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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  November 11, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgn. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ >> this is outside source. as the cop 26 summit enters its final hours, the u.n. warning more needs to be done to limit the impact of climate change. >> the announcements here in glasgow are encouraging, but fa from enough. the emissions gap remains devastating. >> talks in glasgow scheduled to wrap up friday.
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the cop 26 president warning negotiators they face a monumental chance to ask achieve success. >> i have held meetings with in number of negotiating groups and i have been told by groups and individual parties that they want to see ambition in the outcome of cop 26. >> south africa's last president has died at age 85. he left this message for south africa, saying he deeply regretted apartheid. the u.s. threatening to blacklist airlines trafficking migrants to belarus. ♪ >> the u.n. secretary general told world leaders to pick up the pace as the cop 26 summit glasgow enters its final stage.
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negotiators from 195 countries working through the night and possibly weekend to find a compromise on the most contentious issues. th hope to achieve success before the summit ends. let's begin with this report from our science editor. >> the end game of the conference, urgent consultations governments back home, checking the agreement line by line, assessing every word. the warnings about rising temperatures are clear, but national interests are at stake, so talks go on. >> we are not there yet on the most critical issues. there is still a lot more work to be done. cop 26 is scheduled to close at the end of tomorrow. so, time is running out. we still have a monumental challenge ahead of us. >> there has been a boost from china, the world's biggest
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polluter, and america, the second-biggest, that they will work together. the latest in a flurry of initiatives. a plan to cut methane, a potent greenhouse gas. some countries are not taking part. i promise to end deforestation, but we have heard this before. and a call to end the use of coal, the dirtiest fossil fu. the matter is getting agreements that governments can't wriggle out of. what are big arguments that still need to be settled? th first, how often countries should update their plans for going green. some say every year, othersay that is too often. then there is the question of cutting gases that are heating the planet. they are still heading up, though the science could not be clearer they need to be falling. and then, a for the poorest nations. they were promised it over a decade ago and it has not been
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littered. >> it is a relief people are recognizing we need to help people on the front lines, but it is a frustration that rich governments are not doing what it takes. even now. they hear the sounds. they are putting find words on paper, but no real mechanism to address the crisis. >> as a reminder of what this is about, torrential rain struck the indian city. floods spilling into a hospital. scientists have warned that more violent extremes are possible. acting now could head them off. some countries want to move away from fossil fuels entirely. the u.k. and others say it is not the right time. another example of different perspectives in these last hours. >> as we have hurt, a lot has been pledged, a lot has been decided, but there remains a lot to discuss.
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former leader of the labour party ed miliband on the final stages of the talks. >> inevitably, you have these events, you have hard negotiation at the end. taking a step back, we know what the ta was for glasgow, to have -- half global emissions and we know we are miles short of that. question is, what can we salvage from this summit? one other area to this, we've got to mandate countries to come back next year to do what they didn't do this year. the question is on what basis are we mandating them to come back? are we urging them, which seems weak. our week giving them a -- or are we sending them a much clearer message, there is a big gap to 1.5 degrees. you've got to come back and do better in a years time. >> the forestation.
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last week, world leaders agreed to a deal that aims halt deforestation as paul -- part of a multibillion-dollar package. leaders of china and brazil committed to the declaration, but many are skeptical. isabelle to shira -- former brazilian environment minister. this is her reaction. >> during my term, i had the lowest rate of deforestation. brazil knows how to tackle deforestation. brazil's popularization -- [indiscernible] brazil does not need deforestation to have a powerful -- to promote regional development or national develop and.
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[indiscernible] >> anoer key area in these discussions is finance. money to help reduce you missions and fund countries that need help with adapting and coping to climate change. this could mean more solar panels in countries that depend on coal, or helping build flood defense systems. , the deputy estonian minister. >> how we can assure the climate financing is enough. the developed countries have assured 100 billion euros will be distributed to climate finance every year. it is crucial this promise be kept in the next five years. the distribution between adaptation and mitigation, even adaptation i would say has the biggest emphasis at the conference this year than before.
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>> the draft agreement was released wednesday. we are expecting an updated version friday. if you want updates on this story as it develops, you can get the minute by minute through our website ♪ >> south africa has been marking the death of the last president to rule the country under apartheid. for years, he supported and defended the system of apartheid which stripped the black population of the rights. as president, he ended it. this was 1990 three, being awarded the nobel peace prize jointly with nelson mandela. this was today. f.w. de klerk's body was taken from his home in cape town.
