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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  November 10, 2021 5:00pm-5:30pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man:eople who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> hello. welcome to "outside source." the cop 26 climate summit is entering its final phase in glasgow and it is not clear if it can meet expectations. the joint declaration for the u.s. and china has been announced, committing both countries to reaching that zero and long-term strategies -- reaching net zero in long-term strategies. boris johnson has been back at
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the summit trying to go further. >> will you help us grasp that opportunity, or will you stand in the way? >> thousands of migrants, gathering on the eastern border of the european union. : is accusing -- poland is accusing belarus of state terrorism. and more about mental health struggles on social media. ♪ since the start of the top climate summit, the actions of the world's biggest emitters will be critical -- would be critical to stop climate change. in the last couple of hours, we've had a joint decration from two of the biggest emitters, china and the u.s. ey have been setting up further steps that they intend take. the main points from this are the announcement of the two countries next climate targets
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will be brought forward 10 years to 2025. there will be a national plan from china to reduce methane in the 20 20's. -- 2020's. here is john kerry, the u.s. special envoy for clima. >> president biden had a conversation with president xi a number of weeks ago, in which both of the leaders expressed their hopes that despite areas of real difference, we know there are, we could cooperate on the climate crisis. now, the two largest economies in the world have agreed to work together to raise climate ambition. in this decisive decade. >> professor zang is a professor of the china institute at the iversity of london. hears his assessment of the joint statement. >> i think it is a very positive step forward. that china and the u.s. are able
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to come to some kind of an agreement over climate change. but there are very specific targets that need to be met. >> is this really an agreement to make an agreement in the future, rather than actually agreement to take action now? >> i am afraid that is the case. it is a very strong articulation that they will try to do something, including working with other, poorer countries to do that, but they are not clear as to specific targets that can be measured, in terms of what they will be able to achieve. so they are talking the talk. they are not yet walking the walk. >> as i understand it, professor, the big chinese criticism of the richer countries in the world is that they benefited from fossil fuels
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when their enomies developed and they are now asking china to develop its economy, but without fossil fuels, but not offering enough money to compensate for china doing that. does this statement in any way address that financial dimension to the disagreement? there's a financial dimension, which is that the rich countries collectively who need to help the poor countries to do so, the question is, where does china fall into this categorization? with china being the second largest economy and great power -- we see china at the receiving end of it. so it is going to be difficult, moving forward, yet. >> does this also mean -- help me if i have misunderstood this -- while the global process under the cop system continues,
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there will also be a bilateral system between china and the u.s. on climate change? >> i think there is an element of that. china certainly does not want to be completely tied down by what cop wants to do. the biden administration has not been able to resolve the domestic challenges either, therefe the u.s. is also not going as fast as the u.s. would ke. it is a chance for the u.s. and china to come up with this joint statement, which is much better than ifop 26 ended without this kind of statement at all. >> that is professor zang on the declaration. let's turn to the draft agreement by all the countries that cop -- at cop 26, calling for stronger carbon cutting targets by 2022. it encourages richer countries
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to scale up support for poorer nations. the document will be negotiated by countries who were at the talks. they are expected to go through a number of drafts before the final thing is settled. here is prime minister boris johnson. >> when he to be more ambitious and we need more credible plans for implementation. we have to bridge the gap between where we are and where we need to be, if we are to cut emissions in half by 2030, and we need to pull out all the stops if we are going to do what we came here to do, which is keep 1.5 alive and make paris the success the world needed it to be. >> that paris reference refers to the paris climate agreement of a few years back. let's get the analysis of that agreement from david, who is at cop 26.
