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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  November 2, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life welplanned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ hello. i am christian fraser live from the cop summit. live pledges on how to tackle the climate emergency. over 100 countries pledged to cut methane emissions by 30%. >> it is one of the most potent greenhouse gases there is. it amounts to half the a warming
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we are experiencing today. >> there's a big commitment on protecting the world's trees. 110 nations pledged to end or reverse deforestation in 10 years. >> the clock is ticking. we don't have a chance to fail. that is the message of the secretary-general. that is our message. christian: world leaders are leaving glasgow later, leaving their technical teams to flesh out the details. the former presidents of world and european football are charged with fraud after the unlawful transfer of over $2 million. ♪ christian: welcome back to glasgow and the second and final day of the world leaders summit at cop26.
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there are some significant announcements to address the climate emergency. first, a global partnership aims cut methane emissions by 30% by 2030. more than 100 countries have signed up. china, russia andndia are not part of the pledge. earlier in the day, there was a pledge to halt deforestation. the countries that signed up make up about 85% of the world's forest. there was also an international plan to spur the development of clean tech. our political editor laura kuenssberg reports. laura: when cultur clash, can they still agree? when there is so much difference, there can be dissent. there are so many faces here in
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glasgow, so manyacets of what could be done. >> are you pleased with what is happening this week? laura: hollywood stars might campaign, but less countries might complain. the united nations fears there is not enough trust to bridge the gaps, but deals are being made. 100 leaders signed a pledge to stop the destruction of forests in nine years time. >> i am confident we can do this. all we need to do is summon the will that we know is right and necessary. let's get to work. we can do this. christian: even laura: the leader of the free world could be hemmed in, president biden struggling to push his green ambitions through at home. leaders will depart tonight, leaving instructions with their negotiators. around 1 countries have signed
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up to cut the potent greenhouse gas methane by nearly one third by the end of the decade, but away from the glitz of the main stage, down a quiet corridor, a sign of just how hard an overall agreement will be. china's president xi is not here, but one of the most powerful people you've never heard of is in his place, china's climate negotiator. >> my discussions with john kerry were highly constructive. we found there were still huge gaps. he criticized laura: countries with more cash on not helping those. >> i am cautiously optimistic in the sense that all meay to the
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g20 in rome, i said to some of you on the plane, if this was a football match, the current score would be 5-1 down in the match between humanity and climate change. i think what you could say today after two days of talks with around 120 world leaders is that we've pulled back a goal or perhaps even two. i think we are going to be able to take this thing to extra time. >> what or who is going to score the extra two or three goals? >> one thing that starts to give me optimism is that we are starting to create, for the countries that find it most difficult, to transition away from fossil fuels. we are starting to create those coalitions of support to help them to move on. laura: the first 48 hours have been frantic, and today, there's been a flurry of promises that
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should make a difference, but it is now that hard bargaining starts. boris johnson wants a deal that keeps global warming within safe limits, but in glasgow, it is far too early to know if that is within reach. there will likely be clashes, different voices and different views. boris johnson can't be sure of what will greet him in glasgow when at the end of the summit he returns. bbc news, glasgow. christian: so many different faces and so much hope. we've beenalking about that significant deal, pledged to cut emissions of methane gas. methane is another of the greenhouse gases, second only to carbon dioxide in driving will warming. it is responsible for 25% of it, but it is stronger than co2. it lingers in the atmosphere,
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although only for a relatively short time. it is one those gases we can't get rid of easily. > it is 20 to 80 times more destructive than co2. it is responsible for 0.5 degrees of the warming of the 1.1 we are at today. with this initiative, you are making it possible for us to be able to lower the warming by 0.2 degrees. christian: more than 100 countries have pledged -- signed up to that pledge. becca morel has the details. rebecca: from flares from oil and gas to cows, methane is escaping into the atmosphere, but today, more than 100
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countries agreed to cut the gas by 30% in a deal brokered by the united states and eu. >> we have to cut emissions fast, and methane is one of the doing that will immediately slow down climate change. rebecca: methane is an important greenhouse gas, making up 20% of global emissions. it has caused about 50% of current global warming. cutting all methane by one third would reduce global temperatures by about 0.3 degrees by 2040. tackling methane from the oil and gas industry would be a priority. the easiest way is to plug any leaks. you can't see methane unless you use a special camera like this one. it is a colorless gas, but because it does not last long in the atmosphere, if you cut methane, you make a big
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difference fast. there will be challenges. solving that will be much harder. the countries who have signed up to this deal account for half of global methane emissions, but there are notable absences, namely china, russia and india who have not come on board. >> to achieve this target, we will need them to step up too. to have 100 countries on board, including some of the largest emitters, it's a very big deal. rebecca: this shows the metal -- the levels of methane being emitted around our planet. now there is a target to cut this gas. this is a significant step for the world.