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he was diagnosed with cancer in march. news of his death is being greeted. . >> this speaks to the heart of what is considered his legacy. you have people that recognize the role he played in the transition from apartheid to democracy when he agreed to participate in those difficult negotiations with nelson mandela to end apartheid. some see that moment as a man who had foresight at a time where many people within his national party still wanted to hold on, believed that south africa firmly belonged to the national party and that black people should continue to live under apartheid. on the other hand, you have people who say he has at times been seen as somebody trying to reverse his role. he was a product of the system. he was in parliament for many years that apartheid state
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brutally assaulted black south africans. even toward the end, he continued to reign over e regime and did not take kindly to what he said was being fully accountable to what was done under his watch, even though he later said he rejected what was happening. >> the idea of a mixed legacy has been a thread throughout the day. >> he was a leader of a party that was largely discredited. in relation to the role that apartheid played. but, he had the courage to step away from the part that his party that he led had embarked upon from 1948. we will remember him for that. >> the u.k. prime minister boris johnso said de klerk will be
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remembered for his courage and realism, leaving south africa a better coury. -- was a key figure in the struggle, he said we have lost a champion of democratic principles and constitutionalism. there were other views expressed, one commentator on twitter said f.w. de klerk was a nationalist that believed ending apartheid was a pragmatic ans to the end to protect the needs of his people. this was his position in the national party when they went into negotiations. we must disrupt the funeral if it is declared a state funeral. this was the reaction of some people in johannesburg. >> de klerk did a lot of good and he succeeded and help bring down apartheid. which was a good thing. that is how he should be remembered. >> i feel noam morse.
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-- no remor. i feel like -- >> with a name like that, we still think about what happened around the time when apartheid was heavy on south africans. those memories do not fade easily. >> after leaving office, de klerk apologized repeatedly for up -- for apartheid, but for some those apologies fell short. >> what has again created doubt around that was an utterance he made in an interview where he refused to a knowledge that apartheid was a crime against humanity, even as the u.n. had said it counted. he said there were far fewer deaths under apartheid and felt it would be inappropriate to
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equate it to things that would be looked at as genocide or criminal activity against humanity. he later apologized for what he described as quibbling over the issue. >> the former president recorded a video message which was released as his death was announced. it referenced the controversy. he said he wants to apologize again for what is a morally unjustifiable system. >> i, without qualification, apologize for the pain and the hurt and the indignity and the damage that apartheid has done. allow me to share with you the fact that since the early 1980's , my views changed completely. it was as if i had a conversion. in my heart of hearts, realized
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that apartheid was wrong. >> in a few minutes, we will report on germany. reporting over 50,000 covid cases a day for the first time since the pandemic began. ♪ >> iran's delegation at the climate change conference has once aga called for the removal of sanctions on tehran to make reductions in emissions. -- has been speaking with the head of the delegation. >> when people commit to an agreement, it has to be a two way street. when you have oppressive sanctions enforced, it does not allow for imports, even medicine, which is a human right.
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how then do you want us to make a similar commitment? even before the paris agreement came into force, we had the domestic laws that required us to reduce emissions. >> tell me the impacts of climate ch in iran. >> iran has been impacted by climate change, like every other place in the world. is has reduced our rainfall, and also the inflow of water into our rivers. ♪ >> outside source, live in the bbc newsroom. our lead story is the cop 26 climate summit entering its final hours. u.n. secretary general urging world leaders to pick up the pace before talks end friday.
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the row over the surge of migrants at the belarus-poland border escalating. the eu is threatening blacklist airlines they believe are trafficking migrants into belarus. the belarusian president is threatening to cut offupplies to the eu. 2000 migrants are stuck in freezing conditions in a forest on the border. this is what germany's acting foreign minister is saying. >> we will continue to fight against illegal human by belarus. no one involved in this trafficking should go unpunished. this is a message to transit countries, countries of origin, and airlines taking migrants to belarus. they must know the european union is no longer willing to accept that. >> the migrants are stuck on the eastern border between poland, which is in the eu, and belarus which is not. there are also migrants on the borders of lithuania and latvia. conditions are dire.
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temperaturesre freezing, many are running out of food and water. poland said it found the bodies of seven migrants on its side of the border. belarus has also reported deaths. nick beake is close to the area. >> this is one of many checkpoints you see along the poland-belarus mortar where cars -- border where cars are being searched. in the distance is belarus. people coming through our subject to checks. in this spot, or in the distance, is the place for polish authorities say the biggest attempt to cross the border took place. apparently they have detained 150 people. we are hearing between 2000 and 4000 are stuck in the area between the countries. >> the european union claims alexander lukashenko is taking revenge for eu sanctions over rights abuses in belarus.
