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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  November 15, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PST

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see are. ♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. ma people who know, know bdo.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ >> this is "outside source." the european union is stepping up sanctions on belarus. >> we will be able to sanction all people according with their activities. >> the aim is to target all those involved in getting thousands of migrants to the
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border with poland. the polish are monitoring the situation here which is very tense, because hundreds of migrants have just crushed their way through the gates on the belarusian side of the border. >> the terror threat is being raised to severe after an explosion in liverpool. a passenger who died is believed to have built the device. he's been named as a 32-year-old. and we will consider what the cop 26 summit has achieved and what is to be done. the european union is stepping up sanctions against belarus. it is targeting airlines it says are trafficking migrants to the
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belarusian capital, minsk. and migrants are heading from that city to the border with poland. the european union is saying this. >> from now on, we will be able to sanction all pple according with their activities and the organization of these people from several countries going to belarus and from there to the european union. at the same time, we have agreed to an adoption of a new package of sanctions which will be finalized in the coming days. >> the pressure point in the story is the border between poland and belarus. thousands of migrant most of them from the middle east, have been stuck in freezing
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conditions, and at least eight have died from hypothermia. the situation escalated earlier when hundreds of migrants moved toward one particular border crossing. police, water cannons and razor wire reduced to stop people coming across the border. steve rosenberg was with them as they reach this border crossing. >> in the migrant camp, word had got out. they've been told this was the moment to make it into the. everyone here wanted to be see -- wanted to believe it was going to happen. belarusian soldiers did not try to stop them. in the thousands, they streamed toward the crossin to poland. the closer they came, the mor urgent it got. the last fence on the belarus
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side swept away. so after a week in the cam come the migrants are pouring through, right up to the check point. they are determined to be let through to the european union. attention, attention. >> but it was no entry. polish police were out in force and standing firm. >> mothers babies crying for milk. we have nothing. >> these people want a better life. they are desperate to get across to the e.u., which is right here. but they say they're being used, to spark a humanitarian crisis. >> if you look back over the last two weeks, poland is saying more than -- in 2020 the figure
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was just 120. on sunday alone poland says there were 118 attempts. also on sunday, poland sent more police and military equipment to the border. the crisis is also playing out on the belarus border with lithuania, which is also in the you. -- also in the e.u.. the lithuanian prime minister is clear on who to blame. >> this is human smuggling. the belarusian state government, they are doing whatever they can to increase the number of people coming to minsk from the middle east and other countries so he can only promise the people passage teuropean union, which is not possible because people
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do not have visas or other legal grounds to be there. so we see the number of people increase significantly. we have quite dire conditions in this part of europe and what we see is a very complicated situation at the border of poland, but i cannot say that i feel somehow less alarmed for my own border with belarus. >> at the center of this is the belarusian president, alexander lukashenko. he is accused of mounting a hybrid attack. encouraging them to cross illegally into poland. they say he is doing this in revenge against existing sanctions that were imposed due to the disputed presidential election last year. president lukashenko denies engineering this crisis and has this message. >> to organize a flow of
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migrants, it's more trouble than it's worth. we have never done that, and we don't plan to. they threaten us with sanctions, ok, we will see. they think that i'm joking. we do everything for this camp not to exist, so that those willing to get into the european union can do so. but for those not willing, we are ready as we have always been to put everyone on planes. i need to say that these people are very ubborn and no one wants to return. >> the eu is also accusing rush of supporting president lukashenko, something moscow denies. here is russia's deputy ambassador to the you in -- u.n. >> there is a game of shifting blame. the main slogan of european and western politics, it is no
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surprise for us. >> russia has offered to mediate between belarus, its ally, and the european union. many in the eu are skeptical of that offer. >> russia is at war with ukraine and it is opening a new theater of war. putin is engaged in some sort of nefarious game here. is the migrant crisis a cover for new hostile action inhe ukraine? or is it a cover for takeover of belarus, which we suspect is going on at the moment. trying to present himself as sort of a mediator, whereas the true game plan may be the
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takeover of belarus using this crisis as a pretext to bring in russian troops, which has already happened, and gradually take over control. >> that is the lithuanian governnt telling the bbc that at tension is focused on belarus. thsecretary-general of the defense alliance nominate oklahoma shares his concerns. >> in recent weeks we have seen large and unusual concentrations of russian forces close to ukraine's borders. similar to russia's buildup in crimea and the black sea region earlier this year. the fact that we see this buildup also reduces any warning time beten a decision in russia before they are able to conduct a militaraction against ukraine.
