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tv   BBC World News Today  PBS  November 12, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice thelp you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "b world news". nancy: hello, th. here are the headlines. [people chanting] climate activists pylon pressure for world leaders to reach a deal at the cop26 summit in glasgow. one call for a last push for a deal. >> now, we need that final injection of that can-do spirit
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present at this cop, so that we get this shared endeavor over the line. nancy: with thousands of migrants stranded in the border between belarus and pond, we look at dangers they face, free conditions and a burning political row. demonstrations continued in iraq against last month's elections. we report from a protest camp outside baghdad's embley-fortified green zone. hello, and welcome if you are watching in pbs in the u.s., or around the world. stay with us for the latest news and analysis from here and across the globe. the official deadline for an agreement at cop26 at glasgow has passed, but delegates are working through the night on a third draft of the deal.
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protesters agree agreements made at the summit will not limit warming to 1.5 degrees, key threshold would avoid the worst effects of climate change. this report from our environment editor. david: world leaders are singled out for failing to keep promises, for allowing the panic -- planet to become dangerously overheated demonstrators -- overheated. demonstrators lay down at the gates of cop26 to ram home lives are being lost because of climate change. calls for action came within the conference walls as welcome activists calling on governments not to water down key points in the agreement, a plea echoed i the most vulnerable nations. >> our safety, the safety of my children and yours hangs in the balance. as i said to the high ambition coalition this morning, it is time for us to level up. this will be the decade that determines the rest of human
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history. we cannot let it slip by. david: but some disputes are proving really difficult to settle -- over coal, and what to say about phasing it out. how often cntries should update their climate plants -- every year to flip the urgency, or less? and how much to paid to give the poorest nations, not just now, but overcoming decades. the point of these talks is to try to limit the rising global temperatures. how is that going? compared to preindustrial times, we have warmed by at least 1.1 degrees celsius, and record heat waves are becoming more frequent. above 1.5 degrees, many coral reefs are expected to die off, among a long list of other impacts. now, if everyone here keeps to the promises they have given, a big if, we are still on coue for about 1.8 and that means even higher sea levels and more people threatened by flooding. but being realistic, as things
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stand, a more likely outcome is 2.4, which means even longer droughts affecting food reduction across vast areas of the planet. i asked america's veteran climate envoy john kerry, will any of this slow down obal warming? >> we are moving in the right direction. are we moving fast enough? no, but that is what this meeting is about. scientists never said you guys have to have this done by the end of the cop. they said, you have 10 years. >> they said it was incredibly urgent. >> eight is incredibly urgt and that is why 65% of global gdp says we are going to keep 1.5 degrees alive. david: as haggling continues, the conference chairman another plea for agreement. >> now, we need that final injection of that can-do spirit which is present at this cop so that we get this shared endeavor over the line.
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david: but emotions are running high, and many delegations are worried. >> for us, ambition 1.5 is not just a statistic. it is a matter of life and death. >> some among us are wasting precious time here attempting to be negotiate what was already agreed. >> all we are asking you to do is keep your promises and own your responsibilities on setting this crisis in motion. nothing less, nothing mor david: a long night of negotiations lies ahead. hopes of concluded desk including on-time are fading. bbc news, glasgow. nancy: my colleague christian fraser is in glasgow talking to the climate envoy for the marshall islands, one of the country's most vulnerable to climate change. christian: tina is the climate envoy for the marshall islands. you came here to make your voice heard and because of quarantine
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rules back in the marshall lands, some of your delegates have to go home. i do find yourself now in the negotiating room. tina: yes, we came knowing that would be how it would have to work. we are a small but very focused am. we had our plans in place. it was wonderful that my minister was leading our delegation until yesterday, when he had to leave with a few other members of the delegation to start quarantine before going back onto the islands. but he left us here, put some wind in our sails, and we have to finish the race. christian: this morning, the high ambition coalition came together, which the marshall islands chairs. did you chariot? tina: i chaired the meeting christian: you chaired the meeting with john kerry, urszula are lying in the room, europeans in the room -- ursula vander lyon in the room, europeans in
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the room. tina: it was a big meeting. all the leaders came. all those who signed onto the agreement last week were in the room, john kerry was in the room, great representation from my island brothers and sisters, palau was there, micronesia, chairs of the ldc group, lilac was there represented by costa rica and others. it is a diverse group of countries -- small countries, big countries, wealthy countries, poor countries, wh a line that connects us together is we are for an ambitious outcome at this cop. christian: where do you think you are now? tina: we started this process in july. we have been meeting with partners in that group since then, at various ministerial
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meetings. and now, it is crunch time. we put out this leader statement signed by president joe biden, the president of palau and many other leaders, that really set the bar last week for what ambition needs to look likat this cop, how it needs to cover all pillars of the paris agreement -- mitigation, adaptation and finance, including language on loss and damage. and it is now a matter of building on that statement. we see much of that reflected in the current text. we talked about areas that it needs to be strengthened further. question: where? tina: it definitely needs to be strengthened on loss and damage. question: what do you need to be in there? tina: at the moment, there is a reference to a workshop. and that is simply not enough. we need a process. we need a program. we need something that consistently allows development
