia he lived in exile. 2 billion people around the world have seen the last total equips of the sun to take place in this millennium. the journey off the coast ending three hours later when the sunset over the bay of bengal. >> hello, you're watching bbc news. police in the u.k. have released
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details of a shooting in plouth. it was the worst mass shooting in the u.k. since 2010. a father and his daughter are among the victims. 22-year-old went on a shooting rampage sparked by domestic incident. they have announced it will investigate how he came to be in possession of a weapon and a certificate for the shotgun. >> it took six minutes for this quie cul-de-sac to become the place of the biggest mass shooting in a decade. he was on the street at 6:00 last night when the shooting started. he walked right past his neighbor who wasarrying a gun.
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>> i heard a bang. he was walking toward me. i could smell the gunfire. i swerved around him. i noticed a woman in the corner laid on the doorstep. >> when you bumped into him, what did he look like? how did he seem? >> vacant. >> the incident staed at a house in plymouth where he shot and killed his 51-year-old mother. he then went onto the road and fired again killing three-year-old girl and her father. the gunmen then headed to a nearby park. shooting and injuring another man and woman.
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they are now being treated in hospital. in the park, he killed a 59-year-old man before heading to henderson place where he shot his fifth victim, a 66-year-old who later died in hospital. it was here that he later shot himself. he was declared dead on scene. >> we believe we have an incident that is domestically related has spilled into the street and has seen several people losing their lives and tragic circumstances. >> it's bad. >> this neighbor will never forget the sound of the gunfire. >> it was like this and it was a couple of seconds then again and again. >> how long was there between each shot? >> five seconds. then another then another.
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such a young person. >> in this close community, many people know the victims. >> i feel devastated. >> paris and billy found out that the youngest to be killed was just three years old. >> heartbroken. >> it wasn't nice. was devastating. >> it makes everything worse. being a child. >> it's going to be different forever. >> nothing is ever going to be the same. >> tonight, a community vigil beheld and counseling has been offered as the city tries to make sense of what has happened. let's bryou more on our top story. situation in afghanistan. the u.k. prime minister has chaired a meeting of the government emergency committee to discuss the worsening
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situation in the country and plans to help ratriate u.k. citizens. our correspondent looks at the strategy. >> this was kabul this morning. on the face, business as usual. the taliban advce is growing ever closer with officials admitting it could fall within weeks. with the u.s. and britain preparing to fly out their own citizens, there is a sense that the country will soon be on its own. >> the last 36 hours has been intense because of the speed in which the insurity and the takeovers have happed. there is worry now amongst the eight agencies that we are not going to be able to serve the serious she military and crisis. >> these targeted actions are designed to disrupt afghanistan as a terrorist base of operations >> america and its allies including britain when in soon
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after the attacks on the u.s. on 9/11. the initial goal to prevent afghanistan from being a safe haven for al qaeda. subsequent efforts over the past 20 years to create a more stable country now largely appear to have been futile. the prime minister admitting there is no military sion. >> what we can do is work with all our partners in the region who share an interest with us in helping afghanistan from becoming a breeding ground for terror. >> the location is of strategic importance. to the north, the former soviet states. all of whom still have close ties to russia. to the west is iran which has already seen an influx of refugees. the largest border is with
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pakistan which in e past has been accused by the west of providing shelter and support. further to the east is china. what happens next really matters. >> when the soviet union troops left in 1989, they started fighting each other. the countries in the region poured fuel on the fire. the fear is now because you he lots of -- there is a danger that it could happen again. >> the u.s. and britain leave a country in limbo. the question is not what it was all for, but can they really afford to stand by as afghanistan once again descends into civil war. >> a heat wave is sweeping much of southern europe and through much of southern europe and
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wildfires are still raging across the region. the italian island of sicily registered 48 .8 degrees celsius on wednesday which would be the continents highest temperature ever recorded. to put that in context, the average temperature is around 35 degrees. our correspondent is there. >> they climbed to the coolest place around. the peak of an active volcano. when mighty mount etna is a relief from the heat, you know it is an extreme. agent has it ancient god of fire worked beneath the mountain. for the tourists, he still feels close. >> booked the holidays half a ye ago. we didn't do anything. >> would you have come if you knew how hot it would be? >> no. >> it's bad. it's totally hot.
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here, we came and we enjoyed a lot because there are apoximately 15 degrees less than to the city. >> italy is sweltering. sicily hitting 48.8 degrees this week believed to be the highest temperature ever recorded in europe. it is fueling wildfires. 500 have torn to theountry killing four people. firefighters are battling for hours. the heatwave has been triggered by an empty cyclone. an area of high pressure across southern europe and north africa. the fires and the scorching temperatures are likely to pass in the coming days. this is not a temporary phenomenon. our climate is heating and humid activity is a major factor behind it. sicily and other areas could see more and worse than this in the years to come.
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they have the right idea. from sicily, there are a few other places to go. >> the heat, it is so hot. >> she comes here every year and she has never known it like this. >> may be climate change? i'm que scared that that is the reason why, because it has never been quite as hot. it has never been like this. >> are you worried about the fires? >> yes, they are terrifying. >> for the sun seekers, it fun. after the lockdowns, italy is thirsty for tourists. they will need quenching also. >> the british antarctic survey says it doesn't know when scientists can return to one of its research stations. that is because of the danger posed by a giant iceberg that is almost the size of london. >> it was the briefest and
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gentlestf icy kisses. the colossal iceberg weighing billions of tons scrapes past a region of antarctic. it was the moment the british antarctic survey had been anticipating for months. the expectation was the iceberg would knock into and dislodge another vast and unstable piece of ice that is sitting in front of the research station. the fact that nothing was dislodged this time will be a frustration for the british antarctic survey. until the unstable ice comes away, the base must close every winter on safety grounds. this impacts the science that can be done at this important location. it is here that they discoved and continue to monitor the hole in the ozone layer. icebergs this size are impressive, but they're not necessarily an indicator of
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climate change. antarctic balances e amount of snow falling on the interior of the continent by routinely discharging blocks of ice at its margins. >> we don't have that long over record -- of a record. it is hard to tell the frequency of events is increasing. we do know that ice fronts and part of the antarctic peninsula are further back than some of the historical locations. >> the survey will continue to track the iceberg and the behavior of the ice shelf. it is entirely possible the icebergs embrace delivered some unseen damage. if that's the case, the expected breakaway of ice could happen in the days ahead. >> that is all for now. i will see you again in a short ile.
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as always, you can find me and some of the team on twitter. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: cfo. caregiver. ecpse chaser. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. fe well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter um kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.

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