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rebecca morel, bbc news, glasgow. christian: the other major pledge puts trees at the top of the agenda, deforestation, 100 countries pledging to end and reverse deforestation, all in under 10 years. the countries account for 85% of the world's forests. the pledge is being backed up with $19 billion in public and private finance. last year, it was reported that the deforestation of the amazon rain forest in brazil surged to the highest level since 2008. forests covers over 30% of the world's land area, but they are disappearing at an alarming rate. between 1990 and 2016, the world lost over one million square miles of forest. >> i come from a country where
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52% of our land is tropical forest. 35% of our land is amazon a gland, and we have 52% of the world's high-altitude ecosystems. we come today not with a theoretical approach. we come with clear commitments. we are not waiting until 2030. we are committing ourselves to protect 30% of our territory. we must act now. christian: while the commitments have been welcomed, here's a spokesperson for t human rights group global witness.
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>> ts is the problem with a lot of these commitments. there is accountability gap. governments made similar pledges , but not near the progress that was expected. christian: i put some of that skepticism to the president of costa rica. this wasis response. >> we manage to have an example that is a wonder. in the 1980's, our coverage dropped to 20% of the country. by 1980, it was 20%. we managed to recover forest coverage. we are over 50% of the countries forest coverage, so that example shows it is possible to reverse deforestation. christian: nick is a cofounder of e3g.
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what is your top line? nick: lots of momentum. i think we have seen some good initiatives. they got a lot more countries signing up and bigger countries than they were expecting a couple weeks ago. that shows behind the conference is a sense of political momentum going into the negotiations, and we saw the first big coalition emerge, the big u.s.,urope, plus lots of vulnerable countries, they were the powerhouse behind the paris agreement. they've laid down their expectations for the next two weeks, and it's pretty ambitious. christian: that statement from the high ambition coalition has come out in the last hour. how does that set the trajectory for the next two weeks? nick: either they are development versus nondevelopment talking about money, or it is poor versus rich
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countries. they say they want to see more from everybody. they want short-term targets, along with long-term targets. it's been the problem with the china agreement or the australian agreement.they want to see people stop using coal. it is a political expression of these initiatives. we are going to start negotiations. christian: there is no agreement on call, but there was an interesting agreement about -- i am being told that joe biden has taken the podium. hold that thought. we will go to him and come back to you. here is joe biden. pres. biden: i met with prince charles who has put together a significant operation over the last six or seven years in
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trying to bring in therivate sector to work on a number of these issues. glasgow must start a decisive decade of action so we can limit to 1.5 degrees. it is within the reach of us and the rest of the world. we have to keep accelerating our progress. today's agreement by 100 countries are present 85% of the world's forests to halt or and deforestation by 2030 -- it's a great example of the kind of ambition we need. for our part, the united states will keep raising the ambition and delivering the goal that we are reducing emissions by 50% to 52%, as secretary kerry has talked about, by 2030. this decade we have to make significant progress.
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i can't think of any two days or more where moore has been accomplished than these two days. overall, i've announced a series of initiatives that are going to make sure we hit the target, including two new rules to reduce methane from new and existing oil and gas operations and from natural gas pipelines. thanks to the effort of our joint effort with the eu, we have grown global methane -- i raised it with my spokesman for the united nations, nine countries signing onto that pledge, now more than 100 countries have signed on. it is about half of the world's methane emissions, 70% of the worldsdp. we've talked about catalyzing private finance for a clean economy and start clean climate
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infrastructure. we sat and talked about the whole focus of my bill back better initiative, which is that everything should be focused on as we help the infrastructure of the rest of the world. focus on climate. if you build a gas or oil refinery, you're going to have that for the next 30 years. why not invest now if you are going to provide for the help of nations in solar capacity or wind capacity? we brought forth the plan for adaptation and resilience. i'm getting tired of acronyms, and it's called prepare. it will support climate adaptation efforts for more than half a billion people worldwide.
