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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  October 25, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ maryam: hello, this is maryam moshiri, "outside source." i count on humanitarian catastrophe--account onto a humanitarian catastrophe in afghanistan. >> a person came up one of our team and asked if we would like
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to buy their child the this version of the situation is hard to put in words. maryam: millions are said to be faci starvation as afghanistan slips further into crisis. the human right-- un so the world is on course for a dangerous increase in temperature despite the comments promises made on, change. and military have seize power again. >> the government will leave the country until elections with a fair representation of all people of sudan. maryam: we start in afghanistan. the united nations says th country is on a onto catastrophe, with millions facing starvation with the harsh winter months still to come. the situation has deteriorated
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sharply since the summer. international funds that supported the economy have been stopped, as for world debates how to deal with the taliban regime. yogita lamaye witnessed firsthand the dire situation on the ground and sent thiseport from herat and the rest of the rrent dish west of the country. there are distressing images from the start. yogita: this is what starvation does to our country -- to a country, to its tiniest lives. a six-month-old. this child born three months ago. afghanistan was barely surviving before the taliban took over. but now foreign funds which propped up this country have been frozen, putting at least a million children at risk of dying. in this ward c, one in five
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will not make it. usman weighs less than half of what he should. his father among millis who have no work. usman's mother told us his twin is in a room next door. yogita: this hospital is full. some babies are already sharing a bed. while we were there, six more children were brought in. it's the only facility for hundreds of miles.
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without foreign money, most hospitals are collapsing. doctors and nurses among masses of government workers who have not been paid for months. one third of the countries people don't know where their next meal will come from. we traveled out of herat to a settlement. tens of thousands displaced from remote provinces by decades of war and severe drought. no means of income, barely any food. some days, families here don't eat. they sold whatever little they have. and now some are forced to do the unthinkable. this baby girl has been sold by
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we are hiding their identity to protect them. yogita: her husband used to collect rubbish. but even that turns him and nothing now. -- earns him nothing now. yogita: once the baby is able to walk, she will be taken away by the n who bought her. he has paid more than half of the $500he's been sold for. that will get the family for a few months. they have been told the girl will be married to his child, but no one can be sure.
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we know there are other families here who sold their children, and even while we have been here, another person came up to one of our team and ask if we would like to buy their child. the desperation and the urgency of the situation is hard to put in words. there is no more time left to reach the people of afghanistan. it cannot wait while the world debates whether or not to recognize the taliban government. nearby, aid agencies hand out parcels that might save some children from hunger. alone, they can't provide for the staggering needs. giving the taliban money without guarantees of human rights and how the funds will be used is dangerous. but afghanistan is sinking fast. millions here will not survive the winter. yogita lamaye, bbc news, herat. maryam: the deputy executive
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director of the world food program -- this was his reaction to our report. >> the recent events have exacerbated the situation. what we are getting, we used to always have people in rural areas facing security issues, but normally those in the urban areas were making a living and able to look after themselves and their families. it is now hitting urban centers. the sad truth -- could really use a standard truth -- is what you have just seen won't be a nice lidded incident -- an isolated incident. maryam: secunder kermani is in kabul with more on the u.n. report and what can be done. secunder: afghanistan has long been a country where many struggle to survive, but this is the largest number of people going hungry overwinter since the u.n. ban keeping records a decade ago. what we have seen as well and put into this u.n. report is hunger spreading from not just more rural, remote areas, but
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urban areas, because as yogita said in that report, so many government employees were not paid their salaries. they were not paid the last humans under the previous government. now they don't know when they are going to be paid. there are people who are professionally in middle-class jobs who are finding themselves in desperately difficult situations. the international community has not yet recnized the taliban. it is reluctant to engage directly with it and give direct foren grants. those foreign grants previously made up for around 75% of afghanistan's public expenditure. in addition to that, afghanistan foreign of reserves -- they are frozen. those are questions still being grappled with, and it doesn't seem as if anyone has an answer to how to -- as to how to solve them. in the meantime, people in
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afghanistan, the suffering continues for them. maryam: there has been some reaction already on the delay. a former president of the maldives, a country already hit by rising sea levels, he tweeted , "the climate finance goal must be met immediately." the financing announcement asks developing country to wait even longer f a delivery of a promise first made more than a decade ago. climate finance is also very much an issue that will be in the agenda. how much money will be put forward to developing countries by developed ones? reporter: everybody is trying to get their state in before it starts next week. i think the question of finance is a critical one for that meeting. rich countries promised back in 2009 that they would deliver by 2020 100 billion dollars a year to help developing countries cope with the impacts of climate change and cut their own carbon.
