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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  September 21, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial visor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ russ: hello, i'm ross atkins, with "outside source." president biden re-engaging with the world as he addresses the general assembly. >> we will stand up for our allies and friends and oppose the attempts of stronger companies -- couries to dominate eager ones. we are not seeking a new cold war. ross: president ben spoke about climate change and the race to vaccinate the world. also in new york, president olson aro of brazil went for a pizza and had to eat it outside. we will get into the reasons why
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area we will also hear the pakistani prime minister speaking to the bbc about afghanistan, saying it will take time for women to gain their rights under the taliban. and a striker gives me his take on the state of football. >> it'sn a precipice, seems to always have been. always seems to manage to stay alive. ♪ we will start in new york, where over 100 world leaders are attending the u.n. general assembly. they are there in person, something that couldn't have happened last year because of covid and there were a number of issues that were certain to come up. climate change, pandemic, afghanistan. let's begin with what president biden had to say. >> we have ended 20 years of conflict in afghanistan and as
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we close out this time of relentless war, we are open to a new era of relentless diplomacy. ross: he spoke enthusiastically in support of multilateralism and had an apparent acid for china. >> the united states will compete and compete vigorously, leading with values and strength , standing up for our allies and our friends and oppose attempts by stronger countries to dominate eager ones, whether through changes to territory by force, economic coercion, technical exploitation or just disinformation. we are not seeking, say it again, we are not seeking a new cold war. ross: the meeting was opened by the u.n. secretary general addressing mobile division. >> we have seen an explosion in seizures of power by worse. military coups are back.
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the unity of the iernational community is not helping. geopolitical division is undermining and limiting the capacity of the security council to make the necessary decisions. a sense of impunity is taking hold. at the same time, it would be impossible to address the economic challenges while the world's two largest economies are in talks with each other -- aren't in talks with each other. ro: let's bring lauren in live. howid you assess that description of the world? >> it's interesting that the u.n. secretary general is ihis second term and clearly deals able to tell it like he sees it, which is with these twin challenges of covid and climate change. he feels that world leaders must
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come together if there is to be any chance of solving any of the issues that confront the world and that these questions of mistrust, as he puts it, are fueling conspiracyories, fueling attacks against migrants . so he is really drawing the threads together that he sees in front of him in what was a very powerful speech. now he is saying to world aders that it's down to you. in six weeks there is an important climate change conference. it is up to you leaders to a re-on how to opt the temperature warming. he laid it right there on the line. ross: stay with me. you mentioned climate change inevitably on the agenda and leaders are trying to firm up commitments ahead of this major summit in glasgow in six weeks. we had this pledge from joe
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biden. >> in april i announced the united states would double public international financing to help developing nations tackle the climate crisis and today i'm proud to announce that we are working with congress to double that number again, including for adaptation effort. this will make the united stas the leader of public climate finance and with added support together with increased private capital from other donors, we will be able to meet the goal of mobilizing $100 billion to support climate action in developing nations. ross: diplomacy continues in new york and in washington. you might remember their first face-to-face meeting. there was an elbow bump and boris johnson hailed the indestructible relationship. we will be hoping for similar
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comments at the white house in a couple of hours. they of course have some issues to talk about, noteast of which being the withdrawal of troops from afghanistan. let's go back to laura again on this. despite the differences on afghanistan, things seem to be ok this week? >> yes, boris johnson got the train, in fact, climate friendly mode transport modeling. boris johnson is remembered for brexit, his policy and global written, it's important for written to be seen as a key ally of the united states in this recent security pact with australia and the u.s., where the submarine technology shared with britain since the 19 50's will now be shared with the australians, this positions britain well as part of the pivot to asia led by the biden administration and what boris johnson would like from the
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united states is a trade deal area barack obama -- deal. barack obama said that they would be at the back of the queue after brexit. that one is moot, but nothing would probably please the british more than the fact tt the french are furious and calling them opportunistic after the fact that the british were in the security lines with the australians and the french lost out on selling those subrines. for now boris johnson gets to showcase his alliance with the american presint with a visit to the white house. what about the chinese? when do they have their moment? >> that is coming up later today. it's a prerecorded message from president she, witchel b interesting because president biden talked about not seeking a new cold war. he wasn't specific that it was
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with china but the u.n. secretary general was more correct -- direct and said he didn't want to see two superpowers having two completely different approaches to the world because it was a recipe for trouble. we will see what president she -- president xi has to say and it will be interesting to hear what he has to say about vaccine diplomacy as the chinese have given to billion doses of different vaccines to the world and while they may not be as effective as the u.s. vaccines, the chinese are ahead, something that president biden will be talking about tomorrow when he hosts a virtual summit on giving vaccines to the world and make mo of a commitment on the u.s. sider at least exhort others to do more. ross: laura, thank you very much indeed area last week the authorities ithe city said to the u.n., please guarantee that