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we released our long-term strategy that outlines how we will get to net zero emissions by 2050. we know that this must be a whole of society effort. we want to think the representatives from the private sector, civil societies who are dedicating themselves to the climate efforts we are making. it has been he sensual in the united states. that is why despite the previous administration pulling aside of the paris agreement and refused to acknowledge there was a crisis, we still brought down emissions. i want to acknowledge the passion of power and the activists doing such a vital work to remind us of our moral obligation to future generations. as i said, it's not just a moral
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imperative. investing in our clean energy future is an enormous opportunity for every country to create good paying jobs and spur a broad-based economic recovery. as you've heard me say before, when i think of climate crisis, i think of jobs. that is with the bill back better framework will do for the american people. it will address the climate crisis. it will cut greenhouse gas emissions by well over a gigaton by 2030. it will save money on energy bills by installing solar panels. it will also provide manufacturing credits to make sure the united states is competing in energy markets of the future. it is going to accelerate electric vehicles and electric school buses and build a nationwide network of 500,000 charging stations. it is about jobs.
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there are so many other things that have happened today that i feel good about. i will be happy to take your questions. do you have a question? i watch you on tv a lot. reporter: thank you very much, mr. president. you aired your disappointment with chinese and action on climate and the lack of willingness from xi jinping to show up at the g20 or cop 26. when you assess where things stand in the u.s.-china relationship, your diplomats have had difficulty engaging in a substantive matter.
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you have a chinese military that tested a hypersonic missile. what is your general assessment of where things stand,, and are you concerned that the potential for armed conflict has grown? pres. biden: let me start off by addressing the statement, and that is that i indicated china and russia not showing up in saudi arabia was a problem. we showed up. by showing up, we have had a profound impact on the way the rest of the world is looking at the united states and its adership role. i think it has been a big mistake for china not showing up. the rest of the world will look to china and say, what value added are ey providing? they've lost an ability to influence people around the world and all the people here at cop, the same way i would argue
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with respect to russia. with regard to the more profound question, am i worried about an armed conflict or something accidentally occurring? no, i'm not, but i think we have talked about this, fill, but i may be mistaken -- i think as i have said, i look at china, and i have had hours of conversation with xi jinping both in person as vice president and since i've been president, at least five or six hours worth of conversations on the telephone, and i'm going to be having a virtual summit with him. this is competition. it does not have to be conflict. there is no reason it needs to be a conflict. but i also communicated it to him, so i'm not reluctant to say it publicly -- we expect them to play by the rules of the road.
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we will not change international sea lanes. we've made it clear we have work on dealing with things like cybersecurity and a range of other issues, but i am not looking for, i don't anticipate there will be a need for there to be physical conflict, but as you have heard me say before, my dad had an expression -- the only conflict worse than one that is intended is one that is unintended. my meetings with him virtually coming up -- we have not set the exact date yet -- i want to make sure there is no misunderstanding. it is competition, not conflict. peter? reporter: mr. president, you are touting your $1.75 trillion plan that includes climate, but your
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party is not behind it. senator joe manchin called it budget gimmicks, shell games and a recipe for economic crisis. he said he never signed off on the framework. do you have a specific commitment from senator manchin to support your bill back better bill, and how do you respond to those criticisms? pres. biden: number one, i will not talk about the specifics of my conversations. he will vote for this. we will look at the fine detail of what comes out of the house in terms of the legislative initiatives. i believe joe will be there. with regard to the issue of whether or not, he thinks this will be inflationary or a negative impact on the economy, i think i've made it clear to joe and will continue to,nd i
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apologize for repeating to you, but 17 nobel laureates and economists said it will lower inflation, raise wages, increase competition, create 2 million jobs a year, etc. i understand joe is looking for the precise detail to make sure nothing got slipped in in terms of the way in which the legislation got written. i think we will get this done. reporter: you mentioned the word inflation. you said you knew -- you have no answer for gas prices. rent is up. inflation is at a 13-year high. when should americans expect those prices to come down? pres. biden: look, first of all, a significant reason why the prices are up is becausef
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covid affecting the supply chain. i am not trying to be instructive. i know you know this. christian: joe biden giving his thoughts on his days in glasgow. he said cutting emissions is a moral imperative, and america's narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.


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