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reporter: if you think the starting point for this whole process is trying to bridge the gabetween what the science says is needed and the reality of what countries around the world are actually doing, the scientists have spelled that with incredible clarity that to avoid the most dangerous rises in global temperature, the world has to halve its emissions of carbon dioxide during the course of this decade by 2030. the latest assessment says, those emissions of carbon dioxide projected to rise over that time over the next nine years by just short of 14%. that's where you have this on norma's gap -- enormous gap between what's required and what happening. people were starting at the start of this process that there might be a new sense of momentum. there certainly has been some energy. we've had like-minded groups of countries coming forward with pledges to do all kind of things like limit deforestation, cut
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methane, cut the use of coal and so forth, t they only go so far. they are really -- the really heavy lifting requires global agreement with all the big players. that is what we haven't seen just yet. there's still a chance of a surprise breakthrough in the next coming hours, but at the moment it doesn't look great. >> some argue about the fact that there are plans to get together again next year to try and work on targets for 2030 and think, my goodness, how many times does the world need to come together on this issue? >> there's an actual annual process of these conferences. this is cop 26, the sixth time the world has gotten together in this way. it will be in egypt next time this year, there's talks of another one already possibly in the gulf, may be dubai or even south korea -- it is a rolling program. people are veterans in this
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process and know that by on large each cop, certainly including this one, if they are going to make progress, that progss is incremental. you very rarely get a mega breakthrough. that kind of happened with the paris cop in 2015, leading to the paris agreement, but that was a framework that set in frame a process of work that we are still seeing being implement in right now. it is better to see this as a series of incremental steps. ♪ >> now, back to u.k. politics. jeffrey coxe has said he doesn't believe he breached the rules governing mp's havior with his work abroad. he was picture taking part in online hearing about corruption in the caribbean when apparently
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in his parlor entry office. he says he will cooperate with an investigation into the incident. here's the bbc's political editor. reporter: not always pretty from the outside, nor perhaps on the inside either. here's a former cabinet minister working as a lawyer, from what seems to be his office. >> excuse my absence throughout some of the morning. reporter: the bell went off, he says, in other words he had to leave this lucrative session to go and vote. [indiscernible] -- while travel restrictions were tight. >> there are real drawbacks to it. it becomes a political tool. reporter: pondering while declaring outside work was the right thing, the coup caused some problems. mp's are allowed to do other jobs, but the brimming brexiteer has been using premises funded
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by the taxpayers is not allowed -- and that is not allowed. a statement appeared on his website saying he is a leading barrister in england and makes no secret of his professional activities. he always ensures his case on behalf of his constituents is given primary importance and fully carried out. but he will cooperate fully with an investigation into what happened, even though he does not believe that he breached the rules. >> from minister come are you running away from the allegations? >> -- prime minister come are you running away from the allegations? reporter: there were plenty of his own party greeting him in glasgow, deeply unimpressed. he wouldn't say sorry when pressed for answers. >> anybody who breaks the rules should be punished and should face the appropriate sanctions.
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i genuinely believe the u.k. is not remotely a corrupt country. nor do i believe our institutions are corrupt. reporter: labor won't let up. as an mp, before he became leader, he earned more than 100,000 pounds part-time doing legal work. >> this is going back several years. i gave up my certificate to practice law the best part of two years ago. i'm not bothered by what others are trying to rake up. anything i've done since i've been in parliament has been in accordance with the rules and properly declared. reporter: there are many different strands and claims of sleaze. that toxic mixture of money in politics that creates such suspicion. it is the behavior of a few dozen conservative mp's that's being called into question. but the whole of this place and the prime minister's judgment have been mired nonetheless.
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>> the prime minister must be feeling the need to save the world that our politics are not corrupt. but allegations day after day do not buy the edges -- do lapper the edges. >> stay with me here on "outside source." we will talk about bella hadid, opening up about her struggles with mental health. we will talk about what she said, and the fact that she did so on social media ♪ >> the bombastic establishment outside has empowered donald trump to take the keys to the oval office. >> it is keeping the candidates always in the public eye that counts. success or failure depends not
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only on public display but on the local campaign headquarters and the heavy routine work of their women volunteers. >> berliners linked hands and danced around the lerated country. with nobody to stop them, it wasn't long before the first attempt to destroy the structure itself. >> they dominated the palestinian cause for so long. palestinian authority has declared a state of morning. -- mourning. >> after 17 years of discussion, the results, greeted with an outburst of joy. they suddenly felt welcomed. ♪ >> i'm ross atkins with "outside source." our lead story is the u.s. and china have issued a joint
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declaration at the cop 26 climate summit in glasgow saying the two countries will announce future targets for cutting emissions of all greenhouse gases 10 years earlier than planned, in 2025, instead of 2035. an international row over the migrant crisis on the poland -belarus border is isolating. the pollution president is accused of provoking a migrant crisis in europe. poland is calling the state terrorism. this is what we've heard from the prime minister. >> this is also lukashenko's quiet revenge for the fact that we supported democratic elections for people in belarus in august of last year. and the changes that we had hoped would occur, that all of europe would hope for. >> this crisis is playing out here. the eu's eastern border, where
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poland meets belarus. poland's an eu member. belarus isn't. there are 4000 migrants, many from the middle east. have been repeated attempts to raise down this razor wire fence a people can cross into poland. full reported two separa incidents of groups trying to do just that. overall, there have been 599 attempts in the past when he four hours. -- past 24 hours. we have reports close to the border. reporter: this is the main road to belarus. the border is over the horizon. this is as close as we can get this morning, because a state of emergency remains in place. that means generalists can get to the border area and crucially aid agencies and charities cannot reach the people who are now trapped between poland and belarus. we think there are maybe out of 4000 people who have spent a