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that target has not been met. it has been slipping for a while. in an effort to rally the troops, you could government put together a couple finance ministers to ce up with the delivery plan and published it today and said they are confident they will get to $100 billion by 2023, and in a couple years after that they will go beyond it. they feel that over the five-year period from 2020 to 25 there will be 100 billion every year. many environmentalists on unhappy about that. they believe it is a promise that has not been met and they feel it is literally too little, too late. maryam: the scale of the challenge can be seen in a new data from the united nations today showing the world is on course for a temperature rise of 2.7 degrees. this is today's update from the u.n. -- the blue lines at the bottom show where commissions would need to be headed to keep the temperature rises below safe levels. the red area is where the world is actually headed, based on all the ndc's, nationally determined
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contributis, as they are called, the countries have made in the run-up to glasgow. i asked david shukman, are science editor, about the prediction and whether the glasgow summit can meet the most impossible challenge set for it. david: they are predicting that the emissions, the gases heating the planet, such rise by 16% by the end of this decade, by 2030, when the signs could not be more categories that to get ourselves out of the worst trouble, those emissions need to be halved by 2030. the calculations show that as you say, we are on course for a warming of 2.7 degrees celsius above the preindustrial level. we have warmed just over one degree as it is. what the book trouble we are in already. scientists say 2.7 might not sound very much, but it takes us into very dangerous territory indeed. it is still possible that just ahead of the summit in coming
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days, the biggest polluter in the world, china, or other big polluting nations who have not yet reported, it may come up with spectacular offers that change that picture. perhaps a bit, perhaps a lot. but unless that happens, the summit is not really going to be able to deliver the kind of transformation that many are hoping from it. maryam: climate finance was very much keep you -- key to the summit also. which countries will be late in meeting promises to deliver money to developing nations? that will also put preure on people. david: it is. this goes to the heart ofhe entire process because when the stock began back in the early 1990's, it was always made very clear that you had the industrialized world which had started polluting soonest and
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added most carbon dioxide to the air, and that the main responsibility lay on the shoulds of those countries in europe, north america, and so forth. in the parsed nations on earth and always said come -- and the poorest nations on earth have always said, look, if you want us to take this seriously, a, we need you to be cutting your emissions dramatically, and b, you have to help us, help us go green, leapfrog the fossil fuel stage of economic development, but also be able to be more resilient and resist the bigger storms and more severe droughts and floods and sea level rise that are going to be hitting those countries hardest of all. when people talk about the offer to this promise of $100 billion a year for these countries, clearly the money is incredibly important and valuable, but there is also a symbolic value. it's like for the poorest countries, looking at the rich
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world, saying are you serious about the trouble we are in. it is a matter of trust for them and it comes to this whole process of these talks every year glascow being the latest of them. i think without that trust, there is a risk of some rancourt creeping into -- rancor creeping into the process and making things difficult at glascow. maryam: stay with us on "outside source." a whistleblower tells --facebook whistleblower tells mp's the platform is subsidizing hate. the bjing marathon that was due to take place next week has been suspended indefinitely because of a growing number of covid-19 cases. tougher restrictions are being brought across china. here's stephen mcdonell on why. stephen: this city will be hosting the winter olympics, and the plan right now is to have local residents filling the
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stands. you can imagine it is adding an extra degree of pressure on officials to yet again rein in the coronavirus in cna. other countries, they have god to -- gone to a living with covid strategy, but not this country and this city. officials are still opting for a plan which is back to zero covid elimination. every time there has been an outbreak using contact tracing, using localized lockdowns, and certain other targeted measures, chinese officials have been able to rein it in. maryam: this is "outside source ," live from the bbc news room. the united nations warns of a countdown to humanitarian
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catastrophe in afghanistan, with millions facing starvation. fast-moving events in sudan -- doctors say at least two people have died after the military seized power and dissolve the civilian government and arrested the prime minister in a coup. troops are on the streets of the capital and a state of emergency is now in place. the coup is led by sudan's cap general, and he has spoken. >> let's all work starting today up until the general elections lives and ensure their safetye's and security, as well as creating an environment for political parties in order to reach the specified date for elections when there will be more prepared. the government that consists of indendent national will be the country until elections with a fair representation of all the people of sudan. maryam: early monday,
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unidentified soldiers detained the prime minister and 4 -- a bdalla hamdok and for other ministers. protests in khartoum were immediate. angry crowds blocked roads and burned tires in their hundreds of crashes. some gathered near the army headquarters chanting slogans against the military. we are told the internet was shut down, making it difficult to work out exactly what was going on. we did get this footage showing troops moving into the capital. going to reports, some soldiers used live rounds against protesters. one independent union of medics said two people have died and 80 are injured. let's hear from one of the protesters who took part today. >> people are very angry. the immediate reaction was anger.
