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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 2, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler undation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". anchor: this i. making progress -- world leaders begin -- agree to cut emissions of gas by a third by the end of the decade. the u.s. president declares somebody success. pres. biden: i can't think of two days where anymore has been accomplished than these two days. anchor: cutting down on illegal logging -- more than a hundred countries agreed to stop the
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destruction of trees. we have a special report from the amazon. plus it is election season in the u.s. again. we will see what the race in virginia could tell us about the national mood. welcome to world news america on pbs in the u.k. and around the globe. day two of the climate summit in glasgow has seen some progress. world leaders agreed on two major initiatives -- first a commitment to stop deforestation. we will have more on that in a minute. the second was a plan by more than 100 nations to cut methane gas emissions 30% over the next decade. three of the world's largest emitters, china, russia and india are signing off. reporter: when cultures clash, can they still agree? when there is so much difference, there can be
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dissent. there are so many faces in glasgow, some a facets of what could be done. hollywood stars might campaign, but lest developed countries may complain. the united nations figures there's not enough trust to bridge the gaps. deals are being made. 100 liard -- leaders signed a promise to stop the destruction of forest in nine years time. pres. biden: i'm confident we can do this. all we need to do is summon the will to do what we know is right and necessary and know what is in our capacity. let's get to work. we can do this. reporter: even the leader of the free world could be hemmed in. president biden is struggling to push his green ambitions throughout home. and boris johnson's attention with cap the cross as more leaders will depart tonight,
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leaving instructions with negotiators. around 100 countries have signed up to cut the potent greenhouse gas methane by nearly one third by the end of the decade. but away from the glitz of the main stage, down a quiet corridor in a tiny office, a sign of just how hard an overall agreement will be. china's president is not here, but one of the most powerful people you have never heard of it in his place -- china's climate negotiator. >> my discussions were highly constructive. we found there were still huge gaps. reporter: he criticized developed countries for not coming up with cash to help less wealthy countries to go green and focused too much unlimited global warming to 1.5 degrees as boris johnson wants could destroy the consensus.
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prime minister johnson: i'm cautiously optimistic in the sense that on the way to the g20 in rome, i said to some of you if this was a football match, the current score would be 51 down in the match between humanity and climate change. what you could say today after two days of talks with around 120 world leaders is that we've pulled back aoal or perhaps even to. i think we are going to take this thing to extra time. reporter: what or who is going to score the extra two or three goals you still need? prime minister johnson: if there's one thing giving me cautious optimism, it is that we are starting to create for the countries that find it most difficult to transition away from fossil fuels. we are starting to create those coalitions of support to help them move on. reporter: todaythere has been
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a flurry of promises that should hypothetically make a difference, but it is now that the hard bargaining really starts. boris johnson wants a deal that keeps global warming within safe limits, but in glasgow right now, it is far too early to be sure. there will likely be clashes and arguments, different voices and different views. boris johnson can't be sure what will greet him in glasgow. near the end of this vast summit, he returns. anchor: christian fraser has been covering every twist and turn of this summit and joins us now. tell us what is this pledge on cutting methane emissions really mean if china, russia and india did not sign off. guest: it is a problem that three of the biggest emitters are not up to the deal, but it is hugely significant
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nonetheless. there are three warming gases -- nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide and methane. but if you put carbon dioxide and methane into the getter, 20 years later, methane would be 80 times more potent than the carbon dioxide. it holds the heat from the sun and redistributes it in a much more effective way than carbon dioxide. there are ways you can stop it leaking -- simple ways like green technology around oil and gas installations that leak methane. obviously they flare methane when they are drilling. methane escapes from landfill because microbes emit methane. and methane comes out of the back end of the cows we eat. those things are easier to cut than the methane that comes off of rice fields. if you've got americans working to cut methane from their own gas plants and 80 countries as
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it was this morning and 103 countries by this evening signed up to a methane agreement, the fact that they are all pulling in the same direction despite the fact russia and china aren't signed up is pretty significant. anchor: i have to call you on something now because this time last night, you told us within 24 hours you would have a feeling for whether an overall deal on climate change is possible. what is your verdict? guest: i'm not going to use any of the metaphors the prime minister used. but i do think there is a significant thing that has happened that's not in many of the headlines at the moment and that is the american leadership joe biden was talking about today. one of the things we missed is america has returned to the high ambition coalition, which sounds quite nerdy. but if that coition built the foundations of the paris agreement, you can understand