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the world leaders coming to town will be vaccinated to which the u.n. said we cannot offer you that guaranteed area one of the reasons why, the restaurant had him eating outside. in his speech mr. bolsonaro turned to his opposition to vaccine passports. >> we support the vaccination. however, our government has positioned itself against health past work or other vaccine-related obligations. since beginning a pandemic we have supported the autonomy of doctors in the west for early treatments following the recommendations of counsel, i myself underwent the early treatment. we respect the patient-doctor relationship and the decision for off label use and we do not
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understand why so many countries as well as the media positioned themselves against early treatment. history and science will hold everyone accountable. ross: a bigger topic, still, the uneven rollout of vaccines around the world. here is antonio again. >> t majority of the world, vaccinated. 90% of africans, still waiting for the first dose. this is a moral indictment of the state of our world. it's an obscenity. ross: another subject in the spotlight is the taliban takeover in afghanistan and on that subject, the pakistani prime minister has been speaking to john simpson about their relationship with the taliban. a number of elements of the interview here to show you. let's begin with what pakistani
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conditions would eat in order to recognize the taliban as the legitimate government. >> we would collectively take up the decision and it would depend upon will they have an inclusive government? the assurance of human rights. and that afghan soil should not be used for terrorism. their neighbors are the most worried about that. that is where it lies. >> does that mean that you will recognize them if they with those points? >> we will collectively take a decision. ask pakistan itself will not decide on its own? >> exactly. we think that all the neighbors will get together and we will see how they progress and whether to recognize them or not to a collective decision. ross: in the 90's pakistan was one of the only countries to
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recognize the taliban then. here is what he says about how afghanistan could be heading next. >> if anyone has any idea what our religion was, it was the liberation ofomen. so, whenever the idea that women should not get educated, it's just not islamic. it might have been some rural culture in afghanistan, the taliban, the statements that they have made since they assumed power, it's very encouraging. they have said that they have an inclusive government. they say the women can work, can have an education. giving amnesty to everyone.
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these are encouraging statements. >> you approve of the way the taliban are operating? >> i'm approving of what they have said. what happens now, i'm afraid jon i can't say what happens now. no one can tell where afghanistagoes from here. what we hope and pray is that finally after 40 years, the people of afghanistan will have an stability. ross: today they announced another round of gornment appointments. but that he was confident that afghan women would have a public role in the future. >> the women are very strong. i feel like give them time and they will assert their rights. >> how much time? years should mark >> a year, two years, three years.
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>> three years? >> at the moment, it's just too early to say anything. it's barely been a month after 20 years of civil war they have come back to power. ross: stay with me here on "outside source," in a few minutes we will talk about german politics. angela merkel, makg her first campaign appearance beside the conservative who hopes to succeed her as chancellor after the election on sunday. the famy of the british teenager, harry dunn, who died when his motorbike was struck via car in 2019 say they have reached a settlement in a claim for damages. >> they are describing this is a pivotal moment and a milestone in their camp ain't. you might remember that he was charged with criminal offense of causing death by dangerous driving but because he claimed
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diplomatic immunity and left the country there was no chance of suing the claim. the family all the way through has said that it just isn't right that someone could be involved in such a serious accident and just walk away, so they started a civil claim in america claiming damages for wrongful death that was due to go to a full trial this year but today we learned that both sides have reached a resolution. we don't know exactly the detail or how much money has had to be aid, but the done family say that they are believed by the outcome and rain as determined as ever that he suld base some sort of criminal trial in the future. ♪ ross: this is "outside source," we are here in the newsroom and the lead sry is president biden told the u.n. that he
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opposes powerful countries dominating weaker ones but that the u.s. doesn't want a new cold war. five days to go until the german election day and aa merkel is finishing ashancellor and has made her first joint campaign appearance with the man who would like to replace her. he leads the cdu party and despite her support he is currently behind but thinks he can pull things back. the >> am firmly convinced the conservatives will win ts election. it's a race to catch up that's open like never before. almost every fourth person is still undecided and we want to convince everyone everywhere of our ideas in the coming days. ross: the current front runner of the spd party met with voters and defended his record as finance minister in the
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allegations that they fled to act on information about money laundering. mr. schultz is running on his reputation for being competent if, some critics say, unexciting. the latest poll shows the race tightening. spd is still ahead, 25%. then you've got the cdu along with the sister party, the csu. the greens could be critical there on 17% and at the moment the free market liberals are on 11. the reason all these parties matter is the next government of germany will be a coalition and there are any number of possibilities here. there are other parties on the ballot that may also be a factor. let's hear fromatthew, our chief european correspondent or politico on whether the spd could realistically take this. >> it looks realistic at the moment. as you have said, the holes have been tightening and we are well within the margin of error.
