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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 5, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> in scotland, climate activist greta thunberg leads thousands of mistress to the streets to demand that world leaders take stronger action at the top 26 summit on climate change.
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change. >> abbas back with their first album in 40 years. we will have the details. ♪ >> welcome to world news america on pbs, u.k. and around the globe. the trial of three men accused of killing a black man while he was jogging has begun in georgia. the death in february last year of 25 euros ahmaud arbery spark protests across the u.s.. further controversy has followed after a nearly all white jury was selected in which the
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defendants have pleaded not guilty. our north america correspondent is in brunswick, georgia for us and sent this report. reporter: as the trial open, videos of his final moments was played. all too much for his mother who cried. sitting in front of her in the foreground here, the men who pulled the trigger. this was the video they were watching. three armed white men pursued him sankey resembled a burglary suspect. cornered him and shot and killed him. he was an avid runner who jogged through this area a short distance from his own home. the men decided to jump into their tracks and give chase. they show that one of the men involved in the killing of this 25-year-old used a racial slur as he lay dying. sadly, murals of unarmed black men have been shot and killed howard -- are dotted across this
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country. in his case, he did not die at the head hands of the police but at the hands of people who could act as an extension of law enforcement and do what they want. that is after his death appears healthy police saw it. bodycam footage those two distressing to show where we see him writhing on the ground and dying and not given attention. throughout the encounter, they provided comfort to the men who killed him. they certainly don't appear to be treated as murder suspects. in fact, it was only 10 weeks later after protests and the video of the killing was tak viral that the three men were even arrested. they were charged and are now on trial. >> you can intentionally kill
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somebody in self-defense and not have committed murder. he would be not guilty. >> this till self-defense if they chased him? >> that is because they were attempting to execute a citizens arrest. >>'s case is already led to the scrapping ofhe civil war era citizens arrest law in georgia. before the trial started, his mother told me that somehow, good would come out of this tragedy. >> i hope that in losing a mod -- ahmad, people that look like him will be allowed to jog, run or do whatever and be free. and not to be worried about being chased with guns and killed. reporter: for the trial taking place in the city that is majority black, it would only be one black juror. it appears easier to overturn lost and to change the attitudes of those that contributed to his
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death. anchor: i am joint now for more. we really heard the prosecutor honing in on that point in your piece that the defendants did everything based on assumptions. what will be their strategy and at is the defense saying? reporter: we heard opening statements from both sides. it started with the prosecution. delete prosecutor did not explicitly talked about the fact that they assume thing because of his race. that, i'm sure is where some of the evidence goes in the future. she did not say they acted on those assumptions and presented evidence that the men who killed him he had not done anything illegal at the time. they chased him, cornered him, shot him and killed him.
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we also heard from the defense who insisted that these men were acting to help the police. the argument is whether they had the right to do that. where they will go during this trial is to suggest that the sun who was involved here, shot ahmaud arbery because he had no choice. that is what they are saying. even though you saw in that report, everybody is arguing about how he did not have to be chased in the first lace. they felt they had a duty to chase him, acting as an extension of the police but they believe they had no choice but to shoot him. that is their argument, at least. what also happens is we saw that video of the final moments of his life. in extraordinary detail about that is that it was taken by one
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of the men who killed him and it was released by those three men. it was put online. would them in a good light. that video in the end is what ultimately led to their arrest. anchor: thank you so much. thounds of young people took part in a march today in the scottish city of glasgow, calling on world leaders to take action to tackle global warming speaking at a mass rally, greta thunberg said they did not need any more distant nonbinding pledges calling this assembly a failure. we have been following the days events and sent us this report. reporter: a rare opportunity for protesters to loudly deliver a message within earshot of the global decision-makers gathered in glascow. greta thunberg through inspired the movement have said they have
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failed to deliver. young kids inspired by her have drawn their own pictures of her. >> i know she put out a sign and then everybody else started following her. reporter: how do you talk to children this age about climate change without scaring them too much? >> we gotta let them know about plastic, pollution, air pollution. reporter: because the government announced measures to put clement at the heart of education, kids were skipping school to take part in this protest. your sit -- what is right that sign? >> they are saying we had to do this now. we gotta do this now but they are not sorting it. >> they are making promises they can't keep. reporter: do you think that's what they are doing? promises they will keep? >> yes.