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why that is significant. when you have the world's biggest economy, the second-biggest in mid are sitting at the table as part of this coalition at the begin of the summit, that tells you the technical teams, the negotiating teams can do that much more through the two weeks of the summit. they walked away, the americans, when donald trump was there. they are back at the table tonight. joe biden flies home, but the american negotiators, the technical teams are sitting at the table. there's a lot of people in this part of the world who are very excited about that. anchor: you have been talking to all kinds of people from all over the world. what has really struck you about what they have to say about climate change? guest: i've talked to two people today that confused me, let's put it that way. when was mark carney, that u.n. special envoy on finance. he's pulling all the banks and asset managers, export credit
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taters together. under this coalition called the glasgow financial alliance for net zero. but you have about 450 companies from 45 different countries who, together control trillions of dollars. those dollars the developing countries need. governments are not going to be able to do this. they cannot deploy the taxpayer funds needed to refund the entire economic system. it's going to cost trillions and trillions of dollars. it has to come from private finance, so he's doing amazing things to reform business into this net zero commitment. the other person i spoke to, strangely because she just plunked herself down next to me was the panamanian foreign minister. they have been in agreement with columbia, costa rica and ecuador. together, they have created this enormous ocean reserve, 30% of
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it is under sustainable management. now all of them are working together to get to that0% and it some of the most precious species of turtle and whales thatome to that part of the world every year. the fact that the four of them are face-to-face, not on zoom, and can get that going is pretty significant and inspiring. anchor: christian fraser who has been hanging out with foreign ministers in glasgow, thank you. let's look more at that pledge from world leaders to stop deforestation by the end of the decade. rizzo was one of the 100 countries to sign on and that is significant because last year, the destruction of the brazilian amazon rain forest reached a 12 year high. the amazon counts for about a third of the world's tropical rain forest and crucially helps capture vast amounts of carbon dioxide. illegal logging is a huge problem. our international correspondent
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reports. reporter: the amazon dream -- a forest haven combating climate change. but the reality can look like this. no more tree canopy, the land stripped bare for planting crops. we were shown how easy it is to plunder the amazon. just one man and a chainsaw. campaigners say illegal loggers have a green light from president bolsonaro. they accuse him of carving up environmental protections and fueling climate change. miguel isn't worried about the planet. he's worried about his family.
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his handiwork seen from above. every tree that falls here releases carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere, contributing to global warming. by night, specialist police are on the lookout for crimes against the forest. illegal logging is big business. there is a rain forest mafia. the timber can wd up in europe or the u.s. this load is legal, but the sergeant says he's fighting a losing battle.
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about an hours drive away, destruction. every year, vast areas are cleared by slashing and burning. the heat is building and there's ash falling in the air. no attempt has been made to hide it. it's at the side of a busy road. for fires like this that happen here, it's not the work of nature, it's the work of man. in the global fight against climate change, this is one more loss. and here, too, lost ground. more wild west then wild amazon. cattle farming is driven by global demand for brazilian beef and backed by president bolsonaro. this man's a second-generation rancher. he says the forest is living,
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not a fairytale. [speaking indigenous language] reporter: we got a very different perspective from an activist. she spent her life defending the rain forest and its indigenous peoples, or trying to. [speaking indigenous language]
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reporter: this rich but fragile ecosystem is changing its colors. deforestation means the rain forest in brazil now him it's more carbon than it stores. the message from here is a distress signal. anchor: in other news, and advisory panel to the u.s. centers of disease control has unanimously recommended pfizer's covid vaccine be given to children ages five-11. the food and drug administration
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has already signed off and the by deadman trace and plans to distribute 15 million jabs. younger children should get their first jabs within days. 20 people are rorted to have been killed after -- at a military hospital in kabul. the taliban says there were two huge explosions that appeared to target civilians. there were reports of gunfire and eyewitnesses say they saw armed militants entering buildings. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come -- >> we have been driving less and walking more. anchor: we will be talking to a family in the u.k. trying to reduce their carbon footprint at home. rescue teams in nigeria have been working through the night, searching for survivors after an apartment and legos collapsed
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while under construction. the number killed has risen to 15. up to 100 are missing. our correspondent is at the scene. reporter: here, at the sight of monday's building collapse, there are huge crowds, members of the media and onlookers. the story has captioned the imagination of -- has captured the imagination of nigeria. for many, it symptomatic of a problem. the city met -- the city has been expanding at breakneck speed and that is pushing developers to take risks and use cheaper materials. the savior board says the developers of this particular building were only supposed to go 15 stories but went to 21. the families of the missing wait anxiously t hear whether their loved ones he been found.
