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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 1, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> i am laura n washington. gathering in glasgow to try and save the globe, more than 100 leaders begin two weeks of intense discussions on climate change with the fate of the planet in the balance. >> enough of building and burning our way deeper, we are digging our own graves. >> sir did attenborough brought star power to glasgow, urging leaders to turn this
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tragedy into triumph. >> in my lifetime, i have witnessed a terrible decline. you could witness a wonderful recovery. >> the congo rain forest suffering from the effects of climate change. we have a special report on the efforts to save one of the world's biggest green lungs. australia opens its borders for the first time since march last year. family and loved ones affected by the pandemic finally together. ♪ >> welcome to world news america on pbs. president biden has told the u.n. climate summit in scotland the fight against global warming is a moral imperative. in hundred 20 heads of state are in glasgow trying to agree on a
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plan to stop global temperatures from rising. to prevent the effects of climate change from gettg worse. here is what president biden had to say. pres. biden: this is a decisive decade in which we have an opportunity to prove ourselves. we can keep the goal of limiting global warming to just 1.5 degrees celsius if we come together. if we commit to doing our part with determination and ambition. >> this conference is being presented as the last chance and how to agree to slow climate change before the effects become irreversible. how can that be done? the goals include ending the use of coal, moving to electric cars and reversing deforestation. our laura kuenssberg has more. laura: welcome to glasgow. thousands have made the trip
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from their countries. the journey, the arrival straightforward. there hope that the cues and the wait will be worth it. this fortnite could affect everyone's home. the world's political leaders did not face quite the same ordeal to swoop in, arriving on eight united nations blue carpet , to hear first the prime ministers. >> humanity has long since run down the clock on climate change. it is one minutes to midnight on that clock and we need to act now. >> the leaders of some of the biggest polluters, china, russia and turkey, have not shown. keeping more than just social distance. >> the anger of the world will be uncontainable unless we make this cop 26 in glasgow the
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moment when we get real about climate change. they will not forgive us. they will know that glasgow was the historic turning point when history failed to turn. >> the platform also for those people whose way of life is at grave risk right now. >> the earth is speaking. she tells us that we have no more time. >> the u.k. is host to a rainbow of nearly 200 countries and wants them all to promise to cut their own carbon emissions, and of the wealthier to cough up more towards the $100 billion pot to help poor countries go green. what are the chances? >> do you think leaders are finally giving urgency? >> you couldn't sit in that room and not feel the urgency. >> 2020, i was optimistic. >> i have to do my speech now. laura: there is a sense of purpose, but all of the leaders, president biden included, must
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be aware it will be a long fortnite. simply not every leader is as enthusiastic as the west with wealthier populations. some of the mega-economies are moving slower than the u.k. would like india's prime minister prominent sing -- promising he would absorb gases 20 years later than boris johnson wants common edges zero by 2070. the mood is darkening towards those who are dragging their feet. >> in two generations time, they will be remembered for this fort night. they will be cursed if they do not get this right. >> interesting you use the phrase cursed, which is a very strong word. >> it was consciously a strong word. people will speak of them in far stronger terms than we speak today of the politicians of the
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1930's, the politicians who ignored what was happening in nazi germany because this will kill people all around the world for generations and will have -- we will have no means of averting it. >> he later apologized to making a comparison to the nazi genocide. commenting on the nature of those claims, said there is no doubt about the seriousness of the climate challenge and have no doubt that every leader of every kind of british power is being pulled this week to reach agreement. three generations of the royal family will be visible in one way or another. the attention justified at what many see here as an emergency. it is only day one of a discussion that has already taken more than two decades. the consequences of glasgow's conversations will be felt far longer than that. laura: queen elizabeth to my who
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couldn't be in glasgow in person because her doctors told her to rest, had a video message for world leaders urging them to achieve statesmanship and create a stable future for the planet. >> none of us underestimates the challenges ahead, but history has shown that when nations come together in common cause, there is always room for hope. laura: queen elizabeth recorded that message at windsor castle last week. my colleague is covering this massive conference enjoys since -- joins us now from bloomberg -- from glasgow. what was the reaction from officials when india's prime minister said the rich wld needed to give $1 trillion to the developing world to reach ambitious climate goals? >> india is crucially important, one of the top five emitters in the world. it has 1.2 billion people and
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17% of wld emissions. what narendra modi says is vitally important. it depends on whether you are a half glass full or empty person. a lot of people focus on the headline figure that they will balance emissions in 2070, but realistically it is a world away. the real focus, if we are going to balance temperatures, has to be 2030. on that score, narendra modi has made a significant pledge. they enhanced their evious target to 50% renewables. all electricity proved -- produced in india will come from renewables, 50% of them, by 2030. it is a pledge that will need backing by significant finance, but boris johnson will be quietly satisfied he has moved the indians toward a net zero target and has a commit and for the end of the decade.