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this happened a lot. people say they will do things and they don't make enough change to make it impact. >> they are listening to what we have to say and trying to make a change. reporter: are they trying to achieve the same thing as you? lower emissions and save the planet? >> i don't know. they are trying but we are trying harder. reporter: there have already been comtments to reverse deforestation and promise more money than ever before to tackle climate change. greta thunberg doesn't seem very impressed with the progress so far. what do you think? >> it is fair enough. it is been 26 years and no progress has been made. carbon emissions keep increasing. we need action. reporter: she dismissed this as a pr exercise. >> this is no longer the climate conference. this is now a global north green wash festival.
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a two-week long celebration of business as usual and law law law. -- blah blah blah. they cannot ignore the people. including their own children. reporter: even larger crowds are expected to keep up the pressure before the final week of climate negotiations. anchor: as discussions continue about the devastation that climate change can bring in the future, some communities are having to grapple with the consequences of global warming. in northern alaska, they are being forced out of their homes because of rising sea lels. our climate editor is in alaska for us tonight and has more. reporter: the top of our world is changing. forming twice as fast as the rest of the planet. it is destroying communities.
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>> myouse used to be about 20 feet. we see the water break. reporter: this island is on the front line. as temperatures rise, see isofor, exposing the coast. >> it is getting later and later every year for the ocean to freeze up. it is tough. you gotta keep going. reporter: as the climate changes, the animals and fish that people used to live on our getting harder to find. >> right now, we are supposed to be fishing in the lagoon and up the river. from january to start going up again. reporter: parts of the main road have washed away and the airstrip that is their lifeline to the outside world is threatened. >> if it gets to the runway, we
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cannot use it anymore. we use it for medevac's. we use it for getting all of our food flown in. reporter: the plan is to move the town into the mainland. it will cost 100 $80 million but they have no choice. >> climate is changing so fast. the storms are getting more violent and ice is not forming. the ice is -- the water is warming. i would say within the next 5-10 years, this will all be covered. easy. just that one or two degrees makes that big a difference. reporter: alaska isn't just struggli with the new climate reality on the coast. a century ago, the ice wasn't -- the entire valley was frozen. in the 80's, they built this
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visitor center. since then, it has completely retreated around the corner and you cannot see it at all. these days, if you want to see the ice, it is a tough hike up and over a high pass. this is all that remains of the once mighty glacier. they are melting all over the world, potentially affecting millions of people who depend on ice for their water supply. >> if we didn't have glaciers, there is no more drinking water. no more hydropower potential. especially for agricultural needs, we could have water only during the winter and not the summer. reporter: back in the village, he is struggling to come to terms with the idea that his home will soon be go. >> the town means a lot to me.
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it has got a lot of heritage and good people while we are here, we gotta keep our tradition going. just trying to keep going strong. reporter: it is an easy to let go the place you've spent your entire life but if emissions aren't cut rapidly, it is something many millions more are going to have to face. anchor: he joins me now for more. justin, i want to go back to the speaking with you activist. what is your analysis whether cop 26 has done enough in terms of the initiatives to avoid the worst of climate change? reporter: that is difficult to say. it is a process. we never expected this conference to solve the problem. what we were hoping was this would ratchet up ambition around the world peered get countries
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to commit to deeper carbon cuts to drive down the long term of emissions. at the moment, if you analyze the promises they have made, we are still on an increasing trend then bending down to decrease omissions. the target according to the climate chances is we should cut them by around half by 2030 where at the moment, we are at an increased trend of going up 15%. it's fair to say that we are way off track. as i say, the idea wasn't to solve it in one go. we got a draw ambition and get the welcoming the onboard to this huge project which is driving down emissions, moving away from fossil fuels and towards renewable sources of energy. anchor: your reports showed the effect on alaska but rising temperatures also play a role on the widespread global change in weather patterns as well don't they?
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reporter: the accelerated warming we see here in alaska which is warming about twice as fast as the rest of the world. if you think about it, the way the weather system works is that it is about differential temperatures. it is hotter at the equator than up north. air rises and mixes with colder air from the northern hemisphere. that generates the weather system. the winds that drive the systems around the world. if you raise one temperature more quickly than the other, you will have a different weather pattern and that is what we see happening. that river of air that moves around the arctic circle call the jetstream is wobbling. it is trapping weather systems which is why we see these colder winters. the east coast of america, the heat them in canada. they wrecked these process of changing weather systems around the world. anchor: thank you so much.