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of this issue, and actually dressing of this issue -- actually addressing this issue. christian: and bringing other countries into the process? tina: that is on the table. most all of the global south has called for a facility and language around a facility. we are engaging with all our partners to see what that could mean. but it cannot be a workshop, i think that is absolutely not where it needs to be. question: what about money? they failed on the $100 billion. the smallest come face-to-face with the biggest, john kerry in the room, what did you say to him about the bottom line? tina: well, one of the things the statement does address is particular adaptation financing. and i am really proud of the fact that we are hearing now, in the negotiations, language that reflects what is in our statement. and that is a collective doubling of adaptation
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financing. for a country like mine, which is looking at billions just to think about how we can manage to survive a 1.5 world, that adaptation financing and accessibility to those funds is absolutely critical. nancy: tina is the climate envoy for the marshall islands. california has been besieged by fire this year. nearly two point 5 million acres have burned in the state by early november. that is nearly double the average of the past five years. fires areurning acre and talk her than ever, say firefighters, and hannah has been taking a terrible toll on wildlife and human communities. our climate editor reports from california. justin: meet general sherman, the biggest individual organism in the world. this giant sequoia is 84 meters tall and it is 2200 years old. >> these trees are restricted to
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70 grows on the western slope of the sierra nevada. very narrow, little patches of just the right remaining habitat. justin: it is a habitat that has always included fire. these trees are exquisitely adapted to cope with fire. listen to this. [knocking was bracket the bark is full of tiny airpark it's -- [knocking] the bark is full of tiny air pockets. the branches are high up and are lifted clear of the biggest fires. but fire has not become the biggest threat. years of climate-induced droughts left vegetation dry and in a policy of suppressing small fires which allow deadwood to build up, fires are now ripping through california's forests
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faster and hotter than ever. >> it is a huge challenge. we are not winning this battle. the fires are too active. justin: what does it mean for the future of these forests? >> i am going to hope for the best, but if we keep having fires the way we have been for the past few years, it doesn't look good. >> this is good. justin: general sherman escaped and singed un-singed. but other trees weren't so lucky. >> before 2015, no one saw sequoia like this, torched like this, to become a kindle and earn up in this way, before climate change -- become a candle, and to burn up in this way, before climate change. they are gone and we will plant new ones. but it takes 1000 years. there won't be this for a long,
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long time. justin: it isn't just trees burning, comnities are, too. >> it took all the color out of my life. look, everything is just a shade of gray. justin: the entire town of greenville was raised to the ground in just two hours, -- razed to the ground in just two hours. but nicole believes something good could rise from the ashes. >> greenville could be a lighthouse community of suainability and climate adaptation, and how we live in our new normal. because big fires are now the new normal. >> the crown is totally intact. there is living bark under this char. justin: and in the forest, christy has not given up hope either. >> this will all come off, and the bark will continue to grow. and this tree is completely fine. justin: she says the resilience of the trees should inspire us. >> we need to act on climate
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change now. and every little bit counts. juin: it isn't too late, she says. not yet. nancy: we can talk more about this now with justin, who is in greenville, california. justin, what a fascinating rert. i mean, if only we could adapt as well as those trees. justin: exactly. it is interesting, both nick and christie, talking about how they can recover from the consequences of the fire. but we have also got nicole saying that this is the new normal. california needs to adapt to these new fire conditions and recognizthere has been a fundamental change in the way fire operates here. and this points to this key 1.5 agenda that we hear again and again from glasgow. it is trying to moderate systems like the wildfire system here in california, to ensure that towns
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like rainville, which has been destroyed by fire, and -- greenville, which is been destroyed by fire, and the forest that you can see behind me, managed to survive into the future and are replaced by less productive ecosystems, brushy ecosystems, which many people fear in california. nancy: it is incredible looking at the destruction behind you and how quickly it happened. but inking about those droughts, we are waiting to hear from cop26. do you think these sorts of scenes have inspired leaders to take fiber action? justin: you know, undoubtedly, nancy, we have seen an incredible year of extreme weather. unbelievable heat in canada. we had terrible floods in germany. china, there were wildfires all around the world. record temperatures all over the place. storms. i think everybody in the world realized climate change was something real and something that could affect them and their
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communities. at that really is lvanized people to focus on the issue anyway we haven't seen since paris 2015. in one sense, this is an encouraging cop. the world has come together and acknowledged the severity of the issue. don't forget, that code-red warning we got from the scientists in october was something every government in the world signed up to read every government, recognizing humanity faces this code-red situation. that's open the next few hours they can deliver something ally substantial from glasgow . nancy: justin is our climate editor speaking from greenville, california. coming up, as demonstrations continue in iraq against last week's election, we report from a protest camp outside the green zone.