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laura: let's talk about president biden who still has not got his climate bill through congress. how is that reverberating where you are in glasgow? >> he was asked a number of questions about it last night and he was saying he still believes that framework deal will be passed by the democrats next week. but yes, it does undermine it because although he has defended the climate change portion, people can see one of the principal provisions in that climate legislation was to clean electricity program, which was the stick to go with the carrot. that is what would have encouraged electricity companies to start turning towards cleaner ways of producing energy and that has been taken out by senator manchin.
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also, separate to that, there will obviously be skepticism about what the president is saying even though e american targets look healthy at this point. four years ago, five years ago, they walked away from the paris agreement. people would look at the polls in the united states and say how do we make sure -- how do we know donald trump won't come back and america will walk away again? laura: does it feel like there is a deal on the table? >> you will need to ask me again tomorrow night. the next 48 hours is the crux of the two weeks. you have technical teams thrashing out deeply complicated issues, but it is the leaders that will set the course over the next two days. the communique we get from boris johnson tomorrow night at the end of the leader's part of the
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week will be hugely significant. at the end of the two weeks, whether success or failure, in my view will come down to cold hard cash. how much cash have they managed to put behind mitigation for developing nations? helping developing nations turn away from dirty fuel. and how much for adaptation? climate change is coming. we have seen around the world that our systems have been unprepared for it. laura: back with you tomorrow night to find out if a deal is in the offering. in the meantime, let's look at the urgency driving world leaders to limit climate change. in the congo, only 20% of people have electricity. many rely on coal to cook and eat -- heat their homes. that has a bad effect on the rain forest, it plays a key role in absorbing carbon emissions.
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>> the power that could be. this is on the congo river. it will be part of the largest hydroelectric station in the world. but it does not supply the majority of congolese. years ago, a project to build dams began. two were built. but tonight, the project stalled. it is a frustration for many. like most congolese, she prepares food using charcoal. >> since we have no electricity, we use would work whole when we have it. >> she is not the only one. access to electricity is almost zero. the electricity company provides
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fewer than 40 subscribers from its unreliable power plant. there are almost one million people living in this city. to avoid being in the dark, some use solar panels. the average congolese person earns less then two dollars a day. many families cannot afford solar panels. so, they turn to the forest. >> i started by chopping wood, then i put it here and cover it. after that, we build a fire that wi last seven days. >> before we have a finished product. we know that doing this work is dangerous for the environment. if we do not do it, what are we going to live on? we have families to feed. >> more then -- percent of the
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population uses -- on a daily basis. an activity that has a significant impact on the rain forest with how much carbon dioxide it can absorb and how much oxygen it can provide. >> everywhere here there is a big loss simply due to human activity. the forest plays an important role in the regulation of the atmosphere because it is from the forest we get oxygen. when you cut down the forest, the cycle of peer vacation is broken. it is humans and living beings that suffer. >> given the importance of saving the rain forest, why has the dam project still not been realized? the biggest problem has been financing. the bill has been estimated at $80 billion. -- it's funding claiming the government had changed direction
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from what had been agreed. what now? >> we are waiting for the polluting countries to put their hands in their pockets to finance the project. in the beginning, we were talking about the dam as electricity supply in the sense of boosting the economy of the democratic republic of the congo. at this stage, it is the need of humanity to protect the forest. the strategy of excellence is to extend the supply of electricity. boosting -- will not only be for the dumb bent -- for the republic of the congo, but it will syrup -- it will support the world. it will be the solution to reducing the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees celsius. >> as leaders gather for the climate summit in the u.k., the congolese government will be
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hoping that their message is heard. no doubt so will its people. laura: how our forests are suffering from climate change. you're watching bbc world news america. we have exclusive access to our rebel group in ethiopia. the liberation army, whose fighters say they are in control of key towns. laura: mexico began its day of the dead celebrations sunday. the tradition has taken on new significance as the country battles the covid-19 pandemic. >> for catholics, november means the reunion of the souls of lost love ones. a celebration with altars and marigold flowers.