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let us turn to some other news now. in india's capital, people woke up to gray skies as air quality dip to hazardous levels following the celebration of their biggest festival of the wally where people celebrated by celebrating with firecrackers. even by its own standards, friday's reading was particularly bad. a former security advisor to the french president emmanuel macron has been giving a three-year sentence for assaulting demonstrators and impersonating a police officer appeared he roughed up protesters during a dumbest ration in 2018. the court suspended two years of his sentence and ordered him to where an electronic tag for the third year. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's
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program. in ethiopia, and you lines of rebel groups plan to dismantle the country's government. the sitting administration has dismissed the threat. we will have the latest. ♪ anch: there is growing concern about the chinese real estate sector. they are the latest company to have its shares suspended from trading after missing a payment to investors. this comes as ever grand is still reeling for more than 300 billion in debt. reporter: kaiser group has become the latest developer to miss a payment and according to one estimate by the banking giant, the total combined debt of the property sector is estimated to be more than $5 trillion. that is almost the size of japan'sconomy. beijing has restricted how much these developers can borrow. it is proposing introducing a
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local property tax. that move will be controversial. local governments rely on land sales for revenue but investors and economists are really worried that these financial issues faced by these develope may make consumers more reluctant to buy property. anchor: un security council has expressed deep concern about intensifying clashes in ethiopia. this comes as nine groups formed a new alliance aimed at removing the current government of the prime minister. the year-long conflict has left over 400 thousand people facing famine like conditions. our africa correspondent caerine has this report. reporter: in washington dc, a coalition of armed groups and political movements announced they want to remove ethiopia's
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government. many comfrom historically marginalized group. they have teamed up with the liberation fund which has fought federal forces for one year. >> the next step will be to we organize ourselves and totally dismantle existing government either by force or negotiation. whatever they wish and then a transitional government as soon as possible. reporter: back home, the government they oppose is affiant. and they dismiss the alliance as a publicity sun, pushing back claims that it is undemocratic. >> it is worrisome that many allegations are being done so in an orchestrated manner to discredit a democratically elected government that has majority support. this majority support was mistreated in the landslide victory following the elections.
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reporter: ethiopia's government keeps being tested. they have lost towns and cities to these rebel forces that advanced toward the capitol. they claim to hold territory 300 kilometers north of one of africa's biggest cities. on tuesday, the government declared a state of emergency and urged citizens to arm themselves against its opponents. there are fears the tough measures are being used to detained ethnic people because they support the rebels. >> police took my brother with his friends wle they were having dinner in a restaurant. they all from to grade. they want you to see your id. if your details so you are from there, you cannot even speak the language in thcity. we don't feel safe. reporter: the government says arrestor only being made of
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obtaining evidence of illegal activities. ethiopia's year-long war has created one of the world's worst humanitarian crises. over 7 million people need emergency aid and 400 thousand are on the brink of famine yet, the warring sides are not listening to international calls to end the war. anchor: switching gears. it has been one of the most awaited comebacks in pop air the band abba are back. they were huge in the 70's. fast-forward to today and they are in their 70's. they released their first album in 40 years. our entertainment correspondent has been to stockholm to meet the band. reporter: benny and bjorn in there own hometown. >> good thing about living here is people don't bother you. not in the 70's, not in the 80's
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uric now. they come up now and say i am so happy that you made new songs. ♪ reporter: the idea of making a whole album was not part of the original plan. abba had only gotten back into the studio to record a couple of new tracks for the live showed next year. it has digital recreations of the band in concert. >> we had two sons and we enjoy those. we thought they were really good so we thought we should do a couple more. we did. and then we said maybe we should do a few more. now we have an album. reporter: you sound very loud -- laid-back. 40 years between albums. >> yes. it is emotionally, difficult to grasp actually that we did what
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we did. we don't need to prove anything here. i don't think we are taking a risk. if people think that we were a better 40 years ago than fine. reporter: after waiting 40 years for them to get back together, the reunion could be short. >> i have said that is it. i don't want to do another abba album but i am not alone in this. the four of us. if they twist my arm, i might change my mind. the ladies might be able to do that. it will take them to do it actually. [laughter] anchor: before we go, a trove of fossils is emerging in the chilean desert. among the finding already teeth of a medical a. shark which was
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one of the largest creditors to have ever lived. the area was once submerged under the ocean but now it is known as the desert graveyard for fossils. it has found a number of species for millions of years ago resurfacing. so scial to be able to find that. thank you for watching. world news america. have a great weekend. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided ... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llcc good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: biden agenda battle. speaker pelosi announces a key vote will take place today on the president's infrastructure bill, as the fate of its passage remains in limbo. then, gaining momentum. the latest u.s. jobs report shows hiring accelerating, another sign that the economy is recovering from the pandemic plus, taliban takeover. reporter jane ferguson is back on the ground in afghanistan, as the country faces a dire economic and humanitarian crisis. >> the world food programme, the w.f.p., says that 14 million people in this country cannot feed themselves, they don't know where their next meal is going to come from. that's out of a country of 38 million.
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