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second night in the forest in subzero conditions, obviously there are concerns about their welfare. we've heard overnight that two groups of people were able to break through the fence and get into poland, get onto eu soil. not hundreds of people, may be of dozens of people. there are now 15,000 polish troops and police guarding the border. >> both poland and belarus accuse each other of violence towards migrants and have been posting videos showing alleged mistreatment. and this one, poland says a belarusian soldier fired a shot to intimidate migrants. you can certainly hear gunfire. the next video contains some graphic pictures, posted by belarus. the video, taken by a border guard, showing migrants, yelich asian is they have been beaten by polish soldiers -- the allegation is that they have been beaten by polish soldiers. the area is under a state of
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emergency, which mix all of the claims impossible to independently verify. journalists and aid workers do not have full aess. among the affected is a -- is the polish red cross. here are some of the concerns. >> we have been able to reach people in those camps, being together with police -- but the polish red cross movement mandate says humanity and independence. this is our mandate to act in these places as well. we will not go there to judge these or other political opinions or ideas. we are to fulfill our home in italian mission -- humanitarian mission. thousands of people are in the
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forest. this is a small forest. they were told afterwards, there is a paradise. that is not true. there are tens of hundreds of hectares, meters, the forest is huge. two armies in the middle of political conflict. we are there to support them. they need to be supported. >> migrant are still heading to poland despi msures. we know migrants are making it into poland. that's here from two syrians in a detention facility. >> to cross the border, go through the forest -- >> we crossed the border, went through the forest, there was the border at 500 meters, facing you. >> [speaking native language]
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d say go. >> the belarusian president denies the allegationse is orchestrating a crisis. he says belarus is acting as a hospitable country. what's not disputed as he has the support of russia. -- is he has the support of russia. the accuse the west of an anti-belarusian campaign. they blame the eu for provoking the crisis. that message was repeated by the kremlin. >> we consider absolutely irresponsible and an acceptable the words of the polish prime minister about russia bearing responsibility for this situation. it is a totally responsible and acceptable claim. those decisions would of course only complicate the situation. this is nothing other than further attempts to actually strangle belarus. >> european union denies this. its position today was clear any phone call, germany's ongoing
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chancellor told president biden that russia must stop the inhumane exploitation of the crisis. from more on russia's support of belarus, here is steve rosenberg and muska. reporter: presse continues to signal support for belarus. there's been military support. strategic bombers are patrolling belarusian airspace today. there have been messages of support from the russian foreign minister and the kremlin today. moscow making it clear that russia and belarus are basically on the same page here, regarding this crisis. belarusian and russian officials claim the crisis has nothing to do with moscow or minsk, they blame european leaders going back to the 2019 migrant crisis in europe and bloom european leaders today for not allowing these migrants into the eu. >> as you can tell, there is an extensive blame game going on. let's have a look at the u.n.'s perspective on this, this is the
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high commissioner for refugees speaking to the european parliament. >> these challenges simply do not justify the knee-jerk reaction we have seen in some places. the xenophobic discourse. the walls and barbed wire. the violent pushbacks, that include the beating of refugees and migrants, sometimes stripping them naked and dumping them in rivers, or leaving them to drown in seas. paying other states to take on one's own response abilities -- responsibilities. a union based on the rule of law should and can do better, and in matters of rule of law, continue to be an example to others. ♪ >> not to a subject being raised more and more, the positive and negatives of social media and
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theirmpact and its impacts on mental healt but how did posted a candid descriion on instagram -- bella hadid posted a candid description on instagram saying she is feeling burnout and insecurities and anxieties. she posted images of herself crying. this was to her 47 million instagram followers. she said willow's words made her feel less alone. she's previously spoken about battling severe depression and anxiety since she was a teenager. i've been speaking to sara he was her reaction on what bella dean has said. -- bell ahadid has it said. -- bella hadid has said. >> i think it is important she has made this statement, for the people that follow her, to see that her life is not magic and
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perfect, because nobody's life is like that. while it is challenging and painful to see somebody in distress, it ll be comforting to many people. >> how do you assess the way that mental health and social media use intertwine? ? can you draw a definitive conclusion? >> it is far too early. while social media has been part of our lives for 10-15 years now, research is still evolving. so we don't quite know exactly what harms, what helps, and what is somewhere in the middle. what we kn from young people is that images can be incredibly harmful, distressing, difficult in terms of self-esteem, but we also hear from young people that social media brings identity, networks, solidarity, and partnerships and relationships with people that they might not meet in their own lives. >> just to carry on that conversation, it is widely assumed that talking about her
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problems with friends or family can have beneficial effects. do you think talking about your problems to people on social media, many of whom you necessarily what meet in real life, can have the same benefits? for does it come with more risks -- or does it come with more risks? >> when you're talking about your mental health and public come online, obviously you don't know who is receiving that. i think we have become much more emotionally literate and able to have these conversations. but we are still increasingly surprised by the people's -- by people's reactions. the responses are still negatively and -- negative in some quarters. we still have not got the right approach, in terms of believing people when they see that they are not mentally well, and
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knowing how to respond in a way that is supportive and not punitive or judgmental. >> if you want analysis from me and the team a all the stories we cover, you can get them via my twitter account, you can follow me @bbcr ossatkins. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching pbs.
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones.

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