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aztecs believed the ancestors followed the scent to find their way back. this year, 16 altars have gone up in mexico city, a welcome scene of levity in the capital of a country that has lost nearly 300,000 people to covid-19. >> after all we have lived through and the people who have passed away, we see a boom after being locked up. these exhibits of mexican culture bring joy to the city. >> in a world where masks are the norm, in mexico city, they are more pretty. ♪ laura: u.s. secretary of state says he is alarmed by reports that rebel forces have taken over two ethiopian towns. the ola is in a formal alliance with rebels in the north against ethiopia's government.
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our correspondent is the first international journalists to be given access to the secretive and controversial armed group. it warning, her report contains distressing images. >> this is ethiopia's hidden war. guerrilla fighters in the west and south of the country battling the government. the liberation army says its people have been oppressed for more than a century. they want self-determination. this is an old struggle. many of the people here you can see were not born when the liberation army was first formed in the 1970's. today as ethiopia faces many challenges, this group sees new opportunities. they are the biggest ethnic
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group in ethiopia. these fighters want the right to choose independence. >> the people have been forced to take up arms. we have been fighting like animals because we wan our rights respected. >> the government is under immense pressure. rebels in the north with half a million people on therink of famine. in the south, it stands accused of indiscriminate killings and mass arrests at the hands of ola . these families fled their homes. they say because of ethiopian forces. among the displaced commission claims they murdered her son as she was forced to watch. >> i will not go back to ethiopia ever again. my son is dead.
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we can't see his wife or child for a single night. because the ethiopian government has done this to me, i am not going back. they killed my son in public. >> but, the ola has been accused of atrocities targeting ethnic minorities. activists say this is the gruesome aftermath of an attack in july. >> the liberation army wants to ethnically cleanse the -- from the region. depose the prime minister and establish a state under their leadership. >> the rebels showed us their training maneuvers. their commander says they are disciplined and denied killing unarmed civilians. the government told the bbc the ola is a terrorist organization. this comes as the group announced a group with the tigray defense forces in the north.
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their shared goal is to bring down the government. >> the prosperity party which is governing this empire is killing people, burning their homes, looting their properties. they are doing the same in [gunfire]. there -- the same in tigray. there are similarities between our people. >> the government denies targeting civilians, but international -- are pushing authorities to negotiate with their opponents as a way to hold the country together. on the border between ethiopia and kenya. laura: other news, rescuers in nigeria are searching for survivors in the rubble of a high-rise building that has collapsed in the capital lagos. a block of apartments was under
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construction. four have been rescued, four bodies were covered. it is not clear what brought the building down. australia opened its border monday after keeping it closed for almost 20 months due to the pandemic. there were emotial reunions for family and loved ones but not everyone is enjoying the loosening of the rules. >> reunited after closed borders kept them apart. some couldn't hold back a second. australia had sealed itself from the world during the pandemic did helping keep covid-19 cases low, but devastating thousands strap -- stranded abroad. many are grateful to be with loved ones again. >> it has been great -- if something happens to them, you can't easily make it home.
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>> others have missed their chance to say goodbye. >> my dad passed away a week ago. it is bittersweet being here. when i found out i could get on this flight, thank god. >> it has been a very emotional day here. one passenger told me after so many months be a longer wait for so many others because while families reunite in new south wales and victoria, other parts of the country are still closed. in western australia, vaccination levels are among the lowest. the easing of travel restrictions is unlikely anytime soon. for sarah barker, it is unclear when her parents will get to meet her baby. >> we can't just be in lockdown forever. i am happy for people in other states because they have had it just as tough as s, but the fact
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that we do not have a date to reunite with families, it is heartbreaking. >> and another major change, fully vaccinated australians can now leave the country without needing an exemption. >> it felt like the clock was on pause and i just wanted to get back. >> fortress australia has finally begun opening up to the rest of the world. while this is a big day for many , millions have yet to enjoy those freedoms. laura: before we go, i have always said that tennis is a lifelong sport. a 19th -- a 97-year-old ukrainian man is proving me right. leonard stanislavsky is volleying with rafael nadal, a dream come true for stanislavski who holds the guinness world record for the world's oldest tennis player.
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he got to play the legend in spain last month. stanislavski has been playing amateur tennis for over half a century and he is too good for the others in his age group. he called on rafael. would like to join the queue. thank you narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, the tipping point-- world leaders convene to combat the worsening global climate crisis as extreme weather events grow more frequent and deadly. then, abortion battle-- the future of reproductive rights hangs in the balance as the supreme court again hears arguments about texas' restrictive abortion law. plus, a critical election-- the virginia governor's race looks as if it could be close, whether it is or isn't, the results are being watched from one end of the country to the other. and, facing judgment-- a high profile trial begins in wisconsin following several shooting deaths during last year's violent protests. all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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