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♪ nancy: this is bbc news. our top story --negotiations continue into the night at the cop26 in glasgow. it is thought negotiators enough considering ahird draft of climate deal. turkey has stopped all citizens from iraq, syria and yemen flying to belarus until further notice. the civil aviation authority in turkey says it is because of illegal migrant crossings from belarus into the european union. it is reported that among thousands of migrants and refugees trying to enter poland from belarus, many are of iraqi and kurdish heritage. the eu accuses belarus of engineering the surge of migrants. more than 1000 people are trapped between belarus and poland. our correspondent jenny hill is close to the border and gives this update. jenny: you mentioned exclusion,
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polish authorities have imposed a three kilometer exclusion zone on its side of the border. it means journalists and ngos and date agencies are unable to get closer to that camp where more than 1000 men, women and children are trapped, have been trapped for most of the week in what are at night freezing temperatures. some british did emerge from that camp, a little bit of movement, trucks arriving, bringing what looked like wood. that prompted polish authorities tickling belarus is effectively preparing authoriti acute -- authorities accusing belarus of effectively preparing to build a migrant camp along the polish border and polish authorities went on to say they were delivering the materials to enable the people there to create that camp. polish authorities are saying they are not going to let those people into their country, into the eu. they are telling them to go home.
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a british army team has been sent here to aid in the response polish authorities say they have always completed the construction of a fence -- already completed construction of a fence along the border with belarus. a british team is supposed to be helping them. we are not sure in one capacity. our understanding is they may be engineers, an interesting development because poland is no longer an eu ally, but a nato partner. nancy: supporters of pro-iranian groups who lost many of their seats clash with security forces at the edge of the secure green zone in baghdad. days later, the prime minister survived an assassination attempt when a weaponized drone hit his house there. it was hoped the vote would move the country forward. instead, disputes over the results seem to be dividing the country further.
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middle east correspondent anna foster reports from baghdad. anna: waiting for a new government. this protest camp sprung up in the days after the election. it is now home to thousands of pro-iran militias. they cling corruption is the reason their party lost so many parliamentary seats. ♪ last friday, this protest turned violent. o men were killed. this man insists the ballot was rigged, even though there is no evidence. he was injured in the clashes. is it just because the party you voted for didn't win? that is not the same as something being wrong with the election. >> they played with the numbers. there is no one paying me to say this. anna: on the fringes of camp, military figures stand guard, but these are not regular soldiers. popular mobilization forces are
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a paramilitary group backed by iran. the lines have long been blared in a rack -- blurred in iraq. warlords are now kingmakers. the influence of a cleric is everywhere. these streets so fierce battles during the war and now, the man who orchestrated so much violence, the man this area is named after, as a crucial position in deciding the future of this country -- has a crucial position in decidinghe future of this country. his party won the most seats in the election, giving him the most bargaining power. but even in his strong cohort, optimism is hard to find. >> iraq is not thriving, it is going into the unknown because of our leaders. anna: october's election was supposed to solve widespread unrest about corruption,
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unemployment and a troubling economy. but those with the loudest voices were kidnapped or killed and many people boycotted the election. this woman did stand as a candidate, but it wasn't easy. >> they physically assaulted me and i had to move home five times, she told me. i will keep going, because if i give up, then many women will also give up. anna: many people are persevering here, but it will take iraq's leaders to guide this country out of the dark. anna foster, bbc news, baghdad. nancy: britney spears could be gained control of her personal life and finances shortly, when a judge in los angeles here's arguments to end the complex legal arrangement she has been under since 2008. it revolves around what is known as a conservatorship. britney's father, who controlled it for more than a decade, has given up the road left republic
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campaigns orting his popstar doctor. here's a report from sophie long -- has given up the role after public campaigns supporting his popstar daughter. >> he has asked the court for an immediate and unconditional arrangement -- end to the arrangement which gave him control over her life. he said he will hand over all the documents because he has nothing to hide. many disagree and are calling for a full investigation and an end to the system they say is corrupt. >> i think nothing short of a full congressional hearing where break it down step i step -- step-by-step and interrogate the attorneys that were present, i think that will give us a great deal of insight as to what went wrong with britney and also what is going wrong for other people
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facing conservatorship. ♪ sophie: after 13 years of what the international superstar called an abusive arrangement, her voice has finally been hed. ♪ crucial, not just for her, but for many others trapped in the conservatorship system who could never hope to be handed a microphone. >> is critically important because conservatorship takes away a voice. it happens that britney was able to retain some voice because of her celebrity. as she is raising it. but for the others, they can' testy, they can't pay people, they can't choose whom to meet with if their conservator objects. there is no vehicle for that. anna: the hope is that there will be now, and the result of this hearing that could definitively free britney could lead to better justice for all
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those who had their freedom curtailed. britney says she has never prayed more. sophie long, bbc news, los angeles. nancy: i will be back with the headlines in a short while but don't forget, you can find me on twitter. find all our stories on our website, bbc.com/news. ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented th a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.

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