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for the past six to eight weeks would say, the momentum has really been with the social democrats and it doesn't look at the moment like there is any real impulse there that would propel the christian democrats forward and allow them to take this election on sunday. armand losh was this evening with angela merkel and as has been typical for him throughout the campaign, it didn't go well. it started raining, there were hecklers in the crowd. he has had lot of difficulty in recent weeks getting out of the rut that he's been in. ross: and in terms of the outcome it's not about biggest party, it's about the partnerships they are willing to form. which parties are getting along best and how might that impact the outcome? >> the social democrats in the
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greens have made it clear that they would like to go into coalition with each other and they will need a third party to join them. most observers here think that party will be the freedom that's, a conservative party seen as pro-business. they are not on the same wavelength with the social democrats and the greens when it comes to issues like taxes, however, or government debt and so forth. there is going to be a lot of horsetrading if that deal is going to happen. the other option for the spd and the greens would be to form a left-wing coalition with the party known simply as the left, born out of the former east german communist party. that would be a very controversial move becau the left wants to get out of nato, they oppose any german involvement in foreign military deployments. they also want the united states to take all of its nuclear
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weapons out of germany. that would be a real shocker if that coalition came to be. but it cannot be ruled out at this stage. ross: i will be in germany for the elections special on thursday at our usual time, in berlin as they enter the final straight on making the selection who will succeed angela merkel. now, let me bring you the latest on the volcanic eruption of the canary islands, authorities evacuated another village in the path of the lava as it pushes to the sea. the residents there have been told to leave as the lava spews from a new crack in the volcano and we know already that 6000 people have had to flee since sunday. dan johnson is on the island. >> on the volcanic hillsides, it's time to move.
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more families and more communities are packing up and getting out. >> i don't even know where to take my things, this woman says. we were allowed to drive the road, this village being cleared now by residence in a last -- to grab whatever they can before the lava consumes their homes. and atimes there is a sense of panic here. they are desperately trying to help this one man pack up. antonio has lived here over 40 years and told me th he believe it's ending like this. >> i'm angry with the authorities. we could have done this with less stress, less running. i don't know where i'm going to live. now what? >> this is the slow-motion menace of lava inching relentlessly downhill. a live geology lesson of natures on spa will force.
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-- unstoppable force. >> this is why people are making every effort to get out. being here just for a couple of minutes you get a sense of the risk. there is ash falling on my clothes. i can taste it in the air and the whole time there is the thunderous rumble of the volco in the background. that is why people are loading up and going. >> because here is what's to come. villages being lost, others will have to be abandoned. so far, people are safe, but leaving is painful. because it'not just buildings. the eruption is shaking everything. communities, families, and lives . dan johnson, bbc news, love,. -- lapalma. ross: since retiring, this world
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record holder has become known for hosting the bbc program match of the day, has done so for 20 years. i have been talking to gary for our media show and this is his assessment of the financial state of football, right on the top. >> it's on a precipice, isn't it? seems to always have been. seems to manage to stay alive. ross: why do you think it's on a precipice? >> if it can happen to a club like our soluna, where they get themselves into such a fundamentally ad position despite the money they receive, how can it, how can it be even, how can it be easing -- easy for a small club, for example? the thing about football is it's so important to local communities that you know, you hope that people find a way of keeping them in existence. but i think that for all has to find a way of filtering some of
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the money down. if clubs like barcelona are in big trouble and can't filter the money down, it worries me. that's why there is this possibility of football on the precipice. covid, the pandemic, the fans coming in, losing hundreds of millions of pounds, if you -- if it can survive this, you think maybe it can survive anything, but only time will tell. my worry is for the smaller clubs in the smaller towns, it's going to be difficult. . ross: se of those investors into these clubs, like newcastle, saudi arabia, that story that's ongoing, the money is being pushed into football partly as an investment and partly because through the media
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these countries or organizations could change their public image. are you as comfortable with that? >> not always, no. don't know what we do about it. every club supporter doesn't like it but when it happens to their club, that's ultimately what they wanbecause it might of them a greater chance for success, which is what ann's one. am i comfortable with it? not really. ross: can hear my hour-long interview wherever you are in the world on my bbc show. president jie znt xi is speakine u.n. right now, let's listen in. >> vaccination is the passport against covid-19. i have stress to on many details. -- on many occasions.
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ross: speaking on one of the main subjects of the assembly, how to make sure the whole world becomes vaccinated against narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributns to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric sueon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.


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