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he is taking revenge by helping migrants get tourist visas, come to belarus, then head to the border. the eu points to comments he made when he threatened to flood the eu with migrants. he said, we stopped drugs and migrants, now you will eat them yourselves. that was in may. in july and august, lithuania saw 50 times more asylum-seekers than the whole of 2020. in october, poland recorded 17,000 attempts good also not -- also in october, bbc uncovered smugglers organizing flights and visas to belar as a packaged deal. they used social media to promise easy travel and the promise of health insurance and a tel. one area the travel firms are operating in is in northern iraq. paul adams traveled there and spoke to one person involved. >> if you have passports, we send you to belarus tourism
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companies. they sent us invitations. >> when people come to you, you know they are not going to belarus on holiday. you know they are going to europe. >> lukashenko denies claims he is sending people as revenge for sanctions and has hit back at the eu with this threat. >> we have increased the volumes of natural gas pumped by belarus. the pipeline is full. we are heating europe and the are threatening they will close the border. what if we block the supply of natural gas? if they impose additiol sanctions on us, indigestible and unacceptab for us, we must respond. >> the european union is considering sanctions against airlines transporting migrants to minsk. one is aeroflot. here is the kremlin on that. >> such hopes of possible
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sanctions, let's consider such crazy ideas hoaxes. we have seen the statement by the company that it does not provide migrants trafficking. moreover, even if some flight companies do that, it does not violate any norms of international law. >> this is the scene in minsk. these are large groups of migrants waiting for taxis to take them to the polish border. >> we saw large groups of migrants gathering here today in the center of minsk waiting for transportation to the polish border. they want to go to europe. they want to cross into poland but they do not want to stay in poland. they want to go further into europe. they mentioned the u.k., france, the netherlands. many of them have said they have relatives in europe. it is not clear what fate awaits them when they get to the border , because we know there are
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several thousand migrants stuck on the belarusian side of the border. trying to cross. polish forces not letting them. despite that, many migrants here are determined to push on and cross into europe. >> did the migrants you spoke to have an explanation as to why they have flown to minsk? >> many of them mentioned they had been sold package deals. the majority we spoke to were from iraq. they said they had been sold package deals for $3000, and the deals included a belarusian visa and flights, tickets to minsk. mentioned they were going through turkey and syria and they said once they got here they were told they could make their way to europe and the border would be open and unguarded.
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>> ithe last couple of days, we have been hearing a lot from polish authorities saying they are using sms messages to communicate with migrants to say, do not come, you will not cross. presumably, the people you are speaking to are aware of those messages. why are they not listening? >> they are aware of the difficulties they might face. but, these people say they are desperate. they say they can't stay in belarus. none of them want to say -- stay and none of want to go back. many have no choice. ♪ >> let's turn to the pandemic, and in particular germany reporting over 50,000 daily cases for the first time since the pandemic began. wednesday, one of germany's most prominent virus experts said the country is facing an emergency.
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he compared the situation to the u.k. >> we would have to prepare ourselves for another 100,000 deaths in germany before the -- that is a conservative estimate of the number of deaths, as our elderly population is not as highly vaccinated. >> germany has seen 97,000 deaths so far. the prediction would see that figure double. germany has 67% of its vaccination -- it's population vaccinated. the government neither wants to change that. the men expected to become the new chancellor has been speaking in the bundestag. >> what we need to do now is for the country to pull together in one direction. my last fish for citizens who have not yet done sos to get vaccinated. it is important for your health
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and it is important for our country. >> cases on the rise elsewhere in europe, but far from consistent story. slovakia considering a lot to bring stricter restrictions such as workplace testing and proof of vaccination at restaurants. hospitals have had to limit nonurgent care. fewer than half of the population has been vaccinated. in romania, the acting health minister said the pandemic has left the health care system overstressed. two died in a nursed injured -- enters injured in a fire north of the capital. the fourth deadly hospital fire in the year, often blamed on malfunctioning oxygen equipment. bruno is the head of surveillance at the european centers for disease control. he argues the situation is alarming with these vast regional differences. >> we are already worried the number of ces is increasing in nearly all european member states.
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however, the timing, the extent and impact of such increases are different between countries. we need to understand that in the eastern part of europe, what we are seeing is a devastating impact from the delta variant which aived in this country late compared to other countries. still, they found the population was completely susceptible to the virus because vaccination uptake was low. what we are seeing there is basically the full impact the delta variant can have in a population of susceptible people. in western european countries, what we are seeing is largely different. these countries have achieved a very good vaccination uptake during the summer. but, there vaccination uptake is plateauing. they released a number of measures and restrictions that were in place, which led to a significant increase of cases.
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>> quick reminder, and analysis from -- whenever you prefer to watch it. i tweet videos from the program through the week. follow me on twitter. that is that for outside source this week. thanks for watching. see you monday. ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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narrator: you're watching s.
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.


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