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i don't want to speculate, but we need to be honest about the potential capabilities that russia has to conduct potential aggressive actions against ukraine. >> earlier, french president emmanuel macron spoke with vladimir putin and they agreed on it de-escalation of the migrant crisis. here is peter kozlov in moscow. peter: yesterday president putin for the first time commented on this situation and according to him, he learned about the situation literally from the news, from television. so president putin's spokesman dismissed all allegations that russia is preparing the military invasion of ukraine and that is being a cover-up to do this, but still we don't know in fact what
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is happening right now. >> what do we know about the relationship between vladimir putin and alexander lukashenko? would president lukashenko be able to do this without the support of vladimir putin? peter: russia and belarus are very close. in fact, russia is between two countries and these relations, russia is called like an elder brother with the upper hand in this relationship, first of all because of the belarusian economy which is heavily dependent on russia's financial and resources support. still, president lukashenko is trying to be like in equal partner, and it is of course difficult to be an equal partner, but we know that he behaves quite unpredictably, his policies, playing between russia
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and the west and be contradictory, and is trying to get some advantage in these relations. so possibly sometimes he can do somewhat unpredictable things that could be not even related to moscow. >> let's turn to the u.k., where a man killed in a taxi explosion outside a hospital in liverpool has been named. officers expect -- suspect the passenger made the explosive device, but so far the motive is unknown. the driver of the taxi has been released from the hospital. police announced they carried out a controlled explosion in one area of the city. reporter: david perry's taxi
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roles in before the unthinkable happens. moments after the blast, look at e driver's door, you can see david escape. he runs away. others rush in to help. thiss thought to be david with his hands on his head. this evening, his rock -- his wife rachel said it is a miracle he survived. today detectives confirmed the passenger who had the explosive device had asked to be taken to the hospital. >> yesterday a local taxi driver picked up a fair in liverpool. the man had asked to be taken to liverpool women's hospital which was about 10 minutes away. as the taxi approach the drop-off point at the hospital, an explosion occurred from within the car. >> tonight, david perry's family
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said he is lucky to be alive, that he's doing ok. he has been praised by the prime minister, who urged the public to be alert. >> it is a stark reminder of the need for us all to be utterly vigilant and the independent joint terrorism analysis raising the u.k. threat level from substantial to severe, meaning an attack is highly likely. >> there is a forensic search for evidence at the hospital. clues into who did this and why. four people have now been arrested. >> you can't believe what type of person would do that. >> but david perry's friends and colleagues carry on working in disbelief of what happened. >> it's absolutely shocking how man can go out to do his normal
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days work and potentially lose his life. he sustained a lot of injuries. he's got a back fracture. that's just where it is going between different drivers of various injuries. it's going to be a shock for him and also his family. >> i think he is a hero. he is a very nice person as well. reporter: is that what people are saying, that he is a hero? >> he is a hero, yeah. reporter: this was filmed inside the hospital i the father of a newborn baby. we are not using the sound, but he comforts his distraught wife. today parents and expectant mothers spoke with us. >> is just really scary at a
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hospital where there's loads of babies and things like that. it's just awful. >> stay with me here on "outside source." in a few minutes we will talk about donald trump's -- steve bannon who has handed him self in on -- to congress. the u.k. government is said to scrap part of the route from the east midlands to leads. work on the controversial high-speed line had already begun from london to birmingham. the is also expected to be abandoned in favor of upgrades to existing lines. accusing the government of reneging on promises. reporter: there is real disappntment to see the scrapping of the plans of that final chunk of hs to coming up the east coast of the country. they are missing out on the trumpeted benefits and is not
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just necessarily about faster connections but faster intercity connections between leeds and sheffield in birmingham along the way. and of course easing of the congestion on existing lines by building a separate parallel line, you would have moved a lot of that passenger transport onto that different line which frees up the existing network for smaller journeys and for transporting goods. >> this is "outside source." our lead story is the european union is to step on sanctions in response to the escalating migrant crisis on the border with poland. and the u.k. terror threat raise to seve after an explosion in liverpool which is being treated as a terrorist incident. the passenger was a 32-year-old
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man. the big story in the u.s., donald trump's former presidential advisor steve bennett has appeared in court. he turned himself in after being charged with contempt in congress. he had refused to appear before a committee investigating the storming of the u.s. capitol in january. here's mr. bannon arriving to surrender to the fbi. these facing the first charges to come out of the inquiry and he spoke after appearing. >> i'm telling you right now, this is going to be misdemeanor from helfer merrick garland, nancy pelosi and joe biden. joe biden ordered merrick garland to prosecute me from the moment he got on air force one. we are tired of playing defense. we are going to go on the offense on this. >> the investigating committee believes steve bannon could have information on the january attack. he was summoned to testify, but