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anchor: what would a november in election be without a closely watched and fought election. this one is the governor's race in virginia where terry mcauliffe is on the left, trying to fend off glenn youngkin on the right. the races seen on a referendum on the first year of donald trump's presidency in a preview of next year's midterm elections. let's bring in our reporter who is that election. in glasgow tonight, president biden predicted victory, but the race is looking like a tossup. what is making democrats so nervous? guest: the race is very tight. they started out doing fairly well but the republican candidate has made up the lost space, so they are looking at
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the race not only to see if they can win it i virginia but what impact it might have for elections coming for the midterm elections. what mr. mcauliffe has said is that he has been facing headwinds from washington. he has said joe biden has had trouble getting his economic agenda through congress and is losing approval rating. mr. biden one virginia winning votes of conservatives in the suburbs fed up with donald trump. what sort of impact will that have with mr. biden's approval rating dropping? will they stick with democrats in the midterms in 2022? mr. mcauliffe has been focusing on trying to link his opponent to mr. trump, but how effective will that be? mr. youngkin has tried very much to walk a fine line on this. he has accepted mr. trump's endorsement, but he has tried to
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distance himself as much as possible. republicans are watching that performance. and he has, crucially seized on an issue that is very important to conservatives, which is schooling. with covid restrictions, mask mandates and how racial inequality is being taught in the schools. anchor: how could those issues you just mentioned effect campaigning for the midterms come a depending on tonight's result in virginia? guest: republicans will be watching to see if mr. youngkin has come up with a formula that will help him win in a post-trump world. this has had an appeal for suburban voters but also hardline trump voters. democrats will be waiting to see if there's mileage in making that association between republican candidates in mr. trump, whether that turns off moderate voters even if mr. trump is not on the value -- on
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the ballot or whether they have to get more aggressive about their proactive message, which they would like to do with this legislation, if they could get it passed. anchor: let's return to our top story -- the u.n. climate change conference in glasgow. we've been hearing about the grand agreements world leaders are trying to reach, but what can the rest of us do? reducing carbon emissions could mean all of us changing our habits from what we leave behind to what we eat. our science correspondent has been to meet a family in leeds looking to the future. reporter: family life makes it difficult to count carbon emissions, but the ash but for this family, decarbonizing the daily routine has become a priority. >> nobody likes to be reminded that i constantly need to do better. reporter: do you think it would be better to -- >> eating morelant-based
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things, we are trying to do that. as a parent, i am busy but trying to make these changes for the better. it is kind of next generation that will be left with these problems. reporter: and we will all need to take part in the solution. according to one study, the u.k. could half its energy by 2050 without compromising the quality of life. >> we have to reduce emissions so quickly over the next 10 years that it means everyone needs to be involved in the debate reporter: and positive changes. reporter:lower emissions means less consumption as well as cutting meat intake. most of us could reduce hemi calories we eat. buying less and repairing more could make a dent in the mounting of electrical waste we produce every year. researchers are calling for investment in public transport and cycling networks to increase tenfold in the next decade to help us decarbonizing our
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travel. to work out what that means, we got some expert advice. >> i never want anyone to feel guilty about their carbon footprint. it's not easy to make the changes. you could consider a short journey being done by cycling. >> we will try our very best this week. >> we are just about to walk the shop. also using plant-based alternatives. >> we have tried really hard to see what was practicable. >> i think you did fantastically well. lots of big changes can lead to a more active lifestyle and that is what is positive about this. reporter: to cut our missions as
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quickly as we need to, most of us will need to rethink our daily habits and consume less. anchor: now for a bit of escapist glamour from russia's history -- russian history. royal jewels smuggled out during the 1917 revolution are going up for auction in geneva, including a pink diamond expected to fetch $6 million. it was tak by a british lemat to london for safekeeping all those years ago and now they are looking for a new owner with plenty of money. before we go, we want to wish a happy birthday to ourselves. bbc tv is 85 years old. at 3 p.m. local time on november 2, 1930 six, the bbc launched its first regular tv service from north london.
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it included the firsever performance by the bbc tv orchestra. viewers were called lookers in and there were n many. only about 400 on the first day. then as now, our mission was to inform, educate and entertain. thank you so much for wating bbc world news america. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: election day. voters head to the polls in crucial off-year contests that may hold clues for next year's nationwide congressional and senate races. then, getting the vaccine. a c.d.c. advisory committee votes to recommend pfizer shots for children as young as five, but many american parents remain skeptical. and, the tipping point. world leaders convene to address the increasingly urgent threat of climate change-- but china's absence looms large. >> we cannot achieve these global climate goals unless china is able to reverse its emissions trends. >> woodruff: all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.

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