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and that is why people took to the streets, 5:00, 6:00 in the morning. immediately, spontaneously people took to the streets and out all the streets are collected barricades in the protest -- blocked with barricades in the protesters are all over the place and some made it all the way to the headquarters to protest and to make it very clear what they are after and they will not accept this coup, they are not accepting all that was said that the general, and they will continue protesting until we have our civilian leadership. maryam: this has not come out of the blue. sudan's military and civilian leaders had been at odds since they began sharing power in the ansitional government set up in 2019 after the overthrow of long serving military ruler omar al-bashi
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the transition government was intended to pave the way for elections. that hasn't happened yet. tensions came to a head last month when a coup attempt attributed to supporters of mr. bashir was foiled. this was khartoum last week. a promilitary sit in this stage in front of the presidential palace. thousands took part in a counter protest, too. in charge now is this man. he is blaming political infighting for the takeover. let's get the analysis from our senior african correspondent anne soy, whizzing in nairobi in neighboring kenya. anne: according to the statement from the general, he said he will form a new government made above technocrats and legislative council will be appointed next month, and he says that he will steer a course towards the transition to democracy. it is not clear whether he is coming up with a completely different outfit and on what
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basis that would be, and if the military have come really set aside -- completely set aside the deal in 2019 after the long serving president omar al-bashir was toppled. maryam: there has been worldwide condemnation of the coup. the african union has called for the immediate resumption of dialogue between the military and civilians. the u.s. and the u.n. have a special arm at the events. this is a representative from the eu. >> the eu is very concerned about sudan's militaryorces reportedly putting prime minister hamdok under house arrest as well as detaining other members of the civilian leadership, and we urge for their fast release. we have seen the reports of cuts of telephone and internet in sudan. we urgently call for unrestricted means of america to reach those in need -- unrestricted means of communication to reach those in
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need. violence and bloodshed must be avoided at all costs. maryam: the prime ministers and members of his cabinet are thought to be under house arrest. a south african conflict and security media analyst for bbc told me what this means for security in the region. >> there are concerns that the turmoil in sudan will lead to a widespread security problem. we have seen turmoil in the neighboring country is also a tussle on the border with kenya and somalia. the region itself is not able to give as much attention to the internal crisis as well as clampdown on the protests were the coop takeover that has happened in sudan today. maryam: what has been the reacti from sudan's neighbors so far? >> they issued a statement saying it is watching the events closely and it did see the military foreseen in 2019 and there has not been much reaction from kenya, a security council member. you would think that would be some reaction. but the international government
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of developme is the chair of also finds itself in an awkward position. it has followed the events closely, but without the authority of the sudanese prime minister, it is do to the situation. maryam: what do we know about this top general on what his aspirations might be? beverly: for a long time the military's been angling to stay in power. the transition was decided on in 2019. think about the fact that many of them were allies of the former president omar al-bashir, who is supposed to be at least as far as the reports have gone come extradited. is the possibility that some of th is to also protect members the army who had been ose to basr and who -- and the othepolitical power josh rushing --jostling. maryam: how are protesters mobilizing right now? beverly: they are not using
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social media despite restrictions. they have called in supporters on social media. other activists continue to call on the public to go and protest using twitter and facebook. maryam: facebook has faced serious allegations about its impact on the visuals and society. in the house of commons and the u.k., a former facebook manager turned whistleblower told the committee of mps that platforms like facebook were literally subsidizing hate. reporter: facebook, a corporate giant used by 2.9 billion people, an empire which includes instagram, whatsapp, and the virtual reality business oculus. now the empire stands accused of putting profits before people. >> we are delighted you have been able to makehis trip to
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london -- reporter: at westminster this afternoon, frances haugen, whistleblower who made the charge, told mp's what she learned inside the company. she said events like january storming of the u.s. congress were made more likely because of the way facebook was designed. frances: the algorithms to people who have midstream interests and push them towards extreme interest. if you or someone centerleft, you can push them dramatically left. if you are center-right, they push you dramatically right. reporter: she described how instagram facilitated fully think which would follow children home from school-- facilitating bullying which would follow children home from school. she put much of the blame o facebook's founder. frances: mark zuckerberg has unilateral control over 3 billion people. there is no real at the top to make sure these systems are run in an adequately safe way. reporter: frances haugen's testimony comes just as politicians here seem united on
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the need to rein in facebook and other online giants. but exactly how a new law would work, that is far from clear. the whistleblower told the committee that what was needed from facebook was complete transparency about its inner workings. might be social--- tonight the social-media giant had his response. >> i would encourage people to look at what the actual facts are and hopefuy they can see that this is something the company hybridizes f let's be honest, it is in our financial interest to make sure that people have a good experience on our site. reporter: frances haugen has taken her allegations about her former employer to politicians in westminster and washington. but while facebook's reputation has certainly been damage, so far its finances remain very healthy. maryam: before we go, a reminder of our top story this hour. the united nations says afghanistan is on the countdown to catastrophe, with millions is facing starvation. the world food program says 22 million people, more than half
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the population, are suffering hunger on a daily basis. the bbc has been told by some families they had to sell babies to get money to eat. more on that and all the stories you have been watching on "outside source" on our website, you have been watching "outside source." i am narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and per blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.


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