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refused, and for that he was charged with contempt of congress. he faces a year in prison and a $100,000 fine. the committee tweeted, steve bannon's indictment should send a clear message to anyone who thinks they can ignore the select committee. no one is above the law. he set on his podcast on the six that all hell is going to break loose tomorrow. his lawyers argue his communications are protected by legal doctrine of executive privilege. the committee has called this an unsupported premise. more on all of this from our senior north american reporter. reporter: steve bannon as you mentioned was just in his first court appearance where the judge determined he would not be detained prior to trial. he had to surrender his passport and a board travel outside the d.c. area. he has another hearing on friday
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before the presiding judge, a trump appointee with a fairly distinguished conservative pedigree. as far as trial date goes, that is some time off in the future. i can imagine there will be a long, drawnout trial process. because there are questions of presidential privige being invoked, this could be appealed all the way up to the supreme court at some point. >> his podcast was reference. he uses that kind of language quite frequently. others accuse him of knowing more about a potential link between the people who stormed capital and mr. trump. are they offering more than quote from his podcast? reporter: also they want evidence of the meetings he had on january 5 when people were organizing the trump rallies. contacts he may have had with donald trump himself and administrationfficials.
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they want to see what sort of involvement steve bannon had in the planning of that rally and if there was any planning notification about what happened afterwards, which as you recall was the group that was outside the white house marching to the u.s. capitol and breaking into the building and disrupting the certification of joe biden's electoral party count. >> is the dust settles on the cop 26 climate conference, everyone is trying to assess what was achieved. these are the headline numbers we are focused on, the core aim of the whole thing was to make commitments that made it possible for global warming to be limited to 1.5 degrees celsius above preindustrial levels. current analysis suggest the commitments that were made have us on track for 2.4 degrees of global warning. that's assuming country stick to their commitments. they have a poor track record up
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to this point. there was a dramatic last-minute change to the text. the first one called for the phasing ouof coal but the wording was changed to accelerate efforts toward the phase down of unabated coal. so that is a bit different. that followed interventions from india and china, two of the world's biggest users of coal. the change came as a huge sappointment to countries at the sharp end of climate change. >> we were disappointed with the last-minute change, the language around coal, from phasing out to phasing down. we were quite disappointed as well as other pacific island countries with that last-minute change. >> another country at risk of rising seas is cape verde.
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>> we have to do more. we have to be careful about the consequences of climate change, and we have to talk about international partners, about our situation, because climate change relates to social injustice. other countries didn't contribute to the climate change. it was the rich countries, the countries that follow some kind of development. the cop 26 president has acknowledged the disappointment that is being felt. these are countries on the front line of climate change. for them, 1.5 is really very bad news. of course it matters, there was a lot of emotion there, and in terms of -- on this issue they
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will have to explain themselves. all of this means that india and china are coming under a lot of criticism, unfairly in the view of some. here is one analyst. >> its economy is still heavily dependent on fossil fuel and if the country agrees, it means they're doing much more than was expected of their country. >> china has rejected the criticism being directed at it, saying many countries don't have access to universal electricity and they have to do more to help them transition away from fossil fuels. >> we encourage developed countries to take the lead to
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stop using coal, and at the same time to provide adequate funding, technology, and capacity building support for the energy transition of developing countries. what we need is not only a slogan but also concrete actions. >> so where does all his this leave us >> here is one assessment. >> i don't think it is of huge significance to move from phaseout to phase down. if you look at all the things that happen in the first week and leading up to the last-minute negotiations, for example, 130 trillion of prive money declaring for that zero. >> you can find more analysis from me and our team elsewhere
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on the bbc. you can get videos each week from the bbc news website. we have nine minute explainer zone a range of subjects which you can subscribe to, just search for my name and you will easily find them. that is it for this edition. thanks for watching. i will see you tomorrow. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond jas financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexib workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones. man: people who know, know bdo.

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